“Phussass±ha½ p±vacane, s±vake paribh±sissa½;
yava½ kh±datha bhuñjatha, m±ca bhuñjatha s±lino.
Tena kammavip±kena, tem±sa½ kh±dita½ yava½;
nimantito br±hmaºena, verañj±ya½ vasi½ tad±ti”.
Tena vutta½ “dv±dasame verañj±ya½ ekav±sa½ vasi duccaritassa vip±ka½ anubhavam±no”ti. Terasame j±liyapabbate ekav±sa½ vasi. Catuddasame s±vatthiya½ an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me jetavanavih±re paµhamav±sa½ vasitv± pannarasame vasse ñ±tijanasaªgahattha½ kapilavatthu½ gantv± ekameva v±sa½ kappesi So¼asame vasse ±¼avakayakkhadamanattha½ agg±¼av²nagare ekav±sa½ vasi. Sattarasame vasse r±jagahameva nivattitv± v±sa½ kappesi. Aµµh±rasame vasse j±liyapabbatameva nivattitv± vasi. Ek³nav²satimepi vasse tattheva j±liyapabbatameva vasi. V²satime vasse r±jagahassa avid³re bh²sanake bhesakalavanasaº¹e v±sa½ kappes²”ti im±ni v²sati vass±ni paµhamabodh²ti veditabb±ni. Etasmi½ k±le ehibhikkh³pasampad±ya-eva upasamp±des²ti yebhuyyena bhagavanta½yeva uddissa ±cariyupajjh±ya½ katv± ehibhikkhu bh±vam±panne puññavantapuggaleyeva sandh±ya vutta½, aññesampi ariyabh±vaman±pann±na½ sudinn±d²na½ v± yamakap±µih±riye pas²ditv± ±yasmato s±riputtattherassa santike pabbajit±na½ pubbe kassapabuddhak±le vaggulibh³tapubb±na½ pañcanna½ bhikkhusat±na½ therasseva santike pabbajitabh±vassa dissanato tena vutta½ “bhagav± hi paµhamabodhiya½ etasmi½ k±le ehi bhikkh³pasampad±ya eva upasamp±des²”ti. Ito paresu pana pañcav²sativassesu an±thapiº¹ikena k±rite jetavanamah±vih±re ek³nav²sativass± v±sa½ vasi. Vis±kh±ya sattav²sati koµidhanaparicc±gena k±rite pubb±r±me chabbass±ni vasi. Dvinna½ kul±na½ guºamahatta½ paµicca s±vatthiya½ niss±ya pañcav²sati vass±ni v±sa½ vasi. Antime pana vasse be¼uvag±me vasitv± maraºantik± vedan± uppajji, ±yusaªkh±rossajjanañca tattha ak±si. Im±ni idha n±dhippet±ni, bhagavato vassakkamaj±nanattha½yeva vuttanti.
Saraºagaman³pasampad± n±ma “buddha½ saraºa½ gacch±mi”ty±din± tikkhattu½ v±ca½ bhinditv± vuttehi t²hi saraºagamanehi upasampanno.
Ov±dapaµiggahaº³pasampad± n±ma “tasm± tiha te kassapa eva½ sikkhitabba½ tibbameva hirottappa½ paccupaµµhita½ bhavissati theresu navesu majjhimesu c±ti, evañhi te kassapa sikkhitabba½ tasm± tiha te kassapa eva½ sikkhitabba½ ya½ kiñci dhamma½ soss±mi kusal³pasañhita½ sabbanta½ aµµhi½ katv± manasikatv± sabbameva cetaso samann±haritv± ohitasoto dhamma½ soss±m²ti, evañhi te kassapa sikkhitabba½ tasm± tiha te kassapa eva½ sikkhitabba½ s±tasahagata½ me k±yagat± sati½ na jahissat²ti evañhi te kassapa sikkhitabbanti imin± ov±dapaµiggaºena mah±kassapattherassa anuññ±ta-upasampad± n±ma.
Pañh±by±karaº³pasampad± n±ma sop±kassa anuññ±ta-upasampad±, bhagav± kira pubb±r±me anucaªkamanto sop±kas±maºera½ “uddhum±takasaññ±ti v± sop±ka r³pasaññ±ti v± ime dhamm± n±natth± n±n±byañjan±, ud±hu ekatth± byañjanameva n±nan”ti dasa-asubhanissite pañhe pucchi. So te by±k±si. Bhagav± tassa s±dhuk±ra½ datv± “kativassosi tva½ sop±k±”ti pucchi. “Sattavasso aha½ bhagav±”ti, “sop±ka tva½ mama sabbaññutaññ±ºena saddhi½ sa½sanditv± pañhe by±k±s²”ti ±raddhacitto upasampada½ anuj±n±ti, aya½ pañh±by±karaº³pasampad±.
Aµµhav±cik³pasampad± n±ma bhikkhuniy± bhikkhunisaªghato ñatticatutthena bhikkhusaªghato ñatticatutthen±ti imehi dv²hi kammehi upasampad±. Ñatticatutthakamm³pasampad± n±ma bhikkh³na½ etarahi upasampad±, ayameva idh±dhippet±, sampattivipattivasena sambhavato. Kasm± hesa upasampanno n±m±ti. Samaggena saªghena ñatticatutthena kammena akuppena µh±n±rahena uparibh±va½ sam±panno pattoti upasampanno, seµµhabh±va½ pattoti-attho tath± hi gihibh±vato s±maºerabh±vo seµµho n±ma, tatopi upasampannabh±voyeva seµµho. Tattha samaggena saªghen±ti sabbantimena pariy±yena pañcavaggakaraº²ye kamme y±vatik± bhikkh³ kammappatt±, tesa½ ±gatatt± chand±rah±na½ chandassa ±haµatt±, sammukh²bh³t±nañca appaµikkosanato etasmi½ kamme samaggabh±va½ upagatena. Ñatticatutthen±ti t²hi anus±van±hi ek±ya ca ñattiy± kattabbena. Ettha ca kiñc±pi ñatti sabbapaµhama½ vutt±, tissanna½ pana anus±van±na½ atthabyañjanabhed±bh±vato atthabyañjanabhinn± ñatti t±sa½ catutthanti katv± ñatticatutthanti vuccati. Kammen± ti dhammikena kammena, vinayakammen±ti-attho. Akuppen± ti vatthu ñatti anus±vana s²ma parisasampatti sampannatt± akopetabbata½ appaµikkositabbatañca upagatena. Ýh±n±rahen± ti k±raº±rahena, satthus±san±rahen±ti attho. Etehi k±raºehi seµµhabh±vam±pannoti attho. Tattha sampattivipattivasena sambhavato ti vatthusampatti ñattisampatti anus±vanasampattis²masampattiparisasampattivasena pañcahi sampatt²hi upasampadakammassa sijjhanatoti attho. Tattha vatthu sampattin±ma paripuººav²sativassabh±vo id±ni purisattabh±vo ca. Unnav²sativassa½, antimavatthu-ajjh±pannapubba½, paº¹ako, theyyasa½v±sako, titthiyapakkantako, tiracch±nagato, m±tugh±tako, pitugh±tako, arahantagh±tako, bhikkhunid³sako, saªghabhedako, lohitupp±dako, ubhatobyañjanako, ti ime terasa puggal± upasampad±ya avatthu. Tattha ³nav²sativassanti s±maññena vuttepi m±tukucchito nikkhamanato paµµh±ya ek³nav²saparipuººo purisapuggalo upasampad±ya vatthu, tato ora½ na upasampad±ya vatthu tatho hi ekasmi½ sa½vacchare hemantagimhavassavasena tiººa½ ut³na½ sambhavatt± tayo ut³ honti, honti cettha.
“Kattikantikapakkhamh±, hema½ phagguºapuººam±;
tassanti kapakkhamh±, gimha½ ±s±¼hipuººam±;
vassak±la½ tato sesa½, catuv²sat³posath±.
C±tuddas² cha etesu, pakkh± tatiyasattam±;
ses± pannaras² ñeyy±, aµµh±rasa uposath±ti”.
Ettha ca kattikassa k±¼apakkhap±µipadato paµµh±ya y±va phagguºapuººam± catt±ro m±s± hema-utu n±ma. Phagguºassa k±¼apakkhap±µipadato paµµh±ya y±va ±s±¼h²puººam± catt±ro m±s± gimha-utu n±ma. As±¼hak±¼apakkhap±µipadato paµµh±ya y±va aparakattikapuººam± catt±ro m±s± vassa-utu n±ma. Eva½ ekasmi½ sa½vacchare tayo ut³ honti. Tattha ekasmi½ utumhi pakkhassa tatiyasattamesu dve dve katv± cha catuddasik±, paµhamadutiyacatutthapañcamachaµµha-aµµhamesu cha cha katv± aµµh±rasa pannarasik±ti eva½ ekasa½vacchare catuv²sati uposath± honti. Imesu catuv²satuposathesu c±tuddasiy± ek³nati½sa divas± hont²ti katv± ekasa½vacchare cha ³n± divas± honti. Imin± nayena ek³nav²satime vasse cham±s±dhik±ni aµµh±rasavass±ni honti. Tasmi½ m±tukucchimhi nibbattak±le dasam±se pakkhipitv± catt±ri m±s±dhik±ni ek³nav²savass±ni paripuºº±ni. R±j±no pana tiººa½ tiººa½ vass±na½ accayena m±sa½ ±ka¹¹hanti divasena saha m±sampi, tasm± aµµh±rasavasse yeva cha m±s±dhik±ni honti. Ta½ heµµh±catum±s±dhika ek³nav²satime vasse pakkhipitv± ekam±s±dhik±ni v²sativass±ni sabbaso paripuºº±ni honti. Eva½ ek³nav²sativassato paµµh±ya gabbhav²so upasampad±ya vatth³ti veditabbo. Id±ni purisattabh±vo ti bhikkhuniy± abh±vato purisapuggalova id±ni vaµµat²ti adhippeto tath± hi m±tug±massa pabbajitatth± pañcavassasat±ni saddhammo tiµµheyya, paññattatt± pana apar±ni pañcavassasat±ni µhassat²ti eva½ vassasahassameva paµisambhid±ppattasaddhammassa patiµµhitabh±vo vutto. M±tug±m± ca n±ma duppaññ± tibbakiles± l±mak± ca. Bhagavat± ca paµhamabodhiya½ ±dito paµµh±yameva mah±paj±patiy± gotamiy± aµµhagarudhammapaµiggahaºena upasampadatte anuññ±tepi s±sanassa aciraµµhitikabh±vo vutto. Duppaññatt± itthiyo s±sane cira½ na tiµµhanti, tibbakilesatt± yath± paññatta sikkh±pad±nur³pa½ sa½varampi rakkhitu½ na sakkonti. L±makatt±pi t± aµµhasam±patti½ labhant±pi br±hmap±risajja½ n±tikkamanti, eva½ bhikkhuniy± abh±vato id±ni purisapuggaloti vutta½. Imasmi½ µh±ne µhatv± catt±ri khett±ni veditabb±ni tath± hi m±tug±massa pabbajitatt± vassasahassameva µhassat²ti ceta½ paµisambhid±ppattakh²º±savavasena vutta½, tato para½ uttaripi sukkhavipassakakh²º±savavasena vassasahassa½, an±g±mivasena vassasahassa½, sakad±g±mivasena vassasahassa½, sot±pannavasena vassasahassanti eva½ pañcavassasahass±ni paµivedhasaddhammo tiµµhati. Pariyattisaddhammopi t±niyeva na hi pariyattiy± asati paµivedho atthi. N±pi pariyattiy± sati paµivedho na hoti. Liªga½ pana pariyattiy± antarahit±ya cira½ pavattissati, ida½ khandhakabh±ºak±na½ matena vuttanti veditabba½. D²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya½ pana eva½ vutta½ “paµisambhid±ppattehi vassasahassa½ aµµh±si, cha¼abhiññehi vassasahassa½, tevijjehi vassasahassa½, sukkhavipassakehi vassasahassa½, p±timokkhena vassasahassa½ aµµh±s²”ti. Idampi d²ghabh±ºakatther±na½ matena vutta½. Aªguttaranik±yaµµhakath±yampi buddh±na½ parinibb±nato vassasahassameva paµisambhid± nibbattetu½ sakkonti, tato para½ cha abhiññ± tato t±pi asakkont± tisso vijj± nibbattanti. Gacchantek±le t±nipi nibbattetu½ asakkont± sukkhavipassak± honti. Eteneva up±yena an±g±mino sakad±gimino, sot±pann±ti vutta½. Idampi aªguttaranik±ye vutta½. Sa½yuttanik±yaµµhakath±ya½ pana paµhamabodhiya½ bhikkh³ paµisambhid±ppatt±. Atha k±le gacchante paµisambhid± p±puºitu½ na sakkhi½su, cha¼abhiññ± ahesu½. Tato chapi abhiññ± pattu½ asakkont± tisso vijj± p±puºi½su. Id±ni k±le gacchante tisso vijj± p±puºitu½ asakkont± ±savakkhaya½ p±puºissanti, tampi asakkont± an±g±miphala½, tampi asakkont± sakad±g±miphala½, tampi asakkont± sot±pattiphala½. Gacchantek±le sot±pattiphalampi pattu½ na sakkhissant²’ti vutta½. Yasm± ce te ±cariy± bhinnav±d±, tasm± tesa½ ±cariy±na½ bh±ºak±na½ matameva buddhaghos±cariyena tattha tattha likhitanti gahetabba½, aññath± ±cariyasseva pubb±paravirodhappasaªgo siy± ±cariyabuddhaghoseneva hi s²ha¼abh±sa½ apanetv± m±gadhabh±s±ya s±µµhakatha½ buddhavacana½ likhita½, na aññena ±cariyena tasm± aµµhakath±ya vuttavacanameva pam±ºanti gahetabba½. Nanu catt±ropi nik±yaµµhakath±saªg²ti½ ±r³¼h±, atha kasm± eva½ bhinn±ti. Sacca½, tath±pi kesañci ther±na½ v±dappak±sanattha½ vutta½. Na saªg±hakatther±na½, tasm± aµµhakath±vacanameva pam±ºanti vutta½.
Antimavatthu-ajjh±pannapubbanti p±r±jikabhikkhu, so abhabbo s±sane upasampadakammassa laddhu½.
Paº¹akoticetta pañcavidho hoti ±sittapaº¹ako, uss³yapaº¹ako, opakkamikapaº¹ako, napu½sako, pakkhapaº¹akoti. Tattha yassa paresa½ aªgaj±ta½ mukhena gaºhitv± asucin± ±sittassa pari¼±ho v³pasamati, aya½ ±sittapaº¹ako n±ma. Yassa paresa½ ajjh±c±ra½ passato uss³y±ya uppann±ya pari¼±ho v³pasamati, aya½ uss³yapaº¹ako n±ma. Yassa upakkamena b²j±ni apan²t±ni honti, aya½ opakkamikapaº¹ako n±ma. Yo pana paµisandhiya½ yeva abh±vako uppanno hoti, aya½ napu½sako n±ma. Ekacco pana akusalavip±k±nubh±vena k±¼apakkhe paº¹ako hoti, juºhapakkhe panassa pari¼±hov³pasamati aya½ pakkhapaº¹ako n±ma, keci pana yo k±¼apakkhe itth² hoti, juºhapakkhe puriso, aya½ pakkhapaº¹akoti vadanti, ta½ tesa½ matimattameva. Etesu ±sittapaº¹akassa ca uss³yapaº¹akassa ca pabbajj± na v±rit±. Opakkamikanapu½sakapakkhapaº¹ak±na½ pana v±rit±. Tesupi pakkhapaº¹akassa yasmi½ pakkhe paº¹ako hoti, tasmi½yeva pabbajj± v±rit±. Ettha ca apaº¹akapakkhe pabbajitv± paº¹akapakkhe n±setabboti t²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½. Keci pana “apaº¹akapakkhepabbajito sato kilesakkhaya½ p±puº±ti, na n±setabbo”ti vadanti, ta½ tesa½ matimattameva, paº¹akassa kilesakkhay± sambhavato kh²ºakilesassa ca paº¹akabh±v±nupapattito ahetuka paµisandhikath±yañhi avisesena paº¹akassa ahetukapaµisandhi kat± vutt±, ±sitta uss³yapakkhapaº¹ak±nañca paµisandhito paµµh±yeva paº¹akabh±vo, na pavattiya½yev±ti vadanti. Teneva ahetukapaµisandhiniddese jaccandha-jaccabadhir±dayo viya paº¹ako j±tisaddena visesetv± niddiµµho. Catutthap±r±jikasa½vaººan±ya½ pana abhabbapuggale dassentena paº¹akatiracch±nagata-ubhato byañjanak± tayo vatthuvipann± ahetukapaµisandhik±, tesa½ saggo av±ritoti avisesena vutta½, eva½ pañcavidh± paº¹ak± te paº¹akas±maññena avisesetv± “paº¹ak±ti evameva vatv± paº¹ako bhikkhave na upasamp±detabbo”ti vuttanti daµµhabba½.