3. Ambaµµhasuttavaººan±

Addh±nagamanavaººan±

254. Eva½ me suta½…pe… kosales³ti ambaµµhasutta½. Tatr±ya½ apubbapadavaººan±. Kosales³ti kosal± n±ma j±napadino r±jakum±r±. Tesa½ niv±so ekopi janapado r³¼h²saddena kosal±ti vuccati, tasmi½ kosalesu janapade. Por±º± pan±hu– yasm± pubbe mah±pan±da½ r±jakum±ra½ n±n±n±µak±d²ni disv± sitamattampi akaronta½ sutv± r±j± ±ha– “yo mama putta½ has±peti, sabb±laªk±rena na½ alaªkarom²”ti. Tato naªgal±nipi cha¹¹etv± mah±janak±ye sannipatite manuss± s±tirek±ni sattavass±ni n±n±k²¼±yo dassetv±pi ta½ has±petu½ n±sakkhi½su, tato sakko devar±j± n±µaka½ pesesi, so dibban±µaka½ dassetv± has±pesi. Atha te manuss± attano attano vasanok±s±bhimukh± pakkami½su. Te paµipathe mittasuhajj±dayo disv± paµisanth±ra½ karont±– “kacci bho kusala½, kacci bho kusalan”ti ±ha½su. Tasm± ta½ “kusalan”ti vacana½ up±d±ya so padeso kosal±ti vuccat²ti.
C±rika½ caram±noti addh±nagamana½ gacchanto. C±rik± ca n±mes± bhagavato duvidh± hoti– turitac±rik± ca, aturitac±rik± ca. Tattha d³repi bodhaneyyapuggala½ disv± tassa bodhanatth±ya sahas± gamana½ turitac±rik± n±ma, s± mah±kassapassa paccuggaman±d²su daµµhabb±. Bhagav± hi mah±kassapatthera½ paccuggacchanto muhuttena tig±vuta½ magga½ agam±si. ¾¼avakassatth±ya ti½sayojana½, tath± aªgulim±lassa. Pakkus±tissa pana pañcacatt±l²sayojana½. Mah±kappinassa v²sayojanasata½. Dhaniyassatth±ya sattayojanasat±ni agam±si. Dhammasen±patino saddhivih±rikassa vanav±s²tissas±maºerassa tig±vut±dhika½ v²sayojanasata½.
Ekadivasa½ kira thero– “tissas±maºerassa santika½, bhante, gacch±m²”ti ±ha. Bhagav± “ahampi gamiss±m²”ti vatv± ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ ±mantesi– “±nanda, v²satisahass±na½ cha¼abhiññ±na½ ±rocehi, bhagav± kira vanav±sissa tissas±maºerassa santika½ gamissat²”ti. Tato dutiyadivase v²satisahassakh²º±savapariv±ro ±k±se uppatitv± v²satiyojanasatamatthake tassa gocarag±madv±re otaritv± c²vara½ p±rupi. Ta½ kammanta½ gaccham±n± manuss± disv±– “satth± no ±gato, m± kammanta½ agamitth±”ti vatv± ±san±ni paññapetv± y±gu½ datv± p±tar±sabhatta½ karont±– “kuhi½, bhante, bhagav± gacchat²”ti daharabhikkh³ pucchi½su. Up±sak± na bhagav± aññattha gacchati, idheva tissas±maºerassa dassanatth±y±gatoti. Te– “amh±ka½ kul³pakassa kira therassa dassanatth±ya satth± ±gato, no vata no thero oramattako”ti somanassaj±t± ahesu½.
Atha kho bhagavato bhattakiccapariyos±ne s±maºero g±me piº¹±ya caritv±– “up±sak±, mah±bhikkhusaªgho”ti pucchi. Athassa te “satth±, bhante, ±gato”ti ±rocesu½. So bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± piº¹ap±tena ±pucchi. Satth± tassa patta½ hatthena gahetv±– “ala½, tissa, niµµhita½ bhattakiccan”ti ±ha. Tato upajjh±ya½ ±pucchitv± attano patt±sane nis²ditv± bhattakiccamak±si. Athassa bhattakiccapariyos±ne satth± maªgala½ vatv± nikkhamitv± g±madv±re µhatv±– “kataro te, tissa, vasanaµµh±na½ gatamaggo”ti ±ha. Aya½ bhagav±ti. Magga½ desayam±no purato y±hi tiss±ti. Bhagav± kira sadevakassa lokassa maggadesakopi sam±no sakale tig±vute magge ‘s±maºera½ daµµhu½ lacch±m²’ti ta½ maggadesaka½ ak±si.
So attano vasanaµµh±na½ gantv± bhagavato vattamak±si. Atha na½ bhagav±– “kataro te, tissa, caªkamo”ti pucchitv± tattha gantv± s±maºerassa nis²danap±s±ºe nis²ditv±– “tissa, imasmi½ µh±ne sukha½ vas²”ti pucchi. So ±ha– “±ma, bhante, imasmi½ µh±ne vasantassa s²habyagghahatthimigamor±d²na½ sadda½ suºato araññasaññ± uppajjati, t±ya sukha½ vas±m²”ti. Atha na½ bhagav±– “tissa, bhikkhusaªgha½ sannip±tehi, buddhad±yajja½ te dass±m²”ti vatv± sannipatite bhikkhusaªghe upasamp±detv± attano vasanaµµh±nameva agam±s²ti. Aya½ turitac±rik± n±ma. Ya½ pana g±manigamapaµip±µiy± devasika½ yojanadviyojanavasena piº¹ap±tacariy±d²hi loka½ anuggaºhantassa gamana½, aya½ aturitac±rik± n±ma.
Ima½ pana c±rika½ caranto bhagav± mah±maº¹ala½, majjhimamaº¹ala½, antomaº¹alanti imesa½ tiººa½ maº¹al±na½ aññatarasmi½ carati. Tattha mah±maº¹ala½ navayojanasatika½, majjhimamaº¹ala½ chayojanasatika½ antomaº¹ala½ tiyojanasatika½. Yad± mah±maº¹ale c±rika½ carituk±mo hoti, mah±pav±raº±ya pav±retv± p±µipadadivase mah±bhikkhusaªghapariv±ro nikkhamati. Samant± yojanasata½ ekakol±hala½ hoti. Purima½ purima½ ±gat± nimantetu½ labhanti. Itaresu dv²su maº¹alesu sakk±ro mah±maº¹ale osarati. Tattha bhagav± tesu tesu g±manigamesu ek±ha½ dv²ha½ vasanto mah±jana½ ±misappaµiggahena anuggaºhanto dhammad±nena cassa vivaµµasannissita½ kusala½ va¹¹hento navahi m±sehi c±rika½ pariyos±peti. Sace pana antovasse bhikkh³na½ samathavipassan± taruº± honti, mah±pav±raº±ya apav±retv± pav±raº±saªgaha½ datv± kattikapuººam±ya½ pav±retv± migasirassa paµhamap±µipadadivase mah±bhikkhusaªghapariv±ro nikkhamitv± majjhimamaº¹ale osarati. Aññenapi k±raºena majjhimamaº¹ale c±rika½ carituk±mo catum±sa½ vasitv±va nikkhamati. Vuttanayeneva itaresu dv²su maº¹alesu sakk±ro majjhimamaº¹ale osarati. Bhagav± purimanayeneva loka½ anuggaºhanto aµµhahi m±sehi c±rika½ pariyos±peti. Sace pana catum±sa½ vutthavassass±pi bhagavato veneyyasatt± aparipakkindriy± honti, tesa½ indriyaparip±ka½ ±gamayam±no aparampi ekam±sa½ v± dviticatum±sa½ v± tattheva vasitv± mah±bhikkhusaªghapariv±ro nikkhamati. Vuttanayeneva itaresu dv²su maº¹alesu sakk±ro antomaº¹ale osarati. Bhagav± purimanayeneva loka½ anuggaºhanto sattahi v± chahi v± pañcahi v± cat³hi v± m±sehi c±rika½ pariyos±peti. Iti imesu t²su maº¹alesu yattha katthaci c±rika½ caranto na c²var±dihetu carati. Atha kho ye duggatab±lajiººaby±dhit±, te kad± tath±gata½ ±gantv± passissanti. Mayi pana c±rika½ carante mah±jano tath±gatassa dassana½ labhissati. Tattha keci citt±ni pas±dessanti keci m±l±d²hi p³jessanti, keci kaµacchubhikkha½ dassanti, keci micch±dassana½ pah±ya samm±diµµhik± bhavissanti. Ta½ nesa½ bhavissati d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±y±ti. Eva½ lok±nukampak±ya c±rika½ carati.
Api ca cat³hi k±raºehi buddh± bhagavanto c±rika½ caranti, jaªghavih±ravasena sar²raph±sukatth±ya, atthuppattik±l±bhikaªkhanatth±ya, bhikkh³na½ sikkh±padapaññ±panatth±ya, tattha tattha parip±kagatindriye bodhaneyyasatte bodhanatth±y±ti. Aparehipi cat³hi k±raºehi buddh± bhagavanto c±rika½ caranti buddha½ saraºa½ gacchissant²ti v±, dhamma½, saªgha½ saraºa½ gacchissant²ti v±, mahat± dhammavassena catasso paris± santappess±m²ti v±. Aparehipi pañcahi k±raºehi buddh± bhagavanto c±rika½ caranti p±º±tip±t± viramissant²ti v±, adinn±d±n± k±mesumicch±c±r±, mus±v±d±, sur±merayamajjapam±daµµh±n± viramissant²ti v±. Aparehipi aµµhahi k±raºehi buddh± bhagavanto c±rika½ caranti– paµhama½ jh±na½ paµilabhissant²ti v±, dutiya½ jh±na½…pe… nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±patti½ paµilabhissant²ti v±. Aparehipi aµµhahi k±raºehi buddh± bhagavanto c±rika½ caranti– sot±pattimagga½ adhigamissant²ti v±, sot±pattiphala½…pe… arahattaphala½ sacchikarissant²ti v±ti. Aya½ aturitac±rik±, idha c±rik±ti adhippet±. S± panes± duvidh± hoti– anibaddhac±rik± ca nibaddhac±rik± ca. Tattha ya½ g±manigamanagarapaµip±µivasena carati, aya½ anibaddhac±rik± n±ma. Ya½ panekasseva bodhaneyyasattassatth±ya gacchati, aya½ nibaddhac±rik± n±ma. Es± idha adhippet±.
Tad± kira bhagavato pacchimay±makiccapariyos±ne dasasahassilokadh±tuy± ñ±ºaj±la½ pattharitv± bodhaneyyabandhave olokentassa pokkharas±tibr±hmaºo sabbaññutaññ±ºaj±lassa anto paviµµho. Atha bhagav± aya½ br±hmaºo mayha½ ñ±ºaj±le paññ±yati, “atthi nu khvassa upanissayo”ti v²ma½santo sot±pattimaggassa upanissaya½ disv±– “eso mayi eta½ janapada½ gate lakkhaºapariyesanattha½ ambaµµha½ antev±si½ pahiºissati, so may± saddhi½ v±dapaµiv±da½ katv± n±nappak±ra½ asabbhiv±kya½ vakkhati, tamaha½ dametv± nibbisevana½ kariss±mi. So ±cariyassa kathessati, athass±cariyo ta½ katha½ sutv± ±gamma mama lakkhaº±ni pariyesissati, tass±ha½ dhamma½ desess±mi. So desan±pariyos±ne sot±pattiphale patiµµhahissati. Desan± mah±janassa saphal± bhavissat²”ti pañcabhikkhusatapariv±ro ta½ janapada½ paµipanno. Tena vutta½– “kosalesu c±rika½ caram±no mahat± bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½ pañcamattehi bhikkhusateh²”ti.
Yena icch±naªgalanti yena dis±bh±gena icch±naªgala½ avasaritabba½. Yasmi½ v± padese icch±naªgala½. Ijjh±naªgalantipi p±µho. Tadavasar²ti tena avasari, ta½ v± avasari. Tena dis±bh±gena gato, ta½ v± padesa½ gatoti attho. Icch±naªgale viharati icch±naªgalavanasaº¹eti icch±naªgala½ upaniss±ya icch±naªgalavanasaº¹e s²lakhandh±v±ra½ bandhitv± sam±dhikonta½ uss±petv± sabbaññutaññ±ºasara½ parivattayam±no dhammar±j± yath±bhirucitena vih±rena viharati.