N²varaºappah±nakath±

216. So imin± c±ti-±din± ki½ dasseti? Araññav±sassa paccayasampatti½ dasseti. Yassa hi ime catt±ro paccay± natthi, tassa araññav±so na ijjhati. Tiracch±nagatehi v± vanacarakehi v± saddhi½ vattabbata½ ±pajjati. Araññe adhivatth± devat±– “ki½ evar³passa p±pabhikkhuno araññav±sen±”ti bheravasadda½ s±venti, hatthehi s²sa½ paharitv± pal±yan±k±ra½ karonti. “Asuko bhikkhu arañña½ pavisitv± idañcidañca p±pakamma½ ak±s²”ti ayaso pattharati. Yassa panete catt±ro paccay± atthi, tassa araññav±so ijjhati. So hi attano s²la½ paccavekkhanto kiñci k±¼aka½ v± tilaka½ v± apassanto p²ti½ upp±detv± ta½ khayavayato sammasanto ariyabh³mi½ okkamati. Araññe adhivatth± devat± attaman± vaººa½ bhaºanti. Itissa udake pakkhittatelabindu viya yaso vitth±riko hoti.
Tattha vivittanti suñña½, appasadda½, appanigghosanti attho. Etadeva hi sandh±ya vibhaªge– “vivittanti santike cepi sen±sana½ hoti, tañca an±kiººa½ gahaµµhehi pabbajitehi. Tena ta½ vivittan”ti vutta½. Seti ceva ±sati ca etth±ti sen±sana½ mañcap²µh±d²nameta½ adhivacana½. Ten±ha– “sen±sananti mañcopi sen±sana½ p²µhampi, bhisipi, bimbohanampi, vih±ropi, a¹¹hayogopi, p±s±dopi, hammiyampi, guh±pi, aµµopi, m±¼opi leºampi, ve¼ugumbopi, rukkham³lampi, maº¹apopi, sen±sana½, yattha v± pana bhikkh³ paµikkamanti, sabbameta½ sen±sanan”ti (vibha. 527).
Api ca– “vih±ro a¹¹hayogo p±s±do hammiya½ guh±”ti ida½ vih±rasen±sana½ n±ma. “Mañco p²µha½ bhisi bimbohanan”ti ida½ mañcap²µhasen±sana½ n±ma. “Cimilik± cammakhaº¹o tiºasanth±ro paººasanth±ro”ti ida½ santhatasen±sana½ n±ma. “Yattha v± pana bhikkh³ paµikkamant²”ti ida½ ok±sasen±sana½ n±m±ti. Eva½ catubbidha½ sen±sana½ hoti, ta½ sabba½ sen±sanaggahaºena saªgahitameva.
Idha panassa sakuºasadisassa c±tuddisassa bhikkhuno anucchavikasen±sana½ dassento arañña½ rukkham³lanti-±dim±ha. Tattha araññanti nikkhamitv± bahi indakh²l± sabbameta½ araññanti. Ida½ bhikkhun²na½ vasena ±gata½. “¾raññaka½ n±ma sen±sana½ pañcadhanusatika½ pacchiman”ti (p±r±. 654) ida½ pana imassa bhikkhuno anur³pa½. Tassa lakkhaºa½ visuddhimagge dhutaªganiddese vutta½. Rukkham³lanti ya½ kiñci sandacch±ya½ vivittarukkham³la½. Pabbatanti sela½. Tattha hi udakasoº¹²su udakakicca½ katv± s²t±ya rukkhacch±y±ya nisinnassa n±n±dis±su kh±yam±n±su s²tena v±tena b²jiyam±nassa citta½ ekagga½ hoti. Kandaranti ka½ vuccati udaka½, tena d±rita½, udakena bhinna½ pabbatapadesa½. Ya½ nad²tumbantipi, nad²kuñjantipi vadanti. Tattha hi rajatapaµµasadis± v±lik± hoti, matthake maºivit±na½ viya vanagahaºa½, maºikhandhasadisa½ udaka½ sandati. Evar³pa½ kandara½ oruyha p±n²ya½ pivitv± gatt±ni s²t±ni katv± v±lika½ uss±petv± pa½suk³lac²vara½ paññapetv± nisinnassa samaºadhamma½ karoto citta½ ekagga½ hoti. Giriguhanti dvinna½ pabbat±na½ antare, ekasmi½yeva v± umaggasadisa½ mah±vivara½ sus±nalakkhaºa½ visuddhimagge vutta½. Vanapatthanti g±manta½ atikkamitv± manuss±na½ anupac±raµµh±na½, yattha na kasanti na vapanti, tenev±ha– “vanapatthanti d³r±nameta½ sen±san±na½ adhivacanan”ti-±di. Abbhok±santi acchanna½. ¾kaªkham±no panettha c²varakuµi½ katv± vasati. Pal±lapuñjanti pal±lar±si. Mah±pal±lapuñjato hi pal±la½ nikka¹¹hitv± pabbh±raleºasadise ±laye karonti, gacchagumbh±d²nampi upari pal±la½ pakkhipitv± heµµh± nisinn± samaºadhamma½ karonti. Ta½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½.
Pacch±bhattanti bhattassa pacchato. Piº¹ap±tapaµikkantoti piº¹ap±tapariyesanato paµikkanto. Pallaªkanti samantato ³rubaddh±sana½. ¾bhujitv±ti bandhitv±. Uju½ k±ya½ paºidh±y±ti uparima½ sar²ra½ uju½ µhapetv± aµµh±rasa piµµhikaºµakaµµhike koµiy± koµi½ paµip±detv±. Evañhi nisinnassa cammama½sanh±r³ni na paºamanti. Athassa y± tesa½ paºamanapaccay± khaºe khaºe vedan± uppajjeyyu½, t± nuppajjanti. T±su anuppajjam±n±su citta½ ekagga½ hoti, kammaµµh±na½ na paripatati, vu¹¹hi½ ph±ti½ vepulla½ upagacchati. Parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±ti kammaµµh±n±bhimukha½ sati½ µhapayitv±. Mukhasam²pe v± katv±ti attho. Teneva vibhaªge vutta½– “aya½ sati upaµµhit± hoti s³paµµhit± n±sikagge v± mukhanimitte v±, tena vuccati parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±”ti (vibha. 537). Athav± par²ti pariggahaµµho. Mukhanti niyy±naµµho. Sat²ti upaµµh±naµµho. Tena vuccati– “parimukha½ satin”ti. Eva½ paµisambhid±ya½ vuttanayenapettha attho daµµhabbo. Tatr±ya½ saªkhepo– “pariggahitaniyy±nasati½ katv±”ti.
217. Abhijjha½ loketi ettha lujjanapalujjanaµµhena pañcup±d±nakkhandh± loko, tasm± pañcasu up±d±nakkhandhesu r±ga½ pah±ya k±macchanda½ vikkhambhetv±ti ayametthattho. Vigat±bhijjhen±ti vikkhambhanavasena pah²natt± vigat±bhijjhena, na cakkhuviññ±ºasadisen±ti attho. Abhijjh±ya citta½ parisodhet²ti abhijjh±to citta½ parimoceti. Yath± ta½ s± muñcati ceva, muñcitv± ca na puna gaºhati, eva½ karot²ti attho. By±p±dapadosa½ pah±y±ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. By±pajjati imin± citta½ p³tikumm±s±dayo viya purimapakati½ vijahat²ti by±p±do. Vik±r±pattiy± padussati, para½ v± pad³seti vin±set²ti padoso. Ubhayameta½ kodhassev±dhivacana½ Thina½ cittagelañña½. Middha½ cetasikagelañña½, thinañca middhañca thinamiddha½. ¾lokasaññ²ti rattimpi div±diµµh±lokasañj±nanasamatth±ya vigatan²varaº±ya parisuddh±ya saññ±ya samann±gato. Sato sampaj±noti satiy± ca ñ±ºena ca samann±gato. Ida½ ubhaya½ ±lokasaññ±ya upak±ratt± vutta½. Uddhaccañca kukkuccañca uddhaccakukkucca½. Tiººavicikicchoti vicikiccha½ taritv± atikkamitv± µhito. “Kathamida½ kathamidan”ti eva½ nappavattat²ti akatha½kath². Kusalesu dhammes³ti anavajjesu dhammesu. “Ime nu kho kusal± kathamime kusal±”ti eva½ na vicikicchati. Na kaªkhat²ti attho. Ayamettha saªkhepo. Imesu pana n²varaºesu vacanatthalakkhaº±dibhedato ya½ vattabba½ siy±, ta½ sabba½ visuddhimagge vutta½.
218. Y± pan±ya½ seyyath±pi mah±r±j±ti upam± vutt±. Tattha iºa½ ±d±y±ti va¹¹hiy± dhana½ gahetv±. Byanti½ kareyy±ti vigatanta½ kareyya yath± tesa½ k±kaºikamattopi pariyanto n±ma n±vasissati, eva½ kareyya; sabbaso paµiniyy±teyy±ti attho. Tato nid±nanti ±ºaºyanid±na½. So hi “aºaºomh²”ti ±vajjanto balavap±mojja½ labhati, somanassa½ adhigacchati, tena vutta½– “labhetha p±mojja½, adhigaccheyya somanassan”ti.
219. Visabh±gavedanuppattiy± kakaceneva catu-iriy±patha½ chindanto ±b±dhat²ti ±b±dho, sv±ssa atth²ti ±b±dhiko. Ta½ samuµµh±nena dukkhena dukkhito. Adhimattagil±noti b±¼hagil±no. Nacch±deyy±ti adhimattaby±dhiparetat±ya na rucceyya. Balamatt±ti balameva, balañcassa k±ye na bhaveyy±ti attho. Tatonid±nanti ±rogyanid±na½. Tassa hi– “arogomh²”ti ±vajjayato tadubhaya½ hoti. Tena vutta½– “labhetha p±mojja½, adhigaccheyya somanassan”ti.
220. Na cassa kiñci bhog±na½ vayoti k±kaºikamattampi bhog±na½ vayo na bhaveyya. Tatonid±nanti bandhan±mokkhanid±na½. Sesa½ vuttanayeneva sabbapadesu yojetabba½.
221-222. Anatt±dh²noti na attani adh²no, attano ruciy± kiñci k±tu½ na labhati. Par±dh²noti paresu adh²no parasseva ruciy± vattati. Na yena k±ma½ gamoti yena dis±bh±genassa gantuk±mat± hoti, icch± uppajjati gaman±ya, tena gantu½ na labhati. D±saby±ti d±sabh±v±. Bhujissoti attano santako. Tatonid±nanti bhujissanid±na½. Kant±raddh±namagganti kant±ra½ addh±namagga½, nirudaka½ d²ghamagganti attho. Tatonid±nanti khemantabh³minid±na½.
223. Ime pañca n²varaºe appah²neti ettha bhagav± appah²nak±macchandan²varaºa½ iºasadisa½, ses±ni rog±disadis±ni katv± dasseti. Tatr±ya½ sadisat±. Yo hi paresa½ iºa½ gahetv± vin±seti, so tehi iºa½ deh²ti vuccam±nopi pharusa½ vuccam±nopi bajjham±nopi vadh²yam±nopi kiñci paµib±hitu½ na sakkoti, sabba½ titikkhati. Titikkh±k±raºa½ hissa ta½ iºa½ hoti. Evameva yo yamhi k±macchandena rajjati, taºh±sahagatena ta½ vatthu½ gaºhati, so tena pharusa½ vuccam±nopi bajjham±nopi vadh²yam±nopi sabba½ titikkhati, titikkh±k±raºa½ hissa so k±macchando hoti, gharas±mikehi vadh²yam±n±na½ itth²na½ viy±ti, eva½ iºa½ viya k±macchando daµµhabbo.
Yath± pana pittarog±turo madhusakkar±d²supi dinnesu pittarog±turat±ya tesa½ rasa½ na vindati, “tittaka½ tittakan”ti uggiratiyeva. Evameva by±pannacitto hitak±mehi ±cariyupajjh±yehi appamattakampi ovadiyam±no ov±da½ na gaºhati. “Ati viya me tumhe upaddaveth±”ti-±d²ni vatv± vibbhamati. Pittarog±turat±ya so puriso madhusakkar±d²na½ viya kodh±turat±ya jh±nasukh±dibheda½ s±sanarasa½ na vindat²ti. Eva½ rogo viya by±p±do daµµhabbo.
Yath± pana nakkhattadivase bandhan±g±re baddho puriso nakkhattassa neva ±di½ na majjha½ na pariyos±na½ passati. So dutiyadivase mutto aho hiyyo nakkhatta½ man±pa½, aho nacca½, aho g²tanti-±d²ni sutv±pi paµivacana½ na deti. Ki½ k±raº±? Nakkhattassa ananubh³tatt±. Evameva thinamiddh±bhibh³to bhikkhu vicittanayepi dhammassavane pavattam±ne neva tassa ±di½ na majjha½ na pariyos±na½ j±n±ti. Sopi uµµhite dhammassavane aho dhammassavana½, aho k±raºa½, aho upam±ti dhammassavanassa vaººa½ bhaºam±n±na½ sutv±pi paµivacana½ na deti. Ki½ k±raº±? Thinamiddhavasena dhammakath±ya ananubh³tatt±. Eva½ bandhan±g±ra½ viya thinamiddha½ daµµhabba½.
Yath± pana nakkhatta½ k²¼antopi d±so– “ida½ n±ma acc±yika½ karaº²ya½ atthi, s²gha½ tattha gacch±hi. No ce gacchasi, hatthap±da½ v± te chind±mi kaººan±sa½ v±”ti vutto s²gha½ gacchatiyeva Nakkhattassa ±dimajjhapariyos±na½ anubhavitu½ na labhati, kasm±? Par±dh²nat±ya, evameva vinaye apakataññun± vivekatth±ya arañña½ paviµµhen±pi kismiñcideva antamaso kappiyama½sepi akappiyama½sasaññ±ya uppann±ya viveka½ pah±ya s²lavisodhanattha½ vinayadharassa santika½ gantabba½ hoti, vivekasukha½ anubhavitu½ na labhati, kasm±? Uddhaccakukkucc±bhibh³tat±y±ti. Eva½ d±sabya½ viya uddhaccakukkucca½ daµµhabba½.
Yath± pana kant±raddh±namaggappaµipanno puriso corehi manuss±na½ viluttok±sa½ pahatok±sañca disv± daº¹akasaddenapi sakuºasaddenapi “cor± ±gat±”ti ussaªkitaparisaªkitova hoti, gacchatipi tiµµhatipi nivattatipi, gataµµh±nato agataµµh±nameva bahutara½ hoti. So kicchena kasirena khemantabh³mi½ p±puº±ti v± na v± p±puº±ti. Evameva yassa aµµhasu µh±nesu vicikicch± uppann± hoti, so– “buddho nu kho, no nu kho buddho”ti-±din± nayena vicikicchanto adhimuccitv± saddh±ya gaºhitu½ na sakkoti. Asakkonto magga½ v± phala½ v± na p±puº±t²ti. Yath± kant±raddh±namagge– “cor± atthi natth²”ti punappuna½ ±sappanaparisappana½ apariyog±hana½ chambhitatta½ cittassa upp±dento khemantapattiy± antar±ya½ karoti, eva½ vicikicch±pi– “buddho nu kho, na buddho”ti-±din± nayena punappuna½ ±sappanaparisappana½ apariyog±hana½ chambhitatta½ cittassa upp±dayam±n± ariyabh³mippattiy± antar±ya½ karot²ti kant±raddh±namaggo viya vicikicch± daµµhabb±.
224. Id±ni– “seyyath±pi, mah±r±ja, ±ºaºyan”ti ettha bhagav± pah²nak±macchandan²varaºa½ ±ºaºyasadisa½, ses±ni ±rogy±disadis±ni katv± dasseti. Tatr±ya½ sadisat±, yath± hi puriso iºa½ ±d±ya kammante payojetv± samiddhata½ patto– “ida½ iºa½ n±ma palibodham³lan”ti cintetv± sava¹¹hika½ iºa½ niyy±tetv± paººa½ ph±l±peyya. Athassa tato paµµh±ya neva koci d³ta½ peseti, na paººa½. So iºas±mike disv±pi sace icchati, ±san± uµµhahati, no ce na uµµhahati, kasm±? Tehi saddhi½ nillepat±ya alaggat±ya. Evameva bhikkhu– “aya½ k±macchando n±ma palibodham³lan”ti cintetv± cha dhamme bh±vetv± k±macchandan²varaºa½ pajahati. Te pana cha dhamme mah±satipaµµh±ne vaººayiss±ma. Tasseva½ pah²nak±macchandassa yath± iºamuttassa purisassa iºass±mike disv± neva bhaya½ na chambhitatta½ hoti. Evameva paravatthumhi neva saªgo na baddho hoti. Dibb±nipi r³p±ni passato kileso na samud±carati. Tasm± bhagav± ±ºaºyamiva k±macchandappah±na½ ±ha.
Yath± pana so pittarog±turo puriso bhesajjakiriy±ya ta½ roga½ v³pasametv± tato paµµh±ya madhusakkar±d²na½ rasa½ vindati. Evameva bhikkhu “aya½ by±p±do n±ma mah± anatthakaro”ti cha dhamme bh±vetv± by±p±dan²varaºa½ pajahati. Sabban²varaºesu cha dhamme mah±satipaµµh±neyeva vaººayiss±ma. Na kevalañca teyeva, yepi thinamiddh±d²na½ pah±n±ya bh±vetabb±, tepi sabbe tattheva vaººayiss±ma. So eva½ pah²naby±p±do yath± pittarogavimutto puriso madhusakkar±d²na½ rasa½ sampiy±yam±no paµisevati, evameva ±c±rapaººatti-±d²ni sikkh±pad±ni siras± sampaµicchitv± sampiy±yam±no sikkhati. Tasm± bhagav± ±rogyamiva by±p±dappah±na½ ±ha.
Yath± so nakkhattadivase bandhan±g±ra½ pavesito puriso aparasmi½ nakkhattadivase– “pubbepi aha½ pam±dadosena baddho, tena nakkhatta½ n±nubhavi½. Id±ni appamatto bhaviss±m²”ti yath±ssa paccatthik± ok±sa½ na labhanti, eva½ appamatto hutv± nakkhatta½ anubhavitv±– ‘aho nakkhatta½, aho nakkhattan’ti ud±na½ ud±nesi, evameva bhikkhu– “ida½ thinamiddha½ n±ma mah±-anatthakaran”ti cha dhamme bh±vetv± thinamiddhan²varaºa½ pajahati, so eva½ pah²nathinamiddho yath± bandhan± mutto puriso satt±hampi nakkhattassa ±dimajjhapariyos±na½ anubhavati, evameva dhammanakkhattassa ±dimajjhapariyos±na½ anubhavanto saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puº±ti. Tasm± bhagav± bandhan± mokkhamiva thinamiddhappah±na½ ±ha.
Yath± pana d±so kiñcideva mitta½ upaniss±ya s±mik±na½ dhana½ datv± att±na½ bhujissa½ katv± tato paµµh±ya ya½ icchati, ta½ karoti. Evameva bhikkhu– “ida½ uddhaccakukkucca½ n±ma mah± anatthakaran”ti cha dhamme bh±vetv± uddhaccakukkucca½ pajahati. So eva½ pah²na-uddhaccakukkucco yath± bhujisso puriso ya½ icchati, ta½ karoti, na ta½ koci balakk±rena tato nivatteti evameva yath± sukha½ nekkhammapaµipada½ paµipajjati, na ta½ uddhaccakukkucca½ balakk±rena tato nivatteti. Tasm± bhagav± bhujissa½ viya uddhaccakukkuccappah±na½ ±ha.
Yath± balav± puriso hatthas±ra½ gahetv± sajj±vudho sapariv±ro kant±ra½ paµipajjeyya, ta½ cor± d³ratova disv± pal±yeyyu½. So sotthin± ta½ kant±ra½ nittharitv± khemanta½ patto haµµhatuµµho assa. Evameva bhikkhu “aya½ vicikicch± n±ma mah± anatthak±rik±”ti cha dhamme bh±vetv± vicikiccha½ pajahati So eva½ pah²navicikiccho yath± balav± puriso sajj±vudho sapariv±ro nibbhayo core tiºa½ viya agaºetv± sotthin± nikkhamitv± khemantabh³mi½ p±puº±ti, evameva bhikkhu duccaritakant±ra½ nittharitv± parama½ khemantabh³mi½ amata½ mah±nibb±na½ p±puº±ti. Tasm± bhagav± khemantabh³mi½ viya vicikicch±pah±na½ ±ha.
225. P±mojja½ j±yat²ti tuµµh±k±ro j±yati. Pamuditassa p²ti j±yat²ti tuµµhassa sakalasar²ra½ khobhayam±n± p²ti j±yati. P²timanassa k±yo passambhat²ti p²tisampayuttacittassa puggalassa n±mak±yo passambhati, vigatadaratho hoti. Sukha½ vedet²ti k±yikampi cetasikampi sukha½ vedayati. Citta½ sam±dhiyat²ti imin± nekkhammasukhena sukhitassa upac±ravasenapi appan±vasenapi citta½ sam±dhiyati.