2. Kappavin±sakaŗ¹o

Id±ni buddhupp±dadullabhakath±
“Buddho ca dullabho loke, saddhammasavanampi ca;
saŖgho ca dullabho loke, sappuris±ti dullabh±”ti.
Imiss± g±th±ya sa½vaŗŗan±kkamo sampatto. Tattha imasmi½ sattaloke ok±saloke v± sabbańńusamm±sambuddho dullabhova tath± hesa loko saŖkh±raloko, sattaloko, ok±salokoti tippabhedo hoti tesa½ sampattivipatti ca eva½ veditabb± tattha lujjati palujjat²ti lokoti vacanatthena sattaloko veditabbo. Lokiyanti patiµµhahanti ettha sattanik±y±ti vacanatthena ok±saloko veditabbo. Tath± hesa satt± avakasanti etth±ti-ok±soti vuccati so bh³mivasena ap±yabh³mi, k±masugatibh³mi, r³p±vacarabh³mi, ar³p±vacarabh³miceti catubbidh± hoti. Tattha niraya½, tiracch±nayoni, pettivisayo, asurak±yo, ti catasso ap±yabh³mi n±ma. Manuss±, c±tumah±r±jik±, t±vati½s±, y±m±, tusit±, nimm±narati, paranimmitavasavatt² ceti sattavidh± hoti k±masugatibh³mi s±pan±ya½ ek±dasavidh±pi k±mataŗh± avacarati etth±ti vacanatthena k±m±vacarabh³mi n±ma. Brahmap±risajj±, brahmapurohit±, mah±brahm± ca paµhamajjh±nabh³mi ida½ aggin± pariggahitaµµh±na½. Paritt±bh±, appam±ŗ±bh±, ±bhassar± ca dutiyajjh±nabh³mi ida½ ±pena pariggahitaµµh±na½. Parittasubh±, appam±ŗasubh±, subhakiŗh± ca tatiyajjh±nabh³mi ida½ v±tena pariggahitaµµh±na½, tesa½ vipatti½ parato vaŗŗayiss±ma. Vehapphal±, asańńasatt±, suddh±v±s± ca catutthajjh±nabh³miceti r³p±vacarabh³mi so¼asavidh± hoti. Avih±, atapp±, sudass±, sudass², akaniµµh±ceti suddh±v±sabh³mi pańcavidh± hoti. ¾k±s±nańc±yatanabh³mi, vińń±ŗańc±yatanabh³mi, ±kińcańń±yatanabh³mi, nevasańń±n±sańń±yatanabh³miceti catubbidh± hoti ar³pabh³mi. Ett±vat± ekati½sappabhed±pi bh³mi avakasanti ettha sattanik±y±ti vacanatthena ok±soti vuccati. Tattha aµµha mah±niray±ni ap±yabh³mi n±ma. Tiracch±na½ pettivisayo asurak±yoti imesa½ visu½ bh³mi n±ma natthi, manussabh³miya½yeva yattha katthaci arańńavanapatth±d²su nibaddhav±sa½ vasanti soyeva padeso tesa½ bh³mi. Manussabh³mito dvit±l²sasahassayojano yugandharappam±ŗo sineruno pańcam±¼indho c±tumah±r±jikabh³mi. Tatupari dvit±l²sasahassayojana½ sinerumatthaka½ t±vati½s±na½ bh³mi. Tatupari dvet±l²sasahassayojana½ µh±na½ y±m±na½ bh³mi. Imin± nayena y±va vasavattibh³mi dvit±l²sasahassayojane tiµµhati, tasm± manussabh³mito y±va vasavattibh³mi dvesahass±nipańcana hut±ni duvesatasahass±ni yojan±ni honti, teneta½ vuccati.
“Manussabh³mito y±va, bh³mi vasavattantar±;
duve satasahass±ni, pańcanahutameva ca.
Dvesahassańca madhika½, yojan±na½ pam±ŗato;
gaŗan± n±ma bh³m²su, saŖkhy± eva½ pak±sit±”ti.
Tatupari brahmap±risajj±dayo tayo brahmuno pańcapańń±sasatasahassa aµµhasahassayojane samatale µh±ne tiµµhanti. Dutiyatatiyabh³m²brahmunopi tappam±ŗesu samatalesu tiµµhanti. Catutthabh³miya½ pana vehapphala-asańńasatt± tappam±ŗe samatale µh±ne tiµµhanti. Tatuparisuddh±v±sabh³miyo ta½ta½ pam±ŗe µh±ne upar³pari tiµµhanti. Catassopi ar³pabh³miyo tappam±ŗe µh±ne upar³pari tiµµhanti. Ett±vat± ca manussabh³mito y±va bhavagg± yojan±na½ sattakoµi ca aµµh±rasalakkh± ca pańcanahut±ni ca chasahass±ni ca honti teneta½ vuccati por±ŗehi.
“Heµµhim± brahmalokamh±, patit± mahat² sil±;
ahorattena ekena, uggat± aµµhat±l²sa½.
Yojan±na½ sahass±ni, c±tum±sehi bh³mi;
eva½ vuttappam±ŗena, s±ya½ heµµhimabh³mi.
Ito satasahass±ni, sattapańń±sa c±para½;
saµµhi ceva sahass±ni, ubbedhena pak±sit±.
Yojanesupi vuttesu, hitv± k±mappam±ŗaka½;
ses±ni vasavatt²na½, p±risajj±na mantara½.
Tańca pańcahi pańń±sa, satasahass±ni c±para½;
aµµha ceva sahass±ni, yojan±ni pavuccare.
Ito par±su sabb±su, brahmabh³m²su yojan±;
tappam±ŗ±va daµµhabb±, nayagg±hena dh²mat±.
Bh³mito ±bhavaggamh±, sattakoµi aµµh±rasa;
lakkh± pańca nahut±ni, chasahass±ni sabbad±ti.
Es± ca vic±raŗ± µ²k± cariyamatena kat±;
idameva sandh±ya, y±vat± candimas³riy±.
Pariharanti dis± bhanti, virocam±n± y±vat±;
t±va sahassadh± loke, ettha te vattat² vaso”ti.
Vutta½. Etthantare satt± tiµµhanti, tesa½ vitth±ro apubba½ katv± kathetu½ asakkuŗeyyatt± na vakkh±ma imasmi½ sattaloke ok±saloke ca sabbańńusamm±sambuddhova dullabho, tath± hi catt±ro buddh± anubuddho, s±vakabuddho, paccekabuddho, samm±sambuddhoti. Tattha bahussuta½ bhikkhu½ pasa½santena ca na so tumh±ka½ s±vako n±ma, buddhon±mesa cund±ti bahussutassa bhikkhuno buddhabh±va½ anuj±nantena ca.
Dhammak±yo yato satth±, dhammo satthuk±yo mato;
dhamm±sikoso saŖgho ca, satthusaŖkhyampi gacchat²ti.
Vutte puthujjanopi upac±ravasena v±can±maggassa bodhatt± anubuddho n±ma. Ariyas±vako pana parato yosavasena catt±ri sacc±ni bujjhati bujjhanamattameva v±ti vacanatthena bujjhanasabh±vatt± s±vakabuddho n±ma. Yo pana khaggavis±ŗakappo sayambh³ń±ŗena anańńabodhako hutv± s±ma½ bujjhanatthena paccekabujjhatt± paccekabuddho n±ma. Sambuddhotipi etasseva n±ma½. Yo pana saŖkhat±saŖkhatappabheda½ sakalampi dhammaj±ta½ y±th±vasarasalakkhaŗappaµivedhavasena samm± pak±rena saya½ pacitup±ramit±sayambh³tena sayambh³ń±ŗena sayameva anańńabodhito hutv± sav±sanasammohanidd±ya accanta½ vigato dinakarakiraŗasam±gamena paramarucirasir²sobhaggappattiy± vikasitamiva paduma½ aggamaggań±ŗasam±gamena aparimitaguŗagaŗ±laŖkatasabbańńutańń±ŗappattiy± sabbadhamme bujjhi abujjhi ańń±s²ti samm±sambuddho, bhagav±, sova loke dullabho paccekasambuddh±nampi hi ekasmi½ k±le satasahass±divasena ekato pavattatt± te dullabh±pi anacchariyaj±tatt± paresa½ maggaphal±dhigam±ya upanissayarahitatt± ca samm±sambuddhova loke dullabho, aya½ lokasampattivic±raŗ±.
Katha½ lokassa vipatti veditabb± tath± hesa loko vinassam±no tejenapi ±penapi v±yun±pi vinassati. Tassa vitth±ro visuddhimagg±d²su vuccam±nopi kesańci puggal±na½ matena micch±g±hatt± brahm³na½ ±yun± minitepi asam±na½ sa½vaµµas²m±pi viruddh±, tasm± tesa½ v±da½ apanetv± ganthato sam±netv± vakkh±ma. Tattha catt±ri asaŖkhyeyy±ni. Katam±ni catt±ri asaŖkhyeyy±ni sa½vaµµo, sa½vaµµaµµh±y², vivaµµo, vaµµaµµh±y²ti. Tayo sa½vaµµ± ±posa½vaµµo, tejosa½vaµµo, v±yosa½vaµµo. Tisso sa½vaµµas²m± ±bhassar±, subhakiŗh±, vehapphal±ti. Ayamettha uddeso. Tattha sa½vaµµo n±ma parih±yam±no kappo. Tena sa½vaµµaµµh±y²pi gahito hoti, ta½ m³lakatt±. Va¹¹hayam±no vivaµµakappo n±ma. Tena vivaµµaµµh±y²pi gahito ta½ m³lakatt±. Tattha sa½vaµµoti vin±so. Yad± kappo vinassam±no tejena sa½vaµµati, ±bhassarato heµµh± paµhamajjh±nabh³mi aggin± dayhati. Yad± ±pena sa½vaµµati, subhakiŗhato heµµh± y±va dutiyajjh±nabh³mi udakena vil²yati. Yad± v±yun± sa½vaµµati, vehapphalato heµµh± y±va tatiyajjh±nabh³mi v±tena sa½vaµµati. Vitth±rato pana j±tikhetta ±ŗ±khettavisayakhettavasena tiŗŗa½ buddhakhett±na½ ±ŗ±khetta½ vinassati. Tasmi½ vinaµµhe j±tikhettampi vinassateva. Tattha j±tikhetta½ dasasahassacakkav±¼apariyanta½ hoti. Ta½ tath±gatassa paµisandhiggahaŗa-±yusaŖkh±rossajjan±dik±lesupi kampati. ¾ŗ±khetta½ koµisatasahassacakkav±¼apariyanta½. Yattha ratanasutta½ khandhaparitta½ dhajaggaparitta½ ±µ±n±µiyaparitta½ moraparittanti imesa½ paritt±na½ ±nubh±vo pavattati. Visayakhetta½ ananta½ aparim±ŗa½. Tattha j±tikhetta-±ŗ±khett±vasena dve khett±ni ekato vinassanti. Saŗµhahantampi ekato saŗµhahati. Tassa vin±soca saŗµhahantańca eva½ veditabba½ yasmi½ samaye kappo aggin± nassati, tad± ±dito kappavin±sakamah±megho vuµµhahitv± koµisatasahassacakkav±¼a½ ekameghavassa½ vasi, tuµµh± manuss± b²j±ni vappenti, sassesu gokh±yitamattesu j±tesu gadrabharava½ viravanto ekabindupi na patati. Yad± pacchinnameva hoti tad± vass³paj²vino satt± k±la½ katv± paritt±bhesu brahmabh³m²su uppajjanti puńńaphal³paj²vinopi devat± tattheva brahmaloke uppajjanti, eva½ d²ghassa addhuno accayena tattha tattha udaka½ parikkhaya½ gacchati, macchakacchap±di udakanissit± p±ŗ± k±la½ katv± manussadevalokesu nibbattitv± jh±na½ upp±detv± brahmaloke nibbattanti. Nerayikasatt±pi sattamas³riyap±tubh±v± vinassanti, tepi devaloke paµiladdhajjh±navasena brahmaloke uppajjanti, tad± hi lokaby³h± n±ma k±m±vacaradev± ukkhittasir± vikiŗŗakes± rudamukh± ass³ni hatthehi muńcam±n± rattavatthanivatth± ativiya vir³pavesadh±rino hutv± manussapathe vicarant± eva½ ±rocenti “m±ris± bho ito vassasata sahassaccayena kappavuµµh±na½ bhavissati aya½ loko vinassissati mah±samuddopisussissati ayańca mah±pathav² sinerupabbatar±j± ¹ayhissati vinassissati y±vabrahmalok± vin±so bhavissati metta½ m±ris± bh±vetha. Karuŗa½, mudita½, upekkha½ m±ris± bh±vetha m±tara½ upaµµhahatha, pitara½ upaµµhahatha, kule jeµµh±pac±yino hoth±”ti. Tesa½ vacana½ sutv± yebhuyyena manuss± ca bhummadevat± ca sa½vegaj±t± ańńamańńa½ muducitt± hutv± mett±d²ni puńń±ni karitv± devaloke nibbattanti. Tattha sudh±bhojana½ bhuńjitv± v±yo parikamma½ katv± jh±na½ paµilabhanti, eva½ nerayikasatt±pi apar±pariyakammena devaloka½ nibbattanti. Ye pana niyatamicch±diµµhik± tesa½ kammassa aparikkhay± ańńacakkav±¼esu attano kamm±nur³pa½ vip±kamanubhonti. Teneva ahosikamme micch±diµµhivasena akattabba½ n±ma p±pa½ natthi, yato sa½s±rakh±ŗubh±vova n±ma hot²ti ±ha “diµµhi param±ni bhikkhave vajj±n²”ti. “Apar±pariyavedan²yakammarahitopi sa½saranto satto n±ma natth²”ti vuttatt±. “Apar±pariyakammavasena yato micch±diµµhisam±d±nato sappuris³panissayavasena vir±jetv± bhavato vuµµh±na½ n±ma bhaveyy±ti amh±ka½ khanti. Eva½ devaloke paµiladdhajjh±navasena sabbepi brahmaloke nibbattanti. Vassupacchedato pana uddha½ d²ghassa addhuno accayena dutiyo s³riyo p±tubhavati. P±tubh³te ca tasmi½ neva rattiparicchedo, na div± paricchedo pańń±yati, eko s³riyo uµµheti, eko s³riyo attha½ gacchati. Avicchinnas³riyasant±pova loko hoti.
Pakatis³riye s³riyadevaputto atthi kappavin±sakas³riye pana natthi. Pakatis³riyobh±sena ±k±se val±hak± dh³masikh±pi caranti. Kappavin±sakas³riyobh±sena vigatadh³maval±haka½ ±d±samaŗ¹ala½ viya nimmala½ hoti nabha½ µhapetv± gaŖg±, yamun±, sarabh³, aciravat², mah²ti, im± pańca mah±nadiyo µhapetv± avasesapańcasatakunnad²-±d²su udaka½ sussati tato d²ghassa addhuno accayena tatiyo s³riyo p±tubhavati tasmi½ p±tubh³te pańca mah±nadiyopi sussanti. Tato d²ghassa addhuno accayena catuttho s³riyo p±tubhavati. Yassa p±tubh±v± himavat² mah±nad²na½ pabhav± s²hapatano, ha½sapatano, mand±kin², kaŗŗamuŗ¹ako, rathak±radaho, anotattadaho, chaddantadaho, kuŗ±ladahoti ime satta mah±sar± sussanti. Tato d²ghassa addhuno accayena pańcamo s³riyo p±tubhavati, yassa p±tubh±v± anupubbena mah±samuddo aŖgulipabbatemanamattampi udaka½ na saŗµh±ti. Tato d²ghassa addhuno accayena chaµµho s³riyo p±tubhavati, yasmi½ p±tubh±ve sakalacakkav±¼a½ ekadh³ma½ hoti, pariy±dinnasinehadh³mena yath± ca eva½ koµisatasahassacakkav±¼ampi. Tatopi d²ghassa addhuno accayena sattamo s³riyo p±tubhavati, yassa p±tubh±v± sakalacakkav±¼a½ ekaj±la½ hoti saddhi½ koµisatasahassacakkav±¼ehi yojanasatik±dibhed± sineruk³µ±ni palujjitv± ±k±seyeva antaradh±yanti. S±pi aggij±l± uµµhahitv± c±tumah±r±jike gaŗh±ti, tattha kanakavim±naratanavim±n±ni jh±petv± t±vati½sabhavana½ gaŗh±ti eten³p±yena y±va paµhamajjh±nabh³mi gaŗh±ti. Tattha tayopi brahmaloke jh±petv± ±bhassare ±hacca aµµh±si. S± y±va aŗumattampi saŖkh±ragata½ atthi, t±va nanibb±yi. SabbasaŖkh±raparikkhay± pana sappitelajh±pana-aggisikh± viya ch±rikampi anavasesetv± nibb±yi. Heµµh± ±k±sena saha upari ±k±so eko hoti mahandhak±ro. Eva½ kappavin±sakamah±meghato y±vaj±laparicched± sa½vaµµo n±ma ekamasaŖkhyeyya½ n±ma. Atha d²ghassa addhuno accayena mah±megho vuµµhahitv± paµhama½ sukhuma½ vassati. Anupubbena kumudan±¼ayaµµhimusalat±lakkhandh±dippam±ŗ±hi dh±r±hi vassanto koµisatasahassacakkav±¼esu sabba¹a¹¹haµµh±na½ p³retv± antaradh±yati. Ta½ udaka½ heµµh± ca tiriyańca v±to samuµµhahitv± ghana½ karoti. Parivaµuma½ paduminipatte udakabindusadisa½. Eva½ aggij±lanibb±yanato y±va koµisatasahassacakkav±¼aparip³rato sampattimah±megho, ida½ sa½vaµµaµµh±y² n±ma, dutiyamasaŖkhyeyya½ n±ma. Katha½ t±va mahanta½ udakar±si½ v±to ghana½ karot²ti ce. Vivarasampad±nato ta½ v± tena piŗ¹iyam±na½ ghana½ kariyam±na½ parikkhayam±na½ anupubbena heµµh± otarati. Otiŗŗotiŗŗe udake pubbe brahmalokaµµh±ne brahmap±ri sajja-brahmapurohitamah±brahm±vasena paµhamajjh±nabh³mi paµhama½ p±tubhavati. Tato otiŗŗotiŗŗe udake catuk±m±vacaradevalokaµµh±ne anukkamena paranimmitavasavatt², nimm±narat², tusit±, y±m±ti catt±ro k±m±vacaradevalok± p±tubhavanti. Tato purimapathaviµµh±na½ otiŗŗe pana udake balavav±t± uppajjanti. Te ta½ pidahitadv±re dhamakaraŗe µhita-udakamiva niruss±sa½ katv± nirujjhanti. Madhurodaka½ parikkhaya½ gaccham±na½ upari rasapathavi½ samuµµh±peti s± vaŗŗasampann±ceva hoti gandharasasampann± ca, nirudakap±y±sassa upari paµala½ viya tad± ca ±bhassarabrahmaloke paµhamatar±bhinibbatt± satt± ±yukkhay± v± puńńakkhay± v± tato cavitv± idh³papajjanti. “Puńńakkhay± v±”ti imin± brahm³na½ ±yupariccheda½ appatv±va kammakkhayena maraŗa½ vińń±yati. Te honti saya½pabh± antalikkhacar±. Te aggańńasutte vuttanayena ta½ rasapathavi½ s±yitv± taŗh±bhibh³t± ±luppak±ra½ paribhuńjitu½ upakkamanti. Atha nesa½ saya½ pabh± antaradh±yati, andhak±ro hoti te andhak±ra½ disv± bh±yanti. Tato nesa½ bhaya½ n±setv± s³rabh±va½ janayanta½ paripuŗŗapaŗŗ±sayojana½ s³riyamaŗ¹ala½ v± p±tubhavati. Te ta½ disv± “±loka½ paµilabhimh±”ti haµµhatuµµh± hutv± “amh±ka½ bhaya½ n±setv± s³rabh±va½ janayanto uµµhito, tasm± s³riyo hot³”ti s³riyo tvevassa n±ma½ karonti. Atha s³riye divasa½ ±loka½ katv± atthaŖgate “yampi ±loka½ labhimh±, sopi no naµµho”ti puna bh²t± honti. Tesa½ eva½ hoti “s±dhuvatassa ańńa½ ±loka½ labheyy±m±”ti. Tesa½ citta½ ńatv± viya ek³napańń±sayojana½ candamaŗ¹ala½ p±tubhavati Te ta½ disv± bhiyyosomatt±ya haµµhatuµµh± hutv± “amh±ka½ chanda½ ńatv± viya uµµhito, tasm± cando hot³”ti candotvevassa n±ma½ karonti. Tato pabhuti rattidiv± pańń±yanti. Anukkamena ca m±saddham±sa-utusa½vacchar±. Candimas³riy±na½ pana p±tubh³tadivaseyeva sinerucakkav±¼ahimavantapabbat± p±tubhavanti, te ca kho apubba½ acarima½ phagguŗapuŗŗamadivaseyeva p±tubhavanti. Katha½ yath±n±ma kaŖgubhatte paccam±ne ekappah±reneva bubbu¼ak±ni uµµhahanti. Eke pades± th³path³p± honti, eke ninnaninn±, eke samasam± evameva th³path³paµµh±ne pabbat± honti, ninnaninnaµµh±ne samudd±, samasamaµµh±ne d²p±ti eva½ manussaloke saŗµhite c±tumah±r±jik±, t±vati½s±ti dve k±m±vacaradevalok± pacchato p±tubhavanti. Bh³manissit± n±ma hete dve devalok±. Eva½ sampattimah±meghato y±va candimas³riyap±tubh±vo, ida½ vivaµµo n±ma tatiyamasaŖkhyeyya½ n±ma. Atha tesa½ satt±na½ rasapathavi½ paribhuńjant±na½ kammena ekacce vaŗŗavanto, ekacce dubbaŗŗ± honti tattha vaŗŗavanto dubbaŗŗe atimańńanti. Tesa½ m±n±tim±napaccay± s±pi rasapathav² antaradh±yati. Bh³mipappaµako p±tubhavati atha nesa½ teneva nayena sopi antaradh±yati, pat±lat± p±tubhavati, teneva nayena s±pi antaradh±yati. Akaµµhap±ko s±li p±tubhavati akaŗo athuso suddho sugandho taŗ¹ulapphalo. Tato nesa½ bh±jan±ni uppajjanti te s±l² bh±jane µhapetv± p±s±ŗapiµµhiy± µhapenti, sayameva j±lasikh± uµµhahitv± pacati. So hoti odano sumanaj±tipupphasadiso, na tassa s³pena v± byańjanena v± karaŗ²ya½ atthi. Ya½ya½ rasa½ bhuńjituk±m± honti, ta½ta½ rasova hoti. Tesa½ ta½ o¼±rika½ ±h±ra½ ±harata½ tato pabhuti muttakar²sa½ sańj±yati. Atha nesa½ tassa nikkhamanatth±ya vaŗamukh±ni pabhijjanti. Purisassa purisabh±vo, itthiy± itthibh±vo p±tubhavati. Tatrasuda½ itth² purisa½, puriso ca itthi½ ativela½ upanijjh±yati. Tesa½ ativela½ upanijjh±yanabh±v± k±mapari¼±ho uppajjati. Tato methunadhamma½ paµisevanti. Te asaddhammapaµisevanapaccay± vińń³hi garahiyam±n± viheµhiyam±n± tassa asaddhammassa paµicch±danahetu ag±r±ni karonti.