Ambaµµham±ºavakath±

256. Ajjh±yakoti ida½– “na d±nime jh±yanti, na d±nime jh±yant²ti kho, v±seµµha, ajjh±yak± ajjh±yak± tveva tatiya½ akkhara½ upanibbattan”ti, eva½ paµhamakappikak±le jh±navirahit±na½ br±hmaº±na½ garahavacana½. Id±ni pana ta½ ajjh±yat²ti ajjh±yako. Mante parivattet²ti imin± atthena pasa½s±vacana½ katv± voharanti. Mante dh±ret²ti mantadharo.
Tiººa½ ved±nanti iruvedayajuvedas±maved±na½. Oµµhapahatakaraºavasena p±ra½ gatoti p±rag³. Saha nighaº¹un± ca keµubhena ca sanighaº¹ukeµubh±na½. Nighaº¹³ti nighaº¹urukkh±d²na½ vevacanapak±saka½ sattha½. Keµubhanti kiriy±kappavikappo kav²na½ upak±r±vaha½ sattha½. Saha akkharappabhedena s±kkharappabhed±na½. Akkharappabhedoti sikkh± ca nirutti ca. Itih±sapañcam±nanti ±thabbaºaveda½ catuttha½ katv± itiha ±sa, itiha ±s±ti ²disavacanapaµisa½yutto pur±ºakath±saªkh±to itih±so pañcamo etesanti itih±sapañcam±, tesa½ itih±sapañcam±na½ ved±na½.
Pada½ tadavasesañca by±karaºa½ adh²yati vedeti c±ti padako veyy±karaºo. Lok±yata½ vuccati vitaº¹av±dasattha½. Mah±purisalakkhaºanti mah±puris±na½ buddh±d²na½ lakkhaºad²paka½ dv±dasasahassaganthapam±ºa½ sattha½. Yattha so¼asasahassag±th±parim±º± buddhamant± n±ma ahesu½, yesa½ vasena imin± lakkhaºena samann±gat± buddh± n±ma honti, imin± paccekabuddh±, imin± dve aggas±vak±, as²ti mah±s±vak± buddham±t±, buddhapit±, aggupaµµh±ko, aggupaµµh±yik±, r±j± cakkavatt²ti aya½ viseso paññ±yati.
Anavayoti imesu lok±yatamah±purisalakkhaºesu an³no parip³rak±r², avayo na hot²ti vutta½ hoti. Avayo n±ma yo t±ni atthato ca ganthato ca sandh±retu½ na sakkoti. Anuññ±tapaµiññ±toti anuññ±to ceva paµiññ±to ca. ¾cariyenassa “ya½ aha½ j±n±mi, ta½ tva½ j±n±s²”ti-±din± anuññ±to. “¾ma ±cariy±”ti attan± tassa paµivacanad±napaµiññ±ya paµiññ±toti attho. Katarasmi½ adhik±re? Sake ±cariyake tevijjake p±vacane. Esa kira br±hmaºo cintesi “imasmi½ loke ‘aha½ buddho, aha½ buddho’ti uggatassa n±ma½ gahetv± bah³ jan± vicaranti. Tasm± na me anussavamatteneva upasaªkamitu½ yutta½. Ekaccañhi upasaªkamantassa apakkamanampi garu hoti, anatthopi uppajjati. Ya½n³n±ha½ mama antev±sika½ pesetv±– ‘buddho v±, no v±’ti j±nitv±va upasaªkameyyan”ti, tasm± m±ºava½ ±mantetv± aya½ t±t±ti-±dim±ha.
257. Ta½ bhavantanti tassa bhoto gotamassa. Tath± santa½ yev±ti tath± satoyeva. Idh±pi hi itthambh³t±khy±natthavaseneva upayogavacana½.
258. Yath± katha½ pan±ha½, bho, tanti ettha katha½ pan±ha½ bho ta½ bhavanta½ gotama½ j±niss±mi, yath± sakk± so ñ±tu½, tath± me ±cikkh±h²ti attho. Yath±ti v± nip±tamattameveta½. Kathanti aya½ ±k±rapucch±. Ken±k±ren±ha½ ta½ bhavanta½ gotama½ j±niss±m²ti attho. Eva½ vutte kira na½ upajjh±yo “ki½ tva½, t±ta, pathaviya½ µhito, pathavi½ na pass±m²ti viya; candimas³riy±na½ obh±se µhito, candimas³riye na pass±m²ti viya vadas²”ti-±d²ni vatv± j±nan±k±ra½ dassento ±gat±ni kho, t±t±ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha mantes³ti vedesu. Tath±gato kira uppajjissat²ti paµikacceva suddh±v±s± dev± vedesu lakkhaº±ni pakkhipitv± buddhamant± n±meteti br±hmaºaveseneva vede v±centi. Tadanus±rena mahesakkh± satt± tath±gata½ j±nissant²ti. Tena pubbe vedesu mah±purisalakkhaº±ni ±gacchanti. Parinibbute pana tath±gate anukkamena antaradh±yanti. Tenetarahi natth²ti. Mah±purisass±ti paºidhisam±d±nañ±ºakaruº±diguºamahato purisassa. Dveyeva gatiyoti dveyeva niµµh±. K±mañc±ya½ gatisaddo “pañca kho im±, s±riputta, gatiyo”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.153) bhavabhede vattati. “Gati mig±na½ pavanan”ti-±d²su (pari. 399) niv±saµµh±ne. “Eva½ adhimattagatimanto”ti-±d²su paññ±ya½. “Gatigatan”ti-±d²su visaµabh±ve. Idha pana niµµh±ya½ vattat²ti veditabbo.
Tattha kiñc±pi yehi lakkhaºehi samann±gato r±j± cakkavatt² hoti, na teheva buddho hoti; j±tis±maññato pana t±niyeva t±n²ti vuccanti. Tena vutta½– “yehi samann±gatass±”ti. Sace ag±ra½ ajjh±vasat²ti yadi ag±re vasati. R±j± hoti cakkavatt²ti cat³hi acchariyadhammehi, saªgahavatth³hi ca loka½ rañjanato r±j±, cakkaratana½ vatteti, cat³hi sampatticakkehi vattati, tehi ca para½ vatteti, parahit±ya ca iriy±pathacakk±na½ vatto etasmi½ atth²ti cakkavatt². Ettha ca r±j±ti s±mañña½. Cakkavatt²ti visesa½. Dhammena carat²ti dhammiko. ѱyena samena vattat²ti attho. Dhammena rajja½ labhitv± r±j± j±toti dhammar±j±. Parahitadhammakaraºena v± dhammiko. Attahitadhammakaraºena dhammar±j±. Caturant±ya issaroti c±turanto, catusamudda-ant±ya, catubbidhad²pavibh³sit±ya pathaviy± issaroti attho. Ajjhatta½ kop±dipaccatthike bahiddh± ca sabbar±j±no vijet²ti vijit±v². Janapadatth±variyappattoti janapade dhuvabh±va½ th±varabh±va½ patto, na sakk± kenaci c±letu½. Janapado v± tamhi th±variyappatto anuyutto sakammanirato acalo asampavedh²ti janapadatth±variyappatto.
Seyyathidanti nip±to, tassa cet±ni katam±n²ti attho. Cakkaratananti-±d²su cakkañca, ta½ ratijananaµµhena ratanañc±ti cakkaratana½. Esa nayo sabbattha. Imesu pana ratanesu aya½ cakkavattir±j± cakkaratanena ajita½ jin±ti, hatthi-assaratanehi vijite yath±sukha½ anucarati, pariº±yakaratanena vijitamanurakkhati, avasesehi upabhogasukhamanubhavati. Paµhamena cassa uss±hasattiyogo, pacchimena mantasattiyogo, hatthi-assagahapatiratanehi pabhusattiyogo suparipuººo hoti, itthimaºiratanehi tividhasattiyogaphala½. So itthimaºiratanehi bhogasukhamanubhavati, sesehi issariyasukha½. Visesato cassa purim±ni t²ºi adosakusalam³lajanitakamm±nubh±vena sampajjanti, majjhim±ni alobhakusalam³lajanitakamm±nubh±vena, pacchimameka½ amohakusalam³lajanitakamm±nubh±ven±ti veditabba½. Ayamettha saªkhepo. Vitth±ro pana bojjhaªgasa½yutte ratanasuttassa upadesato gahetabbo.
Parosahassanti atirekasahassa½. S³r±ti abh²rukaj±tik±. V²raªgar³p±ti devaputtasadisak±y±. Eva½ t±va eke vaººayanti. Aya½ panettha sabbh±vo. V²r±ti uttamas³r± vuccanti, v²r±na½ aªga½ v²raªga½, v²rak±raºa½ v²riyanti vutta½ hoti. V²raªgar³pa½ etesanti v²raªgar³p±, v²riyamayasar²r± viy±ti vutta½ hoti. Parasenappamaddan±ti sace paµimukha½ tiµµheyya parasen± ta½ parimadditu½ samatth±ti adhipp±yo. Dhammen±ti “p±ºo na hantabbo”ti-±din± pañcas²ladhammena Araha½ hoti samm±sambuddho loke vivaµµacchadoti ettha r±gadosamoham±nadiµµhi-avijj±duccaritachadanehi sattahi paµicchanne kilesandhak±re loke ta½ chadana½ vivaµµetv± samantato sañj±t±loko hutv± µhitoti vivaµµacchado. Tattha paµhamena padena p³j±rahat±. Dutiyena tass± hetu, yasm± samm±sambuddhoti, tatiyena buddhattahetubh³t± vivaµµacchadat± vutt±ti veditabb±. Atha v± vivaµµo ca vicchado c±ti vivaµµacchado, vaµµarahito chadanarahito c±ti vutta½ hoti. Tena araha½ vaµµ±bh±vena, samm±sambuddho chadan±bh±ven±ti eva½ purimapadadvayasseva hetudvaya½ vutta½ hoti, dutiyena ves±rajjena cettha purimasiddhi, paµhamena dutiyasiddhi, tatiyacatutthehi tatiyasiddhi hoti. Purimañca dhammacakkhu½, dutiya½ buddhacakkhu½, tatiya½ samantacakkhu½ s±dhet²ti veditabba½. Tva½ mant±na½ paµiggahet±ti imin±’ssa mantesu s³rabh±va½ janeti.
259. Sopi t±ya ±cariyakath±ya lakkhaºesu vigatasammoho ekobh±saj±te viya buddhamante sampassam±no eva½ bhoti ±ha. Tassattho– ‘yath±, bho, tva½ vadasi, eva½ kariss±m²’ti. Va¼av±ratham±ruyh±ti va¼av±yutta½ ratha½ abhir³hitv±. Br±hmaºo kira yena rathena saya½ vicarati, tameva ratha½ datv± m±ºava½ pesesi. M±ºav±pi pokkharas±tisseva antev±sik±. So kira tesa½– “ambaµµhena saddhi½ gacchath±”ti sañña½ ad±si.
Y±vatik± y±nassa bh³m²ti yattaka½ sakk± hoti y±nena gantu½, aya½ y±nassa bh³mi n±ma. Y±n± paccorohitv±ti ay±nabh³mi½, dv±rakoµµhakasam²pa½ gantv± y±nato paµi-orohitv±.
Tena kho pana samayen±ti yasmi½ samaye ambaµµho ±r±ma½ p±visi. Tasmi½ pana samaye, µhitamajjhanhikasamaye. Kasm± pana tasmi½ samaye caªkamant²ti? Paº²tabhojanapaccayassa thinamiddhassa vinodanattha½, div±padh±nik± v± te. T±dis±nañhi pacch±bhatta½ caªkamitv± nh±yitv± sar²ra½ utu½ g±h±petv± nisajja samaºadhamma½ karont±na½ citta½ ekagga½ hoti. Yena te bhikkh³ti so kira– “kuhi½ samaºo gotamo”ti pariveºato pariveºa½ an±gantv± “pucchitv±va pavisiss±m²”ti vilokento araññahatth² viya mah±caªkame caªkamam±ne pa½suk³like bhikkh³ disv± tesa½ santika½ agam±si. Ta½ sandh±ya yena te bhikkh³ti-±di vutta½. Dassan±y±ti daµµhu½, passituk±m± hutv±ti attho.
260. Abhiññ±takolaññoti p±kaµakulajo. Tad± kira jambud²pe ambaµµhakula½ n±ma p±kaµakulamahosi Abhiññ±tass±ti r³paj±timantakul±padesehi p±kaµassa. Agar³ti abh±riko. Yo hi ambaµµha½ ñ±petu½ na sakkuºeyya, tassa tena saddhi½ kath±sall±po garu bhaveyya. Bhagavato pana t±dis±na½ m±ºav±na½ saten±pi sahassen±pi pañha½ puµµhassa vissajjane dandh±yitatta½ natth²ti maññam±n±– “agaru kho pan±”ti cintayi½su. Vih±roti gandhakuµi½ sandh±ya ±ha½su.
Ataram±noti aturito, saºika½ padappam±ºaµµh±ne pada½ nikkhipanto vatta½ katv± susammaµµha½ mutt±dalasinduv±rasantharasadisa½ v±lika½ avin±sentoti attho. ¾¼indanti pamukha½. Ukk±sitv±ti ukk±sitasadda½ katv±. Agga¼anti dv±rakav±µa½. ¾koµeh²ti agganakhehi saºika½ kuñcikacchiddasam²pe ±koµeh²ti vutta½ hoti. Dv±ra½ kira ati-upari amanuss±, atiheµµh± d²ghaj±tik± koµenti. Tath± an±koµetv± majjhe chiddasam²pe koµetabbanti ida½ dv±r±koµanavattanti d²pent± vadanti.
261. Vivari bhagav± dv±ranti na bhagav± uµµh±ya dv±ra½ vivari. Vivariyat³ti pana hattha½ pas±resi. Tato “bhagav± tumhehi anek±su kappakoµ²su d±na½ dadam±nehi na sahatth± dv±ravivaraºakamma½ katan”ti sayameva dv±ra½ vivaµa½. Ta½ pana yasm± bhagavato manena vivaµa½, tasm± vivari bhagav± dv±ranti vattu½ vaµµati.
Bhagavat± saddhi½ sammodi½s³ti yath± khaman²y±d²ni pucchanto bhagav± tehi, eva½ tepi bhagavat± saddhi½ samappavattamod± ahesu½. S²todaka½ viya uºhodakena sammodita½ ek²bh±va½ agama½su. Y±ya ca “kacci, bho gotama, khaman²ya½; kacci y±pan²ya½, kacci bhoto ca gotamassa s±vak±nañca app±b±dha½, app±taªka½, lahuµµh±na½, bala½, ph±suvih±ro”ti-±dik±ya kath±ya sammodi½su, ta½ p²tip±mojjasaªkh±tasammodajananato sammoditu½ yuttabh±vato ca sammodan²ya½, atthabyañjanamadhurat±ya sucirampi k±la½ s±retu½ nirantara½ pavattetu½ arahabh±vato saritabbabh±vato ca s±raº²ya½. Suyyam±nasukhato sammodan²ya½, anussariyam±nasukhato ca s±raº²ya½. Tath± byañjanaparisuddhat±ya sammodan²ya½, atthaparisuddhat±ya s±raº²ya½. Eva½ anekehi pariy±yehi sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± pariyos±petv± niµµhapetv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su.
Ambaµµho pana m±ºavoti so kira bhagavato r³pasampattiya½ cittappas±damattampi akatv± “dasabala½ apas±dess±m²”ti udare baddhas±µaka½ muñcitv± kaºµhe olambetv± ekena hatthena dussakaººa½ gahetv± caªkama½ abhir³hitv± k±lena b±hu½, k±lena udara½, k±lena piµµhi½ dassento, k±lena hatthavik±ra½, k±lena bhamukavik±ra½ karonto, “kacci te bho, gotama, dh±tusamat±, kacci bhikkh±h±rena na kilamatha, akilamath±k±royeva pana te paññ±yati; th³l±ni hi te aªgapaccaªg±ni, p±s±dikattha gatagataµµh±ne. ‘te bahujan± r±japabbajitoti ca buddho’ti ca uppannabahum±n± paº²ta½ ojavantam±h±ra½ denti. Passatha, bho, geha½, cittas±l± viya, dibbap±s±do viya. Ima½ mañca½ passatha, bimbohana½ passatha, ki½ evar³pe µh±ne vasantassa samaºadhamma½ k±tu½ dukkaran”ti evar³pa½ uppaº¹anakatha½ an±c±rabh±vas±raº²ya½ katheti, tena vutta½– “ambaµµho pana m±ºavo caªkamantopi nisinnena bhagavat± kiñci kiñci katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±reti, µhitopi nisinnena bhagavat± kiñci kiñci katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±ret²”ti.
262. Atha kho bhagav±ti atha bhagav±– “aya½ m±ºavo hattha½ pas±retv± bhavagga½ gahetuk±mo viya, p±da½ pas±retv± av²ci½ vicarituk±mo viya, mah±samudda½ tarituk±mo viya, sineru½ ±rohituk±mo viya ca aµµh±ne v±yamati, handa, tena saddhi½ mantem²”ti ambaµµha½ m±ºava½ etadavoca. ¾cariyap±cariyeh²ti ±cariyehi ca tesa½ ±cariyehi ca.