Kom±rabhaccaj²vakakath±vaººan±

157. Atha kho r±j±ti r±j± kira tesa½ vacana½ sutv± cintesi– “aha½ yassa yassa vacana½ na sotuk±mo, so so eva kathesi. Yassa panamhi vacana½ sotuk±mo, esa n±gavasa½ pivitv± µhito supaººo viya tuºh²bh³to, anattho vata me”ti. Athassa etadahosi– “j²vako upasantassa buddhassa bhagavato upaµµh±ko, sayampi upasanto, tasm± vattasampanno bhikkhu viya tuºh²bh³tova nisinno, na esa mayi akathente kathessati, hatthimhi kho pana maddante hatthisseva p±do gahetabbo”ti tena saddhi½ saya½ mantetum±raddho. Tena vutta½– “atha kho r±j±”ti. Tattha ki½ tuºh²ti kena k±raºena tuºh². Imesa½ amacc±na½ attano attano kul³pakasamaºassa vaººa½ kathent±na½ mukha½ nappahoti Ki½ yath± etesa½, eva½ tava kul³pakasamaºo natthi, ki½ tva½ daliddo, na te mama pitar± issariya½ dinna½, ud±hu assaddhoti pucchati.
Tato j²vakassa etadahosi– “aya½ r±j± ma½ kul³pakasamaºassa guºa½ kath±peti, na d±ni me tuºh²bh±vassa k±lo, yath± kho panime r±j±na½ vanditv± nisinn±va attano kul³pakasamaº±na½ guºa½ kathayi½su, na mayha½ eva½ satthuguºe kathetu½ yuttan”ti uµµh±y±san± bhagavato vih±r±bhimukho pañcapatiµµhitena vanditv± dasanakhasamodh±nasamujjala½ añjali½ sirasi paggahetv±– “mah±r±ja, m± ma½ eva½ cintayittha, ‘aya½ ya½ v± ta½ v± samaºa½ upasaªkamat²’ti, mama satthuno hi m±tukucchi-okkamane, m±tukucchito nikkhamane, mah±bhinikkhamane, sambodhiya½, dhammacakkappavattane ca, dasasahassilokadh±tu kampittha, eva½ yamakap±µih±riya½ ak±si, eva½ devorohaºa½, aha½ satthuno guºe kathayiss±mi, ekaggacitto suºa, mah±r±j±”ti vatv±– “aya½ deva, bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ta½ kho pana bhagavantanti itthambh³t±khy±natthe upayogavacana½, tassa kho pana bhagavatoti attho. Kaly±ºoti kaly±ºaguºasamann±gato, seµµhoti vutta½ hoti. Kittisaddoti kittiyeva. Thutighoso v±. Abbhuggatoti sadevaka½ loka½ ajjhottharitv± uggato. Kinti? “Itipi so bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho…pe… bhagav±”ti.
Tatr±ya½ padasambandho– so bhagav± itipi araha½ itipi samm±sambuddho…pe… itipi bhagav±ti. Imin± ca imin± ca k±raºen±ti vutta½ hoti. Tattha ±rakatt± ar²na½, ar±nañca hatatt±, paccay±d²na½ arahatt±, p±pakaraºe rah±bh±v±ti, imehi t±va k±raºehi so bhagav± arahanti veditabboti-±din± nayena m±tika½ nikkhipitv± sabb±neva cet±ni pad±ni visuddhimagge buddh±nussatiniddese vitth±rit±n²ti tato nesa½ vitth±ro gahetabbo.
J²vako pana ekamekassa padassa attha½ niµµh±petv±– “eva½, mah±r±ja, araha½ mayha½ satth±, eva½ samm±sambuddho…pe… eva½ bhagav±”ti vatv±– “ta½, devo, bhagavanta½ payirup±satu, appeva n±ma devassa ta½ bhagavanta½ payirup±sato citta½ pas²deyy±”ti ±ha. Ettha ca ta½ devo payirup±sat³ti vadanto “mah±r±ja, tumh±dis±nañhi satenapi sahassenapi satasahassenapi puµµhassa mayha½ satthuno sabbesa½ citta½ gahetv± kathetu½ th±mo ca balañca atthi, vissattho upasaªkamitv± puccheyy±si mah±r±j±”ti ±ha.
Raññopi bhagavato guºakatha½ suºantassa sakalasar²ra½ pañcavaºº±ya p²tiy± nirantara½ phuµa½ ahosi. So taªkhaºaññeva gantuk±mo hutv±– “im±ya kho pana vel±ya mayha½ dasabalassa santika½ gacchato na añño koci khippa½ y±n±ni yojetu½ sakkhissati aññatra j²vak±”ti cintetv±– “tena hi, samma j²vaka, hatthiy±n±ni kapp±peh²”ti ±ha.
158. Tattha tena h²ti uyyojanatthe nip±to. Gaccha, samma j²vak±ti vutta½ hoti. Hatthiy±n±n²ti anekesu assarath±d²su y±nesu vijjam±nesupi hatthiy±na½ uttama½; uttamassa santika½ uttamay±neneva gantabbanti ca, assay±narathay±n±ni sasadd±ni, d³ratova tesa½ saddo suyyati, hatthiy±nassa pad±nupada½ gacchant±pi sadda½ na suºanti. Nibbutassa pana kho bhagavato santike nibbuteheva y±nehi gantabbanti ca cintayitv± hatthiy±n±n²ti ±ha.
Pañcamatt±ni hatthinik±sat±n²ti pañca kareºusat±ni. Kapp±petv±ti ±rohaºasajj±ni k±retv±. ¾rohaº²yanti ±rohaºayogga½, opaguyhanti attho. Ki½ panesa raññ± vutta½ ak±si avuttanti? Avutta½. Kasm±? Paº¹itat±ya. Eva½ kirassa ahosi– r±j± im±ya vel±ya gacch±m²ti vadati, r±j±no ca n±ma bahupaccatthik±. Sace antar±magge koci antar±yo hoti, mampi garahissanti– “j²vako r±j± me katha½ gaºh±t²ti ak±lepi r±j±na½ gahetv± nikkhamat²”ti. Bhagavantampi garahissanti “samaºo gotamo, ‘mayha½ kath± vattat²’ti k±la½ asallakkhetv±va dhamma½ kathet²”ti. Tasm± yath± neva mayha½, na bhagavato, garah± uppajjati; rañño ca rakkh± susa½vihit± hoti, tath± kariss±m²”ti.
Tato itthiyo niss±ya puris±na½ bhaya½ n±ma natthi, ‘sukha½ itthiparivuto gamiss±m²’ti pañca hatthinik±sat±ni kapp±petv± pañca itthisat±ni purisavesa½ g±h±petv±– “asitomarahatth± r±j±na½ pariv±reyy±th±”ti vatv± puna cintesi– “imassa rañño imasmi½ attabh±ve maggaphal±na½ upanissayo natthi, buddh± ca n±ma upanissaya½ disv±va dhamma½ kathenti. Hand±ha½, mah±jana½ sannip±t±pemi, evañhi sati satth± kassacideva upanissayena dhamma½ desessati, s± mah±janassa upak±r±ya bhavissat²”ti. So tattha tattha s±sana½ pesesi, bheri½ car±pesi– “ajja r±j± bhagavato santika½ gacchati, sabbe attano vibhav±nur³pena rañño ±rakkha½ gaºhant³”ti.
Tato mah±jano cintesi– “r±j± kira satthudassanattha½ gacchati, k²dis² vata bho dhammadesan± bhavissati, ki½ no nakkhattak²¼±ya, tattheva gamiss±m±”ti. Sabbe gandham±l±d²ni gahetv± rañño ±gamana½ ±kaªkham±n± magge aµµha½su. J²vakopi rañño paµivedesi– “kappit±ni kho te, deva, hatthiy±n±ni, yassa d±ni k±la½ maññas²”ti. Tattha yassa d±ni k±la½ maññas²ti upac±ravacanameta½. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– “ya½ tay± ±ºatta½, ta½ may± kata½, id±ni tva½ yassa gamanassa v± agamanassa v± k±la½ maññasi, tadeva attano ruciy± karoh²”ti.
159. Paccek± itthiyoti p±µiyekk± itthiyo, ekekiss± hatthiniy± ekeka½ itthinti vutta½ hoti. Ukk±su dh±riyam±n±s³ti daº¹ad²pik±su dh±riyam±n±su. Mahacca r±j±nubh±ven±ti mahat± r±j±nubh±vena. Mahacc±tipi p±¼i, mahatiy±ti attho, liªgavipariy±yo esa. R±j±nubh±vo vuccati r±jiddhi. K± panassa r±jiddhi? Tiyojanasat±na½ dvinna½ mah±raµµh±na½ issariyasir². Tassa hi asukadivasa½ r±j± tath±gata½ upasaªkamissat²ti paµhamatara½ sa½vidahane asatipi taªkhaºaññeva pañca itthisat±ni purisavesa½ gahetv± paµimukkaveµhan±ni a½se ±sattakhagg±ni maºidaº¹atomare gahetv± nikkhami½su. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½– “paccek± itthiyo ±ropetv±”ti.
Apar±pi so¼asasahassakhattiyan±µakitthiyo r±j±na½ pariv±resu½. T±sa½ pariyante khujjav±manakakir±t±dayo. T±sa½ pariyante antepurap±lak± viss±sikapuris±. Tesa½ pariyante vicitravesavil±sino saµµhisahassamatt± mah±matt±. Tesa½ pariyante vividh±laªk±rapaµimaº¹it± n±nappak±ra-±vudhahatth± vijj±dharataruº± viya navutisahassamatt± raµµhiyaputt±. Tesa½ pariyante satagghanik±ni niv±setv± pañcasatagghanik±ni eka½sa½ katv± sunh±t± suvilitt± kañcanam±l±din±n±bharaºasobhit± dasasahassamatt± br±hmaº± dakkhiºahattha½ uss±petv± jayasadda½ ghosant± gacchanti. Tesa½ pariyante pañcaªgik±ni t³riy±ni. Tesa½ pariyante dhanupantiparikkhepo. Tassa pariyante hatthighaµ±. Hatth²na½ pariyante g²v±ya g²va½ paharam±n± assapanti. Assapariyante aññamañña½ saªghaµµanarath±. Rathapariyante b±h±ya b±ha½ paharayam±n± yodh±. Tesa½ pariyante attano attano anur³p±ya ±bharaºasampattiy± virocam±n± aµµh±rasa seniyo. Iti yath± pariyante µhatv± khitto saro r±j±na½ na p±puº±ti, eva½ j²vako kom±rabhacco rañño parisa½ sa½vidahitv± attan± rañño avid³reneva gacchati– “sace koci upaddavo hoti, paµhamatara rañño j²vitad±na½ dass±m²”ti. Ukk±na½ pana ettak±ni sat±ni v± sahass±ni v±ti paricchedo natth²ti evar³pi½ r±jiddhi½ sandh±ya vutta½– “mahaccar±j±nubh±vena yena j²vakassa kom±rabhaccassa ambavana½, tena p±y±s²”ti.
Ahudeva bhayanti ettha cittutr±sabhaya½, ñ±ºabhaya½, ±rammaºabhaya½, ottappabhayanti catubbidha½ bhaya½, tattha “j±ti½ paµicca bhaya½ bhay±nakan”ti-±din± nayena vutta½ cittutr±sabhaya½ n±ma. “Tepi tath±gatassa dhammadesana½ sutv± yebhuyyena bhaya½ sa½vega½ sant±sa½ ±pajjant²”ti (sa½. ni. 3.78) evam±gata½ ñ±ºabhaya½ n±ma. “Eta½ n³na ta½ bhayabherava½ ±gacchat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.49) ettha vutta½ ±rammaºabhaya½ n±ma.
“Bh²ru½ pasa½santi, na hi tattha s³ra½;
bhay± hi santo, na karonti p±pan”ti (Sa½. ni. 1.33).
Ida½ ottappabhaya½ n±ma. Tesu idha cittutr±sabhaya½, ahu ahos²ti attho. Chambhitattanti chambhitassa bh±vo. Sakalasar²racalananti attho. Lomaha½soti lomaha½sana½, uddha½ µhitalomat±ti attho. So pan±ya½ lomaha½so dhammassavan±d²su p²ti-uppattik±le p²tiy±pi hoti Bh²rukaj±tik±na½ sampah±rapis±c±didassanesu bhayen±pi. Idha bhayalomaha½soti veditabbo.
Kasm± panesa bh²toti? Andhak±ren±ti eke vadanti. R±jagahe kira dvatti½sa mah±dv±r±ni, catusaµµhi khuddakadv±r±ni. J²vakassa ambavana½ p±k±rassa ca gijjhak³µassa ca antar± hoti. So p±c²nadv±rena nikkhamitv± pabbatacch±y±ya p±visi, tattha pabbatak³µena cando ch±dito, pabbatacch±y±ya ca rukkhacch±y±ya ca andhak±ra½ ahos²ti, tampi ak±raºa½. Tad± hi ukk±na½ satasahass±nampi paricchedo natthi.
Aya½ pana appasaddata½ niss±ya j²vake ±saªk±ya bh²to. J²vako kirassa uparip±s±deyeva ±rocesi– “mah±r±ja appasaddak±mo bhagav±, appasaddeneva upasaªkamitabbo”ti. Tasm± r±j± t³riyasadda½ niv±resi. T³riy±ni kevala½ gahitamatt±neva honti, v±campi ucca½ anicch±rayam±n± acchar±saññ±ya gacchanti. Ambavanepi kassaci khipitasaddopi na suyyati. R±j±no ca n±ma sadd±bhirat± honti. So ta½ appasaddata½ niss±ya ukkaºµhito j²vakepi ±saªka½ upp±desi. “Aya½ j²vako mayha½ ambavane a¹¹hate¼as±ni bhikkhusat±n²”ti ±ha. Ettha ca khipitasaddamattampi na suyyati, abh³ta½ maññe, esa vañcetv± ma½ nagarato n²haritv± purato balak±ya½ upaµµhapetv± ma½ gaºhitv± attan± chatta½ uss±petuk±mo. Ayañhi pañcanna½ hatth²na½ bala½ dh±reti. Mama ca avid³reneva gacchati, santike ca me ±vudhahattho ekapurisopi natthi. Aho vata me anattho”ti. Eva½ bh±yitv± ca pana abh²to viya sandh±retumpi n±sakkhi. Attano bh²tabh±va½ tassa ±vi ak±si. Tena vutta½. “Atha kho r±j±…pe… na nigghoso”ti. Tattha samm±ti vayass±bhil±po esa, kacci ma½ vayass±ti vutta½ hoti. Na palambhes²ti ya½ natthi ta½ atth²ti vatv± kacci ma½ na vippalambhayasi. Nigghosoti kath±sall±panigghoso.
M± bh±yi, mah±r±j±ti j²vako– “aya½ r±j± ma½ na j±n±ti ‘n±ya½ para½ j²vit± voropet²’ti; sace kho pana na½ na ass±sess±mi, vinasseyy±”ti cintayitv± da¼ha½ katv± samass±sento “m± bh±yi mah±r±j±”ti vatv± “na ta½ dev±”ti-±dim±ha. Abhikkam±ti abhimukho kama gaccha, pavis±ti attho. Saki½ vutte pana da¼ha½ na hot²ti taram±nova dvikkhattu½ ±ha. Ete maº¹alam±¼e d²p± jh±yant²ti mah±r±ja, corabala½ n±ma na d²pe j±letv± tiµµhati, ete ca maº¹alam±¼e d²p± jalanti. Et±ya d²pasaññ±ya y±hi mah±r±j±ti vadati.