“Ugghaµitaññun±mako, vibhajjitaññuno duve;
tatiyo neyyo n±mena, bodhisatto tidh± mato.
Ugghaµitaññubodhisatto, paññ±dhikoti n±maso;
vibhajjitaññubodhisatto, vutto v²riy±dhiko.
Mato neyyo saddh±dhiko n±ma, bodhisatt± ime tayo;
kappeca satasahasse, caturo ca asaªkhyeyye.
P³retv± bodhisambh±re, laddhaby±karaºo pure;
ugghaµitaññubodhisatto, patto sambodhimuttama½.
Aµµhame ca asaªkhyeyye, kappe ca satasahasse;
p³retv± bodhisambh±re, laddhaby±karaºo pure.
Vipañcitaññubodhisatto, patto sambodhimuttama½;
neyyo tu bodhisatto ca, so¼ase asaªkhyeyye.
Kappe ca satasahasse, laddhaby±karaºo pure;
p³retv± bodhisambh±re, patto sambodhimuttama” nti.
Suttanip±ta-apad±naµµhakath±su pana “buddh±na½ ±nanda heµµhimaparicchedena catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni kappasatasahassañca, majjhimaparicchedena aµµha asaªkhyeyy±ni kappasatasahassañca, uparimaparicchedena so¼as±saªkhyyeyy±ni kappasatasahassañca. Eteca paññ±dhikasaddh±dhikav²riy±dhikavasena veditabb±ti vutta½ tesu paññ±dhiko catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni kappasatasahassañca, saddh±dhiko aµµha-asaªkheyyeyy±ni kappasatasahassañca, v²riy±dhiko so¼asa-asaªkhyeyy±ni kappasatasahassañc±ti veditabba½. Tattha paññ±dhiko yonigativiññ±ºaµµhitisatt±v±sesu sa½sarantopi paññ±bahullavasena sampannajjh±saya sambhavato khippaññeva tassa sambodhi. Saddh±dhiko pana mandapaññatt± assaddahitabbepi saddahati, tasm± tassa mandaññeva sambodhi. V²riy±dhiko pana ubhayamando assaddahitabbampi saddahati, akattabbampi karoti, r±j± passenad²kosalo yath± so hi sabbaññubuddhe dharam±neyeva agaman²yampi parad±ra½ gantu½ citta½ upp±detv± para½ j²vit± voropetu½ ±raddho nerayik±na½ viravant±na½ du-sa-na-soti saddampi sutv± ativim³¼ho sabbaññubuddha½ µhapetv± micch±diµµhibr±hmaºa½ pucchitv± tassa vacanena sabbajan±na½ yaññatth±ya dukkha½ upp±desi ko panav±do anuppanne buddhe, tath± hi esa kassapabhagavato s±sanantaradh±nena andhabh³te loke b±r±ºasiya½ r±j± hutv±pi nigrodharukkhadevat±ya yaññatth±ya ekasatar±j±no mahes²hi saddhi½ m±retu½ ±raddho. Eva½ v²riy±dhiko ubhayamando, tasm± tassa sambodhi atimandoti eva½ paññ±dhikasaddh±dhikav²riy±dhikavasena k±lass±pi rassad²ghabh±vo veditabboti. Pacchimanayo-eva pasa½sitabboti ayamettha amh±ka½ attanomati. Khandhaparinibb±na½ pana kusin±r±ya upavattane mall±na½ s±lavane yamakas±l±namantare ves±khapuººamadivase pacc³sasamaye ek³nav²satiy± cuticittesu mett±pubbabh±gassa somanassañ±ºasampayutta-asaªkh±rikakusalacittasadisena mah±vip±kacittena aby±katena carimaka½ katv± katthaci bhave paµisandhiviññ±ºassa anantarapaccayo hutv± kammataºh±kilesehi anup±d±no sabbupadhipaµinissaggo up±dinnakakkhandhaparicc±go hot²ti veditabba½. Vitth±ro pana d²ghanik±ye mah±vagge mah±parinibb±nasuttavaººan±ya½ oloketabbo. Tattha videsa½ gacchanto puriso sabba½ ñ±tijana½ ±liªgetv± s²se cumbitv± gacchati viya bhagav±pi nibb±napura½ pavisanto sabbepi catuv²satikoµisatasahassasam±pattiyo anavasesa½ sam±pajjitv± y±va saññ±vedayita½, tatopi vuµµh±ya y±va nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya jh±naªg±ni paccavekkhitv± bhavaªgacittena aby±katena dukkhasaccena parinibb±yi. P±¼iya½ pana “catutthajjh±n± vuµµhahitv± samanantar± bhagav± parinibb±y²”ti vutta½ tattha dve samanantar± jh±nasamanantar±, paccavekkhaºasamanantar±ti. Tattha jh±n± vuµµh±ya bhavaªga½ otiººassa tattheva parinibb±na½ jh±nasamanantara½ n±ma. Jh±n± vuµµhahitv± puna jh±naªg±ni paccavekkhitv± bhavaªga½ otiººassa tattheva parinibb±na½ paccavekkhaºasamanantara½ n±ma. Bhagav± pana jh±nasamanantar± apari nibb±yitt± paccavekkhaºasamanantarameva parinibb±y²ti veditabba½, tenev±ha “bhagav± pana jh±na½ sam±pajjitv± jh±n± vuµµh±ya jh±naªg±ni paccavekkhitv± bhavaªgacittena aby±katena dukkhasaccena parinibb±y²”ti. Ettha bhagavato parinibb±nacittassa ki½ ±rammaºa½ kamma½ v± hoti, ud±hu kammanimittagatinimitt±ni, atha nibb±nanti apare eva½ vadanti.
N±hu ass±sapass±s±, µhitacittassa t±dino;
anejo santi’m±rabbha, ya½k±la’makar² muni.
Asall²nena cittena, vedana½ ajjhav±sayi;
pajjotasse’va nibb±na½, vimokkho cetaso ah³’ti.
Imiss±g±th±ya “ya½ yo muni anejo santi nibb±na½ ±rabbha k±la½ akar²”ti yojetv± bhagavato parinibb±nacittassa nibb±n±rammaºanti tamayutta½, paµisandhibhavaªgacut²na½ nibb±n±rammaºassa an±rahatt± “nibb±na½ gotrabhussa vod±nassa maggassa ±rammaºapaccayenapaccayo, nibb±na½ phalassa ±vajjan±y±”ti paµµh±nap±¼iy± javana-±vajjan±nameva adhippetatt± tasm± ettha “ya½ yo muni phalasam±pattiy± anejo anejasaªkh±to taºh±rahito santi½ nibb±na½ ±rabbha ±rammaºa½ katv± k±la½ as²tivassaparim±ºa½ akari atikkam²”ti yojan± k±tabb±. Keci pana eva½ vadanti… “katthaci pana anuppajjam±nassa kh²º±savassa yathopaµµhita½ n±mar³padhamm±dikameva cutipariyos±n±na½ gocarabh±va½ gacchati, na kamma-kammanimitt±dayo”ti vuttatt± kammanittagatinimitt±ni arahato cuticittassa ±rammaºabh±va½ na gacchant²ti tampi ayuttameva ayañhetthattho katthaci pana bhave anuppajjam±nassa kh²º±savassa arahato yath± yath± yena yena pak±rena upaµµhita½ n±mar³padhamm±dikameva cutipariyos±na½ ±vajjanajavanacitt±na½ gocarabh±va½ gacchati, puna bhav±bhinibbattiy± abh±vato. Ki½ k±raºa½ bh³t±ni kammakammanimittagatinimitt±ni gocarabh±va½ na gacchant²ti. Cuticittassa pana paµisandhicittena gahita½ at²t±rammaºameva gocarabh±va½ gacchati. “N±mar³p±dikamev± ti ettha n±man”ti cittacetasikanibb±na½ r³panti aµµh±rasavidha½ r³pa½ saªgaºh±ti. N±mañca r³pañca n±mar³p±. N±mar³p± ca te dhamm± ceti tath±. Te ±di yesa½ teti n±mar³padhamm±di tameva n±mar³padhamm±dika½. ¾disaddena cha paññattiyo saªgaºh±ti, tena nibb±nampi arahato maraº±sannak±le kriyajavanassapi ±rammaºabh±vo bhaveyy±ti amh±ka½ khanti v²ma½sitv± pana gahetabba½. Bhagavato nibb±nacittassa pana tusitapurato cavitv± sir²mah±m±y±ya kucchimhi vasitapaµisandhicittena gahit±rammaºameva ±rammaºa½ hot²ti daµµhabba½ tañca kho gatinimittameva, na kammakammanimitt±ni. Yuttitopi ±gamatopi gatinimittameva yujjati tath± hi tusitapureyeva setaketudevaputto hutv± dibbagaºan±ya catt±ri sahass±ni, manussagaºan±ya sattapaññ±savassakoµi,saµµhivassasatasahass±ni µhatv± pariyos±ne pañca pubbanimitt±ni disv± suddh±v±se arahantabrahmun± dasahi cakkav±¼asahassehi ±gamma devat±visesehi ca.
“K±lo deva mah±v²ra, uppajja m±tukucchaya½;
sadevaka½ t±rayanto, bujjhassu amata½ padan”ti.
Y±ciyam±no “k±la½ d²pañca desañca, kula½ m±tarameva c±”ti vutt±ni pañca mah±vilokan±ni viloketv± tusitapurato cavitv± ±s±¼h²puººam±ya½ uttar±s±¼hanakkhatteneva saddhi½ ek³nav²satiy± paµisandhicittesu mett±pubbabh±gamassa somanassañ±ºasampayutta-asaªkh±rikakusalacittassa sadisena mah±vip±kacittena paµisandhi½ aggahesi. Tad±rammaº±sannav²thito pubbabh±ge ±lokit±ni k±lad²padesakulam±taravasena im±ni pañca paµisandhicittassa gatinimitt±rammaºabh±vena gocarabh±va½ gacchant²ti amh±ka½ khanti tanninnatappoºatappabbh±ravasena b±hullappavattito teneva abhidhammatthasaªgah±d²su abhidhammattha vibh±vaniya½ “maraºak±le yath±raha½ abhimukh²bh³ta½ bhavantare paµisandhijanaka½ kamma½ v± ta½ kammakaraºak±le r³p±dikamupaladdhapubbamupakaraºabh³tañca kammanimitta½ v± anantaramuppajjam±nabhave upalabhitabba½ upabhogabh³ta½ gatinimitta½ v± kammabalena channa½ dv±r±namaññatarasmi½ paccupaµµh±si, tato para½ tameva tathopaµµhitam±lambaºa½ ±rabbha vipaccam±nakakamm±nur³pa½ parisuddha½ v±, upakkiliµµha½ v± upapajjitabbabhav±nur³pa½ tatthoºata½va cittasant±namabhiºha½ pavattati b±hullena. Tameva v± pana janakabh³ta½ kamma½ abhinavakaraºavasena dv±rappatta½ hoti. Pacc±sannamaraºassa pana tassa v²thicitt±vas±ne bhavaªgakkhayev± cavanavasena paccuppannabhavapariyos±nabh³ta½ cuticitta½ uppajjitv± nirujjhati. Tasmi½ niruddh±vas±ne tass±nantarameva tath± gahitam±lambaºam±rabbha savatthukamavatthukameva v± yath±raha½ avijj±nusayaparikkhittena taºh±nusayam³lakena saªkh±rena janiyam±na½ sampayuttehi pariggayham±na½ sahaj±t±namadhiµµh±nabh±vena pubbaªgamabh³ta½ bhavantarapaµisandh±navasena paµisandhisaªkh±ta½ m±nasamuppajjam±nameva patiµµh±ti bhavantare”ti vutta½. Tattha “tatthoºata½va cittasant±namabhiºha½ pavattati b±hullen±”ti imin± kammabalena upaµµhita½ gatinimitta½ maraº±sannav²thito pubbe ek±hadv²h±divasena satt±hampi, satt±hato uttaripi uppajjate v±ti dasseti tath± hi parisuddha½ v± upakkiliµµha½ v± vipaccam±nakakamm±nur³pa½ gatinimitta½ cirak±lampi tiµµhati, ariyag±latissacoragh±tak±dayo viya tath± hi ariyag±latisso n±ma up±sako s²ha¼ad²pe attano bhariy±ya suman±ya saddhi½ y±vaj²va½ d±n±di puññakamm±ni katv± ±y³hapariyos±ne ariyag±latissassa maraºamañce nipannassa chadevalokato ratha½ ±netv± attano attano devaloka½ vaººesu½. Up±sako devat±na½ katha½ sutv± tusitapurato ±haµaratha½ µhapetv± avasesarathe “gahetv± gacchath±”ti ±ha. Suman± pana attano s±mikassa vacana½ sutv± “ki½ tissa maraº±sanne vil±pa½ ak±s²”ti ±ha. Tisso attano bhariy±ya katha½ sutv± ±ha… “aha½ vil±pa½ na karomi, devalokato devat± cha rathe ±nesu½ t±hi devat±hi saddha½ kathem²”ti. Ta½ napass±mi kuhin”ti vutte pupphad±ma½ ±har±petv± ±k±se khip±pesi. S± ta½ pupphad±ma½ rathas²se olambam±na½ disv± gabbha½ pavisitv± sayane sayitv± n±sikav±ta½ sannirujjhitv± cavitv± p±turahosi. S± attano s±mikassa s±sana½ pesesi… “aha½ pana paµhama½ ±gatomhi, tva½ kasm± cir±yas²”ti. Ubhopi rathe µhatv± sabbe olokent±na½yeva tusitapura½ agama½su. Imasmiñhi vatthusmi½ s±mikassa upaµµhitagatinimitta½ bhariy±ya p±kaµa½ hutv± puretaratusitapure nibbattitv± s±mikassa s±sana½ pesesi tena ariyag±latissassa cirak±la½ gatinimitta½ upaµµh±t²ti veditabba½. Manussaloke hi cirak±la½ tusitapure muhutta½va hoti. Eva½ parisuddha½ vipaccam±nakakamm±nur³pa½ gatinimitta½ cirak±la½ pavattati imin± nayena duµµhag±maºi-abhayadhammika-upsak±d²nampi vatthu vitth±retabba½. Coragh±takassa pana mah±niraye vipaccam±nakakamm±nur³pa½ nerayaggij±l±dika½ satt±ha½ upaµµh±ti. S±vatthinagare kira pañcasat± cor± bahinagare corakamma½ karonti. Athekadivasa½ janapadapuriso tesa½ abbhantaro hutv± corakamma½ ak±si, tad± te sabbepi r±japuris± aggahesu½. R±j± te disv± “tumh±ka½ antare ime sabbe m±retu½ samatthassa j²vita½ damm²”ti ±ha. Pañcasat± cor± aññamañña½ sambandh± aññamañña½ sah±yak±ti aññamañña½ m±retu½ na icchi½su, janapadamanusso pana “aha½ m±rem²”ti vatv± sabbe m±resi. R±j± tassa tussitv± coragh±takakamma½ ad±si. So pañcav²sativass±ni coragh±takakamma½ ±k±si. R±j± tassa mahallakoti vatv± aññassa coragh±taka kamma½ d±pesi. So coragh±takakamm± apan²to aññatarassa santike n±sikav±ta½ uggaºhitv± hatthap±dakaººan±s±d²hi chinditabb±na½ ³r³thanakaµµh±na½ bhindantam±retabbayutt±na½ n±sikav±ta½ vissajjetv± m±retabba½ manta½ labhi. So r±j±na½ ±rocetv± n±sikav±tena coragh±takakamma½ karontasseva ti½sa vass±ni atikkami. So pacch± mahallako hutv± maraºamañce nipajji “sattadivasena k±la½ karissat²”ti. Maraºak±le mahanta½ vedana½ ahosi. So mah±niraye nibbatto viya mah±sadda½ katv± dukkhito hoti. Tassa saddena bh²t± manuss± ubhatopasse geha½ cha¹¹etv± pal±yi½su. Tassa maraºadivase s±riputtatthero dibbacakkhun± loka½ olokento etassa k±la½ katv± mah±niraye nibbattam±na½ disv± tassa anukampa½ paµicca gehadv±re p±kaµo ahosi. So kujjhitv± n±sikav±ta½ vissajjesi. Y±va tatiya½ vissajjam±nopi vissajj±petu½ asakkonto thera½ atirekena virocam±na½ disv± citta½ pas±detv± p±y±sa½ therassa d±pesi. Thero maªgala½ va¹¹hetv± agam±si. Coragh±tako therassa dinnad±na½ anussaritv± cavitv± sagge nibbatti, nirayaj±l±dayo antaradh±yanti. So an±gatepi paccekabuddho bhavissati. Eva½ upakkiliµµha½ v± vipaccam±na kakamm±nur³pa½ gatinimittampi satt±haparama½ upaµµh±ti. Atthikehi pana sahassavatthu sag±th±vaggesu oloketabbo. Bhagavato pana parisuddha½ mett±pubbabh±gassa somanassa ñ±ºasampayuttakusalassa kammassa vegena k±lad²padesakulam±taravasena im±ni pañcagatinimitt±ni cirak±la½ hutv± upaµµhahanti. Cirak±lanti manussaloke satt±hamatta½, tusitapuremuhuttameva, tath±pi manussaloke satt±hamatte k±le devat±na½ pañcapubbanimitt±ni paññ±yanti tañca kho puññavant±na½yeva paññ±yanti, na sabbesa½ manussaloke puññavant±na½ r±jar±jamah±matt±d²na½ viya ta½ disv± mahesakkh± devat± j±nanti, na appesakkh±, manussaloke nemittak± br±hmaºapaº¹it±dayoviya. Mahesakkh± devat± ta½ pubbanimitta½ disv± nandavana½ netv± “k±lo dev±”ti ±d²hi y±canti. Mah±sakko tattheva nandavanuyy±ne k±lad²padesakulam±taravasena pañca viloketv± cavitv± tam±rammaºa½ katv± mah±m±y±ya kucchimhi paµisandhi½ aggahes²ti sanniµµh±namavagantabba½.
Tattha k±lanti manussaloke ek³nati½satime vasse ves±khapuººamadivase buddho bhaviss±m²ti k±la½ olokesi. D²panti jambud²peyeva bhaviss±mi, na aññad²pes³ti d²pa½ olokesi. Desanti majjhimadeseyeva, tañca kho mah±bodhimaº¹eyeva, na aññadeseti desa½ olokesi. Kulanti dve kul±ni khattiyakulabr±hmaºakulavasena. Tattha yasmi½ k±le khattiyakula½ loke seµµhabh±vena “ayameva loke aggo”ti sammannati, tad± khattiyakuleyeva buddh± uppajjanti. Yasmi½ pana k±le br±hmaºakula½ ayameva loke aggoti, tad± br±hmaºakuleyeva buddh± uppajjanti. Id±ni pana khattiyakulameva aggoti sammannanti. Khattiyakulepi sakyar±j±nova loke uttam±, asambhinnakhattiyakulatt± tasm± sakyar±jakuleyeva bhaviss±m²ti kula½ olokesi. M±taranti mama m±tara½ dasa m±s±ni satta ca divas±ni µhassati, etthantare mama m±tuy± arogo bhavissat²ti m±tarampi olokesi. Bodhisattam±t± pana pacchimavaye µhit±. Eva½ yuttitopi ±gamatopi bhagavato nibb±nacittassa paµasandhicittena gahitanimittameva ±rammaºa½ hot²ti veditabba½.
Sabbaññujinanibb±na, cittassa gocara½ subha½;
viññeyya½ gatinimitta½, ganthehi avirodhato.
Dh±tuparinibb±nampi bodhimaº¹eyeva bhavissati vuttañheta½ uparipaºº±sake “dh±tuparinibb±na½ an±gate bhavissati s±sanassa hi osakkanak±le imasmi½ tambapaººid²pe dh±tuyo sannipatitv± mah±cetiyato n±gad²pe r±j±yatanacetiya½, tato mah±bodhipallaªka½ gamissanti. N±gabhavanatopi devalokatopi dh±tuyo mah±bodhipallaªkameva gamissanti s±sapamatt±pi dh±tuyo antar± na nassissanti, sabb± dh±tuyo mah±bodhipallaªke r±sibh³t± suvaººakkhandh± viya ekagghan± hutv± chabbaººarasmiyo vissajjissanti, t± dasasahassalokadh±tu½ pharissanti. Tato dasasahassacakkav±¼esu devat± sannipatitv± jja satth± parinibb±yati ajja s±sana½ osakkati pacchimadassana½ ida½ amh±kan”ti dasabalassa parinibbutadivasato mahantatara½ k±ruñña½ karissanti µhapetv± an±g±mikh²º±save avases± sakattabh±vena sandh±retu½ n±sakkhi½su, dh±tusar²rato tejodh±tu uµµhahitv± y±va brahmalok± uggacchissati. S±sapamatt±yapi dh±tuy± sati ekaj±l± bhavissati dh±t³su pariy±d±na½ gat±su pacchijjissati. Eva½ mahanta½ ±nubh±va½ dassetv± dh±t³su antarahit±su s±sana½ antarahita½ n±ma hoti. Y±va eva½ na antaradh±yati, t±va anantaradh±nameva s±sana½. Parinibb±nak±lato paµµh±ya y±va s±sapamatt± dh±tu tiµµhati, t±va buddhak±lato pacch±ti na veditabba½ dh±t³su hi µhit±su buddh± µhit± va honti, tasm± etthantare aññassa buddhassa uppatti niv±rit±va hoti. Teneva vad±ma.
Parinibb±nak±lato, pacch± dharanti dh±tuyo;
anibbutova sambuddho, aññabuddhassa v±rit±.
J²vam±nepi sambuddhe, nibbute v± tath±gate;
yo karoti sama½ p³ja½, phala½ t±sa sama½ siy±’ti.

Iti s±garabuddhittheravicarite s²mavisodhane dhammavaººan±ya

Nibb±nakaº¹o tatiyo paricchedo.