Satisampajańńakath±

214. Satisampajańńabh±jan²yamhi abhikkante paµikkanteti ettha t±va abhikkanta½ vuccati gamana½, paµikkanta½ nivattana½, tadubhayampi cat³su iriy±pathesu labbhati. Gamane t±va purato k±ya½ abhiharanto abhikkamati n±ma Paµinivattanto paµikkamati n±ma. Żh±nepi µhitakova k±ya½ purato on±mento abhikkamati n±ma, pacchato apan±mento paµikkamati n±ma. Nisajj±ya nisinnakova ±sanassa purima-aŖg±bhimukho sa½saranto abhikkamati n±ma, pacchima-aŖgapadesa½ pacc±sa½saranto paµikkamati n±ma. Nipajjanepi eseva nayo.
Sampaj±nak±r² hot²ti sampajańńena sabbakiccak±r². Sampajańńameva v± k±r². So hi abhikkant±d²su sampajańńa½ karoteva. Na katthaci sampajańńavirahito hoti. Tattha s±tthakasampajańńa½, sapp±yasampajańńa½, gocarasampajańńa½ asammohasampajańńanti catubbidha½ sampajańńa½. Tattha abhikkamanacitte uppanne cittavaseneva agantv±– “kinnu me ettha gatena attho atthi natth²”ti atth±nattha½ pariggahetv± atthapariggaŗhana½ s±tthakasampajańńa½. Tattha ca atthoti cetiyadassanabodhisaŖghathera-asubhadassan±divasena dhammato vu¹¹hi. Cetiya½ v± bodhi½ v± disv±pi hi buddh±rammaŗa½, saŖghadassanena saŖgh±rammaŗa½, p²ti½ upp±detv± tadeva khayavayato sammasanto arahatta½ p±puŗ±ti. There disv± tesa½ ov±de patiµµh±ya, asubha½ disv± tattha paµhamajjh±na½ upp±detv± tadeva khayavayato sammasanto arahatta½ p±puŗ±ti. Tasm± etesa½ dassana½ s±tthakanti vutta½. Keci pana ±misatopi vu¹¹hi atthoyeva, ta½ niss±ya brahmacariy±nuggah±ya paµipannatt±ti vadanti.
Tasmi½ pana gamane sapp±y±sapp±ya½ pariggahetv± sapp±yapariggaŗhana½ sapp±yasampajańńa½. Seyyathida½– cetiyadassana½ t±va s±tthaka½, sace pana cetiyassa mah±p³j±ya dasadv±dasayojanantare paris± sannipatanti, attano vibhav±nur³p± itthiyopi puris±pi alaŖkatapaµiyatt± cittakammar³pak±ni viya sańcaranti. Tatra cassa iµµhe ±rammaŗe lobho hoti, aniµµhe paµigho, asamapekkhane moho uppajjati, k±yasa½sagg±patti½ v± ±pajjati. J²vitabrahmacariy±na½ v± antar±yo hoti, eva½ ta½ µh±na½ asapp±ya½ hoti. Vuttappak±ra-antar±y±bh±ve sapp±ya½. Bodhidassanepi eseva nayo. SaŖghadassanampi s±ttha½. Sace pana antog±me mah±maŗ¹apa½ k±retv± sabbaratti½ dhammassavana½ karontesu manussesu vuttappak±reneva janasannip±to ceva antar±yo ca hoti, eva½ ta½ µh±na½ asapp±ya½ hoti. Antar±y±bh±ve sapp±ya½. Mah±parisapariv±r±na½ ther±na½ dassanepi eseva nayo.
Asubhadassanampi s±ttha½, tadatthad²panatthańca ida½ vatthu– eko kira daharabhikkhu s±maŗera½ gahetv± dantakaµµhatth±ya gato. S±maŗero magg± okkamitv± purato gacchanto asubha½ disv± paµhamajjh±na½ nibbattetv± tadeva p±daka½ katv± saŖkh±re sammasanto t²ŗi phal±ni sacchikatv± uparimaggatth±ya kammaµµh±na½ pariggahetv± aµµh±si. Daharo ta½ apassanto s±maŗer±ti pakkosi. So ‘may± pabbajitadivasato paµµh±ya bhikkhun± saddhi½ dve kath± n±ma na kathitapubb±. Ańńasmimpi divase upari visesa½ nibbattess±m²’ti cintetv± ki½, bhanteti paµivacanamad±si. ‘Eh²’ti ca vutte ekavacaneneva ±gantv±, ‘bhante, imin± t±va maggeneva gantv± may± µhitok±se muhutta½ puratth±bhimukho µhatv± oloketh±’ti ±ha. So tath± katv± tena pattavisesameva p±puŗi. Eva½ eka½ asubha½ dvinna½ jan±na½ atth±ya j±ta½. Eva½ s±tthampi paneta½ purisassa m±tug±m±subha½ asapp±ya½, m±tug±massa ca puris±subha½ asapp±ya½, sabh±gameva sapp±yanti eva½ sapp±yapariggaŗhana½ sapp±yasampajańńa½ n±ma.
Eva½ pariggahitas±tthakasapp±yassa pana aµµhati½s±ya kammaµµh±nesu attano cittaruciya½ kammaµµh±nasaŖkh±ta½ gocara½ uggahetv± bhikkh±c±ragocare ta½ gahetv±va gamana½ gocarasampajańńa½ n±ma. Tass±vibh±vanattha½ ida½ catukka½ veditabba½–
Idhekacco bhikkhu harati, na pacc±harati; ekacco pacc±harati, na harati; ekacco pana neva harati, na pacc±harati; ekacco harati ca, pacc±harati c±ti. Tattha yo bhikkhu divasa½ caŖkamena nisajj±ya ca ±varaŗ²yehi dhammehi citta½ parisodhetv± tath± rattiy± paµhamay±me, majjhimay±me seyya½ kappetv± pacchimay±mepi nisajjacaŖkamehi v²tin±metv± pageva cetiyaŖgaŗabodhiyaŖgaŗavatta½ katv± bodhirukkhe udaka½ ±sińcitv±, p±n²ya½ paribhojan²ya½ paccupaµµhapetv± ±cariyupajjh±yavatt±d²ni sabb±ni khandhakavatt±ni sam±d±ya vattati. So sar²raparikamma½ katv± sen±sana½ pavisitv± dve tayo pallaŖke usuma½ g±h±pento kammaµµh±na½ anuyuńjitv± bhikkh±c±ravel±ya½ uµµhahitv± kammaµµh±nas²seneva pattac²varam±d±ya sen±sanato nikkhamitv± kammaµµh±na½ manasikarontova cetiyaŖgaŗa½ gantv±, sace buddh±nussatikammaµµh±na½ hoti, ta½ avissajjetv±va cetiyaŖgaŗa½ pavisati. Ańńa½ ce kammaµµh±na½ hoti, sop±nam³le µhatv± hatthena gahitabhaŗ¹a½ viya ta½ µhapetv± buddh±rammaŗa½ p²ti½ gahetv± cetiyaŖgaŗa½ ±ruyha, mahanta½ cetiya½ ce, tikkhattu½ padakkhiŗa½ katv± cat³su µh±nesu vanditabba½. Khuddaka½ cetiya½ ce, tatheva padakkhiŗa½ katv± aµµhasu µh±nesu vanditabba½. Cetiya½ vanditv± bodhiyaŖgaŗa½ patten±pi buddhassa bhagavato sammukh± viya nipacc±k±ra½ dassetv± bodhi vanditabb±. So eva½ cetiyańca bodhińca vanditv± paµis±mitaµµh±na½ gantv± paµis±mitabhaŗ¹aka½ hatthena gaŗhanto viya nikkhittakammaµµh±na½ gahetv± g±masam²pe kammaµµh±nas²seneva c²vara½ p±rupitv± g±ma½ piŗ¹±ya pavisati. Atha na½ manuss± disv± ayyo no ±gatoti paccuggantv± patta½ gahetv± ±sanas±l±ya v± gehe v± nis²d±petv± y±gu½ datv± y±va bhatta½ na niµµh±ti, t±va p±de dhovitv± telena makkhetv± purato te nis²ditv± pańha½ v± pucchanti, dhamma½ v± sotuk±m± honti. Sacepi na kath±penti, janasaŖgahattha½ dhammakath± n±ma k±tabb± yev±ti aµµhakath±cariy± vadanti. Dhammakath± hi kammaµµh±navinimutt± n±ma natthi, tasm± kammaµµh±nas²seneva dhammakatha½ kathetv± kammaµµh±nas²seneva ±h±ra½ paribhuńjitv± anumodana½ katv± nivattiyam±nehipi manussehi anugatova g±mato nikkhamitv± tattha te nivattetv± magga½ paµipajjati.
Atha na½ puretara½ nikkhamitv± bahig±me katabhattakicc± s±maŗeradaharabhikkh³ disv± paccuggantv± pattac²varamassa gaŗhanti. Por±ŗakabhikkh³ kira amh±ka½ upajjh±yo ±cariyoti na mukha½ oloketv± vatta½ karonti, sampattaparicchedeneva karonti. Te ta½ pucchanti– “bhante, ete manuss± tumh±ka½ ki½ honti, m±tipakkhato sambandh± pitipakkhato”ti? Ki½ disv± pucchath±ti? Tumhesu etesa½ pema½ bahum±nanti. ¾vuso, ya½ m±t±pit³hipi dukkara½, ta½ ete amh±ka½ karonti, pattac²varampi no etesa½ santakameva, etesa½ ±nubh±vena neva bhaye bhaya½, na ch±take ch±taka½ j±n±ma. ædis± n±ma amh±ka½ upak±rino natth²ti tesa½ guŗe kathento gacchati. Aya½ vuccati harati na pacc±harat²ti.
Yassa pana pageva vuttappak±ra½ vattapaµipatti½ karontassa kammajatejodh±tu pajjalati, anup±dinnaka½ muńcitv± up±dinnaka½ gaŗh±ti, sar²rato sed± muńcanti, kammaµµh±na½ v²thi½ n±rohati, so pageva pattac²varam±d±ya vegas± cetiya½ vanditv± gor³p±na½ nikkhamanavel±yameva g±ma½ y±gubhikkh±ya pavisitv± y±gu½ labhitv± ±sanas±la½ gantv± pivati, athassa dvattikkhattu½ ajjhoharaŗamatteneva kammajatejodh±tu up±dinnaka½ muńcitv± anup±dinnaka½ gaŗh±ti, ghaµasatena nh±to viya tejodh±tu pari¼±hanibb±na½ patv± kammaµµh±nas²sena y±gu½ paribhuńjitv± pattańca mukhańca dhovitv± antar±bhatte kammaµµh±na½ manasikatv± avasesaµµh±ne piŗ¹±ya caritv± kammaµµh±nas²sena ±h±rańca paribhuńjitv± tato paµµh±ya poŖkh±nupoŖkha½ upaµµhaham±na½ kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± ±gacchati, aya½ vuccati pacc±harati na harat²ti. Edis± ca bhikkh³ y±gu½ pivitv± vipassana½ ±rabhitv± buddhas±sane arahattappatt± n±ma gaŗanapatha½ v²tivatt±. S²ha¼ad²peyeva tesu tesu g±mesu ±sanas±l±ya½ v± na ta½ ±sanamatthi, yattha y±gu½ pivitv± arahattappatt± bhikkh³ natth²ti.
Yo pana pam±davih±r² hoti, nikkhittadhuro sabbavatt±ni bhinditv± pańcavidhacetokh²lavinibandhacitto viharanto– “kammaµµh±na½ n±ma atth²”ti sańńampi akatv± g±ma½ piŗ¹±ya pavisitv± ananulomikena gihisa½saggena sa½saµµho caritv± ca bhuńjitv± ca tuccho nikkhamati, aya½ vuccati neva harati na pacc±harat²ti.
Yo pan±ya½– “harati ca pacc±harati c±”ti vutto, so gatapacc±gatavattavaseneva veditabbo. Attak±m± hi kulaputt± s±sane pabbajitv± dasapi v²sampi ti½sampi catt±l²sampi pańń±sampi satampi ekato vasant± katikavatta½ katv± viharanti, “±vuso, tumhe na iŗaµµ±, na bhayaµµ±, na j²vik±pakat± pabbajit±, dukkh± muccituk±m± panettha pabbajit±, tasm± gamane uppannakilesa½ gamaneyeva niggaŗhatha, tath± µh±ne, nisajj±ya, sayane uppannakilesa½ sayaneva niggaŗhath±”ti.
Te eva½ katikavatta½ katv± bhikkh±c±ra½ gacchant± a¹¹ha-usabha-usabha-a¹¹hag±vutag±vutantaresu p±s±ŗ± honti, t±ya sańń±ya kammaµµh±na½ manasikaront±va gacchanti. Sace kassaci gamane kileso uppajjati, tattheva na½ niggaŗh±ti. Tath± asakkonto tiµµhati, athassa pacchato ±gacchantopi tiµµhati. So “aya½ bhikkhu tuyha½ uppannavitakka½ j±n±ti, ananucchavika½ te etan”ti att±na½ paµicodetv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± tattheva ariyabh³mi½ okkamati; tath± asakkonto nis²dati. Athassa pacchato ±gacchantopi nis²dat²ti soyeva nayo. Ariyabh³mi½ okkamitu½ asakkontopi ta½ kilesa½ vikkhambhetv± kammaµµh±na½ manasikarontova gacchati, na kammaµµh±navippayuttena cittena p±da½ uddharati, uddharati ce, paµinivattitv± purimapadesa½yeva eti. ¾lindakav±s² mah±phussadevatthero viya.
So kira ek³nav²sativass±ni gatapacc±gatavatta½ p³rento eva vih±si, manuss±pi addasa½su antar±magge kasant± ca vapant± ca maddant± ca kamm±ni ca karont± thera½ tath±gacchanta½ disv±– “aya½ thero punappuna½ nivattitv± gacchati, kinnu kho maggam³¼ho, ud±hu kińci pamuµµho”ti samullapanti. So ta½ an±diyitv± kammaµµh±nayuttacitteneva samaŗadhamma½ karonto v²sativassabbhantare arahatta½ p±puŗi, arahattappattadivase cassa caŖkamanakoµiya½ adhivatth± devat± aŖgul²hi d²pa½ ujj±letv± aµµh±si. Catt±ropi mah±r±j±no sakko ca dev±namindo brahm± ca sahampati upaµµh±na½ agama½su. Tańca obh±sa½ disv± vanav±s² mah±tissatthero ta½ dutiyadivase pucchi– “rattibh±ge ±yasmato santike obh±so ahosi, ki½ so obh±so”ti? Thero vikkhepa½ karonto obh±so n±ma d²pobh±sopi hoti, maŗi-obh±sop²ti evam±dim±ha. Tato ‘paµicch±detha tumhe’ti nibaddho ‘±m±’ti paµij±nitv± ±rocesi. K±¼avallimaŗ¹apav±s² mah±n±gatthero viya ca.
Sopi kira gatapacc±gatavatta½ p³rento– paµhama½ t±va bhagavato mah±padh±na½ p³jess±m²ti sattavass±ni µh±nacaŖkamameva adhiµµh±si. Puna so¼asavass±ni gatapacc±gatavatta½ p³retv± arahatta½ p±puŗi. So kammaµµh±nayutteneva cittena p±da½ uddharanto, viyuttena uddhaµe paµinivattento g±masam²pa½ gantv± “g±v² nu pabbajito n³”ti ±saŖkan²yapadese µhatv± c²vara½ p±rupitv± kacchakantarato udakena patta½ dhovitv± udakagaŗ¹³sa½ karoti. Ki½ k±raŗ±? M± me bhikkha½ d±tu½ v± vanditu½ v± ±gate manusse ‘d²gh±yuk± hoth±’ti vacanamatten±pi kammaµµh±navikkhepo ahos²ti. “Ajja, bhante, katim²”ti divasa½ v± bhikkhugaŗana½ v± pańha½ v± pucchito pana udaka½ gilitv± ±roceti. Sace divas±d²ni pucchak± na honti, nikkhamanavel±ya g±madv±re niµµhubhitv±va y±ti.