Niccad±na-anukulayaññavaººan±

349. Uµµh±ya samuµµh±y±ti d±ne uµµh±nav²riya½ sakkacca½ katv±. Appasambh±rataroti ativiya parittasambh±ro. Sam±rabh²yati yañño eteh²ti sam±rambh±, sambh±rasambharaºavasena pavattasattap²¼±. Appaµµhataroti pana ativiya appakiccoti attho. Vip±kasaññita½ atisayena mahanta½ sadisaphala½ etass±ti mahapphalataro. Udayasaññita½ atisayena mahanta½ nissand±diphala½ etass±ti mah±nisa½sataro. Dhuvad±n±n²ti dhuv±ni thir±ni acchinn±ni katv± d±tabbad±n±ni. Anukulayaññ±n²ti anukula½ kul±nukkama½ up±d±ya d±tabbad±n±ni, ten±ha “amh±kan”ti-±di. Nibaddhad±n±n²ti nibandhetv± niyametv± paveº²vasena pavattitad±n±ni.
Hatthidantena pavattit± dantamayasal±k±, yattha d±yak±na½ n±ma½ aªkanti. Raññoti setav±hanarañño.
¾d²n²ti ±di-saddena “seno viya ma½sapesi½ kasm± okkhanditv± gaºh±s²”ti evam±d²na½ saªgaho. Pubbacetan±muñcacetan±-aparacetan±sampattiy± d±yakassa vasena t²ºi aªg±ni, v²tar±gat±v²tadosat±v²tamohat±paµipattiy± dakkhiºeyyassa vasena t²º²ti eva½ cha¼aªgasamann±gat±ya dakkhiº±ya. Apar±para½ uppajjanakacetan±vasena mah±nad² viya, mahogho viya ca ito cito ca abhisanditv± okkhanditv± pavattiy± puññameva puññ±bhisando.
350. Kiccapariyos±na½ natthi divase divase d±yakassa by±p±r±pajjanato, ten±ha “eken±”ti-±di. Kiccapariyos±na½ atthi yath±raddhassa ±v±sassa katipayen±pi k±lena parisam±petabbato, ten±ha “paººas±lan”ti-±di. Suttantapariy±yen±ti suttantap±¼inayena. (Ma. ni. 1.12, 13; a. ni. 2.58) nava ±nisa½s±ti s²tapaµigh±t±dayo paµisall±n±r±mapariyos±n± nava uday±. Appamattat±ya cete vutt±.
Yasm± ±v±sa½ dentena n±ma sabbampi paccayaj±ta½ dinnameva hoti. Dve tayo g±me piº¹±ya caritv± kiñci aladdh± ±gatassapi ch±y³dakasampanna½ ±r±ma½ pavisitv± nh±yitv± patissaye muhutta½ nipajjitv± vuµµh±ya nisinnassa k±ye bala½ ±haritv± pakkhitta½ viya hoti Bahi vicarantassa ca k±ye vaººadh±tu v±t±tapehi kilamati, patissaya½ pavisitv± dv±ra½ pidh±ya muhutta½ nipannassa visabh±gasantati v³pasammati, sabh±gasantati patiµµh±ti, vaººadh±tu ±haritv± pakkhitt± viya hoti. Bahi vicarantassa ca p±de kaºµako vijjhati, kh±ºu paharati, sar²sap±diparissay± ceva corabhayañca uppajjati, patissaya½ pavisitv± dv±ra½ pidh±ya nipannassa sabbe te parissay± na honti, sajjh±yantassa dhammap²tisukha½, kammaµµh±na½ manasi karontassa upasamasukhañca uppajjati bahiddh± vikkhep±bh±vato. Bahi vicarantassa ca k±ye sed± muccanti, akkh²ni phandanti, sen±sana½ pavisanakkhaºe mañcap²µh±d²ni na paññ±yanti, muhutta½ nisinnassa pana akkh²na½ pas±do ±haritv± pakkhitto viya hoti, dv±rav±tap±namañcap²µh±d²ni paññ±yanti. Etasmiñca ±v±se vasanta½ disv± manuss± cat³hi paccayehi sakkacca½ upaµµhahanti. Tena vutta½ “±v±sa½ dentena n±ma sabbampi paccayaj±ta½ dinnameva hot²”ti, tasm± ete yath±vutt± sabbepi ±nisa½s± veditabb±. Tena vutta½ “appamattat±ya cete vutt±”ti.
S²tanti ajjhatta½ dh±tukkhobhavasena v± bahiddh± utuvipariº±mavasena v± uppajjanakas²ta½. Uºhanti aggisant±pa½, tassa vana¹±h±d²su (vanad±h±d²su v± s±rattha. µ². c³¼avagga 3.295) sambhavo veditabbo. Paµihant²ti paµib±hati, yath± tadubhayavasena k±yacitt±na½ b±dhana½ na hoti, eva½ karoti. S²tuºhabbh±hate hi sar²re vikkhittacitto bhikkhu yoniso padahitu½ na sakkoti. V±¼amig±n²ti s²habyaggh±dicaº¹amige. Guttasen±sanañhi ±raññakampi pavisitv± dv±ra½ pidh±ya nisinnassa te parissay± na hont²ti. Sar²sapeti ye keci sarante gacchante d²ghaj±tike sapp±dike. Makaseti nidassanamattameta½, ¹a½s±d²nampi etesveva (etaneva s±rattha. µ². c³¼avagga 3.295) saªgaho daµµhabbo. Sisireti sisirak±lavasena, satt±havaddalik±divasena ca uppanne sisirasamphasse. Vuµµhiyoti yad± tad± uppann± vassavuµµhiyo paµihanat²ti yojan±.
V±t±tapo ghoroti rukkhagacch±d²na½ umm³labhañjan±divasena pavattiy± ghoro saraja-araj±dibhedo v±to ceva gimhapari¼±hasamayesu uppattiy± ghoro s³riy±tapo ca. Paµihaññat²ti paµib±h²yati. Leºatthanti n±n±rammaºato citta½ nivattetv± paµisall±n±r±mattha½. Sukhatthanti vuttaparissay±bh±vena ph±suvih±rattha½. Jh±yitunti aµµhati½s±ya ±rammaºesu yattha katthaci citta½ upanibandhitv± upanijjh±yitu½. Vipassitunti anicc±dito saªkh±re sammasitu½.
Vih±reti patissaye. K±rayeti k±r±peyya. Rammeti manorame niv±sasukhe. V±sayettha bahussuteti k±retv± pana ettha vih±resu bahussute s²lavante kaly±ºadhamme niv±seyya, te niv±sento pana tesa½ bahussut±na½ yath± paccayehi kilamatho na hoti, eva½ annañca p±nañca vatthasen±san±ni ca dadeyya ujubh³tesu ajjh±sayasampannesu kammakammaphal±na½, ratanattayaguº±nañca saddahanena vippasannena cetas±.
Id±ni gahaµµhapabbajit±na½ aññamaññ³pak±rita½ dassetu½ “te tass±”ti g±tham±ha. Tattha teti bahussut±. Tass±ti up±sakassa. Dhamma½ desent²ti sakalavaµµadukkhapan³dana½ saddhamma½ desenti. Ya½ so dhamma½ idhaññ±y±ti so up±sako ya½ saddhamma½ imasmi½ s±sane samm±paµipajjanena j±nitv± aggamagg±dhigamena an±savo hutv± parinibb±ti ek±dasaggiv³pasamena s²ti bhavati.
S²tapaµigh±t±dayo vipassan±vas±n± terasa, ann±dil±bho, dhammassavana½, dhamm±vabodho, parinibb±nanti eva½ sattarasa.
351. Attano santak±ti attaniy±. Duppariccajana½ lobha½ niggaºhitu½ asakkontassa. Saªghassa v± gaºassa v± santiketi yojan±. Tatth±ti yath±gahite saraºe. Natthi punappuna½ kattabbat± viññ³j±tikass±ti adhipp±yo. “J²vitaparicc±gamaya½ puññan”ti “sace tva½ na yath±gahita½ saraºa½ bhindissati, ev±ha½ ta½ m±rem²”ti yadipi koci tiºhena satthena j²vit± voropeyya, tath±pi “nev±ha½ buddha½ na buddhoti, dhamma½ na dhammoti, saªgha½ na saªghoti vad±m²”ti da¼hatara½ katv± gahitasaraºassa vasena vutta½.
352. Saraºa½ upagatena k±yav±c±cittehi sakkacca½ vatthuttayap³j± k±tabb±, tattha ca sa½kileso parihanitabbo, sikkh±pad±ni pana sam±d±namatta½, sampattavatthuto viramaºamattañc±ti saraºagamanato s²lassa appaµµhatarat±, appasam±rambhatarat± ca veditabb±. Sabbesa½ satt±na½ j²vitad±n±din± daº¹anidh±nato, sakalalokiyalokuttaraguº±dhiµµh±nato cassa mahapphalamah±nisa½satarat± daµµhabb±.
Vakkham±nanayena ca verahetut±ya vera½ vuccati p±º±tip±t±dip±padhammo, ta½ maºati “mayi idha µhit±ya katha½ ±gacchas²”ti tajjent² viya n²harat²ti veramaº², tato v± p±padhammato viramati et±y±ti “viramaº²”ti vattabbe niruttinayena ik±rassa ek±ra½ katv± “veramaº²”ti vutt±. Asam±dinnas²lassa sampattato yath±-upaµµhitav²tikkamitabbavatthuto virati sampattavirati. Sam±d±navasena uppann± virati sam±d±navirati. Setu vuccati ariyamaggo, tappariy±pann± hutv± p±padhamm±na½ samucchedavasena gh±tanavirati setugh±tavirati. Id±ni tisso viratiyo sar³pato dassetu½ “tatth±”ti-±di vutta½. Pariharat²ti av²tikkamavasena parivajjeti. Na han±m²ti ettha iti-saddo ±di-attho, tena “adinna½ n±diy±m²”ti eva½ ±d²na½ saªgaho, -saddena v±, ten±ha “sikkh±pad±ni gaºhantass±”ti.
Maggasampayutt±ti samm±diµµhiy±dimaggasampayutt±. Id±ni t±sa½ virat²na½ ±rammaºato vibh±ga½ dassetu½ “tatth±”ti-±di vutta½. Purim± dveti sampattasam±d±naviratiyo. Pacchim±ti setugh±tavirati. Sabb±nipi bhinn±ni honti ekajjha½ sam±dinnatt±. Tadeva bhijjati visu½ visu½ sam±dinnatt± Gahaµµhavasena ceta½ vutta½. Bhedo n±ma natthi paµipakkhasamucchindanena akuppasabh±vatt±, ten±ha “bhavantarep²”ti. Yonisiddhanti manussatiracch±n±na½ uddha½ tiriyameva d²ghat± viya j±tisiddhanti attho. Bodhisatte kucchigate bodhisattam±tus²la½ viya dhammat±ya sabh±veneva siddha½ dhammat±siddha½, maggadhammat±ya v± ariyamagg±nubh±vena siddha½ dhammat±siddha½. Diµµhi-ujukaraºa½ n±ma bh±riya½ dukkha½, tasm± saraºagamana½ sikkh±padasam±d±nato mahaµµhatarameva, na appaµµhataranti adhipp±yo. Yath± tath± v± gaºhantass±p²ti ±darag±rava½ akatv± sam±diyantass±pi. S±dhuka½ gaºhantass±p²ti sakkacca½ s²l±ni sam±diyantass±pi, na diguºa½, tiguºa½ v± uss±ho karaº²yo.
Abhayad±nat±ya s²lassa d±nabh±vo, anavasesa½ v± sattanik±ya½ dayati tena rakkhat²ti d±na½, s²la½. “Agg±n²”ti ñ±tatt± aggaññ±ni. Cirarattat±ya ñ±tatt± rattaññ±ni. “Ariy±na½ s±dh³na½ va½s±n²”ti ñ±tatt± va½saññ±ni. “Por±º±n²”ti-±d²su purim±na½ et±ni por±º±ni. Sabbaso kenacipi pak±rena s±dh³hi na kiºº±ni na khitt±ni na cha¹¹it±n²ti asaªkiºº±ni. Ayañca nayo nesa½ yath± at²te, eva½ etarahi, an±gate c±ti ±ha “asaªkiººapubb±ni na saªkiyanti na saªkiyissant²”ti. Tato eva appapikuµµh±ni na paµikkhitt±ni. Na hi kad±cipi viññ³ samaºabr±hmaº± hi½s±dip±padhamma½ anuj±nanti. Aparim±º±na½ satt±na½ abhaya½ det²ti sabbesu bh³tesu nihitadaº¹att± sakalassapi sattanik±yassa bhay±bh±va½ deti. Na hi ariyas±vakato kassaci bhaya½ hoti. Averanti ver±bh±va½. Aby±pajjhanti niddukkhata½.
Nanu ca pañcas²la½ sabbak±lika½, na ca ekantato vimutt±yatana½, saraºagamana½ pana buddhupp±dahetuka½, ekantavimutt±yatanañca, tattha katha½ saraº±gamanato pañcas²lassa mahapphalat±ti ±ha “kiñc±p²”ti-±di. Jeµµhakanti uttama½. “Saraºagamaneyeva patiµµh±y±”ti imin± tassa s²lassa saraºagamanena abhisaªkhatatam±ha.
353. ¿disamev±ti eva½ sa½kilesa½ paµipakkhameva hutv±. Heµµh± vuttehi guºeh²ti ettha heµµh± vuttaguº± n±ma saraºagamana½, s²lasampad±, indriyesu guttadv±rat±ti eva½ ±dayo. Paµhamajjh±na½ nibbattento na kilamat²ti yojan±. T±n²ti paµhamajjh±n±d²ni. “Paµhamajjh±nan”ti ukkaµµhaniddeso ayanti ±ha “eka½ kappan”ti, eka½ mah±kappanti attho. H²na½ pana paµhamajjh±na½, majjhimañca asaªkhyeyyakappassa tatiya½ bh±ga½, upa¹¹hakappañca ±yu½ deti. “Dutiya½ aµµhakappe”ti ±d²supi imin± nayena attho veditabbo, mah±kappavaseneva ca gahetabba½. Yasm± v± paº²t±niyevettha jh±n±ni adhippet±ni mahapphalatarabh±vadassanaparatt± desan±ya, tasm± “paµhamajjh±na½ eka½ kappan”ti-±di vutta½. Tadev±ti catutthajjh±nameva. Yadi eva½ katha½ ±ruppat±ti ±ha “±k±s±nañc±yatan±d²”ti-±di.
Sammadeva niccasaññ±dipaµipakkhavidhamanavasena pavattam±n± pubbabh±giye eva bodhipakkhiyadhamme samm±nent² vipassan± vipassakassa anappaka½ p²tisomanassa½ sam±vahat²ti ±ha “vipassan±…pe… abh±v±”ti. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Yato yato sammasati, khandh±na½ udayabbaya½;
labhat² p²tip±mojja½, amata½ ta½ vij±natan”ti. (Dha. pa. 374).
Yasm± aya½ desan± imin± anukkamena im±ni ñ±º±ni nibbattentassa vasena pavattit±, tasm± “vipassan±ñ±ºe patiµµh±ya nibbattento”ti heµµhima½ heµµhima½ uparimassa uparimassa patiµµh±bh³ta½ katv± vutta½. Sam±nar³panimm±na½ n±ma manomayiddhiy± aññehi as±dh±raºakiccanti ±ha “attano…pe… mahapphal±”ti. Vikubbanadassanasamatthat±y±ti hatthi-ass±divividhar³pakaraºa½ vikubbana½, tassa dassanasamatthabh±vena. Icchiticchitaµµh±na½ n±ma purimaj±t²su icchiticchito khandhappadeso. Sam±pentoti pariyos±pento.