Tath± nekkhammapaviveka-alobh±dos±mohanissaraºappabhed± cha ajjh±say±. Vuttañheta½–
“Nekkhammajjh±say± ca bodhisatt± k±me dosadass±vino, paviveka…pe… saªgaºik±ya, alobha…pe… lobhe, adosa…pe… dose, amoha…pe… mohe, nissaraºajjh±say± ca bodhisatt± sabbabhavesu dosadass±vino”ti (visuddhi. aµµha. 1.49 v±kyakhandhepi).
Tasm± ete bodhisatt±na½ cha ajjh±say± d±n±d²na½ paccay±ti veditabb±. Na hi lobh±d²su ±d²navadassanena, alobh±di-adhikabh±vena ca vin± d±n±dip±ramiyo sambhavanti. Alobh±d²nañhi adhikabh±vena paricc±g±dininnacittat± alobhajjh±say±dit±ti. Yath± cete, eva½ d±najjh±sayat±dayopi. Yath±ha–
“Kati pana bhante bodh±ya carant±na½ bodhisatt±na½ ajjh±say±? Dasa kho s±riputta bodh±ya carant±na½ bodhisatt±na½ ajjh±say±. Katame dasa? D±najjh±say± s±riputta bodhisatt± macchere dosadass±vino, s²la…pe… upekkhajjh±say± s±riputta bodhisatt± sukhadukkhesu dosadass±vino”ti.
Etesu hi macchera-asa½varak±mavicikicch±kosajja-akkhantivisa½v±da-anadhiµµh±naby±p±da- sukhadukkhasaªkh±tesu ±d²navadassanapubbaªgam± d±n±dininnacittat±saªkh±t± d±najjh±sayat±dayo d±n±dip±ram²na½ nibbattiy± k±raºanti Tath± aparicc±gaparicc±g±d²su yath±kkama½ ±d²nav±nisa½sapaccavekkhaº± d±n±dip±ram²na½ paccayo.
Tatth±ya½ paccavekkhaº±vidhi– khettavatthuhiraññasuvaººagomahi½sad±sid±saputtad±r±dipariggahaby±sattacitt±na½ satt±na½ khett±d²na½ vatthuk±mabh±vena bahupatthan²yabh±vato, r±jacor±dis±dh±raºabh±vato, viv±d±dhiµµh±nato, sapattakaraºato, niss±rato, paµil±bhaparip±lanesu paraviheµhanahetuto, vin±sanimittañca sok±di-anekavihitabyasan±vahato, tad±sattinid±nañca maccheramalapariyuµµhitacitt±na½ ap±y³papattisambhavatoti eva½ vividhavipul±natth±vah± ete atth± n±ma, tesa½ paricc±goyeveko sotthibh±voti paricc±ge appam±do karaº²yo.
Apica “y±cako y±cam±no attano guyhassa ±cikkhanato mayha½ viss±siko”ti ca “pah±ya gaman²ya½ attano santaka½ gahetv± paraloka½ y±h²ti mayha½ upadesako”ti ca “±ditte viya ag±re maraºaggin± ±ditte loke tato mayha½ santakassa apav±hakasah±yo”ti ca “apav±hitassa cassa nijjh±yanikkhepaµµh±nabh³to”ti ca “d±nasaªkh±te kaly±ºakammasmi½ sah±yabh±vato, sabbasampatt²na½ aggabh³t±ya paramadullabh±ya buddhabh³miy± sampattihetubh±vato ca paramo kaly±ºamitto”ti ca paccavekkhitabba½.
Tath± “u¼±re kammani anen±ha½ sambh±vito, tasm± s± sambh±van± avitath± k±tabb±”ti ca “ekantabhedit±ya j²vitassa ay±citenapi may± d±tabba½, pageva y±citen±”ti ca “u¼±rajjh±sayehi gavesitv±pi d±tabbo, sayamev±gato mama puññen±”ti ca “y±cakassa d±n±padesena mayhamev±yamanuggaho”ti ca “aha½ viya aya½ sabbopi loko may± anuggahetabbo”ti ca “asati y±cake katha½ mayha½ d±nap±ram² p³reyy±”ti ca “y±cak±namevatth±ya may± sabbo pariggahetabbo”ti ca “ay±citv± mama santaka½ y±cak± sayameva kad± gaºheyyun”ti ca “kathamaha½ y±cak±na½ piyo cassa½ man±po”ti ca “katha½ v± te mayha½ piy± cassu man±p±”ti ca “katha½ v±ha½ dadam±no, datv±pi ca attamano assa½ pamudito p²tisomanassaj±to”ti ca “katha½ v± me y±cak± bhaveyyu½, u¼±ro ca d±najjh±sayo”ti ca “katha½ v±hamay±citoyeva y±cak±na½ hadayamaññ±ya dadeyyan”ti ca “sati dhane y±cake ca aparicc±go mahat² mayha½ vañcan±”ti ca “katha½ v±ha½ attano aªg±ni j²vita½ v±pi y±cak±na½ pariccajeyyan”ti ca paccavekkhitabba½.
Apica “attho n±m±ya½ nirapekkha½ d±yaka½ anugacchati yath± ta½ nirapekkha½ khepaka½ kiµako”ti atthe nirapekkhat±ya citta½ upp±detabba½. Y±cam±no pana yadi piyapuggalo hoti, “piyo ma½ y±cat²”ti somanassa½ upp±detabba½. Atha ud±s²napuggalo hoti, “aya½ ma½ y±cam±no addh± imin± paricc±gena mitto hot²”ti somanassa½ upp±detabba½. Dadantopi hi y±cak±na½ piyo hot²ti. Atha pana ver²puggalo y±cati, “paccatthiko ma½ y±cati, aya½ ma½ y±cam±no addh± imin± paricc±gena ver²pi piyo mitto hot²”ti visesato somanassa½ upp±detabba½. Eva½ piyapuggale viya majjhattaver²puggalesupi mett±pubbaªgama½ karuºa½ upaµµhapetv±va d±tabba½.
Sace panassa cirak±laparibh±vitatt± lobhassa deyyadhammavisay± lobhadhamm± uppajjeyyu½, tena bodhisattapaµiññena iti paµisañcikkhitabba½ “nanu tay± sappurisa sambodh±ya abhin²h±ra½ karontena sabbasatt±na½ upak±ratth±ya aya½ k±yo nissaµµho, tapparicc±gamayañca puñña½, tattha n±ma te b±hirepi vatthusmi½ atisaªgappavatti hatthisin±nasadis² hoti, tasm± tay± na katthaci saªgo upp±detabbo. Seyyath±pi n±ma mahato bhesajjarukkhassa tiµµhato m³la½ m³latthik± haranti, papaµika½, taca½, khandha½, viµapa½, s±ra½, s±kha½, pal±sa½, puppha½, phala½ phalatthik± haranti, na tassa rukkhassa ‘mayha½ santaka½ ete harant²”ti vitakkasamud±c±ro hoti, evameva sabbalokahit±ya ussukkam±pajjantena may± mah±dukkhe akataññuke nicc±sucimhi k±ye paresa½ upak±r±ya viniyujjam±ne aºumattopi micch±vitakko na upp±detabbo, ko v± ettha viseso ajjhattikab±hiresu mah±bh³tesu ekantabhedanavikiraºaviddha½sanadhammesu, kevala½ pana sammohavijambhitameta½, yadida½ ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±’ti abhiniveso. Tasm± b±hiresu viya ajjhattikesupi karacaraºanayan±d²su ma½s±d²su ca anapekkhena hutv± ‘ta½tadatthik± harant³’ti nissaµµhacittena bhavitabban”ti. Eva½ paµisañcikkhato cassa bodh±ya pahitattassa k±yaj²vitesu nirapekkhassa appakasireneva k±yavac²manokamm±ni suvisuddh±ni honti. So visuddhak±yavac²manokammanto visuddh±j²vo ñ±yapaµipattiya½ µhito, ±y±p±yup±yakosallasamann±gamena bhiyyoso matt±ya deyyadhammaparicc±gena, abhayad±nasaddhammad±nehi ca sabbasatte anuggaºhitu½ samattho hot²ti. Aya½ t±va d±nap±ramiya½ paccavekkhaº±nayo.
S²lap±ramiya½ pana eva½ paccavekkhitabba½– idañhi s²la½ n±ma gaªgodak±d²hi visodhetu½ asakkuºeyyassa dosamalassa vikkh±lanajala½, haricandan±d²hi vinetu½ asakkuºeyyar±g±dipari¼±havinayana½, h±ramakuµakuº¹al±d²hi pacurajan±laªk±rehi as±dh±raºo s±dh³na½ alaªk±raviseso, sabbadis±v±yanato akittimo, sabbak±l±nur³po ca surabhigandho, khattiyamah±s±l±d²hi devat±hi ca vandan²y±dibh±v±vahanato paramo vas²karaºamanto, c±tumah±r±jik±di devalok±rohanasop±napanti, jh±n±bhiññ±na½ adhigamup±yo, nibb±namah±nagarassa samp±pakamaggo, s±vakabodhipaccekabodhisamm±sambodh²na½ patiµµh±nabh³mi, ya½ ya½ v± panicchita½ patthita½, tassa tassa samijjhan³p±yabh±vato cint±maºikapparukkh±dike ca atiseti. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat± “ijjhati bhikkhave s²lavato cetopaºidhi visuddhatt±”ti (a. ni. 8.35). Aparampi vutta½ “±kaªkheyya ce bhikkhave bhikkhu sabrahmac±r²na½ piyo ca assa½ man±po ca garu ca bh±van²yo c±ti, s²lesvevassa parip³rak±r²”ti-±di (ma. ni. 1.61), tath± “avippaµis±ratth±ni kho ±nanda kusal±ni s²l±n²”ti (a. ni. 10.1; 11.1), “pañcime gahapatayo ±nisa½s± s²lavato s²lasampad±y±”ti (d². ni. 2.150; ud±. 76; mah±va. 185) sutt±nañca vasena s²lassa guº± paccavekkhitabb±, tath± aggikkhandhopamasutt±d²na½ (a. ni. 7.72) vasena s²lavirahe ±d²nav±.
P²tisomanassanimittato, att±nuv±dapar±nuv±dadaº¹aduggatibhay±bh±vato, viññ³hi p±sa½sabh±vato, avippaµis±rahetuto, sotthiµµh±nato abhijanas±pateyy±dhipateyy±yur³paµµh±nabandhumittasampatt²na½ atisayanato ca s²la½ paccavekkhitabba½. S²lavato hi attano s²lasampad±hetu mahanta½ p²tisomanassa½ uppajjati “kata½ vata may± kusala½, kata½ kaly±ºa½, kata½ bh²rutt±ºan”ti. Tath± s²lavato att± na upavadati, na pare viññ³, daº¹aduggatibhay±na½ sambhavoyeva natthi, “s²lav± purisapuggalo kaly±ºadhammo”ti viññ³na½ p±sa½so hoti. Tath± s²lavato yv±ya½ “kata½ vata may± p±pa½, kata½ ludda½, kata½ kibbisan”ti duss²lassa vippaµis±ro uppajjati, so na hoti. S²lañca n±meta½ appam±d±dhiµµh±nato, bhogabyasan±diparih±ramukhena mahato atthassa s±dhanato, maªgalabh±vato ca parama½ sotthiµµh±na½, nih²najaccopi s²lav± khattiyamah±s±l±d²na½ p³jan²yo hot²ti kulasampatti½ atiseti s²lasampad±, “ta½ ki½ maññasi mah±r±ja, idha te assa puriso d±so kammakaro”ti-±di (d². ni. 1.183) vacanañcettha s±dhaka½. Cor±d²hi as±dh±raºato, paralok±nugamanato, mahapphalabh±vato, samath±diguº±dhiµµh±nato ca b±hiradhana½ atiseti s²la½, paramassa cittissariyassa adhiµµh±nabh±vato khattiy±d²na½ issariya½ atiseti s²la½. S²lanimittañhi ta½ta½sattanik±yesu satt±na½ issariya½ vassasatad²ghappam±ºato j²vitato ek±hampi s²lavato j²vitassa visiµµhat±vacanato, sati ca j²vite sikkh±nikkhepassa maraºat±vacanato s²la½ j²vitato visiµµhatara½. Ver²nampi manuññabh±v±vahanato, jar±rogavipatt²hi anabhibhavan²yato ca r³pasampatti½ atiseti s²la½. P±s±dahammiy±diµµh±navisese, r±jayuvar±jasen±pati-±diµµh±navisese ca atiseti s²la½ sukhavises±dhiµµh±nabh±vato Sabh±vasiniddhe santik±vacarepi bandhujane mittajane ca atiseti ekantahitasamp±danato, paralok±nugamanato ca. “Na ta½ m±t± pit± kayir±”ti-±di (dha. pa. 43) vacanañcettha s±dhaka½. Tath± hatthi-assarath±dibhedehi, mant±gadasotth±nappayogehi ca dur±rakkha½ att±na½ ±rakkhabh±vena s²lameva visiµµhatara½ att±dh²nato, apar±dh²nato, mah±visayato ca. Tenev±ha “dhammo have rakkhati dhammac±rin”ti-±di (j±. 1.9.102). Evamanekaguºasamann±gata½ s²lanti paccavekkhantassa aparipuºº± ceva s²lasampad± p±rip³ri½ gacchati aparisuddh± ca p±risuddhi½.
Sace panassa d²gharatta½ paricayena s²lapaµipakkh± dhamm± dos±dayo antarantar± uppajjeyyu½, tena bodhisattapaµiññena eva½ paµisañcikkhitabba½ “nanu tay± sambodh±ya paºidh±na½ kata½, s²lavikalena ca na sakk± lokiy±pi sampattiyo p±puºitu½, pageva lokuttar±, sabbasampatt²na½ pana aggabh³t±ya samm±sambodhiy± adhiµµh±nabh³tena s²lena paramukka½sagatena bhavitabba½. Tasm± ‘kik²va aº¹an’ti-±din± (visuddhi. 1.19; d². ni. aµµha. 1.7) vuttanayena samm± s²la½ parirakkhantena suµµhu tay± pesalena bhavitabba½. Api ca tay± dhammadesan±ya y±nattaye satt±na½ avat±raºaparip±can±ni k±tabb±ni, s²lavikalassa ca vacana½ na paccetabba½ hoti asapp±y±h±ravic±rassa viya vejjassa tikicchana½, tasm± kath±ha½ saddheyyo hutv± satt±na½ avat±raºaparip±can±ni kareyyan”ti sabh±vaparisuddhas²lena bhavitabba½. Kiñca “jh±n±diguºavisesayogena me satt±na½ upak±rakaraºasamatthat± paññ±p±ram²-±diparip³raºañca, jh±n±dayo ca guº± s²lap±risuddhi½ vin± na sambhavant²”ti sammadeva s²la½ parisodhetabba½.
Tath± “samb±dho ghar±v±so rajopatho”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.191; ma. ni. 1.291; sa½. ni. 2.154; ma. ni. 2.10) ghar±v±se “aµµhikaªkal³pam± k±m±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.234; p±ci. 417; mah±ni. 3, 6;), “m±t±pi puttena vivadat²”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 1.168, 178) ca k±mesu “seyyath±pi puriso iºa½ ±d±ya kammante payojeyy±”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.218) k±macchand±d²su ±d²navadassanapubbaªgam± vuttavipariy±yena “abbhok±so pabbajj±”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.1.91; sa½. ni. 1.154) pabbajj±d²su ±nisa½sapaµisaªkh±vasena nekkhammap±ramiya½ paccavekkhaº± veditabb±. Ayamettha saªkhepattho, vitth±ro pana dukkhakkhandha (ma. ni. 1.163) v²ma½sasutt±di (ma. ni. 1.487) vasena dukkhakkhandha-±sivisopamasutt±divasena (cariy±. aµµha. pakiººakakath±ya½) veditabbo.