“Ye ca jan± garubhaº¹a½ sa½vidh±ya avaharu½. Dhuranikkhepo ca hoti, p±r±jikaman±pann±, pañh±mes± kusalehi cintit±”ti.
Aya½ pañh± saªghikabh³mithenake bhikkhu sandh±ya vutt±, tattha hi paccuppannasaªghassa dhuranikkhepena c±tuddisikasaªghassa dhuranikkhep±bh±vato avah±ro natth²ti. Aya½ l±bhasim±ya vic±raº±.
G±mas²m±nigamas²m±nagaras²m± pana p±kaµ±yeva. T±sa½ pana viseso eva½ veditabbo yasmi½ pana padese ±paºameva atthi, na p±k±raparikkhitta½ p±k±raparikkhittameva v± atthi na ±paºa½ aya½ padeso g±mo n±ma. Yasmi½ pana µµh±ne g±moyeva atthi, na pana ±paºap±k±r± santi, aya½ padeso nigamo n±ma. Yattha pana ±paºampi atthi p±k±raparikkhittampi, aya½ padeso nagara½ n±ma. Aya½ padeso n±g±ravanti etth±ti vacanatthena r±j³na½ v± mah±matt±na½ v± niv±sanayogyaµµh±natt± nagaranti vuccati. Lokiyasatthe pana.
“Vicittadev±yatana½, p±s±d±paºamandira½;
nagara½ dassaye vidv±, r±jamaggo pasobhitan”ti.
Vutta½. Eva½ g±manigamanagar±na½ visesa½ ñatv± g±moyeva g±mas²m±, nigamoyeva nigamas²m±, nagarameva nagaras²m±ti t±sa½ vacanattho veditabbo. Tattha ya½ padesa½ asammat±ya bhikkhave s²m±ya aµhapit±ya ya½ g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± upaniss±ya viharati, y± tassa g±massa v± g±mas²m± nigamassa v± nigamas²m±, aya½ tattha sam±nasa½v±s± ek³posath±’ti anuññ±ta½, tasmi½ padese sabbopi v± g±mapadeso. Yampi ekasmi½yeva g±makhette eka½ padesa½ “aya½ visu½ g±mo hot³”ti paricchinditv± r±j± kassaci deti sopi visu½g±mas²m± hotiyeva tasm± s± ca itar± ca pakatig±managaranigamas²m± baddhas²m±sadis±yeva honti. Kevala½ pana tic²varavippav±saparih±ra½ na labhanti. Ettha ca apare eva½ vadanti, “r±j± pasenad²kosal±dayo pokkharas±tipabhut²na½ dakkhiºodakap±tanavasena denti viya brahmadeyyavasena dinnameva visu½ g±mas²m± hoti, na ±yamattassa, chejjabhejjassa anissaratt±”ti ta½ na paneva½ daµµhabba½, chejjabhejjassa r±j±rahatt± tath± hi lokavoh±rasaªketavasena aya½ padeso imassa g±massa paricchedo”ti issarehi kataparicchinnameva pam±ºa½ hoti. Yadi chejjabhejjakaro bhaveyya, r±j±tveva saªkhya½ gacchati. Sopi g±madeso nagararajjas²m± bhaveyya, na pana g±mas²m±mattameva, tenev±ha samantap±s±dik±ya vinayaµµhakath±ya “yattake padese tassa g±massa g±mabhojak± bali½ labhanti, so padeso appo v± hotu mahanto v±, g±mas²m±tveva saªkhya½ gacchati. Nagaranigamas²m±supi eseva nayo”ti. Aya½ g±ma nigamanagaras²m±na½ vic±raº±.
Abbhantaras²m± n±ma ya½ paµapadesa½ ag±make bhikkhave araññe samant± sattabbhantar±, aya½ tattha sam±nasa½v±s± ek³posath±’ti anuññ±t± abbhantaras²m± n±ma. Tattha samant± sattabbhantar±ti yasmi½ viñjh±µavisadise araññe bhikkhu vasati, athassa µhitok±sato samant± puratthim±ya sattabbhantar± pacchim±ya sattabbhantar± dakkhiº±ya sattabbhantar± uttar±ya sattabbhantar±ti samant± sattabbhantar±. Vinibbedhena cuddas± ti puratthimapacchimavasena cuddasabbhantar±, dakkhiºuttaravasenapi cuddasabbhantar±ti eva½ nibbedhena cuddasa cuddasa katv± samant± aµµhav²sati abbhantar± honti. Ettha ca eka½ abbhantara½ aµµhav²sati hatthappam±ºa½ hoti, tasm± puratthim±ya sattabbhantare channavutisatahatthappam±ºa½ hoti, eva½ dakkhiºuttarapacchimesup²ti sabba½ sampiº¹etv± catur±s²tisattasatahatthappam±ºa½ hoti. Parimaº¹alavasena pana sabba½ chasattati-ekasatuttar±ni ca eka½ sahassañca hoti. Pakati-ayanavasena minite pana–
“Pañcahattho mato daº¹o, v²sadaº¹o usabho;
ath²ti-usabh± g±v², catug±v² yojanan”ti.
Vuttatt± ayanavasena vinibbedhe cuddasabbhantare dvehatth±dhika-aµµhasattati hoti. Sabba½ aµµhav²sati abbhantara½ sampiº¹etv± catuhatth±dhikachappaññ±suttara ekasata½ hoti. Parimaº¹alavasena pana chahatth±dhikacatuti½suttaradvesat±ni honti, usabhavasena pana vinibbedhena cuddasa abbhantare dvehi ³n±ni catt±ri usabh±ni ca dveratanañca honti. Sabba½ sampiº¹etv± aµµhav²satiy± abbhantare caturatanañca so¼asa ayan±ni adhik±ni satta usabh±ni honti. Parimaº¹alavasena pana charatanañca cuddasa-ayan±ni ca adhik±ni ek±dasa usabh±ni honti. Ayamettha s±rato vinicchayo. Keci pana abbhantarasadda½ hattharatanav±caka½ parikappetv± eva½ vadanti majjhe µhitassa samant± satta vinibbedhena cuddas±’ti vuttatt± puratthim±ya satta hatth± dakkhiºuttarapacchimesupi satta satta hatth±ti katv± eva½ nibbedhena cuddasa hatth± honti. Sabba½ sampiº¹etv± aµµhav²satihattha½ abbhantaranti ta½ tesa½ matimattameva, na s±rato paccetabba½. Kasm± aµµhakath±ya½ tattha eka½ abbhantara½ aµµhav²satihatthan’ti vuttatt±. Yadi tesa½ matena sabba½ sampiº¹etv± aµµhav²satihatthabbhantara½ bhaveyya, aµµhakath±ya½ tattha abbhantara½ n±ma aµµhav²satihatthappam±ºa½ hoti, majjhe µhitassa samant± sattavinibbedhena cuddas± hont²’ti vattabba½ bhaveyya, na paneva½ vutta½, tasm± ta½ tesa½ matimattamev±ti daµµhabba½. Tattha ayañhetthattho tattha tatth±’ti niddh±raºe bhumma½. Ekanti gaºanaparicchedo. Abbhantaranti paricchinnaniddeso, niyamitaparid²pana½ v±. Aµµhav²satihatthappam±ºanti paricchinditabbadhammasamud±yaniddeso tattha tesu samant± sattabbhantaresu eka½ abbhantara½ n±ma aµµhav²satihatthappam±ºa½ hot²ti attho daµµhabbo. Ettha pana saªkhy± kathetabb±. S± duvidh± parim±ºaminanavasena. Tattha parim±ºa saªkhy± eva½ veditabb± catasso muµµhiyo eko ku¹uvo. Catt±ro ku¹uv± eko pattho, catt±ro patth± eko ±¼hako. Catt±ro ±¼hak± eka½ doºa½, catt±ri doº±ni ek± m±nik±. Catasso m±nik± ek± kh±r². V²sati kh±rik± eko v±ho. Tadeva eka½ sakaµanti suttanip±taµµhakath±d²su vutta½. S±ratthad²paniya½ pana nava v±hasahass±n²ti ettha catasso muµµhiyo ku¹uvo, catt±ro ku¹uv± eko pattho, catt±ro patth± eko ±¼hako. Catt±ro ±¼hak± eka½ doºa½, catt±ri doº±ni ek± m±nik±, cattasso m±nik± ek± kh±r². V²satikh±rik± eko v±ho. Tadeva eka½ sakaµanti suttanip±taµµhakath±d²su vuttan’ti vatv± “idha pana dve sakaµ±ni eko v±hoti vadant²”ti likhita½ paccantavoh±rena minite pana saµµhisata½ eko v±hoti rañño dhamm±sokassa s³vak±hatas±liy± minite pana paccantavoh±rena v²s±dhikatisata½ hoti eko v±hoti vadanti. Minana saªkhy± pana eva½ veditabb±. Tath± hi–
“Chatti½sa param±º³na½, aºumattanti vuccati;
chatti½ sa-aºumatta½, tajj±r²ti pavuccati.
Chatti½ samatt±tajj±r², rathareºupam±ºa½;
chatti½sa rathareº³ ca, ek± likkh±ti vuccati.
Sattalikkh± ca ek³k±, satt³k± dhaññam±sako;
sattadhaññaªguli ek±, vidatthi dv±dasaªguli.
Dve vidatthitu ratana½, sattahattha½ ekayaµµhi;
v²sayaµµhitu usabha½, usabh±s²ti g±vuta½;
g±vut±ni catt±ri, meruyojananti vuccat²”ti.
Vuttatt± ek± rajo param±ºu atisukhum± acakkhuviññeyy±, sar²rampi ghanaselamaya½ sinerupabbatar±jampi vinijjhitv± gat±. Tass± chatti½saparim±ºa½ eko-aºu tajj±ritassa chatti½saparim±ºa½ ek±rathareºu. Tass± chatti½saparim±ºa½ ekalikkh±. Sattalikkh± ek± ³k±. Satta ³k± eka½ dhañña½. Sattadhañña½ ek± aªguli, dv±dasa-aªguli ek± vidatthi. Dve vidatthi ekaratana½. Sattahattha½ ekayaµµhi, v²sayaµµhi ek± usabh±, as²ti usabh± g±vuta½. Catt±ri g±vut±ni meruyojananti vuccati. Tattha aºurajo ki¼añjakuµµachidd±d²su v±te pahaµak±le s³riy±lokesu dissati. Tajj±r² pana sakaµamagg±d²su dakkhiºav±ma pass±d²su dissati Rathareºu pana tass± all²yanaµµh±nesu dissati. Likkh± pana ati-o¼±rik± p±kaµ± hoti. Aya½ meru-ayanavasena vutta½.

Aparampi

“Dasa kes± ekatila½, chatila½ yavaka½ bhave;
catuyavañca aªguli, pañcadasa ekap±dan”ti.
Vuttatt± dasa kes± ekatila½ n±ma. Chatila½ eka½ yava½ n±ma. Catuyava½ eko aªguli n±ma. Pañcadasaªguliyo eko p±doti vuccati. Ida½ t²su vedesu ±gatavasena vutta½.

Aparampi

“Dasa kes± ekatila½, chatila½ yavaka½ bhave;
catuyavañca aªguli, aµµhaªguli ek± muµµhi, ratana½ timuµµhi bhave”ti.
Vuttatt± dasakes± eka½ tila½ n±ma. Chatila½ eka½ yava½ n±ma. Catuyava½ ek±-aªguli n±ma. Aµµhaªgula½ ek±muµµhi. Trimuµµhi ekaratana½. Pañca ratan±ni ekodaº¹o. V²sati daº¹±ni eko-usabho. As²ti usabh± ek± g±v². Catasso g±viyo ekayojananti vutta½, tenev±ha.
“Pañcahattho mato daº¹o, v²sadaº¹o ca usabho;
as²ti usabh± g±v², catug±v² ca yojanan”ti.
Ida½ pakati-ayanavasena vutta½. Cakkav±¼a-ayanayojanavasena pana
“Sattahattho mato daº¹o, v²sadaº¹o ca usabho;
as²ti usabh± g±v², catug±v² ca yojanan”ti vutta½.

Aparampi.

“Dasa kes± ekatila½; chatila½ eka½ yava½;
catuyava½ ekaªguli; aµµhaªgula½ ek±muµµhi;
trimuµµhi ekaratana½, aµµhav²satiratana½ eka½abbhantaranti.
Vutta½. Tenev±ha “tattha eka½ aµµhav²satihattappam±ºa½ hot²”ti. Ettha ca ag±make ceti ettha ak±ro kataratthoti, tath± hi ak±ro.
Paµisedhe vuddhitabbh±ve, aññatthe sadisepica;
viruddhe garahe suññe, ak±ro viraha’ppake’ti.
Vuttesu dissati tath± hi ajanetv± ti-±d²su paµisedhe dissati. “Aparih±n²y± dhamm±”ti ±d²su vuddhimhi. “Anavajja½ bhante”ti ±d²su tabbh±ve akkhar±’ti ±d²su aññatthe. “Amaru r±j±”ti-±d²su sadise. “Amalan”ti ±d²su viruddhe. “Aseµµhoya½ br±hmaºo abrahmac±r²”ti ±d²su garahe. “Ag±mo”ti ±d²su suññe. “Apatik±ya½itth²”ti ±d²su virahe. “Atha n±ya½ kaññ±”ti ±d²su appake. Idha pana suññe virahe v± daµµhabbo. Suññatthena pana ag±make nimanusse keval±raññeti attho. Virahattho v± ag±make g±mavirahite padeseti attho daµµhabbo. Teneva suññatthena virahatthena “ag±make”timin±padena g±manad²j±tassarasamudde muñcitv± ya½ anavasesa½ heµµh± pathav²sandh±raka-udakampi-udakasandh±rako v±topi ajaµ±k±sampi, tath± y±va uparibrahmaloka½ up±d±ya sabba½ asurayakkhasur±di-±k±saµµhakadevabrahmavim±n±nipi araññantveva saªgahit±. Nad²samuddantaresupi macchabandh±na½ agamanapatho d²pako v± pabbato v±, sopi araññas²m±tveva saªkhya½ gacchati, tasm± aya½ sattabbhantaras²m± nimanusse keval±raññe pathav²maº¹alepi devaloke vim±nakapparukkh±d²supi labbhateva. Pathaviya½ pana yasmi½ g±makhette heµµh± pathaviy± yattha v± suvaººamaºi-±d²ni khaºitv± gahetu½ sakkonti, ta½ padesa½ g±makhettameva. Tato par± y±va pathav²sandh±raka-udak± ajaµ±k±sepi labbhateva. Nanu chak±m±vacara devalokesupi devavim±nakapparukkhag±manigam±dayopi attheva. Atha kasm± “araññ±”ti kathit±ti amanuss± v± satt± j±tibhinnatt± ca te ag±m±yeva, teneva “nimanussamhi araññamh²”ti vutta½. Tiracch±navatthusmimpi “n±go v± hotu supaººam±ºavak±d²na½ v± aññataro antamaso sakka½ devar±j±na½ up±d±ya yo koci amanussaj±tiko sabbova imasmi½ atthe tiracch±nagatoti veditabbo”ti vutta½, tasm± j±tibhinnat±ya amanuss±v±so araññanti veditabbo. Abbhantaras²m±ya vic±raº±.