Catu-ap±yamukhakath±vaººan±

280. Ap±yamukh±n²ti vin±samukh±ni. Anabhisambhuºam±noti asamp±puºanto, avisaham±no v±. Kh±rividham±d±y±ti ettha kh±r²ti araº² kamaº¹alu suj±dayo t±pasaparikkh±r±. Vidhoti k±jo. Tasm± kh±ribharita½ k±jam±d±y±ti attho. Ye pana kh±rivividhanti paµhanti, te “kh±r²ti k±jassa n±ma½, vividhanti bahukamaº¹alu-±diparikkh±ran”ti vaººayanti. Pavattaphalabhojanoti patitaphalabhojano. Paric±rakoti kappiyakaraºapattapaµiggahaºap±dadhovan±divattakaraºavasena paric±rako. K±mañca guº±dhikopi kh²º±savas±maºero puthujjanabhikkhuno vuttanayena paric±rako hoti, aya½ pana na t±diso guºavasenapi veyy±vaccakaraºavasenapi l±makoyeva.
Kasm± pana t±pasapabbajj± s±sanassa vin±samukhanti vutt±ti? Yasm± gacchanta½ gacchanta½ s±sana½ t±pasapabbajj±vasena osakkissati. Imasmiñhi s±sane pabbajitv± tisso sikkh± p³retu½ asakkonta½ lajjino sikkh±k±m±– “natthi tay± saddhi½ uposatho v± pav±raº± v± saªghakamma½ v±”ti jigucchitv± parivajjenti. So “dukkara½ khuradh±r³pama½ s±sane paµipattip³raºa½ dukkha½, t±pasapabbajj± pana sukar± ceva bahujanasammat± c±”ti vibbhamitv± t±paso hoti. Aññe ta½ disv±– “ki½ tay± katan”ti pucchanti. So– “bh±riya½ tumh±ka½ s±sane kamma½, idha pana sachandac±rino mayan”ti vadati. Sopi, yadi eva½ ahampi ettheva pabbaj±m²ti tassa anusikkhanto t±paso hoti. Evamaññepi aññep²ti kamena t±pas±va bahuk± honti. Tesa½ uppannak±le s±sana½ osakkita½ n±ma bhavissati. Loke evar³po buddho n±ma uppajji, tassa ²disa½ n±ma s±sana½ ahos²ti sutamattameva bhavissati. Ida½ sandh±ya bhagav± t±pasapabbajja½ s±sanassa vin±samukhanti ±ha.
Kud±lapiµakanti kandam³laphalaggahaºattha½ kud±lañceva piµakañca. G±mas±manta½ v±ti vijj±caraºasampad±d²ni anabhisambhuºanto, kasikamm±d²hi ca j²vita½ nipph±detu½ dukkhanti maññam±no bahujanakuh±panattha½ g±mas±mante v± nigamas±mante v± aggis±la½ katv± sappiteladadhimadhuph±ºitatilataº¹ul±d²hi ceva n±n±d±r³hi ca homakaraºavasena aggi½ paricaranto acchati.
Catudv±ra½ ag±ra½ karitv±ti catumukha½ p±n±g±ra½ katv± tassa dv±re maº¹apa½ katv± tattha p±n²ya½ upaµµhapetv± ±gat±gate p±n²yena ±pucchati. Yampissa addhik± kilant± p±n²ya½ pivitv± parituµµh± bhattapuµa½ v± taº¹ul±d²ni v± denti, ta½ sabba½ gahetv± ambilay±gu-±d²ni katv± bahutara½ ±misagahaºattha½ kesañci anna½ deti, kesañci bhattapacanabh±jan±d²ni. Tehipi dinna½ ±misa½ v± pubbaºº±d²ni v± gaºhati, t±ni va¹¹hiy± payojeti. Eva½ va¹¹ham±navibhavo gomahi½sad±s²d±sapariggaha½ karoti, mahanta½ kuµumba½ saºµhapeti. Ima½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½– “catudv±ra½ ag±ra½ karitv± acchat²”ti. “Tamaha½ yath±satti yath±bala½ paµip³jess±m²”ti ida½ panassa paµipattimukha½. Imin± hi mukhena so eva½ paµipajjat²ti. Ett±vat± ca bhagavat± sabb±pi t±pasapabbajj± niddiµµh± honti.
Katha½? Aµµhavidh± hi t±pas±– saputtabhariy±, uñch±cariy±, anaggipakkik±, as±map±k±, asmamuµµhik±, dantavakkalik±, pavattaphalabhojan±, paº¹upal±sik±ti. Tattha ye keºiyajaµilo viya kuµumba½ saºµhapetv± vasanti, te saputtabhariy± n±ma.
Ye pana “saputtad±rabh±vo n±ma pabbajitassa ayutto”ti l±yanamaddanaµµh±nesu v²himuggam±satil±d²ni saªka¹¹hitv± pacitv± paribhuñjanti, te uñch±cariy± n±ma.
Ye “khalena khala½ vicaritv± v²hi½ ±haritv± koµµetv± paribhuñjana½ n±ma ayuttan”ti g±manigamesu taº¹ulabhikkha½ gahetv± pacitv± paribhuñjanti, te anaggipakkik± n±ma.
Ye pana “ki½ pabbajitassa s±map±ken±”ti g±ma½ pavisitv± pakkabhikkhameva gaºhanti te as±map±k± n±ma.
Ye “divase divase bhikkh±pariyeµµhi n±ma dukkh± pabbajitass±”ti muµµhip±s±ºena amb±µak±d²na½ rukkh±na½ taca½ koµµetv± kh±danti, te asmamuµµhik± n±ma.
Ye pana “p±s±ºena taca½ koµµetv± vicaraºa½ n±ma dukkhan”ti danteheva ubb±µetv± kh±danti, te dantavakkalik± n±ma.
Ye “dantehi ubb±µetv± kh±dana½ n±ma dukkha½ pabbajitass±”ti le¹¹udaº¹±d²hi paharitv± patit±ni phal±ni paribhuñjanti, te pavattaphalabhojan± n±ma.
Ye pana “le¹¹udaº¹±d²hi p±tetv± paribhogo n±ma as±ruppo pabbajitass±”ti saya½ patit±neva pupphaphalapaº¹upal±s±d²ni kh±dant± y±penti, te paº¹upal±sik± n±ma.
Te tividh±– ukkaµµhamajjhimamudukavasena. Tattha ye nisinnaµµh±nato anuµµh±ya hatthena p±puºanaµµh±neva patita½ gahetv± kh±danti, te ukkaµµh±. Ye ekarukkhato añña½ rukkha½ na gacchanti, te majjhim±. Ye ta½ ta½ rukkham³la½ gantv± pariyesitv± kh±danti, te muduk±.
Im± pana aµµhapi t±pasapabbajj± im±hi cat³hiyeva saªgaha½ gacchanti. Katha½? Et±su hi saputtabhariy± ca uñch±cariy± ca ag±ra½ bhajanti. Anaggipakkik± ca as±map±k± ca agy±g±ra½ bhajanti. Asmamuµµhik± ca dantavakkalik± ca kandam³laphalabhojana½ bhajanti. Pavattaphalabhojan± ca paº¹upal±sik± ca pavattaphalabhojana½ bhajanti. Tena vutta½– “ett±vat± ca bhagavat± sabb±pi t±pasapabbajj± niddiµµh± hont²”ti.
281-282. Id±ni bhagav± s±cariyakassa ambaµµhassa vijj±caraºasampad±ya ap±yamukhampi appattabh±va½ dassetu½ ta½ ki½ maññasi ambaµµh±ti-±dim±ha. Ta½ utt±natthameva. Attan± ±p±yikopi aparip³ram±noti attan± vijj±caraºasampad±ya ±p±yiken±pi aparip³ram±nena.