3. Nibb±nakaº¹o

Id±ni “saddhammasavanampi c±ti imassa sa½vaººan±kkamo sampatto tattha saddhammasavanampi ca loke dullabhameva tath± hi saddhammo n±ma tividho hoti. Pariyattisaddhammo, paµipattisaddhammo, paµivedhasaddhammoti. Tattha pariyattisaddhammo n±ma tepiµaka½ buddhavacana½. Paµipattisaddhammo n±ma terasadhutaªg±ni as²ti khandhakavatt±dayo abhisam±c±ravatt±d²ni. Paµivedhasaddhammo n±ma catusaccappaµivedho. Tesu pariyattisaddhammo dvinna½ saddhamm±na½ pubbaªgamoyeva padaµµh±nañca. Kasm± ta½m³lakatt± tath± hi pariyattiy± asati paµivedho n±ma natthi. Pariyattiy± antarahit±ya paµipatti, paµipattiy± antarahit±ya adhigamo antaradh±yati. Ki½ k±raº± ayañhi pariyatti paµipattiy± paccayo hoti. Paµipatti-adhigamass±pi pariyattiyeva pam±ºa½. Tattha paµivedho ca paµipatti ca hotipi nahotipi. Ekasmiñhi k±le paµivedhadhar± bhikkh³ bah³ honti, “esa bhikkhu puthujjano”ti aªguli½ paharitv± dassetabbo hoti. Imasmi½ yeva d²pe ekav±ra½ puthujjanabhikkhun±ma n±hosi. Paµipattip³rak±pi kad±ci bah³ honti kad±ci app±. Iti paµivedho ca paµipatti ca hotipi na hotipi. S±sanassa µhitiy± pana pariyattiyeva pam±ºa½ paº¹ito hi tepiµaka½ sutv± dvepi p³reti, yath± amh±ka½ bodhisatto ±¼±rassa santike pañca abhiññ± satta ca sam±pattiyo nibbattetv± nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana sam±pattiy± parikamma½ pucchi. So “na j±n±m²”ti ±ha. Tato udakassa santika½ gantv± adhigatavisesa½ sa½sanditv± nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanassa parikamma½ pucchi. So ±cikkhi, tassa vacanasamanantarameva mah±satto ta½ samp±desi evameva paññav± bhikkhu pariyatti½ sutv± dvepi p³reti tasm± pariyattiy± µhit±ya s±sana½ µhita½ hoti yath± mah±ta¼±kassa p±¼iy± thir±ya udaka½ na µhassat²ti na vattabba½ udake sati padum±d²ni pupph±ni na pupphissant²ti na vattabba½ evameva mah±ta¼±kassa thirap±¼isadise tepiµake buddhavacane sati mah±ta¼±ke udakasadis± paµipattip³rak± kulaputt± natth²ti na vattabba½. Tesu sati mah±ta¼±kesu padum±d²ni pupph±ni viya sot±pann±dayo ariyapuggal± natth²ti na vattabba½, ekantato pariyattiyeva pam±ºa½ pariyattiy± antarahit±ya paµipattipaµivedh±na½ antaradh±nato. Tattha pariyattin±ma tepiµaka½ buddhavacana½ s±µµhakath± p±¼iy±va s± tiµµhati, t±va pariyatti paripuºº± hoti. Gacchante k±le kaliyugar±j±no adhammik± honti tesu adhammikesu r±j±macc±dayo adhammik± honti tath± raµµhajanapadav±sinopi adhammik± etesa½ adhammikat±ya na devo samm± vassati, tato sass±ni na sampajjanti. Tesu sampajjantesu paccayad±yak± bhikkhusaªghassa paccaye d±tu½ na sakkonti. Bhikkh³ paccayehi kilamant± antev±sike saªgahetu½ na sakkonti. Gacchante gacchante k±le pariyatti parih±yati, atthavasena dh±retu½ na sakkonti, p±¼ivaseneva dh±renti. Tato k±le gacchante p±¼impi sakala½ dh±retu½ na sakkonti paµhama½ abhidhammapiµaka½ parih±yati. Parih±yam±na½ matthakato paµµh±ya pariyatti h±yati paµhamañhi mah±pakaraºa½ parih±yati. Tasmi½ parih±yam±ne yamaka½, kath±vatthu, puggalapaññatti, dh±tukath±, vibhaªgo, dhammasaªgahoti eva½ abhidhammapiµake parih²ne matthakato paµµh±ya suttantapiµaka½ parih±yati. Paµhamañhi aªguttaranik±yo parih±yati. Tasmimpi paµhama½ ek±dasanip±to…pe… tato ekanip±toti eva½ aªguttare parih²ne matthakato paµµh±ya sa½yuttanik±yo parih±yati, paµhama½ mah±vaggo parih±yati. Tato paµµh±ya sa¼±yatanavaggo, khandhavaggo, nid±navaggo, sag±th±vaggoti eva½ sa½yuttanik±ye parih²ne matthakato paµµh±ya majjhimanik±yo parih±yati paµhamañhi uparipaºº±sako parih±yati. Tato majjhimapaºº±sako, tato m³lapaºº±sakoti eva½ majjhimanik±ye parih²ne matthakato paµµh±ya d²ghanik±yo parih±yati, paµhamañhi p±thiyavaggo parih±yati tato mah±vaggo, tato khandhakavaggoti d²ghanik±ye parih²ne suttantapiµaka½ parih²na½ n±ma hoti. Vinayapiµakena saddhi½ j±takameva dh±renti. Vinayapiµaka½ lajjino dh±renti. L±bhak±m± pana suttante kathitepi sallakkhent± natth²ti j±takameva dh±renti. Gacchante k±le j±takampi dh±retu½ na sakkonti. Atha nesa½ paµhama½ vessantaraj±taka½ parih±yati. Tato paµilomakkamena puººakaj±kataka½, mah±n±radakassapaj±taka½ parih±yati. Vinayapiµakameva dh±renti. Gacchante k±le tampi matthakato parih±yati paµhamañhi pariv±ro parih±yati, tato khandhako bhikkhun²vibhaªgo mah±vibhaªgoti anukkamena uposathakkhandhakamattameva dh±renti, tad± pariyatti anantarahit±va hoti. Y±va pana manussesu catuppadikag±th±pi pavattati, t±va pariyatti anantarahit±va hoti. Yad± saddho pasanno r±j± hatthikkhandhe suvaººacaªkoµakamhi sahassatthavika½ µhap±petv± “buddhehi kathita½ catuppadika½ g±tha½ j±nanto ima½ sahassa½ gaºhat³”ti nagare bheri½ car±petv± gaºhaka½ alabhitv± ekav±ra½ car±pite na suºant±pi honti asuºant±pi, y±va tatiya½ car±petv± gaºhaka½ alabhitv± r±japuris± sahassatthavika½ puna r±jakula½ pavesenti, tad± pariyatti-antarahit± n±ma hoti. Eva½ pariyattiy± antarahit±ya paµipattipi paµivedhopi antarahitova hoti. Saddhammasavanassa dullabhabh±vo dhammasoº¹akavatthun± d²petabbo amh±ka½ kira samm±sambuddho kassapasamm±sambuddhassa dhammar±jassa s±sanantaradh±nato nacireneva k±lena b±r±ºasirañño putto dhammasoº¹akar±jakum±ro hutv± pitu-accayena rajje patiµµh±ya kassapadasabalena desita½ dhamma½ sotuk±mo hutv± m±samatta½ rajja½ katv± amh±ka½ samm±sambuddho imasmi½ yeva bhaddakappe rajja½ k±retv± devanagarasadise b±r±ºasinagare cakkavattirajjasadisa½ rajja½ karonto eva½ cintesi… “mayha½ evar³pa½ rajja½ ki½ vil±sa½ rajj±nubh±va½ saddhammaviyogena, div±karavirahito ±k±so viya, sasaªkavirahitaratti viya, d±µh±virahitagajo viya, velantavirahitamah±samuddo viya cakkhuvirahita susajjitavadana½ viya, sugandhavirahitap±richattapuppha½ viya, catu-akkharaniyamitadhammadesan±viyogena mayha½ ida½ rajja½ na sobhat²”ti cintetv± suvaººacaªkoµakena sahassatthavika½ bhaº¹aka½ susajjita½ maªgalahatthikumbhe µhapetv± b±r±ºas²nagare mah±v²thiya½ bheri½ car±peti “ekapadika½ v± dvipadika½ v± tipadika½ v± catuppadika½ v± dhammapada½ j±nantassa damm²”ti eva½ bheri½ car±petv± dhammaj±nanaka½ alabhitv± punappuna½ dvisahassa½ tisahassa½ y±va satasahassa½ koµi dve sahassakoµi, satasahassakoµi g±manigamajanapadasen±patiµµh±na½ upar±jaµµh±na½. Pariyos±ne dhammadesaka½ alabhitv± attano suvaººap²µhaka½ setacchatta½ cajitv±pi dhammadesaka½ alabhitv± rajjasiri½ pah±ya att±na½ cajitv± “dhammadesakassa d±so hutv±pi dhamma½ soss±m²”ti vatv± evampi dhamma desaka½ alabhitv± vippaµis±r² hutv± “ki½ me saddhammaviyogena rajjen±ti amacc±na½ rajja½ niyy±tetv± saddhammagavesako hutv± dhammasoº¹akamah±r±j± mah±vana½ p±visi dhammasoº¹akamah±r±jassa saddhammasavana½ sandh±ya paviµµhakkhake sakkadevamah±r±jassa vejayantap±s±do saheva kiººik±ya kampo ahosi, paº¹ukambalasil±sana½ uºh±k±ra½ ahosi. Sakkodevar±j± kenak±raºena paº¹ukambalasil±sana½ uºh±k±ra½ ahos²”ti cintetv± attano sahassanettena devamanussesu vitth±retv± olokento dhammagavesako hutv± vana½ paviµµha½ dhammasoº¹akamah±r±j±na½ disv± cintesi… “ajja me att±nampi jah±ya rakkhasavesa½ m±petv± eta½ aniccaparid²pana½ j±tijar±by±dhimaraºa½ sakalasar²re dosa½ dassetv± dhamma½ desetv± eta½ sakarajjeyeva patiµµh±petabban”ti cintetv± sakko devar±j± yakkhasar³pa½ m±petv± bodhisattassa abhimukho avid³re att±na½ dassesi. Ta½ disv± dhammasoº¹akamah±r±j± eva½ cintesi… “eva½r³po n±ma rakkhaso dhamma½ j±neyy±”ti, cintetv± avid³re µh±ne µhatv± pucch±m²ti rakkhasena saddhi½ sallapanto ±ha “s±mipuññadevar±ja imasmi½ pana vanaghane vasanakadevar±j± ki½ nukho dhamma½ j±n±s²”ti, devat± “mah±r±ja dhamma½ j±n±m²”ti ±ha. “Yadi dhamma½ j±n±si, mayha½ dhammakatha½ katheth±”ti ±ha. “Aha½ tuyha½ dhamma½ kathess±mi, tva½ mayha½ k²disa½ dhammakathikassa sakk±ra½ karissas²”ti ±ha. “Eva½ sante mayha½ dhamma½ kathetv± pacch± mayha½ sar²re ma½sa½ kh±dissas²”ti ±ha. “Aha½ mah±r±ja ch±to hutv± dhamma½ kathetu½ na sakkom²”ti ±ha. “Yadi tumhe paµhama½ ma½sa½ kh±datha, dhamma½ ko suºissat²”ti ±ha. Puna so rakkhaso “n±ha½ dhamma½ desetu½ sakkom²”ti. Puna r±j± “mayha½ dhammapaµil±bhañca tumh±ka½ ma½sapaµil±bhañca tumhe j±nitv± mayha½ dhamma½ deseth±”ti ±ha. Atha sakko devar±j± “s±dhu hoth±”ti vatv± avid³re µh±ne ubbedhena tig±vutamatta½ mahanta½ añjanapabbata½ m±petv± evam±ha… “sace mah±r±ja ima½ pabbatamuddhani½ ±r³yha ±k±s± uppatitv± tva½ mama mukhe patissasi, aha½ te ±k±sagatak±le dhamma½ desess±mi, eva½ sante tuyhañca dhammappal±bho mayhañca ma½sapaµil±bho bhavissat²”ti ±ha. Tassa katha½ sutv± dhammasoº¹akamah±r±j± “anamatagge sa½s±re puriso hutv± adhammasamaªg² hutv± adhammasseva atth±ya p±º±tip±to adinn±d±no k±mesumicch±c±ro s³kariko orabbhiko s±kuºi ko coro parad±riko ta½ gahetv± s²sacchinn±na½ lohita½ cat³su mah±samuddesu udakatopi bahutara½ m±t±pitu-±d²nampi man±p±na½ atth±ya rodant±na½ assu cat³sumah±samuddesu udakatopi bahutara½, ima½ pana sar²ra½ dhammassa atth±ya vikkiº±mi ta½ mahapphalañca man±pañc±”ti cintetv± “s±dhu m±risa eva½ karom²”ti pabbata½ ±r³yha pabbatagge µhito “mama rajjena saddhi½ mayha½ saj²vasar²ra½ saddhammassatth±ya dass±m²”ti somanasso hutv± “dhamma½ katheth±”ti saddhammatth±ya j²vita½ pariccajitv± ±k±sato uppatitv± dhamma½ katheth±ti ±ha. Atha sakko devar±j± sakattabh±vena sabb±laªk±rehi paµimaº¹ito ativiya sotu½ somanasso ±k±sato patanta½ dibbaphassena par±masanto urena paµiggaºhitv± devaloka½ netv± paº¹ukambalasil±sane nis²d±petv± m±l±gandh±d²hi p³jetv± dhammasoº¹akamah±r±jassa dhamma½ desento ima½ g±tham±ha.
“Anicc± vata saªkh±r±, upp±davayadhammino;
uppajjitv± nirujjhanti, tesa½ v³pasamo sukho”ti.
Eva½ sakko dhammasoº¹akamah±r±jassa dhamma½ desetv± devalokasampatti½ dassetv± devalokato ±netv± sakarajje patiµµh±petv± appam±dena ovaditv± devalokameva agam±si eva½ saddhammasavanass±pi dullabhabh±vo veditabbo. Eva½ pariyatti-antaradh±nena paµipatti paµivedh±pi antaradh±yanti. Ettha ca t²ºi parinibb±n±ni veditabb±ni katam±ni t²ºi parinibb±n±ni. Kilesaparinibb±na½, khandhaparinibb±na½, dh±tuparinibb±nanti. Tattha kilesaparinibb±na½ bodhimaº¹eyeva hoti, bhagav± hi bodhimaº¹eyeva v²riyap±dehi s²lapathaviya½ patiµµh±ya saddh±hatthena kammakkhayakara½ ñ±ºapharasu½ gahetv± sabbo lobhadosamohavipar²tamanasik±ra-ahir²k±nottappakodh³pan±hamakkhapa¼±sa- iss±macchariyam±y±s±µheyyathambhas±rambham±n±ti m±namadapam±dataºh±’vijj±tividh±kusalam³laduccaritasa½kilesamalavisamasaññ±vitakka papañcacatubbidhavipariyesa-±savagantha-oghayog±’gatiganthu’ p±d±napañcacetokhilavinibandhan²varaº±’bhinandana chaviv±dam³lataºh±k±yasatt±nusaya aµµhamicchattanavataºh±m³lakadas±kusalakammapatha dv±saµµhidiµµhigata aµµhasatataºh±vicaritappa bheda sabbadarathapari¼±hakilesasatasahass±ni, saªkhepato v± pañca kilesa-abhisaªkh±rakhandhamaccudevaputtam±re asesato hat± vihat± anabh±va½kat± tasm± sabbepi kiles± bodhimaº¹eyeva nibb±na½ nirodha½ gacchant²ti kilesanibb±na½ bodhimaº¹eyeva hoti ettha ca bodh²ti arahattamaggaññ±ºa½ adhippeta½ tath± hi sabbesampi buddhapaccekabuddha-ariyas±vak±na½ arahattamaggakkhaºeyeva sabbepi kiles± asesa½ nirodha½ nibb±na½ gacchanti tepi buddh± ugghaµitaviññ³vibhajjitaññ³neyyavasena tividh± honti vuttañheta½ j±tattak²sotattak²nid±ne.