8. Mah±s²han±dasuttavaººan±

Acelakassapavatthuvaººan±

381. Yasmi½ raµµhe ta½ nagara½, tassa raµµhassapi yasmi½ nagare tad± bhagav± vih±si, tassa nagarassapi etadeva n±ma½, tasm± uruññ±yanti uruññ±janapade uruññ±saªkh±te nagareti attho. Ramaº²yoti manoharabh³mibh±gat±ya ch±y³dakasampattiy±, janavivittat±ya ca manoramo. N±manti gottan±ma½. Tapana½ santapana½ k±yassa khedana½ tapo, so etassa atth²ti tapass², ta½ tapassi½. Yasm± tath±bh³to tapa½ nissito, tapo v± ta½ nissito, tasm± ±ha “tapanissitakan”ti. L³kha½ v± pharusa½ s±dhusammat±c±ravirahato napas±dan²ya½ ±j²vati vattat²ti l³kh±j²v², ta½ l³kh±j²vi½. Mutt±c±r±d²ti ±di-saddena parato p±¼iya½ (d². ni. 1.397) ±gat± hatth±palekhan±dayo saªgahit±. Uppaº¹et²ti uhasanavasena paribh±sati. Upavadat²ti avaññ±pubbaka½ apavadati, ten±ha “h²¼eti vambhet²”ti. Dhammassa ca anudhamma½ti ettha dhammo n±ma hetu “hetumhi ñ±ºa½ dhammapaµisambhid±”ti-±d²su (vibha. 720) viy±ti ±ha “k±raºassa anuk±raºan”ti. K±raºanti cettha tath±pavattassa saddassa attho adhippeto tassa pavattihetubh±vato. Atthappayutto hi saddappayogo. Anuk±raºanti ca so eva parehi tath± vuccam±no. Pareh²ti “ye te”ti vuttasattehi parehi. Vuttak±raºen±ti yath± tehi vutta½, tath± ce tumhehi na vutta½, eva½ sati tehi vuttak±raºena sak±raºo hutv± tumh±ka½ v±do v± tato para½ tassa anuv±do koci appamattakopi viññ³hi garahitabba½ µh±na½ k±raºa½ n±gaccheyya, kimeva½ n±gacchat²ti yojan±. “Ida½ vutta½ hot²”ti-±din± tamevattha½ saªkhepato dasseti.
382. Id±ni ya½ vibhajjav±da½ sandh±ya bhagavat± “na me te vuttav±dino”ti saªkhepato vatv± ta½ vibhajitv± dassetu½ “idh±ha½ kassap±”ti-±di vutta½, ta½ vibh±gena dassento “idhekacco”ti-±dim±ha Bhagav± hi niratthaka½ anupasamasa½vattanika½ k±yakilamatha½ “attakilamath±nuyogo dukkho anariyo anatthasa½hito”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 3.1081; mah±va. 13; paµi. ma. 2.30) garahati. S±tthaka½ pana upasamasa½vattanika½ “±raññiko hoti, pa½suk³liko hot²”ti-±din± vaººeti. Appapuññat±y±ti apuññat±ya. T²ºi duccarit±ni p³retv±ti micch±diµµhibh±vato kammaphala½ paµikkhipanto “natthi dinnan”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.171; ma. ni. 1.445; 2.94, 95, 225; 3.91, 115; sa½. ni. 3.210; dha. sa. 1221; vibha. 938) micch±diµµhi½ purakkhatv± tath± tath± t²ºi duccarit±ni p³retv±. Anesanavasen±ti kohaññe µhatv± asantaguºasambh±vanicch±ya micch±j²vavasena. Ime dveti “appapuñño puññav±”ti ca vutte duccaritak±rino dve puggale sandh±ya.
“Ime dve sandh±y±”ti ettha pana dutiyanaye “appapuñño, puññav±”ti ca vutte sucaritak±rinoti ±din± yojetabba½. Kammakiriyav±dino hi ime dve puggal±. Iti paµhamadutiyanayesu vuttanayeneva tatiyacatutthanayesu yojan± veditabb±.
B±hirak±c±rayutto titthiy±c±rayutto, na vimutt±c±ro. Att±na½ sukhetv±ti adhammikena sukhena att±na½ sukhetv±, ten±ha “duccarit±ni p³retv±”ti. “Na d±ni may± sadiso atth²”ti-±din± tissanna½ maññan±na½ vasena duccaritap³raºam±ha. Micch±diµµhivasen±ti “natthi k±mesu doso”ti eva½ pavattamicch±diµµhivasena. Paribb±jik±y±ti pabbajja½ upagat±ya t±pasad±rik±ya. Dahar±y±ti taruº±ya. Muduk±y±ti sukhum±l±ya. Lomas±y±ti tanutambalomat±ya appalom±ya. K±mes³ti vatthuk±mesu. P±tabyatanti paribhuñjitabba½, p±tabyatanti v± paribhuñjanakata½. ¾pajjantoti upagacchanto. Paribhogattho hi aya½ -saddo, kattus±dhano ca tabba-saddo, yath±ruci paribhuñjantoti attho. Kilesak±mopi hi ass±diyam±no vatthuk±mantogadhoyeva.
Idanti yath±vutta½ atthappabheda½ vibhajjana½. Titthiyavasena ±gata½ aµµhakath±ya½ tath± vibhattatt±. S±sanep²ti imasmi½ s±sanepi.
Arahatta½ attani asanta½ “atth²”ti vippaµij±nitv±. S±mantajappana½, paccayapaµisevana½, iriy±pathanissitanti im±ni t²ºi v± kuhanavatth³ni. T±diso ti dhutaªga- (mi. pa. 4.2; visuddhi. 1.22) sam±d±navasena l³kh±j²v² eva. Dullabhasukho bhaviss±mi duggat²su upapattiy±ti adhipp±yo.
383. Asukaµµh±natoti asukabhavato. ¾gat±ti nibbattanavasena idh±gat±. Id±ni gantabbaµµh±nanti ±yati½ nibbattanaµµh±na½. Puna upapattinti ±yati½ anantarabhavato tatiya½ upapatti½, puna upapatt²ti punappuna½ nibbatti. Kena k±raºen±ti yath±bh³ta½ aj±nanto hi icch±dosavasena ya½ kiñci garaheyya, aha½ pana yath±bh³ta½ j±nanto sabba½ ta½ kena k±raºena garahiss±mi, ta½ k±raºa½ natth²ti adhipp±yo, ten±ha “garahitabbamev±”ti-±di. Tamatthanti garahitabbasseva garahaºa½, pasa½sitabbassa ca pasa½sana½.
Na koci “na s±dh³”ti vadati diµµhadhammikassa, sampar±yikassa ca atthassa s±dhanavaseneva pavattiy± bhaddakatt±. Pañcavidha½ veranti p±º±tip±t±dipañcavidha½ vera½. Tañhi pañcavidhassa s²lassa paµisattubh±vato, satt±na½ verahetut±ya ca “veran”ti vuccati. Tato eva ta½ na koci “s±dh³”ti vadati, tath± diµµhadhammik±di-atth±na½ as±dhanato, satt±na½ s±dhubh±vassa ca d³sanato. Na nirundhitabbanti r³paggahaºe na niv±retabba½. Dassan²yadassanattho hi cakkhupaµil±bhoti tesa½ adhipp±yo. Yadaggena tesa½ pañcadv±re asa½varo s±dhu tadaggena tattha sa½varo na s±dh³ti ±ha “puna ya½ te ekaccanti pañcadv±re sa½varan”ti.
Atha v± ya½ te ekacca½ vadanti “s±dh³”ti te “eke samaºabr±hmaº±”ti vutt± titthiy± ya½ attakilamath±nuyog±di½ “s±dh³”ti vadanti, maya½ ta½ na “s±dh³”ti vad±ma. Ya½ te ekacca½ vadanti “na s±dh³”ti ya½ pana te anavajjapaccayaparibhoga½, sunivatthasup±rupan±disamm±paµipattiñca “na s±dh³”ti vadanti, ta½ maya½ “s±dh³”ti vad±m±ti eva½ pettha attho veditabbo.
Eva½ ya½ parav±dam³laka½ catukka½ dassita½, tadeva puna sakav±dam³laka½ katv± dassitanti pak±sento “evan”ti-±dim±ha. Yañhi kiñci kenaci sam±na½, tenapi ta½ sam±nameva, tath± asam±na½ p²ti. Sam±n±sam±natanti sam±n±sam±nat±matta½. Anavasesato hi pah±tabb±na½ dhamm±na½ pah±na½ sakav±de dissati, na parav±de. Tath± paripuººameva ca upasamp±detabbadhamm±na½ upasamp±dana½ sakav±de, na parav±de. Tena vutta½ “ty±han”ti-±di.