Pubbaka-isibh±v±nuyogavaººan±

283. Dattikanti dinnaka½. Sammukh²bh±vampi na dad±t²ti kasm± na dad±ti? So kira sammukh± ±vaµµani½ n±ma vijja½ j±n±ti. Yad± r±j± mah±rahena alaªk±rena alaªkato hoti, tad± rañño sam²pe µhatv± tassa alaªk±rassa n±ma½ gaºhati. Tassa r±j± n±me gahite na dem²ti vattu½ na sakkoti. Datv± puna chaºadivase alaªk±ra½ ±harath±ti vatv±, natthi, deva, tumhehi br±hmaºassa dinnoti vutto, “kasm± me dinno”ti pucchi. Te amacc± ‘so br±hmaºo sammukh± ±vaµµanim±ya½ j±n±ti. T±ya tumhe ±vaµµetv± gahetv± gacchat²’ti ±ha½su. Apare raññ± saha tassa atisah±yabh±va½ asahant± ±ha½su– “deva, etassa br±hmaºassa sar²re saªkhaphalitakuµµha½ n±ma atthi. Tumhe eta½ disv±va ±liªgatha par±masatha, idañca kuµµha½ n±ma k±yasa½saggavasena anugacchati, m± eva½ karoth±”ti. Tato paµµh±ya tassa r±j± sammukh²bh±va½ na deti.
Yasm± pana so br±hmaºo paº¹ito khattavijj±ya kusalo, tena saha mantetv± katakamma½ n±ma na virujjhati, tasm± s±ºip±k±rassa anto µhatv± bahi µhitena tena saddhi½ manteti. Ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “tiro dussantena mantet²”ti. Tattha tirodussanten±ti tirodussena. Ayameva v± p±µho. Dhammikanti anavajja½. Pay±tanti abhiharitv± dinna½. Katha½ tassa r±j±ti yassa rañño br±hmaºo ²disa½ bhikkha½ paµiggaºheyya, katha½ tassa br±hmaºassa so r±j± sammukh²bh±vampi na dadeyya. Aya½ pana adinnaka½ m±y±ya gaºhati, tenassa sammukh²bh±va½ r±j± na det²ti niµµhamettha gantabbanti ayamettha adhipp±yo. “Ida½ pana k±raºa½ µhapetv± r±j±nañceva br±hmaºañca na añño koci j±n±ti. Tadeta½ eva½ rahassampi paµicchannampi addh± sabbaññ³ samaºo gotamoti niµµha½ gamissat²”ti bhagav± pak±sesi.
284. Id±ni ayañca ambaµµho, ±cariyo cassa mante niss±ya atim±nino. Tena tesa½ mantanissitam±nanimmadanattha½ uttari desana½ va¹¹hento ta½ ki½ maññasi, ambaµµha, idha r±j±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha rath³patthareti rathamhi rañño µh±nattha½ attharitv± sajjitapadese. Uggehi v±ti uggatuggatehi v± amaccehi. R±jaññeh²ti anabhisittakum±rehi. Kiñcideva mantananti asukasmi½ dese ta¼±ka½ v± m±tika½ v± k±tu½ vaµµati, asukasmi½ g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± nagara½ v± nivesetunti evar³pa½ p±kaµamantana½. Tadeva mantananti ya½ raññ± mantita½ tadeva. T±disehiyeva s²sukkhepabhamukkhep±d²hi ±k±rehi manteyya. R±jabhaºitanti yath± raññ± bhaºita½, tassatthassa s±dhanasamattha½. Sopi tassatthassa s±dhanasamatthameva bhaºita½ bhaºat²ti attho.
285. Pavatt±roti pavattayit±ro. Yesanti yesa½ santaka½. Mantapadanti vedasaªkh±ta½ mantameva G²tanti aµµhak±d²hi dasahi por±ºakabr±hmaºehi sarasampattivasena sajjh±yita½. Pavuttanti aññesa½ vutta½, v±citanti attho. Samihitanti samupaby³¼ha½ r±sikata½, piº¹a½ katv± µhapitanti attho. Tadanug±yant²ti etarahi br±hmaº± ta½ tehi pubbe g²ta½ anug±yanti anusajjh±yanti. Tadanubh±sant²ti ta½ anubh±santi, ida½ purimasseva vevacana½. Bh±sitamanubh±sant²ti tehi bh±sita½ sajjh±yita½ anusajjh±yanti. V±citamanuv±cent²ti tehi aññesa½ v±cita½ anuv±centi.
Seyyathidanti te katamehi attho. Aµµhakoti-±d²ni tesa½ n±m±ni. Te kira dibbena cakkhun± oloketv± par³pagh±ta½ akatv± kassapasamm±sambuddhassa bhagavato p±vacanena saha sa½sanditv± mante ganthi½su. Apar±pare pana br±hmaº± p±º±tip±t±d²ni pakkhipitv± tayo vede bhinditv± buddhavacanena saddhi½ viruddhe aka½su. Neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²ti yena tva½ isi bhaveyy±si, eta½ k±raºa½ na vijjati. Idha bhagav± yasm±– “esa pucchiyam±nopi, attano avattharaºabh±va½ ñatv± paµivacana½ na dassat²”ti j±n±ti, tasm± paµiñña½ agahetv±va ta½ isibh±va½ paµikkhipi.
286. Id±ni yasm± te por±º± dasa br±hmaº± nir±magandh± anitthigandh± rajojalladhar± brahmac±rino araññ±yatane pabbatap±desu vanam³laphal±h±r± vasi½su. Yad± katthaci gantuk±m± honti, iddhiy± ±k±seneva gacchanti, natthi tesa½ y±nena kicca½. Sabbadis±su ca nesa½ mett±dibrahmavih±rabh±van±va ±rakkh± hoti, natthi tesa½ p±k±rapurisagutt²hi attho. Imin± ca ambaµµhena sutapubb± tesa½ paµipatti; tasm± imassa s±cariyakassa tesa½ paµipattito ±rakabh±va½ dassetu½– “ta½ ki½ maññasi, ambaµµh±”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha vicitak±¼akanti vicinitv± apan²tak±¼aka½. Veµhakanatapass±h²ti dussapaµµadussaveºi ±d²hi veµhakehi namitaph±suk±hi. Kuttav±leh²ti sobh±karaºattha½ kappetu½, yuttaµµh±nesu kappitav±lehi. Ettha ca va¼av±na½yeva v±l± kappit±, na rath±na½, va¼avapayuttatt± pana rath±pi “kuttav±l±”ti vutt±. Ukkiººaparikh±s³ti khataparikh±su. Okkhittapaligh±s³ti µhapitapaligh±su. Nagar³pak±rik±s³ti ettha upak±rik±ti paresa½ ±rohaniv±raºattha½ samant± nagara½ p±k±rassa adhobh±ge katasudh±kamma½ vuccati. Idha pana t±hi upak±rik±hi yutt±ni nagar±neva “nagar³pak±rik±yo”ti adhippet±ni. Rakkh±pent²ti t±disesu nagaresu vasant±pi att±na½ rakkh±penti. Kaªkh±ti “sabbaññ³, na sabbaññ³”ti eva½ sa½sayo. Vimat²ti tasseva vevacana½, vir³p± mati, vinicchinitu½ asamatth±ti attho. Ida½ bhagav± “ambaµµhassa imin± attabh±vena maggap±tubh±vo natthi, kevala½ divaso v²tivattati, aya½ kho pana lakkhaºapariyesanattha½ ±gato, tampi kicca½ nassarati. Handassa satijananattha½ naya½ dem²”ti ±ha.