D±siputtav±davaººan±

267. Nimm±det²ti nimmadeti nimm±ne karoti. Ya½n³n±hanti yadi pan±ha½. “Kaºh±yanohamasmi, bho gotam±”ti ida½ kira vacana½ ambaµµho tikkhattu½ mah±saddena avoca. Kasm± avoca? Ki½ asuddhabh±va½ na j±n±t²ti? ¾ma j±n±ti. J±nantopi bhavapaµicchannameta½ k±raºa½, ta½ anena na diµµha½. Apassanto mah±samaºo ki½ vakkhat²ti maññam±no m±nathaddhat±ya avoca. M±t±pettikanti m±t±pit³na½ santaka½. N±magottanti paººattivasena n±ma½, paveº²vasena gotta½. Anussaratoti anussarantassa kulakoµi½ sodhentassa. Ayyaputt±ti s±mino putt±. D±siputtoti gharad±siy±va putto. Tasm± yath± d±sena s±mino upasaªkamitabb±, eva½ anupasaªkamanta½ ta½ disv± saky± anujagghi½s³ti dasseti.
Ito para½ tassa d±sabh±va½ saky±nañca s±mibh±va½ pak±setv± attano ca ambaµµhassa ca kulava½sa½ ±haranto saky± kho pan±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha dahant²ti µhapenti, okk±ko no pubbapurisoti, eva½ karont²ti attho. Tassa kira rañño kathanak±le ukk± viya mukhato pabh± niccharati, tasm± ta½ “okk±ko”ti sañj±ni½s³ti. Pabb±jes²ti n²hari.
Id±ni te n±mavasena dassento– “okk±mukhan”ti-±dim±ha. Tatr±ya½ anupubb² kath±– paµhamakappik±na½ kira rañño mah±sammatassa rojo n±ma putto ahosi. Rojassa vararojo, vararojassa kaly±ºo, kaly±ºassa varakaly±ºo, varakaly±ºassa mandh±t±, mandh±tussa varamandh±t± varamandh±tussa uposatho, uposathassa varo, varassa upavaro, upavarassa maghadevo, maghadevassa parampar±ya catur±s²tikhattiyasahass±ni ahesu½. Tesa½ pacchato tayo okk±kava½s± ahesu½. Tesu tatiya-okk±kassa pañca mahesiyo ahesu½– hatth±, citt±, jantu, j±lin², vis±kh±ti. Ekekiss± pañcapañca-itthisatapariv±r±. Sabbajeµµh±ya catt±ro putt±– okk±mukho, karakaº¹u, hatthiniko, sinis³roti. Pañca dh²taro– piy±, suppiy±, ±nand±, vijit±, vijitasen±ti. Iti s± nava putte vij±yitv± k±lamak±si.
Atha r±j± añña½ dahari½ abhir³pa½ r±jadh²tara½ ±netv± aggamahesiµµh±ne µhapesi. S± jantu½ n±ma putta½ vij±yi. Atha na½ pañcamadivase alaªkaritv± rañño dassesi. R±j± tuµµho tass± vara½ ad±si. S± ñ±takehi saddhi½ mantetv± puttassa rajja½ y±ci. R±j±– “nassa, vasali, mama putt±na½ antar±ya½ icchas²”ti tajjesi. S± punappuna½ raho r±j±na½ paritosetv±– “mah±r±ja, mus±v±do n±ma na vaµµat²”ti-±d²ni vatv± y±catiyeva. Atha r±j± putte ±mantesi– “aha½ t±t±, tumh±ka½ kaniµµha½ jantukum±ra½ disv± tassa m±tuy± sahas± vara½ ad±si½ s± puttassa rajja½ pariº±metu½ icchati. Tumhe µhapetv± maªgalahatthi½ maªgala-assa½ maªgalarathañca yattake icchatha, tattake hatthi-assarathe gahetv± gacchatha. Mamaccayena ±gantv± rajja½ kareyy±th±”ti, aµµhahi amaccehi saddhi½ uyyojesi.
Te n±nappak±ra½ roditv± kanditv±– “t±ta, amh±ka½ dosa½ khamath±”ti r±j±nañceva r±jorodhe ca kham±petv±, “mayampi bh±t³hi saddhi½ gacch±m±”ti r±j±na½ ±pucchitv± nagar± nikkhant± bhaginiyo ±d±ya caturaªginiy± sen±ya parivut± nagar± nikkhami½su. “Kum±r± pitu-accayena ±gantv± rajja½ k±ressanti, gacch±ma ne upaµµhah±m±”ti cintetv± bah³ manuss± anubandhi½su. Paµhamadivase yojanamatt± sen± ahosi, dutiye dviyojanamatt±, tatiye tiyojanamatt±. Kum±r± mantayi½su– “mah± balak±yo, sace maya½ kañci s±mantar±j±na½ madditv± janapada½ gaºheyy±ma, sopi no nappasaheyya. Ki½ paresa½ p²¼±ya kat±ya, mah± aya½ jambud²po, araññe nagara½ m±pess±m±”ti himavant±bhimukh± gantv± nagaravatthu½ pariyesi½su.
Tasmiñca samaye amh±ka½ bodhisatto br±hmaºamah±s±lakule nibbattitv± kapilabr±hmaºo n±ma hutv± nikkhamma isipabbajja½ pabbajitv± himavantapasse pokkharaºiy± t²re s±kavanasaº¹e paººas±la½ m±petv± vasati. So kira bhummaj±la½ n±ma vijja½ j±n±ti, y±ya uddha½ as²tihatthe ±k±se, heµµh± ca bh³miyampi guºadosa½ passati. Etasmi½ padese tiºagumbalat± dakkhiº±vaµµ± p±c²n±bhimukh± j±yanti. S²habyaggh±dayo migas³kare sappabi¼±r± ca maº¹³kam³sike anubandham±n± ta½ padesa½ patv± na sakkonti te anubandhitu½. Tehi te aññadatthu santajjit± nivattantiyeva. So– “aya½ pathaviy± aggapadeso”ti ñatv± tattha attano paººas±la½ m±pesi.
Atha te kum±re nagaravatthu½ pariyesam±ne attano vasanok±sa½ ±gate disv± pucchitv± ta½ pavatti½ ñatv± tesu anukampa½ janetv± avoca– “imasmi½ paººas±laµµh±ne m±pita½ nagara½ jambud²pe agganagara½ bhavissati. Ettha j±tapurisesu ekeko purisasatampi purisasahassampi abhibhavitu½ sakkhissati. Ettha nagara½ m±petha, paººas±laµµh±ne rañño ghara½ karotha. Imasmiñhi ok±se µhatv± caº¹±laputtopi cakkavattibalena atiseyyo”ti. Nanu, bhante, ayyassa vasanok±soti? “Mama vasanok±so”ti m± cintayittha. Mayha½ ekapasse paººas±la½ katv± nagara½ m±petv± kapilavatthunti n±ma½ karoth±”ti. Te tath± katv± tattha niv±sa½ kappesu½.
Ath±macc±– “ime d±rak± vayappatt±, sace nesa½ pit± santike bhaveyya, so ±v±haviv±ha½ kareyya. Id±ni pana amh±ka½ bh±ro”ti cintetv± kum±rehi saddhi½ mantayi½su. Kum±r± amh±ka½ sadis± khattiyadh²taro n±ma na pass±ma, n±pi bhagin²na½ sadise khattiyakum±rake, asadisasa½yoge ca no uppann± putt± m±tito v± pitito v± aparisuddh± j±tisambheda½ p±puºissanti. Tasm± maya½ bhagin²hiyeva saddhi½ sa½v±sa½ rocem±ti. Te j±tisambhedabhayena jeµµhakabhagini½ m±tuµµh±ne µhapetv± avases±hi sa½v±sa½ kappesu½.
Tesa½ puttehi ca dh²t±hi ca va¹¹ham±n±na½ aparena samayena jeµµhakabhaginiy± kuµµharogo udap±di, kovi¼±rapupphasadis±ni gatt±ni ahesu½. R±jakum±r± im±ya saddhi½ ekato nisajjaµµh±nabhojan±d²ni karont±nampi upari aya½ rogo saªkamat²ti cintetv± ekadivasa½ uyy±nak²¼a½ gacchant± viya ta½ y±ne ±ropetv± arañña½ pavisitv± bh³miya½ pokkharaºi½ khaº±petv± tattha kh±dan²yabhojan²yena saddhi½ ta½ pakkhipitv± gharasaªkhepena upari padara½ paµicch±detv± pa½su½ datv± pakkami½su.
Tena ca samayena r±mo n±ma b±r±ºasir±j± kuµµharogo n±µakitth²hi ca orodhehi ca jigucchiyam±no tena sa½vegena jeµµhaputtassa rajja½ datv± arañña½ pavisitv± tattha paººas±la½ m±petv± m³laphal±ni paribhuñjanto nacirasseva arogo suvaººavaººo hutv± ito cito ca vicaranto mahanta½ susirarukkha½ disv± tassabbhantare so¼asahatthappam±ºa½ ok±sa½ sodhetv± dv±rañca v±tap±nañca yojetv± nisseºi½ bandhitv± tattha v±sa½ kappesi. So aªg±rakaµ±he aggi½ katv± ratti½ migas³kar±d²na½ sadde suºanto sayati. So– “asukasmi½ padese s²ho saddamak±si, asukasmi½ byaggho”ti sallakkhetv± pabh±te tattha gantv± vigh±sama½sa½ ±d±ya pacitv± kh±dati.
Athekadivasa½ tasmi½ pacc³sasamaye aggi½ j±letv± nisinne r±jadh²t±ya sar²ragandhena ±gantv± byaggho tasmi½ padese pa½su½ viy³hanto padare vivaramak±si, tena ca vivarena s± byaggha½ disv± bh²t± vissaramak±si. So ta½ sadda½ sutv±– “itthisaddo eso”ti ca sallakkhetv± p±tova tattha gantv±– “ko etth±”ti ±ha. M±tug±mo s±m²ti. Ki½ j±tik±s²ti? Okk±kamah±r±jassa dh²t± s±m²ti. Nikkham±ti? Na sakk± s±m²ti. Ki½ k±raº±ti? Chavirogo me atth²ti. So sabba½ pavatti½ pucchitv± khattiyam±nena anikkhamanti½– “ahampi khattiyo”ti attano khattiyabh±va½ j±n±petv± nisseºi½ datv± uddharitv± attano vasanok±sa½ netv± saya½ paribhuttabhesajj±niyeva datv± nacirasseva aroga½ suvaººavaººa½ katv± t±ya saddhi½ sa½v±sa½ kappesi. S± paµhamasa½v±seneva gabbha½ gaºhitv± dve putte vij±yi, punapi dveti, eva½ so¼asakkhattumpi vij±yi. Eva½ dvatti½sa bh±taro ahesu½. Te anupubbena vu¹¹hippatte pit± sabbasipp±ni sikkh±pesi.
Athekadivasa½ eko r±marañño nagarav±s² vanacarako pabbate ratan±ni gavesanto r±j±na½ disv± sañj±nitv± ±ha– “j±n±maha½, deva, tumhe”ti. Tato na½ r±j± sabba½ pavatti½ pucchi. Tasmi½yeva ca khaºe te d±rak± ±gami½su. So te disv±– “ke ime”ti ±ha. “Putt± me”ti ca vutte tesa½ m±tikava½sa½ pucchitv±– “laddha½ d±ni me p±bhatan”ti nagara½ gantv± rañño ±rocesi. So ‘pitara½ ±nayiss±m²’ti caturaªginiy± sen±ya tattha gantv± pitara½ vanditv±– “rajja½, deva, sampaµicch±”ti y±ci. So– “ala½, t±ta, na tattha gacch±mi, idheva me ima½ rukkha½ apanetv± nagara½ m±peh²”ti ±ha. So tath± katv± tassa nagarassa kolarukkha½ apanetv± katatt± kolanagaranti ca byagghapathe katatt± byagghapathanti c±ti dve n±m±ni ±ropetv± pitara½ vanditv± attano nagara½ agam±si.
Tato vayappatte kum±re m±t± ±ha– “t±t±, tumh±ka½ kapilavatthuv±sino saky± m±tul± santi. M±tuladh²t±na½ pana vo evar³pa½ n±ma kesaggahaºa½ hoti, evar³pa½ dussagahaºa½. Yad± t± nh±natittha½ ±gacchanti, tad± gantv± yassa y± ruccati, so ta½ gaºhat³”ti. Te tatheva gantv± t±su nhatv± s²sa½ sukkh±payam±n±su ya½ ya½ icchi½su, ta½ ta½ gahetv± n±ma½ s±vetv± agami½su. Sakyar±j±no sutv± “hotu, bhaºe, amh±ka½ ñ±tak± eva te”ti tuºh² ahesu½. Aya½ sakyakoliy±na½ uppatti. Eva½ tesa½ sakyakoliy±na½ aññamañña½ ±v±haviv±ha½ karont±na½ y±va buddhak±l± anupacchinnova va½so ±gato. Tattha bhagav± sakyava½sa½ dassetu½– “te raµµhasm± pabb±jit± himavantapasse pokkharaºiy± t²re”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sammant²ti vasanti. Saky± vata bhoti raµµhasm± pabb±jit± araññe vasant±pi j±tisambhedamakatv± kulava½sa½ anurakkhitu½ saky±, samatth±, paµibal±ti attho. Tadaggeti ta½ agga½ katv±, tato paµµh±y±ti attho. So ca nesa½ pubbapurisoti so okk±ko r±j± etesa½ pubbapuriso. Natthi etesa½ gahapativa½sena sambhedamattamp²ti.
Eva½ sakyava½sa½ pak±setv± id±ni ambaµµhava½sa½ pak±sento– “rañño kho pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Kaºha½ n±ma janes²ti k±¼avaººa½ antokucchiya½yeva sañj±tadanta½ par³¼hamassud±µhika½ putta½ vij±yi. Paby±h±s²ti yakkho j±toti bhayena pal±yitv± dv±ra½ pidh±ya µhitesu gharam±nusakesu ito cito ca vicaranto dhovatha manti-±d²ni vadanto ucc±saddamak±si.
268. Te m±ºavak± bhagavanta½ etadavocunti attano up±rambhamocanatth±ya– “eta½ m± bhavan”ti-±divacana½ avocu½. Tesa½ kira etadahosi– “ambaµµho amh±ka½ ±cariyassa jeµµhantev±s², sace maya½ evar³pe µh±ne ekadvevacanamattampi na vakkh±ma, aya½ no ±cariyassa santike amhe paribhindissat²”ti up±rambhamocanattha½ eva½ avocu½. Cittena panassa nimmadabh±va½ ±kaªkhanti. Aya½ kira m±nanissitatt± tesampi appiyova. Kaly±ºav±kkaraºoti madhuravacano. Asmi½ vacaneti attan± uggahite vedattayavacane. Paµimantetunti pucchita½ pañha½ paµikathetu½, vissajjetunti attho. Etasmi½ v± d±siputtavacane. Paµimantetunti uttara½ kathetu½.
269. Atha kho bhagav±ti atha kho bhagav±– “sace ime m±ºavak± ettha nisinn± eva½ ucc±sadda½ karissanti, aya½ kath± pariyos±na½ na gamissati. Handa, ne nissadde katv± ambaµµheneva saddhi½ kathem²”ti te m±ºavake etadavoca. Tattha mantavhoti mantayatha. May± saddhi½ paµimantet³ti may± saha kathetu. Eva½ vutte m±ºavak± cintayi½su– “ambaµµho t±va d±siputtos²ti vutte puna s²sa½ ukkhipitu½ n±sakkhi. Aya½ kho j±ti n±ma dujj±n±, sace aññampi kiñci samaºo gotamo ‘tva½ d±so’ti vakkhati, ko tena saddhi½ a¹¹a½ karissati. Ambaµµho attan± baddha½ puµaka½ attan±va mocet³”ti att±na½ parimocetv± tasseva upari khipant±– “suj±to ca bho gotam±”ti-±dim±ha½su.
270. Sahadhammikoti sahetuko sak±raºo. Ak±m± by±k±tabboti attan± anicchantenapi by±karitabbo, avassa½ vissajjetabboti attho. Aññena v± añña½ paµicarissas²ti aññena vacanena añña½ vacana½ paµicarissasi ajjhottharissasi, paµicch±dessas²ti attho. Yo hi “ki½ gotto tvan”ti eva½ puµµho– “aha½ tayo vede j±n±m²”ti-±d²ni vadati, aya½ aññena añña½ paµicarati n±ma. Pakkamissasi v±ti pucchita½ pañha½ j±nantova akathetuk±mat±ya uµµh±y±san± pakkamissasi v±.
Tuºh² ahos²ti samaºo gotamo ma½ s±ma½yeva d±siputtabh±va½ kath±petuk±mo, s±ma½ kathite ca d±so n±ma j±toyeva hoti. Aya½ pana dvatikkhattu½ codetv± tuºh² bhavissati, tato aha½ parivattitv± pakkamiss±m²ti cintetv± tuºh² ahosi.
271. Vajira½ p±ºimhi ass±ti vajirap±ºi. Yakkhoti na yo v± so v± yakkho, sakko devar±j±ti veditabbo. ¾dittanti aggivaººa½. Sampajjalitanti suµµhu pajjalita½. Sajotibh³tanti samantato jotibh³ta½, ekaggij±labh³tanti attho. Ýhito hot²ti mahanta½ s²sa½, kandalamaku¼asadis± d±µh± bhay±nak±ni akkhin±s±d²ni eva½ vir³par³pa½ m±petv± µhito.
Kasm± panesa ±gatoti? Diµµhivissajj±panattha½. Api ca– “ahañceva kho pana dhamma½ deseyya½, pare ca me na ±j±neyyun”ti eva½ dhammadesan±ya appossukkabh±va½ ±panne bhagavati sakko mah±brahmun± saddhi½ ±gantv±– “bhagav± dhamma½ desetha, tumh±ka½ ±º±ya avattam±ne maya½ vatt±pess±ma, tumh±ka½ dhammacakka½ hotu, amh±ka½ ±º±cakkan”ti paµiñña½ ak±si. Tasm±– “ajja ambaµµha½ t±setv± pañha½ vissajj±pess±m²”ti ±gato.
Bhagav± ceva passati ambaµµho c±ti yadi hi ta½ aññepi passeyyu½, ta½ k±raºa½ agaru assa, “aya½ samaºo gotamo ambaµµha½ attano v±de anotaranta½ ñatv± yakkha½ ±v±hetv± dassesi, tato ambaµµho bhayena kathes²”ti vadeyyu½. Tasm± bhagav± ceva passati ambaµµho ca. Tassa ta½ disv±va sakalasar²rato sed± mucci½su. Antokucchi viparivattam±n± mah±rava½ viravi So “aññepi nu kho passant²”ti olokento kassaci lomaha½samattampi n±ddasa. Tato– “ida½ bhaya½ mameva uppanna½, sac±ha½ yakkhoti vakkh±mi, ‘ki½ tavameva akkh²ni atthi, tvameva yakkha½ passasi, paµhama½ yakkha½ adisv± samaºena gotamena v±dasaªghaµµe pakkhittova yakkha½ passas²’ti vadeyyun”ti cintetv± “na d±ni me idha añña½ paµisaraºa½ atthi, aññatra samaº± gotam±”ti maññam±no atha kho ambaµµho m±ºavo…pe… bhagavanta½ etadavoca.
272. T±ºa½ gaves²ti t±ºa½ gavesam±no. Leºa½ gaves²ti leºa½ gavesam±no. Saraºa½ gaves²ti saraºa½ gavesam±no. Ettha ca t±yati rakkhat²ti t±ºa½. Nil²yanti etth±ti leºa½. Sarat²ti saraºa½, bhaya½ hi½sati, viddha½set²ti attho. Upanis²ditv±ti upagamma heµµh±sane nis²ditv±. Bravit³ti vadatu.