Id±ni udakukkhepas²m±ya sa½vaŗŗan±kkamo sampatto. Tattha “sabb± bhikkhave nad² as²m±. Sabbo samuddo as²mo. Sabbo j±tassaro as²mo. Nadiy± v± bhikkhave samudde v± j±tassare v± ya½ majjhimassa purisassa samant± udakukkhep±, aya½ tattha sam±nasa½v±s± ek³posath±”ti pańńatt±, aya½ udakukkhepas²m± n±ma. Tattha “sabb± bhikkhave nad² as²m±”ti ettha as²masadde ak±ro virahattho, as²m± baddhas²m± virahit±ti attho. Ńattidutiyakammav±ca½ s±vetv±pi bandhas²m±virahit±ti vutta½ hoti. Paµisedhattho v±, asammannitabb±ti attho. Vu¹¹hi-attho v±, “asekkh± dhamm±”ti yath± sikkhitasikkh± niµµhitasikkh±ti vutta½ hoti. Eva½ as²m±s²makiccaniµµhappatt±ti attho. Ńattidutiyakamma v±ca½ s±vetv± sammat±pi asammat±yeva, attano sabh±veneva g±mas²m± viya baddhas²m±sadis±ti vutta½ hoti. Etena nad²j±tassarasamudd±na½ baddhas²m±ya akhettabh±vo dassito hoti. Eva½ “sabb± bhikkhave nad² as²m±”ti-±din± nad²samuddaj±tassar±na½ baddhas²m±bh±va½ paµikkhipitv± tattha lokavoh±rasiddh±su et±su nad²-±d²su abaddhas²m±su puna vaggakammaparih±rattha½ v±lik±d²hi s²maparicchindana½ kattuk±mo bhagav± “nadiy± v± bhikkhave samudde v± j±tassare v± ya½ majjhimassa purisassa samant± udakukkhep±”ti ±dim±ha. Tattha majjhimassa purisassati th±mamajjhimassa purisassa tenev±ha samantap±k±dik±ya vinayaµµhakath±ya½ “th±mamajjhimena purisen±”ti. Yadi va¹¹hak²purisamiccheyya, “va¹¹hak²purisen±”ti vutta½ bhaveyya, na paneva½ vutta½, tena ń±yati “th±mamajjhimassa purisass±”ti. Tividh± hi puris± uttamapuriso majjhimapuriso pakatipurisoti. Tattha uttamapuriso n±ma sabbańńu bhagav±, so hi bhagav± sabbasattuttamo th±mayasasampatti-issariy±d²hi tath± hi tath±gatassa th±mo.
“K±¼±vakańca gaŖgeyya½, paŗ¹ara½ tambapiŖgala½;
gandhamaŖgalahemańca, uposatha½ chaddantime”ti. Vutt±na½ dasanna½ hatthikul±na½ bal±nus±rena veditabbo. Tattha k±¼±vaka nti pakatihatthikula½ ya½ dasanna½ puris±na½ k±yabala½, ta½ ekassa k±¼±vakassa hatthino bala½. Ya½ dasanna½ k±¼±vak±na½ bala½, ta½ ekassa gaŖgeyyassa bala½. Ya½ dasanna½ gaŖgeyy±na½ bala½, ta½ ekassa paŗ¹arassa bala½, ya½ dasanna½ paŗ¹ar±na½ bala½, ta½ ekassa tambassa bala½. Ya½ dasanna½ tamb±na½ bala½, ta½ ekassa piŖgalassa bala½. Ya½ dasanna½ piŖgal±na½ bala½, ta½ ekassa gandhahatthino bala½. Ya½ dasanna½ gandhahatth²na½ bala½, ta½ ekassa maŖgalassa bala½. Ya½ dasanna½ maŖgal±na½ bala½, ta½ ekassa hemassa bala½. Ya½ dasanna½ hemavat±na½ bala½, ta½ ekassa uposathassa bala½. Ya½ dasanna½ uposath±na½ bala½, ta½ ekassa chaddantassa bala½. Ya½ dasanna½ chaddant±na½ bala½, ta½ ekassa tath±gatassa k±yabala½. “N±r±yanasaŖkh±ta½ balan”tipi idameva vuccati. Tattha n±r± vuccanti rasmiyo, t± bah³ n±n±vidh± tato uppajjant²ti n±rayana½, vajira½, tasm± vajirasaŖkh±ta½ balanti pi attho, tadeta½ pakatihatthigaŗan±ya hatthikoµisahassa½, purisagaŗan±ya dasanna½ purisakoµisahass±na½ bala½ hoti, ida½ tath±gatassa k±yabala½. Issariy±dibalavidh±na½ pana ta½ta½ sutt±nus±rena veditabba½. Majjhimapuriso n±ma va¹¹hakipuriso so hi tath±gatassa bala½ paµicca sinerupabbatar±ja½ s±sapab²jena minanto viya satenapisahassenapi satasahassenapi minetu½ abhabbo, antamaso p±daŖguµµha so p±daŖguµµhakampi gaŗhetu½ abhabbova. Tassa pakatipurisato mahantabh±vena majjhe bhavatt± majjhimapuriso n±ma j±to, tath± hi sugatavidatthi va¹¹hakissa tisso vidatthiyo, va¹¹hakihatthena diya¹¹hahattho hoti, tath± va¹¹hakividatthi pakatipurisassa dve vidatthiyo, pakatipurisahatthena paripuŗŗahattho hoti tath± hi sugatavidatthi n±ma id±ni majjhimassa purisassa tisso vidatthiyo, va¹¹hakihatthena diya¹¹ho hattho hot²ti kuµik±rasikkh±padaµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Aya½ idha majjhimapurisoti n±dhippet±. Kasm± kuµik±rasikkh±padeyeva tihatth±ti va¹¹hakihatthena tihatth±. Pam±ŗayutto mańcoti pakatividatthiy± navavidatthippam±ŗo mańcoti vuccati yath±, eva½ majjhimapurisen±’ti idha avatv±’th±mamajjhimena purisen±’ti aµµhakath±ya½ vuttatt±. Pakatipuriso n±ma’ya½ dasanna½ puris±na½ k±yabala½, ta½ ekassa k±¼±vakassa hatthino balan’ti vuttapuriso pakatipuriso n±ma. Tattha kińc±pi ekacce puńńavant± r±j± aj±tasattu j²vako kom±rabhacco itthiy±pi vis±kh± mig±ram±t±ti evam±dayo pańcanna½ hatth²na½ bala½ dh±renti, na pana te majjhimapuris± n±ma honti, pakatipuriso yeva, puńńavantabh±vena visesapurisatt±. Idha pana pakatipurisoyeva th±ma majjhimapurisoti adhippeto. Udakukkhep±ti udakukkhepena paricchinn±, tenev±ha m±tik±µµhakath±ya½ l²natthappak±saniya½ udakukkhep±ti karaŗatthe nissakkavacananti ±ha. Udakukkhepen±’ti ayańhetthattho Nad²samuddaj±tassaresu ya½µh±na½ majjimassa purisassa samant± parisapariyantato udakukkhepena paricchinna½, aya½ tattha nad²-±d²su lokavoh±ra siddh±su t±su-eva abaddhas²m±su apar±pi sam±nasa½v±s± ek³posath±ti kaŖkh±vitaraŗiya½ pana ya½ majjhimassa purisassa samant± udakukkhep±ti ya½ µh±na½ th±mamajjhimassa purisassa samantato udakukkhepena paricchinna½. Tattha yath± akkhadhutt± d±rugu¼a½ khipanti, eva½ udaka½ v± v±lika½ v± hatthena gahetv± majjhimena purisena sabbath±mena khipitabba½. Yattha eva½ khitta½ udaka½ v± v±lik± patati, aya½ udakukkhepo n±ma. Aya½ tattha sam±na sa½v±s± ek³posath±ti, aya½ tesu nad²-±d²su udakukkhepaparicchinn± s²m± sam±nasa½v±s±ceva ek³posath±c±’ti atthayojana½ katv± aya½ etesa½ nad²-±d²na½ antoyeva labbhati, na bahi, tasm± nadiy± v± j±tassare v± yattaka½ padesa½ pakativassak±le cat³su m±sesu udaka½ ottharati, samudde yasmi½ padese pakativ²ciyo osaritv± saŗµhahanti, tatopaµµh±ya kappiyabh³mi. Dubbuµµhik±le v± gimhe v± nad²j±tassaresu sukkhesupi s±-eva kappiyabh³mi. Sace pana sukkhe j±tassare v±pi½ v± khaŗanti vappa½ v± karonti, ta½ µh±na½ g±makhetta½ hoti. Y± panes± kappiyabh³m²ti vutt±, tato bahi udakukkhepas²m± na gacchati, antoyeva gacchati, tasm± tesa½ antoparisapariyantato paµµh±ya samant±-udakukkhepa paricchedo k±tabbo”ti vutta½. Gaŗµhipade pana ya½ majjhimassa purisassa samant± udakukkhep±ti pana etiss± nadiy± catuvagg±d²na½ saŖgh±na½ visu½ catuvaggakaraŗ²y±dikammakaraŗak±le s²m±paricchedadassanattha½ vutta½, tic²varena vippav±saparicchedadassanatthampi sattabbhantaras²m±ya paricchedadassana½ viy±ti ±cariy±, tasm± udakukkhepaparicched±bh±vepi antonadiya½ k±tu½ vaµµat²ti siddhan’ti likhita½. Tattha udakukkhepaparicched±bh±vep²’ti ida½ pada½ samantato udakukkhepena paricchinnan’ti mah±-aµµhakath±vacanena v± samant± udakukkhepaparicchedo k±tabbo’ti m±tik±µµhakath±ya kaŖkh± vitaraŗiyańca vuttavacanena v±, “tatth±pi hi majjhimapuriso na ń±yati, tath± sabbath±mena khipanan”ti v±, “etadatthameva hi v±lik±d²hi s²maparicchindanan”ti v± vimativinodan²vacanehi v± na sameti. Ganthak±ren±pi par³pav±davivajjanattha½ “aya½ amh±ka½ khant²”ti avatv±’acariy±’ti ańńakatt±re nidassitv± parato nigamane “ida½ sabba½ suµµhu vic±retv± garukule payirup±sitv± gahetabba½ yutta½ gahetabba½, itara½ cha¹¹etabban”ti vutta½ tasm± ańńesa½ ±cariy±na½ matena likhitanti daµµhabba½. Ańńath± tissopi saŖg²tiyo ±r³¼he aµµhakath±vacane ca kaŖkh±vitaraŗ²-vimativinodan²vacan±ni ca makkhetabb±ni bhaveyyu½, ganth±pi ańńamańńaviruddh± bhaveyyu½, bhagavat± pańńattasikkh±padampi s±vak±na½ matena paµisaŖkharitabba½ bhaveyya bhagavat± pańńattasikkh±pada½ pana na makkhetabba½, yath± pańńatteyeva vattitabba½ vakkhati hi vatthu½ j±nitv±pi majja½ pivato bhikkhussa p±cittiya½, s±maŗerassa pana j±nitv± pivato s²labhedo, na aj±nitv±ti vutta½ tattha k±raŗa½ maggitabba½, sikkh±pada pańńattiy± buddh±nameva visayatt± na v± maggitabba½, yath± pańńatteyeva vattitabban’ti tasm± samant± udakukkhep±ti pańńattasikkh±pad±nur³pa½ samantato udakukkhepena paricchinnanti v± udaka½ ukkhipitabbanti v± udakukkhepena pi paricchinn± s²m±tiv± samant± udakukkhepaparicchedo k±tabboti v± vuttadhammasaŖg±hakatther±na½ vacanameva pam±ŗa½ te hi buddhamatańńuno, idańca vacana½ bhagavato na paccakkhavacana½ n±pisaŖg±hakatther±na½ vacana½ athav± “ya½ majjhimassa purisassa samant± udakukkhep±”ti pana etiss± nadiy±…pe… sattabbhantaras²m±ya paricchedadassana½ viya s²maparicchedadassanattha½ vuttan’ti ±cariy± yasm± vadanti, tasm± udakukkhepaparicched±bh±vepi antonadiya½ k±tu½ vaµµat²ti siddhanti imiss± atthayojan±ya na dhammasaŖg±hakatther±pi paviµµh±, ganthak±ropi apaviµµho. Kasm±ti ce tissopi saŖg²tiyo ±r³¼hesu vinayaµµhakath±suceva tabbivaraŗabh³t±su silokaµ²k±su ca “udakukkhepena paricchinna½, udaka½ ukkhipitabba½, udakukkhepaparicchedo k±tabbo”ti ±din± bah³hi ±k±rehi udakukkhepaparicchedameva likhanti, tasm± dhammasaŖg±hakatther±pi appaviµµh±ti vińń±yati ganthak±ro pi par³pav±davivajjanattha½ “±cariy±”ti ańńakatt±re nidasseti, tasm± gantthak±ropi appaviµµhoti vińń±yati, idańca vacana½ kesańci ther±na½ attanomati, attanomatica n±mes± sabbadubbal±, sinerupabbatar±ja½ s±sapab²jena minento viya sabbańńubuddhena pańńattassa udakukkhep±ti sikkh±padassa attha½ vadant±na½ mah±kassapayasamoggaliputtatissapabhut²nańca tesa½ siss±nusiss±na½ mah±vih±rav±s²nańca vacana½ ko n±ma puggalo makkhetu½ sakkhissati, upasampad±dikammassa ca garukammatt± s±sanassa m³latt± ca garukeyeva µh±tabba½. “Ya½ majjhimassa purisassa samant± udakukkhep±”ti bhagavat± pańńatta½, katha½ majjhimassa purisassa udakukkhep±rahaµµh±nameva udakukkhepas²m±, ud±hu udakukkhepeneva udakukkhepas²m±ti codana½ pariharanto aµµhakath±cariyo katha½ pana udaka½ ukkhipitabbanty±dim±ha. Tattha kathanti kathetukamyat± pucch±, katha½ kena k±raŗena udaka½ ukkhipitabba½ udak±sińcanasaŖkhepena ukkhipitabba½ atha kho le¹¹ukhipanad±rugu¼akhipan±k±rena ukkhipitabbanti attho. Akkhadhutt±ti s±mańńena vuttepi “s²ho g±yati naŖguµµha½, s²ho c±leti v±ladhin”ti ettha viya d±rugu¼a½ khipanti saddantarasannidh±nato atthavasena d±rugu¼ak²¼ak± dhuttajan±ti vińń±yati akkhasaddo hi j³tepi nir³¼ho. D±rugu¼anti bhama½ ±ropetv± ±raggena katad±ruvikati ayańhetthattho… yath± akkhadhutt± d±rugu¼ak± dhuttajan± d±rugu¼a½ hatthena gahetv± attano bala½ dassent± viya sabbath±mena att±na½ onamitv± khipanti, evameva th±mamajjhimena purisena udaka½ v± v±lika½ v± hatthena gahetv± attano bala½ dassent±viya onamitv± sabbath±mena nisinnassa v± µhitassa v± parisapariyantato anupariy±yitv± khipitabba½, eva½ citta½ udaka½ v± v±lika½ v± yattha yasmi½ µh±ne patati, ayameko udakukkhepo n±m±ti “ayameko udakukkhepo”ti imin± padena dvinna½ saŖgh±na½ visu½visu½ kammakaraŗ±dhik±re s²mantarikatt± ańńass±pi udakukkhepassa sambhava½ dasseti, teneva m±tik±µµhakath±ya½ “sace pana dve saŖgh± visu½visu½ uposath±dikamma½ karonti, dvinna½ udakukkhep±na½ antare ańńo eko udakukkhepo upac±ratth±ya µhapetabbo”ti vutta½, vimativinodaniyampi “tassa antoti tassa udakukkhepaparicchinnassa µh±nassa anto na kevalańca tasseva anto, tato bahipi ekassa udakukkhepassa anto µh±tu½ na vaµµat²ti vacana½ udakukkhepaparicchedassa dubbij±nato kammakopasaŖk± hot²”ti vutta½, s±ratthad²paniya½ pana “tassa anto hatthap±sa½ vijahitv± µhito kamma½ kopet²ti imin± paricchedato bahi yattha katthaci µhito kamma½ na kopet²ti d²pet²”ti vatv± m±tik±µµhakath±vacanampi paµikkhipi, ta½ ekasaŖgha½ sannip±ta½ sandh±ya vuttanti daµµhabba½, yath± ca mah±s²m±ya khaŗ¹itv± baddh±na½ khaŗ¹as²m±na½ ańńamańńasaŖkaravivajjanattha½ s²mantarik± µhapit±, evameva attano sabh±vena g±mas²m± viya saya½ j±tas²m±ya½ nad²samuddaj±tassar±na½ atimahantabh±vena udakukkhepena udakukkhepas²m± bhagavat± anuńń±t±, tath±pi dvinna½ baddhas²m±namiva ańńamańńasaŖkaravivajjanattha½ dvinna½ udakukkhepas²m±na½ antare s²mantarikatth±ya ańńo udakukkhepo µhapetabbo’ti vutta½, sanimitt± baddhas²m±, sa-udakukkhep± udakukkhepas²m±, s²mantarik± viya eko udakukkhepo daµµhabbo, teneva vimativinodaniya½ “idańcettha s²mantarik±vidh±na½ dvinna½ baddhas²m±na½ s²mantarik±-anuj±nanasutt±nulomato siddhanti daµµhabban”ti vutta½, ekasmi½ saŖghasannip±te pana ekassa udakukkhepassa bahi tiµµhantopi kamma½ na kopet²ti daµµhabba½ vuttańhi vimativinodaniya½ bhagavat± nid±navasena ekag±mas²manissit±na½ ekasabh±g±nańca dvinna½ baddhas²m±nameva ańńamańńa½ sambhedajjhottharaŗa½ s²mantarika½ vin± abyavadh±ne µh±nańca bhagavat± anumatamev±ti ńatv± aµµhakath±cariy± idh±pi s²mantarik±vidh±namaka½su visabh±gas²m±nampi hi ekas²manissitatta½ ekasabh±vattańc±ti dv²haŖgehi samann±gate sati eva s²mantarika½ vin± µh±na½ sambhed±ya hoti, n±sat²ti daµµhabban’ti. Eva½ nad²samuddaj±tassaresu samant±-udakukkhep±ti pańńattasikkh±pad±nur³pa½ udakukkhepena pariccheda½ dassetv± rassapabhave nad²j±tassarapadese udakukkhepena vin±va attano sabh±vena g±mas²m±yamiva sabbath± kappiyabh±va½ dassetu½ sace pana n±tid²gh± hoti, pabhavato paµµh±ya ty±dim±ha. Tattha pabhavato paµµh±y±ti yasmi½ padese catum±saparam± nad² sandati, tassa uparimabh±gato paµµh±y±ti attho. Y±va mukhadv±r± ti y±va nad²t²ramevettha mukhadv±r±ti adhippet±. Sabbatth±’ti sabbasmi½ nad²padese udakukkhepas²m±kamma½ natth² ti udakukkhepena pavatt± s²m± udakukkhepas²m±. Karitabbanti kamma½, karakaraŗeti dh±tu, rammapaccayo. Karaŗeti manodv±rav²thiy± sattamakusalajavanacittasamuµµh±pitav±yodh±tuy± vik±rabh³to k±yapayogo, tena k±yapayogena khipitabba½ uddhaµa½ kammanti vuccati paramatthavasena pana k±yapayogasaŖkh±t±ya citta½ jav±yodh±tuy± vipph±rena desantarappattisamuµµh±pik± aµµhakal±papuńj±yeva. Udakukkhepas²m±ya kamma½ udakukkhepas²m±kamma½ ta½ ettha rassapabhavanadiy± natth²ti attho. Ayańhetthattho sace nad² n±tid²gh± hoti a¹¹hayojana½ v± g±vuta½ v± a¹¹hag±vuta½ v±, tass± pavattanaµµh±nato paµµh±ya y±va nad²t²r± sabbattha nad²padese ajjhottharitv± saŖgho nis²dati, tattha tasmi½ nad²padese samantato avasesanadiy± abh±v± vaggakammasaŖk±bh±vena udakukkhepas²m± kamma½ natthi, keval± nad² s²m±yev±ti s±ratthad²paniyampi m±tik±µµhakath±yal²natthappak±saniyampi etadeva sanniµµh±na½ vutta½ vimativinodaniya½ pana yattha khuddake arańńe mahantehi v± bhikkh³hi paripuŗŗat±ya vaggakammasaŖk±bh±vena sattabbhantaras²m±pekkh± natthi, tattha satthabbhantaras²m± na uppajjati, keval±rańńas²m±yeva tattha saŖghena kamma½ k±tabba½ nad²-±d²supi eseva nayo vakkhati hi sace nad² n±tid²gh± hoti, pabhavato paµµh±ya y±vamukhadv±r± sabbattha saŖgho nis²dati, udakukkhepas²m±kamma½ natth²’ti ±di ca ubhayatth±pi ca. Yassa½ dis±ya½ sattabbhantarassa v± udakukkhepassa v± ok±so nappahoti, tattha katha½ minana½ khipana½ v± bhaveyya, g±makhett±d²su pavisanato akhette s²m± paviµµh± n±m±tis²m± vipajjeyya, apekkh±ya s²muppattiya½ pana yato pahoti, tattha sattabbhantara-udakukkhepas²m± sayameva paripuŗŗ± j±yanti. Yato pana nappahoti, tattha attano khettappam±ŗeneva j±yanti, na bah²ti vutta½, ettha ca’s²m±pekkh±ya sattabbhantara-udakukkhepas²m± sayameva paripuŗŗ± j±yant²’ti vuttatt± udakukkhepa½ vin±yeva apekkh±ya s²m±ya udakukkhepas²m± uppajjat²’ti attha½ vadanti, ta½ ayuttar³pa½ viya dissati. Kasm±ti ce p±¼inayavirodhato vimativinodaniya½ parato vuttavacanen±pi virodhato ca. Idańca vacana½ ±cariyassa kesańci puggal±na½ v±dappak±sanattha½ vutta½ bhaveyya. Kasm± parato vuttavacanena aghaµiyatt± ca p±¼iyaµµhakath±µ²k±vacanehipi virujjhanato ca, ta½ parato vaŗŗayiss±ma. Yath± ca loke vati½ aparikkhipitv± “ida½ vatiy± µh±nan”ti ca yath± ca naŖgalakoµiy± akasitv± “ida½ kasikaµµh±nan”ti ca yath± ca vatthu½ karont± manuss± kudh±r²pharasu-±din± rukkhe acchinditv± “ida½ mama kudh±ripatanaµµh±nan”ti ca yath± ca d±ttena al±yitv± “ida½ mama l±yitaµµh±nan”ti ca na sakk± vattu½, evameva udaka½ v± v±lika½ v± hatthena akhipitv± “ayameko udakukkhepoti ca, udakapatanaµµh±nanti ca na sakk± vattu½. Ettha ca dve bhikkh³ eva½ viv±da½ karonti vimativinodaniya½ “yattha khuddake arańńe mahantehi bhikkh³hi paripuŗŗat±ya vaggakammasaŖk±bh±vena sattabbhantaras²m±pekkh± natthi, tattha sattabbhantaras²m± na uppajjati, keval±rańńas²m±yeva tattha saŖghena kamma½ kattabba½ nad² ±d²supi eseva nayo. Vakkhati hi sace nad² n±tid²gh± hoti. Pabhavato paµµh±ya y±va mukhadv±r± sabbattha saŖgho nis²dati, udakukkhepas²m±kamma½ natth²’ti-±di½, imin± eva vacanena vaggakammaparih±rattha½ s²m±pekkh±ya sati eva udakukkhepas²m± sattabbhantaras²m± uppajjanti, n±sat²ti daµµhabban’ti vuttatt± udakukkhepa½ vin±va parisapariyantato paµµh±ya s²m±pekkh±ya saheva udakukkhepas²m± uppajjati tasm± udakukkhepena payojana½ natthev±ti te eva½ vattabb± “m± sappuris± eva½ vadeyy±tha ±cariyavarańca m± abbh±cikkhatha idańca vacana½ ±cariyavarassa neyyavacana½, paratopi ±cariyavaro sanniµµh±na½ vakkhati vinayaµµhakath±suceva s±ratthad²paniyańca vuttavacanehipi tava vacana½ asa½sandeva, vimativinodaniyameva parato vuttavacanen±pi na ghaµiyati. Katha½ neyyavacana½ hot²ti. “S²m±pekkh±ya sati eva…pe… nassat²”ti ettha s²m±pekkh±ya vin± maggagamananh±n±di atthehi bhikkh³hi arańńe v± nad²-±d²supiv± paviµµhakkhaŗeyeva nuppajjati, s²m±pekkh±ya sati-eva arańńe samant± sattabbhantar±’ti pańńattasikkh±pad±nur³pa½ abbhantaras²m± uppajjati’nad²samuddaj±tassaresupi majjhimassa purisassa samant± udakukkhe’p±ti pańńatta sikkh±pad±nur³pa½ udakukkhepena saha udakukkhepas²m± uppajjati, na udakukkhepena vin±ti aya½ neyyattho. N±sat²ti-ettha udakukkhepena vin±ti atthopi na labbhate. Evańca sati vimativinodaniya½ yeva puna tatth±ti lokavoh±rasiddh±su et±su nad²-±d²su t²su abaddhas²m±su punavaggakammaparih±rattha½ s±sanavoh±rasiddh±ya abaddhas²m±ya pariccheda½ dassentoti adhipp±yo. P±¼iya½ “ya½ majjhimassa purisass±”ti ±d²su udaka½ ukkhipitv± khipiyati etth±ti udakukkhepo, udakassa pathanok±so, tasm± udakukkhep±. Ayańhettha padasambandhavasena attho… “parisa pariyantato paµµh±ya samant± y±va majjhimassa purisassa udakukkhepo udakapatanaµµh±na½, t±va ya½ ta½ paricchinna½ µµh±na½, aya½ tattha nad²-±d²su apar± sam±nasa½v±s± udakukkhepas²m±”ti vutta-atthapadehipi sam±na½ bhaveyya ±cariyameva hi kecipana samant± abbhantara½ minitv± paricchedakaraŗeneva s²m± sańj±yati, na sayamev±ti vadanti, ta½ na gahetabbhanty±din± keciv±da½ paµikkhipitv± minanakhipane dosa½ dassetv± ca ya½ panettha abbhantaraminanappam±ŗassa v±lik±dikhipanakammassa ca dassana½, ta½ saya½j±tas²m±na½ µhitaµµh±naparicchedadassanattha½ kata½, g±m³pac±raghar³pac±raj±nanattha½ le¹¹usupp±dikhipanavij±nanadassana½ viya, teneva m±tik±µµhakath±ya½ s²ma½ v± bandhanti udakukkhepa½ v± paricchedan’ti vutta½, eva½ katepi tassa paricchedassa pabhavato ń±tu½ asakkuŗeyyattena th³lato ńatv± antotiµµhantehi nir±saŖkaµµh±ne µh±tabba½ ańńa½ bahikarontehi atid³re nir±saŖkaµµh±ne pesetabbanti v±, tasm± yath± vuttas²m±pekkhavaseneva t±sa½ sattabbhantara-udakukkhepas²m±na½ uppatti, tabbigamena vin±so ca gahetabboti amh±ka½ khanti, v²ma½sitv± gahetabba½, ańńo v± pak±ro ito yuttataro gavesitabbo’ti ±ha. V²ma½sitv± gahetabba½. Ańńo v± pak±ro ito yuttataro gavesitabbo’ti imin± ±cariyassa vacanena imassa vacanassa attanomatibh±vańca ±cariyassa apaµisambhid±pattabh±vańca dasseti. Idańca vacana½ na bhagavato paccakkhavacana½, n±pidhammasaŖg±hakatther±na½ vacana½, tissopi saŖg²tiyo an±r³¼h±, n±pi aµµhakath±ya sa½vaŗŗan±cariyassa v±dappak±sanameva tasm± asallakkhitabbameva s±ratthad²paniyampi sace nad² n±tid²gh± hot²ti imiss± sa½vaŗŗan±dhik±re udakukkhepas²m± kamma½ natth²ti yasm± sabbopi nad²padeso bhikkh³hi ajjhotthaµo, tasm± samantato nadiy± abh±v± udakukkhepena payojana½ natth²’ti vutta½ tath± hi samantato nadiy± abh±v± udakukkhepena payojana½ natth²’ti-imassa anvayavasena v± atth±pattivasena v± samantato nadiy± bh±ve sati udakukkhepena payojana½ attheva vaggakammaparih±ratthanti attho labbhate m±tik±µµhakath±ya l²natthappak±saniyampi “samant± udakukkhepaparicchedo k±tabboti pahonakaµµh±na½ sandh±ya vutta½ yattha pana kunnadiya½ nappahoti. Tattha pahonakaµµh±ne udakukkhepaparicchedo k±tabbo’tivutta½. Udakukkhepaparicchedo k±tabbo’ti imin± vacanena s²m±pekkh±ya saha udakukkhepa½ vin± attano sabh±veneva nuppajjat²ti vińń±yati, tath± hi udakukkhepaparicchedake katt±re asati katha½ udakukkhepaparicchedo k±tabbo bhaveyya tasm± “vaggakammaparih±rattha½ s²m±pekkh±ya sati eva udakukkhepasattabbhantaras²m± uppajjanti, n±sat²’ti ida½ vacana½ s±ratthad²paniyańca m±tik±µµhakath±yańca vuttavacanehi ańńamańńaviruddha½ viya dissati vimativinodaniya½yeva ca “mahoghena pana unnataµµh±nato ninnaµµh±ne patantena khato khuddako v± mahanto v± lakkhaŗayutto j±tassarova etth±pi khuddake udakukkhepakicca½ natthi samudde pana sabbath± udakukkhepas²m±yameva kamma½ k±tabba½, sodhetu½ dukkaratt±”ti vutta½ tath± hi ayam±cariyavaro pubbe “vaggakammaparih±rattha½ s²m±pekkh±ya sati eva udakukkhepasattabbhantaras²m± uppajjanti, n±sat²”ti vatv± parato katham±cariyavarena “etth±pi khuddake udakukkhepakicca½ natthi”ty±divacanamuccate, tatth±ya½ viggaho udaka½ ukkhipitv± khip²yati etth±ti udakukkhepo udakassa patanok±so kintu½, µh±na½ karitabba½ kicca½ kara karaŗeti dh±tu riccapaccayo ya½. “Ajjeva kicca½ ±tappan”ti yath±, udakukkhepassa kicca½ karaŗa½ udakukkhepakicca½. Samudde pan± ti ettha pana saddo visesattho, pakkhantaratthotipi apare visesatthe pana nad²j±tassaresu mahantesu udakukkhepas²m±yameva k±tabba½, khuddake pana kevale nad²j±tassarepi k±tabba½ samudde pana visesato udakukkhepas²m±yameva k±tabbanti aya½ pana saddassa visesattho. Sabbath± ti sabbena sabba½. Udakukkhepas²m±yamev± ti ettha evak±ro sanniµµh±nattho, udakukkhepas²m±yameva kamma½ k±tabba½, na samuddas²m±ya kad±c²ti attho yujjateva. Nad²j±tassaresu pana mahantesu udakukkhepas²m±ya k±tabba½, khuddake nad²j±tassareyeva na k±tabbanti aya½ attho s±matthiyato labbhateva nad²j±tassaresu khuddakamahantabh±vena nad²j±tassara-udakukkhep±ti dve dve s²m± labbhanti samudde pana kasm± samudda-udakukkhepavasena dve na labbhant²ti samudde pana kasm± samudda-udakukkhepavasena dve na labbhant²ti codana½ manasisandh±y±ha “sodhetu½ dukkaratt±”ti. Tattha sodhetu½ dukkaratt± ti samuddassa atimahantabh±vena samuddamotiŗŗe bhikkh³ hatthap±sanayana½ v± bahisamuddakaraŗa½ v± k±tu½ atidukkara½ tasm± sabbath± sabbena sabba½ udakukkhepas²m±yameva k±tabbanti ayam±cariyavarassa adhipp±yo. Yadi vaggakammaparih±rattha½ s²m±pekkh±ya sati eva udakukkhepas²m± uppajjeyya, eva½ sati samuddamotiŗŗe bhikkhusam³heva hatthap±sato bahi kareyya, evańca sati sodhetu½ dukkaratt±’ti hetupadampi niratthaka½ bhaveyya na paneva½ sakk± vattu½, tena ń±yati “vaggakammaparih±rattha½ udakukkhepapayojanan”ti. Apica tesa½ ±cariy±na½ adhipp±yena “maya½ udakukkhepas²m±ya na karoma, kevala½ samuddeyeva karom±”ti iccham±ne sati katha½ karissanti. Tasm± tesa½ matena s²m±pekkh±ya saheva udakukkhepas²m±ya sambhavato gatagataµµh±ne udakukkhepas²m± bhaveyya evańca sati “samudde pana sabbath± udakukkhepas²m±yameva kamma½ k±tabba½, sodhetu½ dukkaratt±”ti vacanampi niratthaka½ bhaveyya evańca pana vadeyya… sabbaso samuddas²m±ya alabbham±nata½ sandh±ya “samudde pan±”ty±divacana½ ±cariyavarena vuttanti tath±pi na vattabba½ kasm± evańca atthe iccham±ne sati “samudde pana sabbattha udakukkhe pas²m±va labbhat²”ti vattabba½ siy± naneva½ vutta½. Athav± pakaraŗ±divasena saddatthe vibhajj²yam±nepi virujjhateva katha½ sa½yogavasena “savaccha½ dhenum±neh²”ti vutte “g±v²”ti vińń±yati, na va¼av±. “Avaccha½ dhenun”ti vutte g±v²ti vińń±yati, na va¼av±ti ettha viya kad±cipi evasaddena nivattetabbassa samuddassa nadiyamiva n±tid²ghabh±ve alabbham±ne sati “samudde pana sabbath± udakukkhepas²m±yameva kamma½ k±tabban”ti evak±rena avattabba½ siy±, tath± hi sa½yogavippayogavasena “savaccha½ dhenu½, avaccha½ dhenun”ti vutte g±v²ti vińń±yati, na va¼av±. Va¼av± ca n±ma yonimaggassa atisamb±dhatt± vij±yitu½ na sakkonti, gabbhassa pariŗatak±le kucchi½ ph±letv± ±jańńapotaka½ gaŗhanti eva½ ekagabbheneva maranti tasm± “va¼ava½ savacchan”tiv± avacchan”ti v± vattu½ n±rahati evameva kad±cipi n±tid²ghasamuddassapi anupalabbham±natt± ta½ nivatt±pakena evasaddena “samudde pana sabbath± udakukkhepas²m±yameva kamma½ k±tabban”ti apadisitu½ n±rahatiyeva tasm± udakukkhepena s²m± uppajjat²ti niµµhametth±va gantabba½ tena vutta½ “evańca atthe iccham±ne sati samudde pana sabbath± udakukkhepas²m±va labbhat²ti vattabba½ siy± na paneva½ vuttan”ti tena ń±yati vaggakammaparih±rattha½ v±lik±d²hi khipananti apica vimativinodaniya½yeva “gacchantiy± pana n±v±ya k±tu½ na vaµµati. Kasm± udakukkhepamattameva hi s²m±, ta½ n±v± s²ghameva atikkameti eva½ sati ańńiss± s²m±ya ńatti, ańńiss± anus±van± hot²”ti imassa sa½vaŗŗan±dhik±re tanti s²ma½. S²ghameva atikkamet²ti imin± ta½ anatikkamitv± anto eva parivattam±n±ya k±tu½ vaµµat²ti dasseti. Etadatthameva hi v±lik±d²hi s²m±paricchindana½. Itarath± “bahiparivatt± nukho no v±”ti kammakopasaŖk± bhaveyya. Ańńiss± anus±van±ti keval±ya nad²s²m±ya anus±van±’ti ±cariyavarena vutta½. Yadis² m±pekkh±ya saha attano sabh±vena udakukkhepas²m± uppajjeyya, eva½ sati n±v±ya gatagataµµh±ne samantato sabh± viya parikhipitv± udakukkhepas²m± uppajjeyya, uppajjam±nepi ca ańńiss± anus±van±ti ca apar±ya udakukkhepas²m±ya anus±van±ti vattabba½ bhaveyya na paneva½ vutta½ ath±pi vadeyya “paµhamotiŗŗaµµh±neyeva s²m±pekkh± hoti, gatagataµµh±ne natth²”ti, tampi vacana½ ayuttameva. Kasm± y±va kamma½ na nipphanna½, t±va s²m±pekkh±ya vin± asambhavato tena ń±yati “vaggakammaparih±rattha½ udakukkhepa½ vin± s²m±pekkh±ya saheva attano sabh±vena udakukkhepas²m± nuppajjat²”ti niµµhametth±va gantabba½ tasm± n±v±ya kamma½ karontehi thiratara½ katv± n±va½ agaman²ya½ katv±va k±tabba½. S±ratthad²paniyampi “gacchantiy± pana n±v±ya k±tu½navaµµat²ti ettha udakukkhepa½ anatikkamitv± parivattam±n±ya k±tu½ vaµµat²ti veditabban”ti vutta½. Evańca pana vadeyya “y±va paris± va¹¹hati, t±va s²m±pi va¹¹hati parisapariyantato udakukkhepoyeva pam±ŗanti vinayaµµhakath±ya½ vuttatt± parisavasena va¹¹ham±n± udakakhipana½ vin±yeva va¹¹hati upac±ras²m± viya tasm± udakukkhepena payojana½ natthev±”ti. Ta½ nu, ayańhetthattho… udakukkhepas²m± n±mes± va¹¹ham±n± parisavaseneva va¹¹hati baddhas²m±ya½ pana va¹¹ham±n± sam³havasena va¹¹hati. Kasm± parisavasena va¹¹ham±n± parisapariyantato udakukkhepo k±tabboti. Apare eva½ vadanti pubbe udakukkhepoyeva pam±ŗa½, puna udakukkhepakicca½ natthi, kathinatthatas±µakad±nakammav±c±viya tath± hi kathinatthatas±µakad±nak±le vuttakammav±c± ek±yevavaµµati, atthateyeva kathine puna varas±µaka½ labhitv± kammav±c±ya d±nakicca½ natthi evameva etth±pi pubbe udakukkhepoyeva pam±ŗa½, puna udakukkhepakicca½ natth²ti te upac±ras²m±yamiva mańńitv± vadanti upac±ras²m±yańhi puris±ya nisinnaµµh±nameva upac±ras²m±bh±vena va¹¹hati idha pana parisapariyantato udakukkhepappam±ŗena va¹¹hatiyeva na udakukkhepa½ vin±va ijjhate “katha½ pana udaka½ ukkhipitabba½ yath± akkhadhutt± d±rugu¼a½ khipanti, eva½ udaka½ v± v±lika½ v± hatthena gahetv± th±mamajjhimena purisena sabbath±mena khipitabba½, yattha eva½ khitta½ udaka½ v± v±lika½ v± patati, ayameko udakukkhepo”ti aµµhakath±vacana½ bhindanti n±ma. Kimiv±ti ce, ye pana “kammameva kammakaraŗa½ karoti, natthi nirayap±l±”ti vadanti, te “atthi bhikkhave niraye nirayap±l±”ti devad³tasutta½ bhindanti viy±ti. Evańcapana vadeyya ye udakukkhepena saha ijjhanti, tepi “sacepi hi bhikkhusahassa½ tiµµhati, tassa µhitok±sassa b±hirantato paµµh±ya bhikkh³na½ vaggakammaparih±rattha½ s²m±pekkh±ya uppann±ya t±ya saha sayameva sańj±t± sattabbhantaras²m± sam±nasa½v±sak±ti adhipp±yo. Yattha pana khuddake arańńe mahantehi v± bhikkh³hi paripuŗŗat±ya vaggakammasaŖk±bh±vena sattabbhantaras²m±pekkh± natthi, tattha sattabbhantaras²m± na uppajjati, keval±rańńas²m±yameva tattha saŖghena kamma½ k±tabba½ nad²-±d²supi esevanayo”ti vimati vinodaniya½ vuttavacana½ bhindanti n±m±ti. Ta½ na, tena no k± h±ni evampi amh±ka½ v±de koci virodho na vijjateva. Kasm±ti ce, ime dve saddaracan±pi asambandh±va bhinnalakkhaŗ± bhinnavisay± cet± s²m±. Katha½ saddaracan± asambandh±. Yath± arańńe tattha sattabbhantaras²m± na uppajjati, keval±rańńamev±ti vuccati, eva meva “nadiy±pi sabbattha saŖgho nis²dati, udakukkhepas²m± nuppajjat²”ti avatv± “udakukkhepas²m± kamma½ natth²”ti kriy±par±masanavasena vutta½. Karitabba½ kamma½. Ki½ ta½, khipana½. Evampi saddaracan± asambandh±va. “Vaggakammaparih±rattha½…pe… udakukkhepas²m± sattabbhantaras²m± uppajjati, n±sat²”ti ettha “n±sat²”ti imassa udakukkhepena vin±p²ti atthopi yujjateva. Kasm±ti ce “s²m±pekkh±ya sati-ev±”ti imin± anulomanayavasena “s²m±pekkh±ya asati nuppajjat²”ti attho yujjateva. Kecipana “samant± abbhantara½ minitv± paricchedakaraŗeneva s²m± sańj±yati, na sayamev±”ti vadanti ta½ na gahetabba½. Yadi hi…pe… yath± cettha, eva½ udakukkhepas²m±yapi nad²-±d²supi tatth±pi hi majjhimapuriso na ń±yati, tath± sabbath±mena khipananti imin±pi vacanena ±cariyavarassa udakukkhepena saheva s²m±pekkh±ya sati udakukkhepas²m± uppajjati, n±sat²ti adhipp±yo ń±yati. Katha½ bhinnalakkhaŗ±, g±mas²masattabbhantara-udakukkhepas²m± kińc±pi abaddhas²mas±mańńena sam±n±, na pana sam±nalakkhaŗ± tath± hi “asammat±ya bhikkhave s²m±ya aµµhapit±ya ya½ g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± upaniss±ya viharati, y± tassa g±massa v± g±mas²m±, nigamassa v± nigamas²m±, aya½ tattha sam±nasa½v±s± ek³posath±”ti imasmi½ sikkh±pade khuddako v± mahanto v± sabbopi g±mapadeso g±mas²m±ti anuńń±t±, na sattabbhantaras²m±ya viya samant± le¹¹up±tukkhepena anuńń±t± abbhantaras²m±yapi ag±make ce arańńe ya½ niss±ya viharati, tassa arańńassa arańńas²m±ti n±nuńń±t± tath± nad²samuddaj±tassaresupi g±mas²m±yamiva sabbo nad²samuddaj±tassarapadeso nad²samuddaj±tassa ras²m±ti evameva na anuńń±t± tath± abbhantaras²m±yamiva samant± sattabbhantar±ti v± n±nuńń±t± evamim± g±mas²masattabbhantara-udakukkhepas²m± bhinnalakkhaŗ±, tasm± bhagavat± pańńattasikkh±pad±nus±reneva g±mas²m±yapi khuddako v± mahanto v± sabbo g±mapadeso g±mas²m±va hoti, sattabbhantaras²m±yapi “samant± sattabbhantar±”ti pańńattasikkh±pad±nus±rena samant± sattabbhantaras²m± s²m±pekkh±ya saha sayameva uppajjat²”ti minan±minanavic±raŗ± pana niratthak±va tath± udakukkhepas²m±yapi “majjhimassa purisassa samant± udakukkhep±”ti pańńattasikkh±pad±nur³pa½ udakukkhepena saheva uppajjat²ti natthi khipan±khipana vic±raŗ±ya payojananti. Katha½ bhinnavisay± sattabbhantaras²m± arańńavisay±, udakukkhepas²m± nad²samuddaj±tassaravisay±, evampi et± g±mas²masattabbhantara-udakukkhepas²m± bhinnavisay±va tasm± “nad²-±d²su eseva nayo”ti vuttepi sattabbhantaras²m± apekkh±ya saheva attano sabh±veneva sattabbhantaras²m± uppajjati yath±. Evameva udakukkhepas²m±yapi apekkh±ya saha udakukkhepa½ katv±va vaggakammaparih±rattha½ udakukkhepas²m± uppajjati, na vin±ti sanniµµh±na½ k±tabba½. Nanu ca m±tik±µµhakath±ya½ paricchedabbhantare hatthap±sa½ vijahitv± µhitopi, paricched± bahi ańńa½ tattaka½yeva pariccheda½ anatikkamitv± µhitopi kamma½ kopeti, ida½ sabba-aµµhakath±su sinniµµh±nan’ti vuttavacane navirujjhat²ti ce. Ta½ na, m±tik±µµhakath±ya½ “sace pana dvesaŖgh± visu½visu½ uposath±dikamma½ karonti, dvinna½ udakukkhep±na½ antare ańńo eko udakukkhepo upac±ratth±ya µhapetabbo”ti dvinna½ saŖgh±na½ visu½ visu½ kammakaraŗ±dhik±re vuttatt±. S±ratthad²paniyampi “tattha ańńa½ tattaka½yeva pariccheda½ anatikkamitv± µhitopi kamma½ kopet²ti ida½ neva p±¼iya½, na aµµhakath±ya½ upalabbhati. Yadi ceta½ dvinna½ saŖgh±na½ visu½visu½ uposath±dikammakaraŗ±dhik±re vuttatt± udakukkhepato bahi ańńa½ udakukkhepa½ anatikkamitv± uposath±dikaraŗattha½. Żhito saŖgho s²m±sambhedasambhavato kamma½ kopet²ti imin± adhipp±yena vutta½ siy±. Eva½ sati yujjeyya, teneva m±tik±µµhakath±ya½ l²natthappak±saniya½ ańńa½ tattaka½yeva paricchedanti dutiya½ udakukkhepa½ anatikkamantopi kopeti. Kasm±, attano udakukkhepas²m±ya paresa½ udakukkhepas²m±ya ajjhotthatatt± s²m±sambhedo hoti, tasm± kopet²’ti “ida½ sabba-aµµhakath±su sanniµµh±nan”ti ca imin± adhipp±yena vuttanti gahetabba½. Sabb±supi aµµhakath±su s²m±sambhedassa anicchitatt± teneva attano ca ańńesańca udakukkhepaparicchedassa antar± ańńo udakukkhepo s²mantarikatth±ya µhapetabboti vutta½. Ańńe panettha ańńath±pi papańcenti, ta½ na gahetabban’ti vatv± paµikkhitta½. Tassa “antohatthap±sa½ vijahitv± µhito kamma½ kopet²”ti imin± paricchedato bahi yatthakatthaci µhito kamma½ na kopet²ti d²pet²ti s±ratthad²pan²vacanen±pi ekasmi½ saŖghasannip±te paricchedato bahi ańńa½ tattaka½yeva pariccheda½ anatikkamitv± µhitopi kamma½ na kopet²ti veditabbameta½ s±ratthad²paniya½yeva imamattha½ da¼hikaraŗavasena udakukkhepappam±ŗ± s²mantarik± suvińńeyyatar± hoti, s²m±sambhedasaŖk± ca na siy±ti s±micidassanattha½ ańńo udakukkhepo s²mantarikatth±ya µhapetabbo’ti vutta½. Yattakena pana s²m±sambhedo na hoti, tattaka½ µhapetu½ vaµµatiyeva, ten±hu por±ŗ± “yattakena s²masaŖkaro na hoti, tattakampi µhapetu½ vaµµati. Khuddaka½ pana na vaµµat²”ti idampi udakukkhepas²m±ya parisavasena va¹¹hanato s²masambhedasaŖk± siy±. Ta½ niv±raŗatthameva vuttanti.