Niccad±na-anukulayaññavaººan±

349. Atthi pana, bho gotam±ti– ida½ br±hmaºo “sakalajambud²pav±s²na½ uµµh±ya samuµµh±ya d±na½ n±ma d±tu½ garuka½ sakalajanapado ca attano kamm±ni akaronto nassissati, atthi nu kho amh±kampi imamh± yaññ± añño yañño appasam±rambhataro ceva mahapphalataro c±”ti etamattha½ pucchanto ±ha. Niccad±n±n²ti dhuvad±n±ni niccabhatt±ni. Anukulayaññ±n²ti– “amh±ka½ pitupit±mah±d²hi pavattit±n²”ti katv± pacch± duggatapurisehipi va½saparampar±ya pavattetabb±ni y±g±ni, evar³p±ni kira s²lavante uddissa nibaddhad±n±ni tasmi½ kule dalidd±pi na upacchindanti.
Tatrida½ vatthu– an±thapiº¹ikassa kira ghare pañca niccabhattasat±ni d²yi½su. Dantamayasal±k±ni pañcasat±ni ahesu½. Atha ta½ kula½ anukkamena d±liddiyena abhibh³ta½, ek± tasmi½ kule d±rik± ekasal±kato uddha½ d±tu½ n±sakkhi. S±pi pacch± setav±hanarajja½ gantv± khala½ sodhetv± laddhadhaññena ta½ sal±ka½ ad±si. Eko thero rañño ±rocesi. R±j± ta½ ±netv± aggamahesiµµh±ne µhapesi. S± tato paµµh±ya puna pañcapi sal±kabhattasat±ni pavattesi.
Daº¹appah±r±ti– “paµip±µiy± tiµµhatha tiµµhath±”ti uju½ gantv± gaºhatha gaºhath±ti ca ±d²ni vatv± d²yam±n± daº¹appah±r±pi galagg±h±pi dissanti. Aya½ kho, br±hmaºa, hetu…pe… mah±nisa½satarañc±ti. Ettha yasm± mah±yaññe viya imasmi½ sal±kabhatte na bah³hi veyy±vaccakarehi v± upakaraºehi v± attho atthi, tasm± eta½ appaµµhatara½. Yasm± cettha na bah³na½ kammacchedavasena p²¼±saªkh±to sam±rambho atthi, tasm± appasam±rambhatara½. Yasm± ceta½ saªghassa yiµµha½ pariccatta½, tasm± yaññanti vutta½, yasm± pana cha¼aªgasamann±gat±ya dakkhiº±ya mah±samudde udakasseva na sukara½ puññ±bhisandassa pam±ºa½ k±tu½, idañca tath±vidha½. Tasm± ta½ mahapphalatarañca mah±nisa½satarañc±ti veditabba½. Ida½ sutv± br±hmaºo cintesi– idampi niccabhatta½ uµµh±ya samuµµh±ya dadato divase divase ekassa kamma½ nassati. Navanavo uss±ho ca janetabbo hoti, atthi nu kho itopi añño yañño appaµµhataro ca appasam±rambhataro c±ti. Tasm± “atthi pana, bho gotam±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yasm± sal±kabhatte kiccapariyos±na½ natthi, ekena uµµh±ya samuµµh±ya añña½ kamma½ akatv± sa½vidh±tabbameva. Vih±rad±ne pana kiccapariyos±na½ atthi. Paººas±la½ v± hi k±retu½ koµidhana½ vissajjetv± mah±vih±ra½ v±, ekav±ra½ dhanaparicc±ga½ katv± k±rita½ sattaµµhavass±nipi vassasatampi vassasahassampi gacchatiyeva. Kevala½ jiººapatitaµµh±ne paµisaªkharaºamattameva k±tabba½ hoti. Tasm± ida½ vih±rad±na½ sal±kabhattato appaµµhatara½ appasam±rambhatarañca hoti. Yasm± panettha suttantapariy±yena y±vadeva s²tassa paµigh±t±y±ti ±dayo nav±nisa½s± vutt±, khandhakapariy±yena.
“S²ta½ uºha½ paµihanti, tato v±¼amig±ni ca;
siri½sape ca makase ca, sisire c±pi vuµµhiyo.
Tato v±t±tapo ghoro, sañj±to paµihaññati;
leºatthañca sukhatthañca, jh±yituñca vipassitu½.
Vih±rad±na½ saªghassa, agga½ buddhena vaººita½;
tasm± hi paº¹ito poso, sampassa½ atthamattano;
vih±re k±raye ramme, v±sayettha bahussute.
Tasm± annañca p±nañca, vatthasen±san±ni ca;
dadeya ujubh³tesu, vippasannena cetas±.
Te tassa dhamma½ desenti, sabbadukkh±pan³dana½;
ya½ so dhamma½ idhaññ±ya, parinibb±ti an±savo”ti. (C³¼ava. 295).
Sattaras±nisa½s± vutt±. Tasm± eta½ sal±kabhattato mahapphalatarañca mah±nisa½satarañc±ti veditabba½. Saªghassa pana pariccattatt±va yaññoti vuccati. Idampi sutv± br±hmaºo cintesi– “dhanaparicc±ga½ katv± vih±rad±na½ n±ma dukkara½, attano santak± hi k±kaºik±pi parassa duppariccaj±, hand±ha½ itopi appaµµhatarañca appasam±rambhatarañca yañña½ pucch±m²”ti. Tato ta½ pucchanto– “atthi pana bho”ti-±dim±ha.
350-351. Tattha yasm± saki½ pariccattepi vih±re punappuna½ ch±danakhaº¹aphullappaµisaªkharaº±divasena kicca½ atthiyeva, saraºa½ pana ekabhikkhussa v± santike saªghassa v± gaºassa v± saki½ gahita½ gahitameva hoti, natthi tassa punappuna½ kattabbat±, tasm± ta½ vih±rad±nato appaµµhatarañca appasam±rambhatarañca hoti. Yasm± ca saraºagamana½ n±ma tiººa½ ratan±na½ j²vitaparicc±gamaya½ puññakamma½ saggasampatti½ deti, tasm± mahapphalatarañca mah±nisa½satarañc±ti veditabba½. Tiººa½ pana ratan±na½ j²vitaparicc±gavasena yaññoti vuccati.
352. Ida½ sutv± br±hmaºo cintesi– “attano j²vita½ n±ma parassa pariccajitu½ dukkara½, atthi nu kho itopi appaµµhataro yañño”ti tato ta½ pucchanto puna “atthi pana, bho gotam±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha p±º±tip±t± veramaº²ti-±d²su veramaº² n±ma virati. S± tividh± hoti– sampattavirati, sam±d±navirati setugh±tavirat²ti. Tattha yo sikkh±pad±ni agahetv±pi kevala½ attano j±tigottakul±pades±d²ni anussaritv±– “na me ida½ patir³pan”ti p±º±tip±t±d²ni na karoti, sampattavatthu½ pariharati. Tato ±rak± viramati. Tassa s± virati sampattavirat²ti veditabb±.
“Ajjatagge j²vitahetupi p±ºa½ na han±m²”ti v± “p±º±tip±t± viram±m²”ti v± “veramaºi½ sam±diy±m²”ti v± eva½ sikkh±pad±ni gaºhantassa pana virati sam±d±navirat²ti veditabb±.
Ariyas±vak±na½ pana maggasampayutt± virati setugh±tavirati n±ma. Tattha purim± dve viratiyo ya½ voropan±divasena v²tikkamitabba½ j²vitindriy±divatthu, ta½ ±rammaºa½ katv± pavattanti. Pacchim± nibb±n±rammaº±va. Ettha ca yo pañca sikkh±pad±ni ekato gaºhati, tassa ekasmi½ bhinne sabb±ni bhinn±ni honti. Yo ekeka½ gaºhati, so ya½ v²tikkamati, tadeva bhijjati. Setugh±taviratiy± pana bhedo n±ma natthi, bhavantarepi hi ariyas±vako j²vitahetupi neva p±ºa½ hanati na sura½ pivati. Sacepissa surañca kh²rañca missetv± mukhe pakkhipanti, kh²rameva pavisati, na sur±. Yath± ki½? Koñcasakuº±na½ kh²ramissake udake kh²rameva pavisati? Na udaka½. Ida½ yonisiddhanti ce, ida½ dhammat±siddhanti ca veditabba½. Yasm± pana saraºagamane diµµhi-ujukakaraºa½ n±ma bh±riya½. Sikkh±padasam±d±ne pana viratimattakameva. Tasm± eta½ yath± v± tath± v± gaºhantass±pi s±dhuka½ gaºhantass±pi appaµµhatarañca appasam±rambhatarañca. Pañcas²lasadisassa pana d±nassa abh±vato ettha mahapphalat± mah±nisa½sat± ca veditabb±. Vuttañheta½–
“Pañcim±ni bhikkhave, d±n±ni mah±d±n±ni aggaññ±ni rattaññ±ni va½saññ±ni por±º±ni asa½kiºº±ni asa½kiººapubb±ni na saªkiyanti na saªkiyissanti appaµikuµµh±ni samaºehi br±hmaºehi viññ³hi. Katam±ni pañca? Idha, bhikkhave, ariyas±vako p±º±tip±ta½ pah±ya p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti. P±º±tip±t± paµivirato, bhikkhave, ariyas±vako aparim±º±na½ satt±na½ abhaya½ deti, avera½ deti aby±pajjha½ deti. Aparim±º±na½ satt±na½ abhaya½ datv± avera½ datv± aby±pajjha½ datv± aparim±ºassa abhayassa averassa aby±pajjhassa bh±g² hoti. Ida½, bhikkhave, paµhama½ d±na½ mah±d±na½…pe… viññ³h²ti.
Puna capara½, bhikkhave, ariyas±vako adinn±d±na½ pah±ya…pe… k±mesumicch±c±ra½ pah±ya…pe… mus±v±da½ pah±ya…pe… sur±merayamajjapam±daµµh±na½ pah±ya…pe… im±ni kho, bhikkhave, pañca d±n±ni mah±d±n±ni aggaññ±ni…pe… viññ³h²”ti (a. ni. 8.39).
Idañca pana s²lapañcaka½– “attasinehañca j²vitasinehañca pariccajitv± rakkhiss±m²”ti sam±dinnat±ya yaññoti vuccati. Tattha kiñc±pi pañcas²lato saraºagamanameva jeµµhaka½, ida½ pana saraºagamaneyeva patiµµh±ya rakkhitas²lavasena mahapphalanti vutta½.
353. Idampi sutv± br±hmaºo cintesi– “pañcas²la½ n±ma rakkhitu½ garuka½, atthi nu kho añña½ kiñci ²disameva hutv± ito appaµµhatarañca mahapphalatarañc±”ti. Tato ta½ pucchanto punapi– “atthi pana, bho gotam±”ti-±dim±ha. Athassa bhagav± tividhas²lap±rip³riya½ µhitassa paµhamajjh±n±d²na½ yaññ±na½ appaµµhatarañca mahapphalatarañca dassetuk±mo buddhupp±dato paµµh±ya desana½ ±rabhanto “idha br±hmaº±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yasm± heµµh± vuttehi guºehi samann±gato paµhama½ jh±na½, paµhamajjh±n±d²su µhito dutiyajjh±n±d²ni nibbattento na kilamati, tasm± t±ni appaµµh±ni appasam±rambh±ni. Yasm± panettha paµhamajjh±na½ eka½ kappa½ brahmaloke ±yu½ deti. Dutiya½ aµµhakappe. Tatiya½ catusaµµhikappe. Catuttha½ pañcakappasat±ni. Tadeva ±k±s±nañc±yatan±disam±pattivasena bh±vita½ v²sati, catt±l²sa½, saµµhi, catur±s²ti ca kappasahass±ni ±yu½ deti; tasm± mahapphalatarañca mah±nisa½satarañca. N²varaº±d²na½ pana paccan²k±na½ dhamm±na½ pariccattatt± ta½ yaññanti veditabba½.
Vipassan±ñ±ºampi yasm± catutthajjh±napariyos±nesu guºesu patiµµh±ya nibbattento na kilamati, tasm± appaµµha½ appasam±rambha½; vipassan±sukhasadisassa pana sukhassa abh±v± mahapphala½. Paccan²kakilesaparicc±gato yaññoti. Manomayiddhipi yasm± vipassan±ñ±ºe patiµµh±ya nibbattento na kilamati, tasm± appaµµh± appasam±rambh±; attano sadisar³panimm±nasamatthat±ya mahapphal±. Attano paccan²kakilesaparicc±gato yañño. Iddhividhañ±º±d²nipi yasm± manomayañ±º±d²su patiµµh±ya nibbattento na kilamati, tasm± appaµµh±ni appasam±rambh±ni, attano attano paccan²kakilesappah±nato yañño. Iddhividha½ panettha n±n±vidhavikubbanadassanasamatthat±ya. Dibbasota½ devamanuss±na½ saddasavanasamatthat±ya; cetopariyañ±ºa½ paresa½ so¼asavidhacittaj±nanasamatthat±ya; pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºa½ icchiticchitaµµh±nasamanussaraºasamatthat±ya; dibbacakkhu icchiticchitar³padassanasamatthat±ya; ±savakkhayañ±ºa½ atipaº²talokuttaramaggasukhanipph±danasamatthat±ya mahapphalanti veditabba½. Yasm± pana arahattato visiµµhataro añño yañño n±ma natthi, tasm± arahattanik³µeneva desana½ sam±pento– “ayampi kho, br±hmaº±”ti-±dim±ha.