Santosakath±

215. Idha, mah±r±ja, bhikkhu santuµµho hot²ti ettha santuµµhoti itar²tarapaccayasantosena samann±gato. So panesa santoso dv±dasavidho hoti, seyyathida½– c²vare yath±l±bhasantoso, yath±balasantoso, yath±s±ruppasantosoti tividho. Eva½ piŗ¹ap±t±d²su. Tass±ya½ pabhedavaŗŗan±–
Idha bhikkhu c²vara½ labhati, sundara½ v± asundara½ v±. So teneva y±peti, ańńa½ na pattheti, labhantopi na gaŗhati. Ayamassa c²vare yath±l±bhasantoso. Atha pana pakatidubbalo v± hoti, ±b±dhajar±bhibh³to v±, garuc²vara½ p±rupanto kilamati. So sabh±gena bhikkhun± saddhi½ ta½ parivattetv± lahukena y±pentopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa c²vare yath±balasantoso. Aparo paŗ²tapaccayal±bh² hoti. So pattac²var±d²na½ ańńatara½ mahagghapattac²vara½ bah³ni v± pana pattac²var±ni labhitv± ida½ ther±na½ cirapabbajit±na½, ida½ bahussut±na½ anur³pa½, ida½ gil±n±na½, ida½ appal±bh²na½ hot³ti datv± tesa½ pur±ŗac²vara½ v± gahetv± saŖk±rak³µ±dito v± nantak±ni uccinitv± tehi saŖgh±µi½ katv± dh±rentopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa c²vare yath±s±ruppasantoso.
Idha pana bhikkhu piŗ¹ap±ta½ labhati l³kha½ v± paŗ²ta½ v±, so teneva y±peti, ańńa½ na pattheti, labhantopi na gaŗhati. Ayamassa piŗ¹ap±te yath±l±bhasantoso. Yo pana attano pakativiruddha½ v± by±dhiviruddha½ v± piŗ¹ap±ta½ labhati, yenassa paribhuttena aph±su hoti. So sabh±gassa bhikkhuno ta½ datv± tassa hatthato sapp±yabhojana½ bhuńjitv± samaŗadhamma½ karontopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa piŗ¹ap±te yath±balasantoso. Aparo bahu½ paŗ²ta½ piŗ¹ap±ta½ labhati. So ta½ c²vara½ viya theracirapabbajitabahussuta-appal±bh²gil±n±na½ datv± tesa½ v± sesaka½ piŗ¹±ya v± caritv± missak±h±ra½ bhuńjantopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa piŗ¹ap±te yath±s±ruppasantoso.
Idha pana bhikkhu sen±sana½ labhati, man±pa½ v± aman±pa½ v±, so tena neva somanassa½, na domanassa½ upp±deti; antamaso tiŗasanth±rakenapi yath±laddheneva tussati. Ayamassa sen±sane yath±l±bhasantoso. Yo pana attano pakativiruddha½ v± by±dhiviruddha½ v± sen±sana½ labhati, yatthassa vasato aph±su hoti, so ta½ sabh±gassa bhikkhuno datv± tassa santake sapp±yasen±sane vasantopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa sen±sane yath±balasantoso.
Aparo mah±puńńo leŗamaŗ¹apak³µ±g±r±d²ni bah³ni paŗ²tasen±san±ni labhati. So t±ni c²vara½ viya theracirapabbajitabahussuta-appal±bh²gil±n±na½ datv± yattha katthaci vasantopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa sen±sane yath±s±ruppasantoso. Yopi– “uttamasen±sana½ n±ma pam±daµµh±na½, tattha nisinnassa thinamiddha½ okkamati, nidd±bhibh³tassa puna paµibujjhato k±mavitakk± p±tubhavant²”ti paµisańcikkhitv± t±disa½ sen±sana½ pattampi na sampaµicchati. So ta½ paµikkhipitv± abbhok±sarukkham³l±d²su vasantopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayampissa sen±sane yath±s±ruppasantoso.
Idha pana bhikkhu bhesajja½ labhati, l³kha½ v± paŗ²ta½ v±, so ya½ labhati, teneva tussati, ańńa½ na pattheti, labhantopi na gaŗhati. Ayamassa gil±napaccaye yath±l±bhasantoso. Yo pana telena atthiko ph±ŗita½ labhati. So ta½ sabh±gassa bhikkhuno datv± tassa hatthato tela½ gahetv± ańńadeva v± pariyesitv± bhesajja½ karontopi santuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa gil±napaccaye yath±balasantoso.
Aparo mah±puńńo bahu½ telamadhuph±ŗit±dipaŗ²tabhesajja½ labhati. So ta½ c²vara½ viya theracirapabbajitabahussuta-appal±bh²gil±n±na½ datv± tesa½ ±bhatena yena kenaci y±pentopi santuµµhova hoti. Yo pana ekasmi½ bh±jane muttahar²µaka½ µhapetv± ekasmi½ catumadhura½– “gaŗh±hi, bhante, yadicchas²”ti vuccam±no sacassa tesu ańńatarenapi rogo v³pasammati, atha muttahar²µaka½ n±ma buddh±d²hi vaŗŗitanti catumadhura½ paµikkhipitv± muttahar²µakeneva bhesajja½ karonto paramasantuµµhova hoti. Ayamassa gil±napaccaye yath±s±ruppasantoso.
Imin± pana dv±dasavidhena itar²tarapaccayasantosena samann±gatassa bhikkhuno aµµha parikkh±r± vaµµanti. T²ŗi c²var±ni, patto, dantakaµµhacchedanav±si, ek± s³ci, k±yabandhana½ pariss±vananti. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Tic²varańca patto ca, v±si s³ci ca bandhana½;
pariss±vanena aµµhete, yuttayogassa bhikkhuno”ti.
Te sabbe k±yaparih±rik±pi honti kucchiparih±rik±pi. Katha½? Tic²vara½ t±va niv±setv± ca p±rupitv± ca vicaraŗak±le k±ya½ pariharati, poset²ti k±yaparih±rika½ hoti. C²varakaŗŗena udaka½ pariss±vetv± pivanak±le kh±ditabbaphal±phalagahaŗak±le ca kucchi½ pariharati; poset²ti kucchiparih±rika½ hoti.
Pattopi tena udaka½ uddharitv± nh±nak±le kuµiparibhaŗ¹akaraŗak±le ca k±yaparih±riko hoti. ¾h±ra½ gahetv± bhuńjanak±le kucchiparih±riko.
V±sipi t±ya dantakaµµhacchedanak±le mańcap²µh±na½ aŖgap±dac²varakuµidaŗ¹akasajjanak±le ca k±yaparih±rik± hoti. Ucchuchedanan±¼iker±ditacchanak±le kucchiparih±rik±.
S³cipi c²varasibbanak±le k±yaparih±rik± hoti. P³va½ v± phala½ v± vijjhitv± kh±danak±le kucchiparih±rik±.
K±yabandhana½ bandhitv± vicaraŗak±le k±yaparih±rika½. Ucchu-±d²ni bandhitv± gahaŗak±le kucchiparih±rika½.
Pariss±vana½ tena udaka½ pariss±vetv± nh±nak±le, sen±sanaparibhaŗ¹akaraŗak±le ca k±yaparih±rika½. P±n²ya½ pariss±vanak±le, teneva tilataŗ¹ulaputhuk±d²ni gahetv± kh±danak±le ca kucchiparih±riya½. Aya½ t±va aµµhaparikkh±rikassa parikkh±ramatt±. Navaparikkh±rikassa pana seyya½ pavisantassa tatraµµhaka½ paccattharaŗa½ v± kuńcik± v± vaµµati. Dasaparikkh±rikassa nis²dana½ v± cammakhaŗ¹a½ v± vaµµati. Ek±dasaparikkh±rikassa pana kattarayaµµhi v± telan±¼ik± v± vaµµati. Dv±dasaparikkh±rikassa chatta½ v± up±hana½ v± vaµµati. Etesu ca aµµhaparikkh±rikova santuµµho, itare asantuµµh± mahicch± mah±bh±r±ti na vattabb±. Etepi hi appicch±va santuµµh±va subhar±va sallahukavuttinova. Bhagav± pana na yima½ sutta½ tesa½ vasena kathesi, aµµhaparikkh±rikassa vasena kathesi. So hi khuddakav±sińca s³cińca pariss±vane pakkhipitv± pattassa anto µhapetv± patta½ a½sak³µe laggetv± tic²vara½ k±yapaµibaddha½ katv± yenicchaka½ sukha½ pakkamati. Paµinivattetv± gahetabba½ n±massa na hoti. Iti imassa bhikkhuno sallahukavuttita½ dassento bhagav±– “santuµµho hoti k±yaparih±rikena c²varen±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha k±yaparih±riken±ti k±yapariharaŗamattakena. Kucchiparih±riken±ti kucchipariharaŗamattakena. Sam±d±yeva pakkamat²ti aµµhaparikkh±ramattaka½ sabba½ gahetv±va k±yapaµibaddha½ katv±va gacchati. “Mama vih±ro pariveŗa½ upaµµh±ko”ti ±saŖgo v± bandho v± na hoti. So jiy± mutto saro viya, y³th± apakkanto madahatth² viya ca icchiticchita½ sen±sana½ vanasaŗ¹a½ rukkham³la½ vanapabbh±ra½ paribhuńjanto ekova tiµµhati, ekova nis²dati. Sabbiriy±pathesu ekova adutiyo.
“C±tuddiso appaµigho ca hoti,
santussam±no itar²tarena;
parissay±na½ sahit± achambh²,
eko care khaggavis±ŗakappo”ti. (Su. ni. 42).
Eva½ vaŗŗita½ khaggavis±ŗakappata½ ±pajjati.
Id±ni tamattha½ upam±ya s±dhento– “seyyath±p²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha pakkh² sakuŗoti pakkhayutto sakuŗo. Žet²ti uppatati. Aya½ panettha saŖkhepattho– sakuŗ± n±ma “asukasmi½ padese rukkho paripakkaphalo”ti ńatv± n±n±dis±hi ±gantv± nakhapattatuŗ¹±d²hi tassa phal±ni vijjhant± vidhunant± kh±danti. ‘Ida½ ajjatan±ya, ida½ sv±tan±ya bhavissat²’ti tesa½ na hoti. Phale pana kh²ŗe neva rukkhassa ±rakkha½ µhapenti, na tattha patta½ v± nakha½ v± tuŗ¹a½ v± µhapenti. Atha kho tasmi½ rukkhe anapekkho hutv±, yo ya½ dis±bh±ga½ icchati, so tena sapattabh±rova uppatitv± gacchati. Evameva aya½ bhikkhu nissaŖgo nirapekkho yena k±ma½ pakkamati. Tena vutta½ “sam±d±yeva pakkamat²”ti.