L±bhas²m± n±ma ya½ g±ma½ v± nigama½ v± pokkharaŗ²ta¼±kavan±dika½ v± ya½ ya½ padesa½ saŖghassa catuccappayatth±ya r±jar±jamah±mattehi paricchinditv± µhapit±, es± l±bhas²m± n±ma. Neva samm±sambuddhena anuńń±t±, na dhammasaŖgahakattherehi µhapit±, api ca kho l±bhad±yakehi µhapit±va. M±tik±µµhakath±ya l²natthappak±saniyampi l±bhas²m±ti ya½ r±jar±jamah±matt±dayo vih±ra½ k±retv± g±vuta½ v± a¹¹hayojana½ v± yojana½ v± samant± paricchinditv± “aya½ amh±ka½ vih±rassa l±bhas²m±, ya½ etthantare uppajjati, ta½ sabba½ amh±ka½ vih±rassa dem±”ti µhapenti, aya½ l±bhas²m± n±m±’ti vutta½. Imasmi½ l±bhas²m±dhik±re rańńo mah±cetiyad±yakassa divaŖgatak±lato ekasmi½ sa½vacchare at²te tassa jeµµhaputtassa dhammarańńo k±le ²disa½ puńńa½ bh³tapubba½. Yadi hi r±jar±jamah±matt±d²su yo koci yassa vih±rassa y±ni ta¼±kakhettavatth±d²ni datv± ta½ sahitavih±ra½ puggalassa deti, eva½ sati ki½ tassa puggalassa ta½ sahitavih±ra½ puggalikabh±vena paµiggahetu½ vaµµati, ud±hu saŖghikabh±venev±ti ta¼±kakhettavatth±divirahito pana kevalo puggalikavih±ro ańńesa½ damm²ti adatv± puggale mate saŖghiko hoti, ud±hu puggalikoyev±ti. Tatr±ya½ vissajjan±, yadi hi r±jar±jamah±matt±d²su yokoci vih±rassa ta¼±kakhett±vatth±d²ni deti, eva½ sati paµikkhipitu½ na vaµµat²tidaµµhabba½ tena vutta½ vinayaµµhakath±ya½ “ima½ ta¼±ka½, ima½ khetta½, ima½ vatthu½ vih±rassa dem±ti vutte paµikkhipitu½ na labbhat²”ti. “P±s±dassa d±si½, d±sa½, khetta½, vatthu½, gomahi½sa½ dem±ti vadanti, p±µekka½ gahaŗakicca½ natthi, p±s±de paµiggahite paµiggahitameva hot²”ti ca. Vinayavinicchayapakaraŗe ca.
“Khettavatthuta¼±ka½ v±, dema go-ajik±dika½;
vih±rass±ti vuttepi, nisedhetu½ na vaµµat²”ti.
Khuddasikkh±pakaraŗe ca “khett±d²ni vih±rassa, vutte damm²ti vaµµat²”ti vutta½. “Vih±rassa dem±”ti cettha saŖghikavih±rasseva, na puggalikavih±rass±ti daµµhabba½, tath± hi vutta½ vimativinodaniya½ vih±rassa dem±ti saŖghikavih±ra½ sandh±ya vuttanti. “P±s±dass±”ti ca s±mańńena vuttepi “tena kho pana samayena vis±kh± mig±ram±t± saŖghassa atth±ya s±¼inda½ p±s±da½ k±r±petuk±mo hoti hatthinakhakan”ti imasmi½ vatthusmi½ p±s±daparibhogassa anuńń±tatt± saŖghika½yeva p±s±da½ sandh±ya vuttanti vińń±yati tath± hi vutta½ vimativinodaniya½ sabba½ p±s±daparibhogan’ti. P±¼iy± aµµhakath±ya vaŗŗan±dhik±re “suvaŗŗarajat±divicitr±n²”ti-±di saŖghikasen±sana½ sandh±ya vutta½. Puggalika½ pana suvaŗŗ±divicitra½ bhikkhussa sampaµicchitumeva na vaµµati, “na kenaci pariy±yena j±tar³pajata½ s±diyitabban”ti vuttatt±, tenevettha aµµhakath±ya½ saŖghikavih±re v± puggalikavih±re v±ti na vuttan’ti. “Bhikkh³na½ dhammavinayavaŗŗanaµµh±ne”ti vuttatt± saŖghikameva suvaŗŗ±dimaya½ sen±sana½ sen±sanaparikkh±r± ca vaµµanti, na puggalik±n²ti gahetabbanti ca, tasm± ta¼±kakhettavatth±disahitavih±ro saŖghikoyeva hoti, na puggalikoti vinayakovidehi daµµhabbo. Sace pana r±jar±jamah±matt±d²su yokoci ta¼±kakhettavatth±disahita½ vih±ra½ puggalassa ta½ sahitavih±rabh±vam±rocetv± deti, eva½ sati puggalassa saŖghikavih±rabh±veneva paµiggahetu½ vaµµati, na puggalikavih±rabh±ven±ti daµµhabba½. “Kasm±, vih±rassa dem±”ti vatv± dinn±na½ ta¼±kakhettavatth±d²na½ saŖghasseva vaµµam±natt±. Tenev±ha vimativinodaniya½ “vih±rassa dem±ti vutta½ saŖghassa vaµµati, na puggalassa, khett±di viya daµµhabban”ti. Tatr±ya½ yojan± vih±rass±dem±ti vatv± dinna½ khett±di saŖghassa vaµµati, na puggalassa, eva½ vih±rassa dem±ti vutta½ suvaŗŗ±divicitta½ akappiyamańca½ saŖghassa vaµµati, na puggalass±ti daµµhabbanti. SaŖghasseva kappiyavoh±rena khett±d²ni paµiggahetu½ vaµµati, tath± hi vutta½ vimativinodaniya½ “catt±ropaccaye paribhuńjat³ti deti vaµµat²ti-ettha bhikkhusaŖghassa catupaccayaparibhogatth±ya ta¼±ka½ damm²ti v± bhikkhusaŖgho catt±ro paccaye paribhuńjitu½ ta¼±ka½ damm²ti v± ito ta¼±kato uppanne catt±ro paccaye damm²ti v± vuttampi vaµµati. Idańca saŖghassa diyyam±nańńeva sandh±ya vutta½, puggalassa pana evampi dinna½ ta¼±kakhett±di na vaµµati. Suddhacittassa pana udakaparibhogattha½ k³papokkharaŗ²-±dayo vaµµanti. SaŖghassata¼±ka½atthi, ta½kathanti-±din±hisabbattha saŖghassavaseneva vuttanti. “Khett±dayo pana sabbesaŖghasseva vaµµanti, p±¼iya½ puggalikavasena gahetu½ ananuńń±tatt±ti daµµhabban”ti ca. Puggalassa pana puggal±nańca khettavatth±d²ni kappiyavoh±ren±pi paµiggahetu½ na vaµµati. Evańcakatv± vimativinodaniya½ “khettavatth±d²nipi kappiyavoh±ren±pi puggal±na½ gahetu½ na vaµµati, tath± anuńń±tatt±ti vińń±yati khettavatthupaµiggahaŗ± paµivirato hot²”ti ±din± hi paµikkhitt±su ekasseva puggalikavasena gahaŗe ananuńń±te taditar±na½ tath±gahetabbat± siddh±va hot²’ti vutta½, tasm± ta¼±kakhettavatth±disahitassa vih±rassa saŖghikabh±veneva paµiggahetabbat± siddh± hot²ti daµµhabb±. Aya½ paµhamapańhe vissajjan±.
Ta¼±kakhettavatth±divirahita½ pana vih±ra½ puggalikabh±ven±pi paµiggahetu½ vaµµati. So ca vih±ro tasmi½ puggale j²vante puggaliko hoti. Ańńesa½ damm²ti adatv± mate avissajjan²yo avebhaŖgiyo, saŖghikoyeva hot²ti daµµhabbo. Yath±ha, bhikkhussa bhikkhave k±laŖkate saŖgho s±mi pattac²vare. Api ca gil±nupaµµh±k± bah³pak±r±, anuj±n±mi bhikkhave saŖghena tic²varańca gil±nupaµµh±k±na½ d±tu½. Ya½ tattha lahubhaŗ¹a½ lahuparikkh±ra½, ta½ sammukh²bh³tena saŖghena bh±jetabba½. Ya½ tattha garubhaŗ¹a½garuparikkh±ra½ ta½ ±gat±n±gatassa c±tuddisassa saŖghassa avissajjiya½ avebhaŖgiyanti. Vinayaµµhakath±yańca “tasmi½ j²vante puggaliko, mate saŖghikoyev±ti ańńesa½ adatv± µhapitaparikkh±r±pi tattha saŖghasseva honti. Dvinna½ santaka½ hoti avibhatta½, ekasmi½ k±laŖkate itaro s±mi. Bah³na½ santakepi eseva nayo, sabbesu matesu saŖghika½ hot²”ti vutta½.
Ettha ca ya½ tattha garubhaŗ¹an’ti ±d²su garubhaŗ¹a½ n±ma r±sivasena pańcavidha½, sar³pavasena pana pańcav²satividha½ hoti, tasm± matakasantakabh³tass±pi vih±rassa garubhaŗ¹abh±vo veditabbo, ten±ha aµµhakath±ya½ “ya½ tattha lahubhaŗ¹a½ ya½ tattha garubhaŗ¹an”ti.
Iti pańcahi r±s²hi, pańcanimmalalocano;
pańcav²savidha½ n±tho, garubhaŗ¹a½ pak±say²ti.
Ettha vih±rassa garubhaŗ¹abh±vo veditabbo. Aya½ dutiyapańhe vissajjan±.
Aya½ ha½s±vatiy± p±mokkhamah±ther±na½ vissajjan±. R±mańńaraµµhav±sino pana mah±ther± puggalikabh±ven±pi paµiggahetabbamev±ti vadanti, tath± ja½m±yaraµµhav±sinopi mah±ther±, tath± s³n±parantaraµµhav±sinopi mah±ther± tath± isinagarav±sinopi mah±ther± puggalikabh±vena paµiggahaŗe doso natth²’ti vadanti tesa½ mah±ther±na½ ayamadhipp±yo l±bhas²m±n±mes± neva samm±sambuddhena anuńń±t±. Na dhammasaŖg±hakattherehipi µhapit±. Api ca kho puńńatthikehi l±bhad±yakehi µhapit± tasm± puńńatthik± r±jar±jamah±matt±dayo vih±ra½ k±r±petv± tassa vih±rassa l±bhatth±ya padesa½ paricchinditv± µhapenti “ya½ etthantare uppajjati, ta½ sabba½ amh±ka½ vih±rassa dem±”ti. Ta½ pana vih±ra½ attano rucitassa yassakassaci puggalassa “ima½ vih±ra½ tuyha½ dammi, tava vih±ro hot³”tiv± attano ruciy± deti sopi puggalo “anuj±n±mi bhikkhave pańcaleŗ±ni vih±ran”ti ±din± anuńń±tavih±rameva paµiggaŗh±ti, bhagavato anuńń±tavih±ramattasseva paµiggahitatt±ti. Tasmi½ vih±re khettavatth±d²ni atth²ti ce. “Khettavatthupaµiggahaŗ± paµivirato hot²”ti ±din± ya½ khett±divatthupaµiggahaŗa½ paµikkhitta½, tassa khett±divatthussa appaµiggahitatt± vih±ramattameva hi paµiggahite tappaµibaddh± khett±divatthusmi½ uppannac²vara piŗ¹ap±tagil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±r±pi tasseva puggalassa kappiyabh±veneva pavattanti, puggalassa paµiggahaŗe v± paribhutte v± doso natthi, bhagavat± eva anuńń±tassa kappiyapaccayassa paribhuńjitatt±. Sutta½ ±har±ti ce, “anuj±n±mi bhikkhave sabba½ p±s±daparibhogan”ti. Nanu ca vis±kh± mig±ram±t± saŖghasseva atth±ya s±¼inda½ p±s±da½ hatthinakhakanti. Sacca½, tath±pi puggalo saŖghapariy±panno saŖghassa p±s±daparibhoge anuńń±te tadantogadhassapi puggalassa anuńń±tameva hoti. Ańńath± puggale antovih±re nisinnoyeva saŖgho tasmi½ yeva vih±ras²me kamma½ karontopi kammakopo na bhaveyya, avagg±rahatt±ti vakkhati ca s±ratthad²paniya½ “anuj±n±mi bhikkhave sabba½ p±s±daparibhogan”ti vacanato puggalikepi sen±sane se n±sanaparibhogavasena niyamita½ suvaŗŗaghaµ±dika½ paribhuńjitu½ vaµµam±nampi kevala½ attano santaka½ katv± paribhuńjitu½ na vaµµat²”ti, imin±pi vacanena puggalikavih±rassapi sabbakappiyabh±vo vińń±yati “anuj±n±mi bhikkhave sabba½ p±s±daparibhogan”ti ń±pakassa dassanato. Suvaŗŗaghaµ±dikanti ettha ±disaddo mariy±dattho, pak±rattho v±, tena rajatah±rak³µa-j±tiphalik±d²ni akappiyaghaµ±ni suvaŗŗarajatah±rak³µa j±tiphalik±dibh±janasarav±d²ni ca sen±sanaparikkh±r±ni saŖgaŗh±ti, t±ni bhikkhussa parikkh±rabh±vena na vaµµanti tath± d±sid±sagomahi½s±pi, tath± khett±divatthumpi bhikkhussa attano santakabh±vena paµiggahetu½ na vaµµanti, vih±rassa pana paµisedhetabba½ natthi, sabbasaddassa dassanato tenev±ha samantap±s±dik±ya vinayaµµhakath±ya “sen±sane pana dv±rakav±µa v±tap±nakav±µ±d²su sabba½ ratanamayampi vaŗŗamaµµhakamma½ vaµµati. Sen±sane kińci paµisedhetabba½ natthi ańńatra viruddhasen±san±”ti, imin± µhapetv±’g±mańca g±m³pac±rańc±’ti ettha viruddhasen±sana½ µhapetv± sabbakappiy±kappiya½ vih±rassa kappati, kińci-appamattakampi paµisedhetabba½ n±ma natth²ti vińń±yati, tenev±ha vinayavinicchaye.
“Khettavatthu ta¼±ka½v±, dema go-ajik±dika½;
vih±rass±ti vuttepi, nisedhetu½ na vaµµat²”ti.
Nanuca vih±rassa dem±ti saŖghikavih±ra½ sandh±ya vuttanti vimativinodaniya½ vuttanti. Vutta½ ettha hi ±cariyassa-adhipp±yena bhavitabba½ “khettavatt±d²nipuggalikavih±rassa dem±”ti vutte “na kappati up±sak±”ti paµikkhipitabba½. Kasm± puggalo tassa vih±rassa s±mi, vih±rassa dinne puggalassa dinnameva hoti, eva½ sati ca “khettavatthupaµiggahaŗ± paµivirato hot²”ti ±din± vuttasikkh±padena k±retabbata½ ±pajjati. SaŖghikavih±rassa pana na paµikkhipitabba½. Kasm± so puggalo tassa saŖghikavih±rassa anissaro. C±tuddisa½ saŖgha½ uddissa dinna½ ya½kińci khuddaka½ v± mahanta½ v± padesa½ acchinditv± gaŗhantassapi p±r±jiko na hoti, sabbasseva c±tuddisikassa saŖghassa dhuranikkhepassa asambhavato tasm± saŖghikavih±rassa dinne paµikkhitte saŖghassa l±bhantar±yakaro hot²ti. Imamevattha½ sandh±ya vih±rassa dem±ti saŖghikavih±ra½ sandh±ya vuttan’ti vutta½ bhaveyya, na puggalikabh±ven±pi paµiggahetabbanti. Evańca sati s±mik±na½ dhuranikkhepen±’ti ettha ekassa santake ta¼±ke khette ca j±te tasseva dhuranikkhepena p±r±jika½. Yadi pana ta½ ta¼±ka½ sabbas±dh±raŗa½, khett±ni p±µipuggalik±ni, tassa ca dhuranikkhepe avah±ro. Atha khett±nipi sabbas±dh±raŗ±ni, sabbesa½ dhuranikkhepeyeva p±r±jika½, n±sat²ti daµµhabbanti vimativinodaniya½ vuttavacanena avirodho siy±, tath± hi khettavatth±disahitassa vih±rassa puggalikabh±vena akappiye sati. Katha½ puggalassa khettavatth±dikam±rabbha abhiyuńjabh±vo bhaveyya, evańca pana vadeyya “dhura½ nikkhipat²ti ettha ekassa santake ta¼±ke khette c±ti-ettha gihisantakameva sandh±ya vuttan”ti. Tath±pi na vattabba½. Kasm± “dhura½ nikkhipat²ti yad± pana s±miko aya½ thaddho kakkha¼o, j²vitabrahmacariyantar±yampi me kareyya, ala½ d±ni mayha½ imin±”ti padassa dissanato teneva “khett±ni p±µipuggalik±ni, tassa ca dhuranikkhepe”ti vimativinodaniya½ vutta½. Tath± “anuj±n±mi bhikkhave sabba½ p±s±daparibhogan”ti vacanato puggalikepi sen±sane sen±sanaparibhogavasena niyamita½ suvaŗŗaghaµ±dika½ paribhuńjitu½ na vaµµam±nampi kevala½ attano santaka½ katv± paribhuńjitu½ na vaµµat²”ti s±ratthad²paniya½ vutta vacanen±pi avirodho siy±, tath± “sen±sane kińci paµisedhetabba½ natthi ańńatra viruddhasen±sanan±”ti aµµhakath±vacanen±pi sa½sandameva. Tath± “ya½ bhikkhave may± ida½ na kappat²ti appaµikkhitta½, ta½ ce kappiya½ anulometi, akappiya½ paµib±hati, ta½ vo kappat²”ti imin± sutt±nulomenapisa½ndameva. Katha½ “anuj±n±mi bhikkhave pańcaleŗ±ni vih±ranty±”din± anuńń±tavih±rassa paµiggahitatth±. Tappaµibaddhac²var±dikappiyapaccayasseva paribhuńjitatt± ca vih±rapiŗ¹ap±tagil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±r±pi bhikkhussa sabbakappiy± kappiy±nulom± ca honti. Eva½ suttasutt±nuloma-±cariyav±da-attanomat²hi sa½sandanato ańńadatthu gaŖgodakena yamunodaka½ viya khettavatth±disahitavih±ro puggalikabh±ven±pi paµiggahetabboti kappiy± kappiy±ni vinayakovidehi daµµhabbo. Aya½ isinagarav±s²na½ mah±ther±na½ sam±navissajjan±.