Buddhaguºakath±

304. Eva½ vutteti eva½ tehi br±hmaºehi vutte. Soºadaº¹o– “ime br±hmaº± j±ti-±d²hi mama vaººa½ vadanti, na kho pana meta½ yutta½ attano vaººe rajjitu½. Hand±ha½ etesa½ v±da½ bhinditv± samaºassa gotamassa mahantabh±va½ ñ±petv± etesa½ tattha gamana½ karom²”ti cintetv± tena hi– bho mamapi suº±th±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yepi ubhato suj±toti ±dayo attano guºehi sadis± guº± tepi “ko c±ha½ ke ca samaºassa gotamassa j±tisampatti-±dayo guº±”ti attano guºehi uttaritareyeva maññam±no, itare pana ekanteneva bhagavato mahantabh±vad²panattha½ pak±seti.
Mayameva arah±m±ti eva½ niy±mentovettha ida½ d²peti– “yadi guºamahantat±ya upasaªkamitabbo n±ma hoti. Yath± hi sineru½ upanidh±ya s±sapo, mah±samudda½ upanidh±ya gopadaka½, sattasu mah±saresu udaka½ upanidh±ya uss±vabindu paritto l±mako. Evameva samaºassa gotamassa j±tisampatti-±dayopi guºe upanidh±ya amh±ka½ guº± paritt± l±mak±; tasm± mayameva arah±ma ta½ bhavanta½ gotama½ dassan±ya upasaªkamitun”ti.
Mahanta½ ñ±tisa½gha½ oh±y±ti m±tipakkhe as²tikulasahass±ni pitipakkhe as²tikulasahass±n²ti eva½ saµµhikulasatasahassa½ oh±ya pabbajito.
Bh³migatañca veh±saµµhañc±ti ettha r±jaªgaºe ceva uyy±ne ca sudh±maµµhapokkharaºiyo sattaratan±na½ p³retv± bh³miya½ µhapita½ dhana½ bh³migata½ n±ma. P±s±daniy³h±dayo parip³retv± µhapita½ veh±saµµha½ n±ma. Eta½ t±va kulapariy±yena ±gata½. Tath±gatassa pana j±tadivaseyeva saªkho, elo, uppalo, puº¹ar²koti catt±ro nidhayo uggat±. Tesu saªkho g±vutiko, elo a¹¹hayojaniko, uppalo tig±vutiko, puº¹ar²ko yojaniko. Tesupi gahita½ gahita½ p³ratiyeva, iti bhagav± pah³ta½ hiraññasuvaººa½ oh±ya pabbajitoti veditabbo.
Daharova sam±noti taruºova sam±no. Susuk±¼akesoti suµµhu k±¼akeso, añjanavaººasadisakeso hutv± v±ti attho. Bhadren±ti bhaddakena. Paµhamena vayas±ti tiººa½ vay±na½ paµhamavayena. Ak±mak±nanti aniccham±n±na½. An±daratthe s±mivacana½. Ass³ni mukhe etesanti assumukh±, tesa½ assumukh±na½, ass³hi kilinnamukh±nanti attho. Rudant±nanti kanditv± rodam±n±na½. Akhudd±vak±soti ettha bhagavato aparim±ºoyeva dassan±ya ok±soti veditabbo.
Tatrida½ vatthu– r±jagahe kira aññataro br±hmaºo samaºassa gotamassa pam±ºa½ gahetu½ na sakkot²ti sutv± bhagavato piº¹±ya pavisanak±le saµµhihattha½ ve¼u½ gahetv± nagaradv±rassa bahi µhatv± sampatte bhagavati ve¼u½ gahetv± sam²pe aµµh±si. Ve¼u bhagavato j±ºukamatta½ p±puºi. Puna divase dve ve¼³ ghaµetv± sam²pe aµµh±si. Bhagav±pi dvinna½ ve¼³na½ upari kaµimattameva paññ±yam±no– “br±hmaºa, ki½ karos²”ti ±ha. Tumh±ka½ pam±ºa½ gaºh±m²ti. “Br±hmaºa, sacepi tva½ sakalacakkav±¼agabbha½ p³retv± µhite ve¼³ ghaµetv± ±gamissasi, neva me pam±ºa½ gahetu½ sakkhissasi. Na hi may± catt±ri asaªkhyey±ni kappasatasahassañca tath± p±ramiyo p³rit±, yath± me paro pam±ºa½ gaºheyya, atulo, br±hmaºa, tath±gato appameyyo”ti vatv± dhammapade g±tham±ha–
“Te t±dise p³jayato, nibbute akutobhaye;
na sakk± puñña½ saªkh±tu½, imettamapi kenac²”ti. (Dha. pa. 36).
G±th±pariyos±ne catur±s²tip±ºasahass±ni amata½ pivi½su.
Aparampi vatthu– r±hu kira asurindo catt±ri yojanasahass±ni aµµha ca yojanasat±ni ucco. B±hantaramassa dv±dasayojanasat±ni. Bahalantarena cha yojanasat±ni. Hatthatalap±datal±na½ puthulato t²ºi yojanasat±ni. Aªgulipabb±ni paºº±sayojan±ni. Bhamukantara½ paºº±sayojana½. Mukha½ dviyojanasata½ tiyojanasatagambh²ra½ tiyojanasataparimaº¹ala½. G²v± tiyojanasata½. Nal±µa½ tiyojanasata½. S²sa½ navayojanasata½. “So aha½ uccosmi, satth±ra½ onamitv± oloketu½ na sakkhiss±m²”ti cintetv± n±gacchi. So ekadivasa½ bhagavato vaººa½ sutv±– “yath±kathañca olokess±m²”ti ±gato.
Atha bhagav± tassajjh±saya½ viditv±– “cat³su iriy±pathesu katarena dassess±m²”ti cintetv± “µhitako n±ma n²copi ucco viya paññ±yati. Nipannovassa att±na½ dassess±m²”ti “±nanda, gandhakuµipariveºe mañcaka½ paññ±peh²”ti vatv± tattha s²haseyya½ kappesi. R±hu ±gantv± nipanna½ bhagavanta½ g²va½ unn±metv± nabhamajjhe puººacanda½ viya ullokesi. Kimida½ asurind±ti ca vutte– “bhagav± onamitv± oloketu½ na sakkhiss±m²”ti n±gacchinti. Na may±, asurinda, adhomukhena p±ramiyo p³rit±. Uddhaggameva katv± d±na½ dinnanti. Ta½ divasa½ r±hu saraºa½ agam±si. Eva½ bhagav± akhudd±vak±so dassan±ya.
Catup±risuddhis²lena s²lav±, ta½ pana s²la½ ariya½ uttama½ parisuddha½. Ten±ha– “ariyas²l²”ti. Tadeta½ anavajjaµµhena kusala½. Ten±ha– “kusalas²l²”ti. Kusalas²len±ti idamassa vevacana½.
Bah³na½ ±cariyap±cariyoti bhagavato ekek±ya dhammadesan±ya catur±s²tip±ºasahass±ni aparim±º±pi devamanuss± maggaphal±mata½ pivanti, tasm± bah³na½ ±cariyo. S±vakaveneyy±na½ pana p±cariyoti.
Kh²ºak±mar±goti ettha k±ma½ bhagavato sabbepi kiles± kh²º±. Br±hmaºo pana te na j±n±ti. Attano j±nanaµµh±neyeva guºa½ katheti. Vigatac±palloti– “pattamaº¹an± c²varamaº¹an± sen±sanamaº¹an± imassa v± p³tik±yassa…pe… kelan± paµikelan±”ti (vibha. 854) eva½ vuttac±pall± virahito.
Ap±papurekkh±roti ap±pe nava lokuttaradhamme purato katv± vicarati. Brahmaññ±ya paj±y±ti s±riputtamoggall±namah±kassap±dibhed±ya br±hmaºapaj±ya, etiss±ya ca paj±ya purekkh±ro. Ayañhi paj± samaºa½ gotama½ purakkhatv± carat²ti attho. Api ca ap±papurekkh±roti na p±pa½ purekkh±ro na p±pa½ purato katv± carati, na p±pa½ icchat²ti attho. Kassa? Brahmaññ±ya paj±ya. Attan± saddhi½ paµiviruddh±yapi br±hmaºapaj±ya aviruddho hitasukhatthiko yev±ti vutta½ hoti.
Tiroraµµh±ti pararaµµhato. Tirojanapad±ti parajanapadato. Pañha½ pucchitu½ ±gacchant²ti khattiyapaº¹it±dayo ceva devabrahman±gagandhabb±dayo ca “pañhe abhisaªkharitv± pucchiss±m±”ti ±gacchanti. Tattha keci pucch±ya v± dosa½ vissajjanasampaµicchane v± asamatthata½ sallakkhetv± apucchitv±va tuºh² nis²danti. Keci pucchanti. Kesañci bhagav± pucch±ya uss±ha½ janetv± vissajjeti. Eva½ sabbesampi tesa½ vimatiyo t²ra½ patv± mah±samuddassa ³miyo viya bhagavanta½ patv± bhijjanti.
Ehi sv±gatav±d²ti devamanussapabbajitagahaµµhesu ta½ ta½ attano santika½ ±gata½– “ehi sv±gatan”ti eva½ vadat²ti attho. Sakhiloti tattha katama½ s±khalya½? “Y± s± v±c± nel± kaººasukh±”ti-±din± nayena vuttas±khalyena samann±gato, muduvacanoti attho. Sammodakoti paµisanth±rakusalo, ±gat±gat±na½ catunna½ paris±na½– “kacci, bhikkhave, khaman²ya½, kacci y±pan²yan”ti-±din± nayena sabba½ addh±nadaratha½ v³pasamento viya paµhamatara½ sammodan²ya½ katha½ katt±ti attho. Abbh±kuµikoti yath± ekacce parisa½ patv± thaddhamukh± saªkuµitamukh± honti, na ediso, parisadassanena panassa b±l±tapasamphassena viya paduma½ mukhapaduma½ vikasati puººacandasassirika½ hoti. Utt±namukhoti yath± ekacce nikujjitamukh± viya sampatt±ya paris±ya na kiñci kathenti, atidullabhakath± honti, na evar³po. Samaºo pana gotamo sulabhakatho. Na tassa santika½ ±gat±gat±na½– “kasm± maya½ idh±gat±”ti vippaµis±ro uppajjati dhamma½ pana sutv± attaman±va hont²ti dasseti. Pubbabh±s²ti bh±santo ca paµhamatara½ bh±sati, tañca kho k±layutta½ pam±ºayutta½ atthanissitameva bh±sati, na niratthakakatha½.
Na tasmi½ g±me v±ti yattha kira bhagav± paµivasati, tattha mahesakkh± devat± ±rakkha½ gaºhanti, ta½ niss±ya manuss±na½ upaddavo na hoti, pa½supis±cak±dayoyeva hi manusse viheµhenti, te t±sa½ ±nubh±vena d³ra½ apakkamanti. Api ca bhagavato mett±balenapi na amanuss± manusse viheµhenti.
Saªgh²ti-±d²su anus±sitabbo saya½ v± upp±dito saªgho assa atth²ti saªgh². T±diso cassa gaºo atth²ti gaº². Purimapadasseva v± vevacanameta½. ¾c±rasikkh±panavasena gaºassa ±cariyoti gaº±cariyo Puthutitthakar±nanti bah³na½ titthakar±na½. Yath± v± tath± v±ti yena v± tena v± acelak±dimattaken±pi k±raºena. Samud±gacchat²ti samantato upagacchati abhiva¹¹hati.
Atithi no te hont²ti te amh±ka½ ±gantuk±, navak± p±hunak± hont²ti attho. Pariy±puº±m²ti j±n±mi. Aparim±ºavaººoti tath±r³peneva sabbaññun±pi appameyyavaººo– “pageva m±disen±”ti dasseti. Vuttampi cetta½–
“Buddhopi buddhassa bhaºeyya vaººa½,
kappampi ce aññamabh±sam±no;
kh²yetha kappo cirad²ghamantare,
vaººo na kh²yetha tath±gatass±”ti.
305. Ima½ pana satthu guºakatha½ sutv± te br±hmaº± cintayi½su– yath± soºadaº¹o br±hmaºo samaºassa gotamassa vaººe bhaºati, anomaguºo so bhava½ gotamo; eva½ tassa guºe j±nam±nena kho pana ±cariyena aticira½ adhiv±sita½, handa na½ anuvatt±m±ti anuvatti½su. Tasm± eva½ vutte “te br±hmaº±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha alamev±ti yuttameva. Api puµosen±ti puµosa½ vuccati p±theyya½, ta½ gahetv±pi upasaªkamitu½ yuttamev±ti attho. Puµa½sen±tipi p±µho, tassattho, puµo a½se ass±ti puµa½so, tena puµa½sena. A½sena hi p±theyyapuµa½ vahanten±p²ti vutta½ hoti.