S±maññaphalapucch±vaººan±

160. N±gassa bh³m²ti yattha sakk± hatthi½ abhir³¼hena gantu½, aya½ n±gassa bh³mi n±ma. N±g± paccorohitv±ti vih±rassa bahidv±rakoµµhake hatthito orohitv±. Bh³miya½ patiµµhitasamak±lameva pana bhagavato tejo rañño sar²ra½ phari. Athassa t±vadeva sakalasar²rato sed± mucci½su, s±µak± p²¼etv± apanetabb± viya ahesu½. Attano apar±dha½ saritv± mah±bhaya½ uppajji. So ujuka½ bhagavato santika½ gantu½ asakkonto j²vaka½ hatthe gahetv± ±r±mac±rika½ caram±no viya “ida½ te samma j²vaka suµµhu k±rita½ ida½ suµµhu k±ritan”ti vih±rassa vaººa½ bhaºam±no anukkamena yena maº¹alam±¼assa dv±ra½ tenupasaªkami, sampattoti attho.
Kaha½ pana samm±ti kasm± pucch²ti. Eke t±va “aj±nanto”ti vadanti. Imin± kira daharak±le pitar± saddhi½ ±gamma bhagav± diµµhapubbo, pacch± pana p±pamittasa½saggena pitugh±ta½ katv± abhim±re pesetv± dhanap±la½ muñc±petv± mah±par±dho hutv± bhagavato sammukh²bh±va½ na upagatapubboti asañj±nanto pucchat²ti. Ta½ ak±raºa½, bhagav± hi ±kiººavaralakkhaºo anubyañjanapaµimaº¹ito chabbaºº±hi rasm²hi sakala½ ±r±ma½ obh±setv± t±r±gaºaparivuto viya puººacando bhikkhugaºaparivuto maº¹alam±¼amajjhe nisinno, ta½ ko na j±neyya. Aya½ pana attano issariyal²l±ya pucchati. Pakati hes± r±jakul±na½, ya½ j±nant±pi aj±nant± viya pucchanti. J²vako pana ta½ sutv±– ‘aya½ r±j± pathaviya½ µhatv± kuhi½ pathav²ti, nabha½ ulloketv± kuhi½ candimas³riy±ti, sinerum³le µhatv± kuhi½ siner³ti vadam±no viya dasabalassa purato µhatv± kuhi½ bhagav±’ti pucchati. “Handassa bhagavanta½ dassess±m²”ti cintetv± yena bhagav± tenañjali½ paº±metv± “eso mah±r±j±”ti-±dim±ha. Purakkhatoti pariv±retv± nisinnassa purato nisinno.
161. Yena bhagav± tenupasaªkam²ti yattha bhagav± tattha gato, bhagavato santika½ upagatoti attho. Ekamanta½ aµµh±s²ti bhagavanta½ v± bhikkhusa½gha½ v± asaªghaµµayam±no attano µh±tu½ anucchavike ekasmi½ padese bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekova aµµh±si. Tuºh²bh³ta½ tuºh²bh³tanti yato yato anuviloketi, tato tato tuºh²bh³tamev±ti attho. Tattha hi ekabhikkhussapi hatthakukkucca½ v± p±dakukkucca½ v± khipitasaddo v± natthi, sabb±laªk±rapaµimaº¹ita½ n±µakapariv±ra½ bhagavato abhimukhe µhita½ r±j±na½ v± r±japarisa½ v± ekabhikkhupi na olokesi. Sabbe bhagavanta½yeva olokayam±n± nis²di½su.
R±j± tesa½ upasame pas²ditv± vigatapaªkat±ya vippasannarahadamiva upasantindriya½ bhikkhusaªgha½ punappuna½ anuviloketv± ud±na½ ud±nesi. Tattha imin±ti yena k±yikena ca v±casikena ca m±nasikena ca s²l³pasamena bhikkhusaªgho upasanto, imin± upasamen±ti d²peti. Tattha “aho vata me putto pabbajitv± ime bhikkh³ viya upasanto bhaveyy±”ti nayida½ sandh±ya esa evam±ha. Aya½ pana bhikkhusaªgha½ disv± pasanno putta½ anussari. Dullabhañhi laddh± acchariya½ v± disv± piy±na½ ñ±timitt±d²na½ anussaraºa½ n±ma lokassa pakatiyeva. Iti bhikkhusaªgha½ disv± putta½ anussaram±no esa evam±ha.
Api ca putte ±saªk±ya tassa upasama½ iccham±no pesa evam±ha. Eva½ kirassa ahosi, putto me pucchissati– “mayha½ pit± daharo. Ayyako me kuhin”ti. So “pitar± te gh±tito”ti sutv± “ahampi pitara½ gh±tetv± rajja½ k±ress±m²”ti maññissati. Iti putte ±saªk±ya tassa upasama½ iccham±no pesa evam±ha. Kiñc±pi hi esa evam±ha. Atha kho na½ putto gh±tessatiyeva. Tasmiñhi va½se pituvadho pañcaparivaµµe gato. Aj±tasattu bimbis±ra½ gh±tesi, udayo aj±tasattu½ Tassa putto mah±muº¹iko n±ma udaya½. Tassa putto anuruddho n±ma mah±muº¹ika½. Tassa putto n±gad±so n±ma anuruddha½. N±gad±sa½ pana– “va½sacchedakar±j±no ime, ki½ imeh²”ti raµµhav±sino kupit± gh±tesu½.
Agam± kho tvanti kasm± evam±ha? Bhagav± kira rañño vac²bhede akateyeva cintesi– “aya½ r±j± ±gantv± tuºh² niravo µhito, ki½ nu kho cintes²”ti. Athassa citta½ ñatv±– “aya½ may± saddhi½ sallapitu½ asakkonto bhikkhusaªgha½ anuviloketv± putta½ anussari, na kho pan±ya½ mayi an±lapante kiñci kathetu½ sakkhissati, karomi tena saddhi½ kath±sall±pan”ti. Tasm± rañño vacan±nantara½ “agam± kho tva½, mah±r±ja, yath±peman”ti ±ha. Tassattho– mah±r±ja, yath± n±ma unname vuµµha½ udaka½ yena ninna½ tena gacchati, evameva tva½ bhikkhusaªgha½ anuviloketv± yena pema½ tena gatoti.
Atha rañño etadahosi– “aho acchariy± buddhaguº±, may± sadiso bhagavato apar±dhak±rako n±ma natthi, may± hissa aggupaµµh±ko gh±tito, devadattassa ca katha½ gahetv± abhim±r± pesit±, n±¼±giri mutto, ma½ niss±ya devadattena sil± paviddh±, eva½ mah±par±dha½ n±ma ma½ ±lapato dasabalassa mukha½ nappahoti; aho bhagav± pañcah±k±rehi t±dilakkhaºe suppatiµµhito. Evar³pa½ n±ma satth±ra½ pah±ya bahiddh± na pariyesiss±m±”ti so somanassaj±to bhagavanta½ ±lapanto “piyo me, bhante”ti-±dim±ha.
162. Bhikkhusaªghassa añjali½ paº±metv±ti eva½ kirassa ahosi bhagavanta½ vanditv± itocito ca gantv± bhikkhusaªgha½ vandantena ca bhagav± piµµhito k±tabbo hoti, garuk±ropi cesa na hoti. R±j±na½ vanditv± upar±j±na½ vandantenapi hi rañño ag±ravo kato hoti. Tasm± bhagavanta½ vanditv± µhitaµµh±neyeva bhikkhusaªghassa añjali½ paº±metv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Kañcideva desanti kañci ok±sa½.
Athassa bhagav± pañhapucchane uss±ha½ janento ±ha– “puccha, mah±r±ja, yad±kaªkhas²”ti. Tassattho– “puccha yadi ±kaªkhasi, na me pañhavissajjane bh±ro atthi”. Atha v± “puccha, ya½ ±kaªkhasi, sabba½ te vissajjess±m²”ti sabbaññupav±raºa½ pav±resi, as±dh±raºa½ paccekabuddha-aggas±vakamah±s±vakehi. Te hi yad±kaªkhas²ti na vadanti, sutv± vediss±m±ti vadanti. Buddh± pana– “puccha, ±vuso, yad±kaªkhas²”ti (sa½. ni. 1.237), v± “puccha, mah±r±ja, yad±kaªkhas²”ti v±,
“Puccha, v±sava, ma½ pañha½, ya½ kiñci manasicchasi;
tassa tasseva pañhassa, aha½ anta½ karomi te”ti. (D². ni. 2.356) v±.
Tena hi tva½, bhikkhu, sake ±sane nis²ditv± puccha, yad±kaªkhas²ti v±,
“B±varissa ca tuyha½ v±, sabbesa½ sabbasa½saya½;
kat±vak±s± pucchavho, ya½ kiñci manasicchath±”ti. (Su. ni. 1036) v±.
“Puccha ma½, sabhiya, pañha½, ya½ kiñci manasicchasi;
tassa tasseva pañhassa, aha½ anta½ karomi te”ti. (Su. ni. 517) v±.
Tesa½ tesa½ yakkhanarindadevasamaºabr±hmaºaparibb±jak±na½ sabbaññupav±raºa½ pav±renti. Anacchariyañceta½, ya½ bhagav± buddhabh³mi½ patv± eta½ pav±raºa½ pav±reyya. Yo bodhisattabh³miya½ padesañ±ºe µhito–
“Koº¹añña pañh±ni viy±karohi;
y±canti ta½ isayo s±dhur³p±;
koº¹añña, eso manujesu dhammo;
ya½ vuddham±gacchati esa bh±ro”ti. (J±. 2.17.60).
Eva½ sakk±d²na½ atth±ya is²hi y±cito–
“Kat±vak±s± pucchantu bhonto,
ya½ kiñci pañha½ manas±bhipatthita½;
ahañhi ta½ ta½ vo viy±karissa½,
ñatv± saya½ lokamima½ parañc±”ti. (J±. 2.17.61).
Eva½ sarabhaªgak±le. Sambhavaj±take ca sakalajambud²pa½ tikkhattu½ vicaritv± pañh±na½ antakara½ adisv± suciratena br±hmaºena, pañha½ puµµhu½ ok±se k±rite j±tiy± sattavassiko rathik±ya pa½su½ k²¼anto pallaªkam±bhujitv± antarav²thiya½ nisinnova–
“Taggha te ahamakkhissa½, yath±pi kusalo tath±;
r±j± ca kho ta½ j±n±ti, yadi k±hati v± na v±”ti. (J±. 1.16.172).

Sabbaññupav±raºa½ pav±resi.

163. Eva½ bhagavat± sabbaññupav±raº±ya pav±rit±ya attamano r±j± pañha½ pucchanto– “yath± nu kho im±ni, bhante”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sippameva sipp±yatana½. Puthusipp±yatan±n²ti bah³ni sipp±ni. Seyyathidanti katame pana te. Hatth±roh±ti-±d²hi ye ta½ ta½ sippa½ niss±ya j²vanti, te dasseti. Ayañhi ass±dhipp±yo– “yath± imesa½ sipp³paj²v²na½ ta½ ta½ sippa½ niss±ya sandiµµhika½ sippaphala½ paññ±yati. Sakk± nu kho eva½ sandiµµhika½ s±maññaphala½ paññ±petun”ti. Tasm± sipp±yatan±ni ±haritv± sipp³paj²vino dasseti.
Tattha hatth±roh±ti sabbepi hatth±cariyahatthivejjahatthimeº¹±dayo dasseti. Ass±roh±ti sabbepi ass±cariya-assavejja-assameº¹±dayo. Rathik±ti sabbepi rath±cariyarathayodharatharakkh±dayo. Dhanuggah±ti dhanu-±cariy± iss±s±. Celak±ti ye yuddhe jayadhaja½ gahetv± purato gacchanti. Calak±ti idha rañño µh±na½ hotu, idha asukamah±mattass±ti eva½ sen±by³hak±rak±. Piº¹ad±yak±ti s±hasikamah±yodh±. Te kira parasena½ pavisitv± paras²sa½ piº¹amiva chetv± chetv± dayanti, uppatitv± uppatitv± niggacchant²ti attho. Ye v± saªg±mamajjhe yodh±na½ bhattap±ti½ gahetv± parivisanti, tesampeta½ n±ma½. Ugg± r±japutt±ti uggatuggat± saªg±m±vacar± r±japutt±. Pakkhandinoti ye “kassa s²sa½ v± ±vudha½ v± ±har±m±”ti “vatv± asukass±”ti vutt± saªg±ma½ pakkhanditv± tadeva ±haranti, ime pakkhandant²ti pakkhandino. Mah±n±g±ti mah±n±g± viya mah±n±g±, hatthi-±d²supi abhimukha½ ±gacchantesu anivattitayodh±nameta½ adhivacana½. S³r±ti ekantas³r±, ye saj±lik±pi sacammik±pi samudda½ taritu½ sakkonti. Cammayodhinoti ye cammakañcuka½ v± pavisitv± saraparitt±ºacamma½ v± gahetv± yujjhanti. D±sikaputt±ti balavasineh± gharad±sayodh±. ¾¼±rik±ti p³vik±. Kappak±ti nh±pik±. Nh±pak±ti ye nh±penti. S³d±ti bhattak±rak±. M±l±k±r±dayo p±kaµ±yeva. Gaºak±ti acchiddakap±µhak±. Muddik±ti hatthamudd±ya gaºana½ niss±ya j²vino. Y±ni v± panaññ±nip²ti ayak±radantak±racittak±r±d²ni. Eva½gat±n²ti eva½ pavatt±ni. Te diµµheva dhammeti te hatth±roh±dayo t±ni puthusipp±yatan±ni dassetv± r±jakulato mah±sampatti½ labham±n± sandiµµhikameva sippaphala½ upaj²vanti. Sukhent²ti sukhita½ karonti. P²ºent²ti p²ºita½ th±mabal³peta½ karonti. Uddhaggik±d²su upari phalanibbattanato uddha½ aggamass± atth²ti uddhaggik±. Sagga½ arahat²ti sovaggik±. Sukho vip±ko ass±ti sukhavip±k±. Suµµhu agge r³pasaddagandharasaphoµµhabba-±yuvaººasukhayasa-±dhipateyyasaªkh±te dasa dhamme sa½vatteti nibbattet²ti saggasa½vattanik±. Ta½ evar³pa½ dakkhiºa½ d±na½ patiµµhapent²ti attho. S±maññaphalanti ettha paramatthato maggo s±mañña½. Ariyaphala½ s±maññaphala½. Yath±ha– “katamañca, bhikkhave, s±mañña½? Ayameva ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo. Seyyathida½, samm±diµµhi…pe… samm±sam±dhi. Ida½ vuccati, bhikkhave, s±mañña½. Katam±ni ca, bhikkhave, s±maññaphal±ni? Sot±pattiphala½…pe… arahattaphalan”ti (sa½. ni. 5.35). Ta½ esa r±j± na j±n±ti. Upari ±gata½ pana d±sakassakopama½ sandh±ya pucchati.
Atha bhagav± pañha½ avissajjetv±va cintesi– “ime bah³ aññatitthiyas±vak± r±j±macc± idh±gat±, te kaºhapakkhañca sukkapakkhañca d²petv± kath²yam±ne amh±ka½ r±j± mahantena uss±hena idh±gato, tass±gatak±lato paµµh±ya samaºo gotamo samaºakol±hala½ samaºabhaº¹anameva kathet²ti ujjh±yissanti, na sakkacca½ dhamma½ sossanti, raññ± pana kath²yam±ne ujjh±yitu½ na sakkhissanti, r±j±nameva anuvattissanti. Issar±nuvattako hi loko. ‘Hand±ha½ raññova bh±ra½ karom²’ti rañño bh±ra½ karonto “abhij±n±si no tvan”ti-±dim±ha.
164. Tattha abhij±n±si no tvanti abhij±n±si nu tva½. Ayañca no-saddo parato pucchit±ti padena yojetabbo. Idañhi vutta½ hoti– “mah±r±ja, tva½ ima½ pañha½ aññe samaºabr±hmaºe pucchit± nu, abhij±n±si ca na½ puµµhabh±va½, na te sammuµµhan”ti. Sace te agar³ti sace tuyha½ yath± te by±kari½su, tath± idha bh±situ½ bh±riya½ na hoti, yadi na koci aph±sukabh±vo atthi, bh±sass³ti attho. Na kho me bhanteti ki½ sandh±y±ha? Paº¹itapatir³pak±nañhi santike kathetu½ dukkha½ hoti, te pade pade akkhare akkhare dosameva vadanti. Ekantapaº¹it± pana katha½ sutv± sukathita½ pasa½santi, dukkathitesu p±¼ipada-atthabyañjanesu ya½ ya½ virujjhati, ta½ ta½ ujuka½ katv± denti. Bhagavat± ca sadiso ekantapaº¹ito n±ma natthi. Ten±ha– “na kho me, bhante, garu; yatthassa bhagav± nisinno bhagavantar³po v±”ti.