Ahetukasaññupp±danirodhakath±vaººan±

412. Tattha tatr±ti tesu samaºabr±hmaºesu. ¾ditova tesa½ aparaddhanti tesa½ ±dimhiyeva viraddha½, gharamajjheyeva pakkhalit±ti d²peti. Sahet³ sappaccay±ti ettha hetupi paccayopi k±raºasseva n±ma½, sak±raº±ti attho. Ta½ pana k±raºa½ dassento “sikkh± ek±”ti ±ha. Tattha sikkh± ek± saññ± uppajjant²ti sikkh±ya ekacc± saññ± j±yant²ti attho.
413. K± ca sikkh±ti bhagav± avoc±ti katam± ca s± sikkh±ti bhagav± vitth±retukamyat±pucch±vasena avoca. Atha yasm± adhis²lasikkh± adhicittasikkh± adhipaññ±sikkh±ti tisso sikkh± honti. Tasm± t± dassento bhagav± saññ±ya sahetuka½ upp±danirodha½ d²petu½ buddhupp±dato pabhuti tantidhamma½ µhapento “idha poµµhap±da, tath±gato loke”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha adhis²lasikkh± adhicittasikkh±ti dve eva sikkh± sar³pena ±gat±, tatiy± pana “aya½ dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±ti kho poµµhap±da may± eka½siko dhammo desito”ti ettha samm±diµµhisamm±saªkappavasena pariy±pannatt± ±gat±ti veditabb±. K±masaññ±ti pañcak±maguºikar±gopi asamuppannak±mac±ropi Tattha pañcak±maguºikar±go an±g±mimaggena samuggh±ta½ gacchati, asamuppannak±mac±ro pana imasmi½ µh±ne vaµµati. Tasm± tassa y± purim± k±masaññ±ti tassa paµhamajjh±nasamaªgino y± pubbe uppannapubb±ya k±masaññ±ya sadisatt± purim± k±masaññ±ti vucceyya, s± nirujjhati, anuppann±va nuppajjat²ti attho.
Vivekajap²tisukhasukhumasaccasaññ²yeva tasmi½ samaye hot²ti tasmi½ paµhamajjh±nasamaye vivekajap²tisukhasaªkh±t± sukhumasaññ± sacc± hoti, bh³t± hot²ti attho. Atha v± k±macchand±di-o¼±rikaªgappah±navasena sukhum± ca s± bh³tat±ya sacc± ca saññ±ti sukhumasaccasaññ±, vivekajehi p²tisukhehi sampayutt± sukhumasaccasaññ±ti vivekajap²tisukhasukhumasaccasaññ± s± assa atth²ti vivekajap²tisukhasukhumasaccasaññ²ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Esa nayo sabbattha. Evampi sikkh±ti ettha yasm± paµhamajjh±na½ sam±pajjanto adhiµµhahanto, vuµµhahanto ca sikkhati, tasm± ta½ eva½ sikkhitabbato sikkh±ti vuccati. Tenapi sikkh±saªkh±tena paµhamajjh±nena eva½ ek± vivekajap²tisukhasukhumasaccasaññ± uppajjati. Eva½ ek± k±masaññ± nirujjhat²ti attho. Aya½ sikkh±ti bhagav± avoc±ti aya½ paµhamajjh±nasaªkh±t± ek± sikkh±ti, bhagav± ±ha. Etenup±yena sabbattha attho daµµhabbo.
Yasm± pana aµµhamasam±pattiy± aªgato sammasana½ buddh±na½yeva hoti, s±vakesu s±riputtasadis±nampi natthi, kal±pato sammasana½yeva pana s±vak±na½ hoti, idañca “saññ± saññ±”ti, eva½ aªgato sammasana½ uddhaµa½. Tasm± ±kiñcaññ±yatanaparama½yeva sañña½ dassetv± puna tadeva saññagganti dassetu½ “yato kho poµµhap±da…pe… saññagga½ phusat²”ti ±ha.
414. Tattha yato kho poµµhap±da bhikkh³ti yo n±ma poµµhap±da bhikkhu. Idha sakasaññ² hot²ti idha s±sane sakasaññ² hoti, ayameva v± p±µho, attano paµhamajjh±nasaññ±ya saññav± hot²ti attho. So tato amutra tato amutr±ti so bhikkhu tato paµhamajjh±nato amutra dutiyajjh±ne, tatopi amutra tatiyajjh±neti eva½ t±ya t±ya jh±nasaññ±ya sakasaññ² sakasaññ² hutv± anupubbena saññagga½ phusati. Saññagganti ±kiñcaññ±yatana½ vuccati. Kasm±? Lokiy±na½ kiccak±rakasam±patt²na½ aggatt±. ¾kiñcaññ±yatanasam±pattiyañhi µhatv± nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanampi nirodhampi sam±pajjanti. Iti s± lokiy±na½ kiccak±rakasam±patt²na½ aggatt± saññagganti vuccati, ta½ phusati p±puº±t²ti attho.
Id±ni abhisaññ±nirodha½ dassetu½ “tassa saññagge µhitass±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ceteyya½, abhisaªkhareyyanti padadvaye ca jh±na½ sam±pajjanto ceteti n±ma, punappuna½ kappet²ti attho. Uparisam±patti-atth±ya nikanti½ kurum±no abhisaªkharoti n±ma. Im± ca me saññ± nirujjheyyunti im± ±kiñcaññ±yatanasaññ± nirujjheyyu½. Aññ± ca o¼±rik±ti aññ± ca o¼±rik± bhavaªgasaññ± uppajjeyyu½. So na ceva ceteti na abhisaªkharot²ti ettha k±ma½ cesa cetentova na ceteti, abhisaªkharontova n±bhisaªkharoti. Imassa bhikkhuno ±kiñcaññ±yatanato vuµµh±ya nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ sam±pajjitv± “eka½ dve cittav±re µhass±m²”ti ±bhogasamann±h±ro natthi. Uparinirodhasam±pattatth±ya eva pana ±bhogasamann±h±ro atthi, sv±yamattho puttaghar±cikkhaºena d²petabbo.
Pitugharamajjhena kira gantv± pacch±bh±ge puttassa ghara½ hoti, tato paº²ta½ bhojana½ ±d±ya ±sanas±la½ ±gata½ dahara½ thero– “man±po piº¹ap±to kuto ±bhato”ti pucchi. So “asukassa gharato”ti laddhagharameva ±cikkhi. Yena panassa pitugharamajjhena gatopi ±gatopi tattha ±bhogopi natthi. Tattha ±sanas±l± viya ±kiñcaññ±yatanasam±patti daµµhabb±, pitugeha½ viya nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±patti, puttageha½ viya nirodhasam±patti, ±sanas±l±ya µhatv± pitughara½ amanasikaritv± puttaghar±cikkhaºa½ viya ±kiñcaññ±yatanato vuµµh±ya nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ sam±pajjitv± “eka½ dve cittav±re µhass±m²”ti pitughara½ amanasikaritv±va uparinirodhasam±pattatth±ya manasik±ro, evamesa cetentova na ceteti, abhisaªkharontova n±bhisaªkharoti. T± ceva saññ±ti t± jh±nasaññ± nirujjhanti. Aññ± c±ti aññ± ca o¼±rik± bhavaªgasaññ± nuppajjanti. So nirodha½ phusat²ti so eva½ paµipanno bhikkhu saññ±vedayitanirodha½ phusati vindati paµilabhati.
Anupubb±bhisaññ±nirodhasampaj±nasam±pattinti ettha abh²ti upasaggamatta½, sampaj±napada½ nirodhapadena antarika½ katv± vutta½. Anupaµip±µiy± sampaj±nasaññ±nirodhasam±patt²ti aya½ panetthattho. Tatr±pi sampaj±nasaññ±nirodhasam±patt²ti sampaj±nantassa ante saññ± nirodhasam±patti sampaj±nantassa v± paº¹itassa bhikkhuno saññ±nirodhasam±patt²ti aya½ visesattho.
Id±ni idha µhatv± nirodhasam±pattikath± kathetabb±. S± panes± sabb±k±rena visuddhimagge paññ±bh±van±nisa½s±dhik±re kathit±, tasm± tattha kathitatova gahetabb±.
Eva½ bhagav± poµµhap±dassa paribb±jakassa nirodhakatha½ kathetv±– atha na½ t±dis±ya kath±ya aññattha abh±va½ paµij±n±petu½ “ta½ ki½ maññas²”ti-±dim±ha. Paribb±jakopi “bhagav± ajja tumh±ka½ katha½ µhapetv± na may± evar³p± kath± sutapubb±”ti paµij±nanto, “no heta½ bhante”ti vatv± puna sakkacca½ bhagavato kath±ya uggahitabh±va½ dassento “eva½ kho aha½ bhante”ti-±dim±ha. Athassa bhagav± “su-uggahita½ tay±”ti anuj±nanto “eva½ poµµhap±d±”ti ±ha.
415. Atha paribb±jako “bhagavat± ‘±kiñcaññ±yatana½ saññaggan’ti vutta½. Etadeva nu kho saññagga½, ud±hu avasesasam±patt²supi saññagga½ atth²”ti cintetv± tamattha½ pucchanto “ekaññeva nu kho”ti-±dim±ha. Bhagav±pissa vissajjesi. Tattha puth³p²ti bah³nipi. Yath± yath± kho, poµµhap±da, nirodha½ phusat²ti pathav²kasiº±d²su yena yena kasiºena, paµhamajjh±n±d²na½ v± yena yena jh±nena. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– sace hi pathav²kasiºena karaºabh³tena pathav²kasiºasam±patti½ ekav±ra½ sam±pajjanto purimasaññ±nirodha½ phusati eka½ saññagga½, atha dve v±re, tayo v±re, v±rasata½, v±rasahassa½, v±rasatasahassa½ v± sam±pajjanto purimasaññ±nirodha½ phusati, satasahassa½, saññagg±ni. Esa nayo sesakasiºesu. Jh±nesupi sace paµhamajjh±nena karaºabh³tena ekav±ra½ purimasaññ±nirodha½ phusati eka½ saññagga½. Atha dve v±re tayo v±re, v±rasata½, v±rasahassa½, v±rasatasahassa½ v± purimasaññ±nirodha½ phusati, satasahassa½ saññagg±ni. Esa nayo sesajjh±nasam±patt²supi. Iti ekav±ra½ sam±pajjanavasena v± sabbampi sañj±nanalakkhaºena saªgahetv± v± eka½ saññagga½ hoti, apar±para½ sam±pajjanavasena bah³ni.
416. Saññ± nu kho, bhanteti bhante nirodhasam±pajjanakassa bhikkhuno “saññ± nu kho paµhama½ uppajjat²”ti pucchati. Tassa bhagav± “saññ± kho, poµµhap±d±”ti by±k±si. Tattha saññ±ti jh±nasaññ±. ѱºanti vipassan±ñ±ºa½. Aparo nayo, saññ±ti vipassan± saññ±. ѱºanti maggañ±ºa½. Aparo nayo, saññ±ti maggasaññ±. ѱºanti phalañ±ºa½. Tipiµakamah±sivatthero pan±ha–
Ki½ ime bhikkh³ bhaºanti, poµµhap±do heµµh± bhagavanta½ nirodha½ pucchi. Id±ni nirodh± vuµµh±na½ pucchanto “bhagav± nirodh± vuµµhahantassa ki½ paµhama½ arahattaphalasaññ± uppajjati, ud±hu paccavekkhaºañ±ºan”ti vadati. Athassa bhagav± yasm± phalasaññ± paµhama½ uppajjati, pacch± paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½ Tasm± “saññ± kho poµµhap±d±”ti ±ha. Tattha saññupp±d±ti arahattaphalasaññ±ya upp±d±, pacch± “ida½ arahattaphalan”ti eva½ paccavekkhaºañ±ºupp±do hoti. Idappaccay± kira meti phalasam±dhisaññ±paccay± kira mayha½ paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½ uppannanti.