P±liphullo mah±s±lo, ucco merunag³pamo;
parinibb±nak±lamhi, sambuddho iccamabravi.
M± tva½ ±nanda rodasi, m± tva½ ±nanda socasi;
ahamekova nibb±yi, dharanteva bah³ buddh±.
Sambuddh± catur±s²ti, sahass±ni im±ni te;
ovadissanti tva½ bhikkhu, katapuññosi hohisi.
Vare s±µµhakathe p±¼i, µhite sabbaññugocare;
nibbutopi sambuddho, asuññova paja½ ima½.
Ev±ha½ cintayitv±na, rattidiva½ atandito;
dharanteyeva sambuddhe, bhinnav±do avisayo.
Ta½ v±da½ bhindayitv±na, jahitv± vattanomati½;
vissajjissamaha½ d±ni, cira½ saddhammasuddhiy±ti.
Tattha s²mavisodhani s²mavipattijahana½ s²mavipatti½ pah±ya sampattilakkhaºappak±saka½ pakaraºa½ karissanti attho. Tattha s²m±ti pannarasavidh± s²m±. Katame pannarasa. Khaº¹as²m±, upac±ras²m±, sam±nasa½v±sas²m±, avippav±sas²m±, l±bhas²m±, g±mas²m±, nigamas²m±, nagaras²m±, abbhantaras²m±, udakukkhepas²m±, janapadas²m±, raµµhas²m±, rajjas²m±, d²pas²m±, cakkav±¼as²m±’ti. Tattha khaº¹as²m± n±ma pabbajjupasampad±d²na½ saªghakamm±na½ sukhakaraºattha½ mah±s²m±ya v± g±makhette v± khaº¹itv± paricchinditv± sammat±. Tass±vitth±ro µhama½ nimitt± kittetabb± ±din± dv±sattatippabhed±ya samantap±s±dik±ya vinayaµµhakath±ya mah±vagge vutto, idha vuttopi tatheva vutto bhaveyya, tasm± na vakkh±ma, duviññeyyaµµh±nameva kiñciµh±na½ n²haritv± p±kaµa½ kariss±ma. Tattha sace pana heµµh± uparimassa s²m±paricchedassa parato anto leºa½ hoti, bahi s²m± na otarati. Ath±pi uparimassa s²m±paricchedassa orato bahi leºa½ hoti, antos²m± na otarat²ti ime dve ekatth± byañjanameva n±na½. Ayañhetthattho-uparimassa s²m±paricchedassa orimabh±gato heµµh± pabbatap±de umaªgasaºµh±nena pabbatapasse vijjhitv± leºa½ hoti, s²m±paricchedassa parato leºe ca leºassa bahibh³te heµµh± pabbate ca bh³mibh±ge s²m± na otarati, leºassa upariyeva s²m± hot²ti. Tassa uparimassa s²m±paricchedassa orimabh±gato bahibh³te heµµh± pabbatap±de umaªgasaºµh±nena vijjhitv± pabbatapasse leºa½ ath±pi hoti, leºe ca leºassa parabh³te heµµh± pabbate ca bh³mibh±ge s²m± na otarati, leºassa uparibh±ge va s²m± hot²ti. Es± ca vic±raº± vimativinodaniyampi kat±. Anto ti pabbatassa anto, pabbatam³leti attho. Tameva antosadda½ s²m±paricchedena visesetu½ “uparimassa s²m±paricchedassa parato”ti vutta½. Pabbatap±da½ pana apekkhitv± “orato”ti vattabbepi s²m±nissaya½ pabbatagga½ sandh±ya “parato”ti vuttanti daµµhabba½ teneva bahileºanti ettha bahisadda½ visesento “uparimassa s²m±paricchedassa orato”ti ±ha. Bahi s²m± na otarat²ti ettha bah² ti pabbatap±deleºa½ sandh±ya vutta½. Leºassa bahibh³te upari s²m±paricchedassa heµµh±bh±ge s²m± na otarat²ti attho. Antos²m±ti leºassa ca pabbatap±dassa ca anto attano otaraº±rahaµµh±ne na otarat²ti attho. Bahi s²m± na otarat²ti attho, s²m± na otarat² ti cettha attano otaraº±rahaµµh±ne leºabh±vena s²m± sabbath± “anotaraºameva dassitanti gahetabba½. Tattha pi anotaraºanti upari-eva s²m± hot²”ti vimativinodan². Keci pana ve¼ususiro viya susirameva leºanti vadanti, ta½ ayutta½.
Upac±ras²m± n±ma g±m±raññanigam±divas± y±va brahmalok± tesa½ tesa½ satt±na½ niv±sagehassa v± devavim±nakapparukkh±d²na½ v± upac±r±rahaµµh±nameva upac±ras²m± te idha n±dhippet±, bhikkh³na½ avisayat±ya Ya½ pana padesa½ paricchinditv± pariveºa½ katv± p±k±r±diparikkhitta½ v± katv± aparikkhittepi upac±r±rahaµµh±na½ paricchinditv± v± yasmi½ padese bhikkh³ vasanti, ayameva upac±ras²m±ti adhippet±. Bhikkh³na½ vass³pagamanakathinatth±rakaraºaµµh±natt±, tath± hi “kathinatthatas²m±yan”ti upac±ras²ma½ sandh±ya vutta½, khandhas²m±ya tatrupp±d±bh±vatoti t²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½. Tatrupp±den± bhatanti vih±rasantakena khettavatthu-±din± ±bhata½ kiñci saªghika½ c²vara½ uppajjati, ta½ tesa½ kathinatth±rakabhikkh³na½ yeva bhavissat²ti yojan± k±tabb±. Khettavatthu-±din± ti ettha ±disaddena matakac²vara½ v± hotu sa½gha½ uddissa dinna½ v± saªghikena v± ti mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Tasmi½ upac±ras²me pavattac²vara½ sabba½ saªgaºh±ti, teneva “tena kho pana samayena aññatarena up±sakena saªgha½ uddissa vih±ro k±rito hoti, so tassa vih±rassa kate ubhatosaªghassa ak±lac²vara½ d±tuk±mo hoti. Tena kho pana samayena ubhatosaªghassa kathina½ atthata½ hoti. Atha kho so up±sako saªgha½ upasaªkamitv± kathinuddh±ra½ y±c²”ti imasmi½ vatthusmi½ ±nisa½sapasambhanattha½ kathinuddh±ra½ bhagavat± paññatta½, teneva thullanand± bhikkhun² ±nisa½sa½ appaµippassambhent± c²vara½ amh±ka½ bhavissat²ti kathinuddh±ra½ paµib±hi, tasm± kathinatthatas²m±ya½ anuddhaµe kathine y±va phagguºapuººam± pañca m±s± etthantare matakac²vara½ v± hotu c±tuddisa½ saªgha½ uddissa mat±na½ ñ±tijan±na½ v±, bhikkh±paññattiy± v± vih±ramah±dikiccena v± yenakenaci ±k±rena saªghika½ c²vara½ dinna½ hoti, ta½ sabba½ tesa½ kathinatth±rakabhikkh³na½yeva hoti. Chinnavass±na½ v± pacchimik±ya upagat±na½ v± tattha sampatt±na½ s²maµµhakabhikkh³na½ v± na hoti. Aj±nitv± ce gaºhanti d±tabbameva. Yadi ta½ c²vara½ taº¹ul±dikh±dan²yabhojana½ karoti, itaresampi hotiyeva. Kasm±ti ce ±nisa½sa vigatatt±. Teneva gaºap³raºavasena sampatt±na½ chinna½ vass±na½ v± pacchimik±ya upagat±na½ v± aññasmi½ vih±re vutthavassana½ v± kh±dan²yabhojan²y±d²ni p±puºanti. Kathinatthatas±µakassa d±nakammav±c± pana khaº¹as²m±yameva vaµµasi. Tasmi½ vih±re asati aññavih±re baddhas²m±ya v± udakukkhepas²m±d²su v± k±tabbameva.
Kasm±ti ce tasmi½ vih±re purimik±ya upagat± kathinatth±rakusal± na honti. Atth±rakusal± khandhakabh±ºakatther± pariyesitv± ±netabb±. Kammav±ca½ s±vetv± kathina½ atthar±petv± d±nañca bhuñjitv± gamissanti, ±nisa½so pana itaresa½ vahot²’ti. Aññas²maµµhakabhikkh³nampi kammav±ca s±vanassa aµµhakath±ya½ vuttatt±. Chinnavass±v± pacchimik±ya upagat± v± aññasmi½ vih±re vutthavass±pi v± purimik±ya upagat±na½ gaºap³raºamattameva labhanti, ±nisa½so itaresa½yeva hoti. Sacepi te chinnavass±dayo anumodenti, bhinno kathinatth±ro, ida½ aµµhakath±ya½ vic±rita½. Apare pana “kathinatthatas²manti upac±ras²ma½ sandh±ya vuttan”ti vuttatt± upac±ras²m±yameva kathinanatth±raka ñatti½ karonti, ta½ ayutta½, sodhetu½ dukkaratt±. Tath± hi upac±ras²m±yameva paviµµhag±mas²m±ya½ tattha otiººe bhikkh³ tattha p±s±nayana½ v± bahis²makaraºa½ v± ko sakkhissati. “Kathinatthatas²m±yan”ti imin±pipadena kathinatthatabh±voyeva vutto, na kathinatthatas±µakassa d±nakammav±c±, s± ca vic±raº± kammacatukkena d²petabb±. Tattha apalokanakamma½ ñattikamma½ ñattidutiyakamma½ ñatticatutthakammanti. Tattha apalokanakamma½ n±ma s²maµµhakasaªgha½ sodhetv± chand±rah±na½ chanda½ ±haritv± samaggassa saªghassa anumatiy± saªgha½ kittetv± “ruccati saªghass±”ti tikkhuttu½ anus±vetv± kattabba½ vuccati. Ñattikamma½ n±ma vuttanayeneva samaggassa saªghassa anumatiy± ek±ya ñattiy± kattabba½ kamma½. Ñattidutiyakamma½ n±ma vuttanayeneva samaggassa saªghassa anumatiy± ek±ya ñattiy± ek±ya ca anus±van±y±ti eva½ ñattidutiy±ya anus±van±ya kattabba½ kamma½. Ñatticatutthakamma½ n±ma vuttanayeneva samaggassa saªghassa anumatiy± ek±ya ñattiy± t²hi ca anus±van±h²ti eva½ ñatticatutth±hi t²hi anus±van±hi kattabba½ kamma½. Tattha apalokanakamma½ phalabh±janak±l±d²su lahukakammeyeva labbhati. Kathinatthatas±µakad±nepi anatthateyeva kathine tato bahu-±nisa½sac²varas±µaka½ labhitv± teneva s±µakena attharitabb±, puna kammav±c±ya d±nakicca½ natthi apalokanakammena saªghassa anumatiy± d±tabba½. Kathinatthatas±µakad±nakammav±c± ek± ce vaµµati. Puna kamma v±c±yakicca½ natthi. Ñattikamma½ pana dhammasaªg±hakak±le mah±kassapatther±d²hi attan±va att±na½ sammannanak±le lahukakammeyeva labbhati. Ñattidutiyakamma½ pana s²m±sammuti, s²m±sam³hana½, kathinad±na½, kathinuddh±ro, kuµivatthudesan±, vih±ravatthudesan±ti im±ni cha garukamm±ni apaloketv± k±tu½ na vaµµati. Ñattidutiyakammav±ca½ s±vetv±va k±tabba½. Ito paresu c²varavippav±sasammuti-±d²su ñattidutiyakammesu apaloketv±pi k±tabba½, lahukakammatt±. Ñatticatutthakamma½ pana id±ni upasampad±kamma½ id±ni catt±ri kamm±ni baddhas²m±ya v±, tasmi½ asati udakukkhepas²m±ya v± sodhetu½ asakkonte sati abaddhas²m±ya v± k±tabbameva. Apare eva½ vadanti “kuµivatthuk±ravih±ravatthuk±rak±le t±ni kuµivih±ravatth³ni katha½ s²maµµh± k±tu½ sakkhissanti, tasm± tattha tattheva kuµivih±rakaraºaµµh±neyeva k±tabban”ti, ta½ tesa½ vacanamattameva, na s±rato paccetabba½. Vatthupar±masanamevettha pam±ºa½, tath± hi saªghakuµivatthu½ olokenta½ y±catity±din± vatthupar±masana½ katv± heµµh± vatthuñattidose ca vipatti lakkhaºe ca vajjetv± ñattidutiyakammena sammatabhikkh³hi tattha kuµivih±raµµh±na½ gantv± oloketabba½ teneva p±¼iya½ “tehi sammatehi bhikkh³hi tattha gantv± kuµivatthu oloketabban”ti vutta½. Aññath± pattac²varavirahita½ puggala½ v± anupajjh±yaka½ v± katv± upasamp±dentehi “paripuººassa pattac²varan”ti v± “itthann±massa upasampad±pekkho, itthann±mena upajjh±yen±”ti kammav±c±ya s±vitepi kammassa asijjhana½ bhaveyya. Apare eva½ vadanti “s²m±sammutik±le pana kata½, tath± hi s²m±sammutik±le bhikkh³ tasmi½ yeva µh±ne µhatv± kammav±ca½ s±venti, tasmimpi µh±ne abaddhas²m±va hoti. Yadi baddhas²m± bhaveyya, s²majjhottharaºa½ v± s²masambhedo v± siy±”ti. Sacca½, tath±pi ta½ s²m±sammutiµµh±na½ bhujissa½ katv± s²masammutikammassakatatt± visu½g±me sammat±na½ bhikkh³na½ g±mas²me µhit± bhikkh³ kamma½ kopetu½ na sakkonti. Yadi s²masammutiµµh±na½ bhujissa½ katv±va s²ma½ sammanneyya, katha½ bhagavato dharam±nak±le chabbaggiy± bhikkhu yath±sukha½ s²ma½ sammannissant²ti na paneva½ daµµhabba½ tath± hi v±s±kh± mig±ram±t±pi navakoµ²hi bh³mi½ gaºhitv± pubb±r±ma½ n±ma mah± vih±ra½ k±resi, tath± an±thapiº¹iko kah±paºasanthatena jetassa r±jakum±rassa uyy±naµµh±na½ kiº±petv± gaºhitv± jetavana½ n±ma mah±vih±ra½ k±resi eva½ puññak±m± pariveºa½ katv± vih±ra½ karonti tasm± chabbaggiy± bhikkh³ yath±sukha½ s²ma½ bandhant²ti daµµhabbanti. Aya½ upac±ras²m±ya vic±raº±.
Sam±nasa½v±sas²m± n±ma diµµhis²las±maññasaªgh±tasaªkh±tehi bhikkhugaºehi uposath±disaªghakammena sam±na½ ek²bh±va½ hutv± vasitu½ sammat± s²m±. Avippav±sas²m± n±ma tic²varena vippavasitu½ sammat± s²m±, et± dves²m± tiyojanaparamat±yapi sambhavato mah±s²m± tipi n±ma½ labhanti, t±sa½ vic±raº± mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ sabbaso paripuººa½ katv± vutt±, tasm± idha na vakkh±ma vuccam±nampi avisesetv± vutta½ bhaveyya, tasm± na vakkh±ma.