201. “Janesu”cc±di. J±yam±nesu janesu ekopi jinas±diso sambuddhasadiso natthi, p±rij±tassa rukkhassa dutiyo tena samo dutiyo p±dapo rukkho natthi eva nanu, nan³ti anuññ±ya½. Tena sabbaññuno aññena atulyabh±va½ anuj±n±ti. Iha p±rij±tarukkhassa aññehi rukkhehi uttamattañca buddhassa aññesu sattesu uttamattañc±ti ida½ dvaya½ upam±nopameyyabh³t±na½ dvinna½ vatth³na½ s±mya½ n±ma, eta½ s±mya½ vuttatthassa samatthanavasena pativatthubh³tap±rij±tassa rukkhehi asam±nattakathaneneva jotita½ hoti.
202. V±kyattheneva v±kyattho,
yadi kocyu’pam²yate;
ivayuttaviyuttatt±,
s± v±kyatthopam± dvidh±
.
202. V±kyatthavisayopama½ dasseti “v±kyatthenevi”cc±din±. V±kyattho kriy±k±rakasambandhaviseso, teneva, na padatthamattena v±kyattho vuttalakkhaºo koci vattumicchito koci yadi upam²yate sadiso kathyate, s± v±kyatthopam± dvidh± bhijjate. Katha½? Yutt± ca viyutt± ca yuttaviyutt±, ivena atthaniddesoya½ yuttaviyutt± upam±, tass± bh±v± k±raº± dvidh±ti adhikata½.
202. Id±ni v±kyatthavisayopama½ dasseti “v±kyatthe”cc±din±. V±kyattheneva kriy±k±rakasambandhavisesasaªkhatasamud±yabh³tena v±kyatthena koci vattumicchito yo koci v±kyattho vuttalakkhaºo yadi upam²yate sadisabh±vena kath²yate, upam± v±kyatthopam± n±ma hoti. Ivayuttaviyuttatt± ivayuttaviyuttavasena dvidh± dvippak±r±. Ettha “iv±”ti iv±d²namatthassa gahitatt± ivasaddopi tappariy±yasadd±pi gayhante.

Ivayutta

203. Jino sa½klesatatt±na½,
±vibh³to jan±na’ya½;
ghammasant±patatt±na½,
ghammak±le’mbudo viya
.
203. Ud±harati “jino”icc±di. Sa½klesehi dasavidhehi tatt±na½ sant±pa½ anuppatt±na½ jan±na½ aya½ jino samm±sambuddho ±vibh³to katakiccatt± samm±sambodh±dhigamena loke p±tubh³to. Eka½ t±va v±kyamupameyyabh³ta½. Kimivety±ha “ghamme”cc±di. Ghammasant±pena tatt±na½ jan±na½ ghammak±le gimh±nasamaye ambudo megho viy±ti dutiyav±kyamupam±nabh³tamityayamivayutt± v±kyatthopam±. Ettha pubbuttarav±kyatth±na½ visesyavisesanabh±vo ekav±kyatthatt±va veditabbo. Evamuparipi.
203. Ud±harati “jino”cc±din±. Aya½ jino eso jitapañcam±ro satth± sa½klesatatt±na½ anekappak±ra kilesasant±patatt±na½ jan±na½ ±vibh³to katakicco hutv± sabbaññutaññ±º±dhigamena loke upaµµhito. Kena santattassa kassaci kimiveti ce? Ghammasant±patatt±na½ jan±na½ ghammak±le gimhasamaye ambudoviya megho iva. Iha uttarav±kyattho bhedakatt± visesana½ hoti, pubbav±kyattho pana bhedyatt± visesyo hoti. Eva½ v±kyabhede satipi v±kyattho ekoveti daµµhabbo. Evamuttaratr±pi. Uttarav±kye ivasaddo tasmi½yeva guºaguº²padatth±na½ sadisatta½ d²peti, pubbav±kye guºaguº²na½ sadisatta½ pana uttarav±kyatthassa pubbav±kyena sam±natta½ vin± aññath±nupapattiy± ñ±yati. Sa½klesehi tatt±ti ca, ghammo eva sant±poti ca, tena tatt±ti ca, ghammo eva k±loti ca v±kya½.

Ivaviyutta

204. Munind±nana’m±bh±ti, vil±sekamanohara½;
uddha½ samuggatass±pi, ki½ te canda vijambhan±.
204. Dutiyam±ha “muninda”icc±din±. Vil±sena ekamatulya½ manohara½ dutiyassa t±disass±bh±vato munind±nana½ ±bh±ti atisayena sobhateti eka½ t±va v±kyamupameyyabh³ta½. Bho canda uddha½ gaganatala½ samuggatass±pi abbhuµµhitass±pi te tava vijambhan± s±ha½k±raparibbhamanena ki½ payojana½ na ki½pi, ta½sadisasobh±sampattiy±bh±vato. Asadisatta½ munind±nanassa tassa tatopi uddhamuggacchato vil±samattameva [piy±samattameva (ka.)] phalasambhavatoti dutiyav±kyamupam±nabh³ta½. Tath± hettha sabbath± sadisat±pat²tiy± kariyam±n±namuggamanavijambhan±na½ paµikkhepena kathañcipi mukhacand±na½ s±dhammapat²ti upam±vagamoti ayamivaviyuttav±kyatthopam±.
204. Id±ni ivaviyuttav±kyatthopama½yeva ud±harati “munind±nani”cc±din±. Vil±sekamanohara½ l²l±ya atulya½ tatoyeva manohara½ munind±nana½ sabbaññuno vadana½ ±bh±ti atidibbati, tasm± he canda uddha½ ucca½ nabha½ samuggatass±pi te tuyha½ vijambhan± aha½k±rena paribbhamanena ki½ payojana½. Iha pubbav±kyatthassa uttarav±kyattho ivaviyuttopam± n±ma hoti. Tath± hi “sabbath± mukhena sadiso bhav±m²”ti m±na½ karontassa candassa gaganatal±rohopi vijambhanañceti imesa½ dvinna½ paµikkhepena mukhacand±na½ vil±sekamanoharatta½ kantimattasaªkh±tasadisatta½ iv±d²namabh±vepi viññ±yat²ti katv± uttarav±kyattho pubbav±kyatthassa upam± ca visesanañca hoti. Vil±sena ekamatulyanti ca, tañca ta½ manoharañc±ti ca viggaho. Apisaddo sambh±vanattho.
205. Samubbejeti dh²manta½, bhinnaliªg±dika½ tu ya½;
upam±d³san±y±’la-meta½ katthaci ta½ yath±.
205. Dosaparicchede duµµh±laªkat²timupam±laªk±rad³sana½ dassetum±ha “samubbejeti”cc±di. Ya½ bhinnaliªg±dika½ tu, ±disaddena bhinnavacanah²nat±-adhikat±d²na½ pariggaho. Tusaddo atthajotako, tath±p²ti attho. Dh²manta½ medh±vi½ samubbejeti na p²ºeti, eta½ bhinnaliªgadika½ katthaci na sabbattha upam±d³san±ya virodhattha½ ala½ samattha½. “Ta½ yathe”ti ud±harati.
205. Dosaparicchede dos±namanuddes±vas±ne niddiµµh±ya duµµh±laªkatiy± dassetabba-ud±haraºe–
“Duµµh±laªkaraºa½ teta½, yatth±laªk±rad³sana½;
tass±laªk±raniddese, r³pam±vibhavissat²”ti.
Katapaµiññ±nus±rena id±ni dassetum±ha “samubbejeti”cc±di. Ya½ bhinnaliªg±dika½ tu vakkham±na½ ya½ bhinnaliªgavacan±dika½ pana dh²manta½ paññavanta½ kavi½ samubbejeti “eva½ n±ma vattabba½ siy±”ti ubbega½ janeti, eta½ bhinnaliªg±dika½ upam±d³san±ya yath±vutta-upam±vin±sanattha½ katthaci “itth²v±ya½ jano y±ti”icc±divattabbavisayato aññattha ala½ samattha½. “Ta½ yath±”ti ud±harati. Bhinna½ visadisañca ta½ liªgañceti ca, ta½ ±di yassa visadisavacan±dinoti ca, upam±ya d³sanamiti ca v±kya½.
206. Ha½s²v±’ya½ sas² bhinna-
liªg±’k±sa½ sar±niva;
vij±tivacan± h²n±,
s±’va bhatto bhaµo’dhipe
.
206. “Ha½s²v±yan”ti aya½ sas² cando ha½s²va ha½s²sadiso. Bhinnaliªg± bhinnaliªgopam±. “¾k±sa½ sar±niv±”ti vij±tivacan± visadisavacanopam±. “Bhaµo adhipe s±mini s±va bhatto”ti h²n± h²nopam± kukkurassa h²nena j±ty±din± adhikassa upamitatt±.
206. “Ha½si”cc±di. Aya½ sas² cando ha½s² iva ha½sidhen³va hoti. Icc±dikopam± bhinnaliªg± upameyyato bhinnaliªgatt± bhinnaliªgopam± n±ma hoti. ¾k±sa½ nabha½ sar±niv±ti aya½ vij±tivacan± upameyyena visadisavacanatt± vij±tivacanopam± n±ma hoti. Adhipe s±mini bhaµo sevako s±va sunakho iva bhattoti aya½ h²n± j±tih²nena sunakhena uttamassa purisassa upamitatt± h²nopam± n±ma hoti. Bhinna½ liªgametiss±ti ca, vividh± j±ti sabh±vo asseti ca, vij±ti vacana½ ass± upam±y±ti ca viggaho.
207. Khajjoto bh±num±l²va,
vibh±t²tyadhikopam±;
aphuµµhatth± balambhodhi,
s±garo viya sa½khubhi
.
207. “Khajjoto”icc±di. Khajjoto bh±num±l²va s³riyo viya vibh±t²tyadhikopam± adhikena h²nassa upamitatt±. Balambhodhi sen±s±garo s±garo viya sa½khubh²ti aphuµµhatthopam± “balambhodh²”ti r³pakena sen±ya mahantatt±vagamato puna “s±garo viy±”ti upam±ya kassaci visesatthassa asa½phuµµhatt±.
207. “Khajjoto”cc±di. “Khajjoto bh±num±l²va vibh±t²”ti aya½ adhikopam± adhik±ya upam±ya upamitatt± adhikopam± n±ma hoti. “Balambhodhi sen±samuddo s±garo viya sa½khubh²”ti aya½ aphuµµhatth± sen±ya mahatta½ “balambhodh²”ti tirobh³ta-upam±yeva avagata½, tasm± puna “s±garo viy±”ti upam±ya phusitabbatthass±bh±v± aphuµµhatthopam± n±ma hoti. Aphuµµho attho etiss±ti ca, bala½ eva ambhodh²ti ca v±kya½.
208. Cande kalaªko bhiªgove-
tyu’pam±pekkhin² aya½;
khaº¹it± kerav±k±ro,
sakalaªko nis±karo
.
208. “Cande”icc±di. Kalaªko bhiªgo viy±tyayamupam± “cande kusumagacchasadise” ityupamantaramapekkhateti yato cande bhiªgo na sambhavati, pupphagacche tu sambhavat²ti ayamupam± upam±pekkhin². Sakalaªko sasalakkhaºo nis±karo cando kerav±k±ro kumudasannibhoti khaº¹itopam± keravassa antokaºhatta½ paµip±detu½ “sabhiªgakerav±k±ro”ti vattabbatt±.
208. “Cande”cc±di. “Cande kalaªko bhiªgo iv±”ti aya½ upam±pekkhin² candassa-upam±bh³tapupphagacchak±di-apekkhanato upam±pekkhin² n±ma hoti. Cande bhiªgapavattiy± abh±vato tassa visayabh³tapupphagacchak±di candassa upamattena gahetv± avuttatt± duµµh±ti adhipp±yo. Sakalaªko kalaªkasahito nis±karo cando kerav±k±ro kumudasadisoti aya½ khaº¹it± candagata½ kaºhatta½ pak±setu½ “sabhiªgakerav±k±ro”ti vattabbe bhiªgopam±bh±vassa khaº¹itatt± khaº¹itopam± n±ma hoti. Upama½ apekkhat²ti ca, khaº¹a½ it± gat±ti ca, khaº¹ena it± yutt± v±ti ca, keravass±k±ro asseti ca, saha kalaªkena vattat²ti ca v±kya½.
209. Iccevam±dir³pesu, bhavanti vigat±dar±;
karonti c±’dara½ dh²r±, payoge kvacideva tu.
209. Vutta½ nigameti “icceva”m±din±. R³pesu payogesu. Vigato apagato ±daro sambh±van± yesa½ tath± bhavanti. Ki½ bhinnaliªg±dika½ niyamen±n±daraº²yameva, aniyameneti [niyameneti (ka.)] ce gayh³pagampi atth²ti ±ha “karonti”cc±di½. Kvacideva tu payoge dh²r± kavayo ±dara½ karonti c±ti. Casaddo vattabbantarattha½ samuccinoti.
209. “Icce”cc±di. Iti anantara½ niddiµµhesu evam±dir³pesu payogesu dh²r± vigat±dar± bhavanti. Imeyeva dh²r± kvacideva tu payoge bhinnaliªg±dike ±dara½ karonti ca. Iti eva½ aya½ pak±ro ±di yesamiti ca, t±ni ca t±ni r³p±ni ceti ca, vigato ±daro yesamiti ca viggaho. Casaddo v±kyantarasamuccaye. Tasm± vigat±daratthena aññam±darakaraºa½ vuccam±nakath±santati½ ±ka¹¹hati.
210. Itth²v±’ya½ jano y±ti,
vadatyes± pum± viya;
piyo p±º± iv±’ya½ me,
vijj± dhanamiva’ccit±
.
210. Ud±harati “itthi”cc±di. Aya½ jano itth²va y±ti kriy±nuvattito. Es± itth² pum±va puriso viya vadati t±disassa p±gabbhiyayogato. Ettha liªgan±nattamupam±nopameyy±na½. Ayamicchito koci me p±º± iva piyo iµµho, vijj± by±karaº±dayo dhanamiva accit± r±sikat±ti vacanabhedo.
210. Id±ni bhinnaliªg±na½ gahetabbavisaya½ dasseti “itth²v±’ya”micc±din±. Aya½ jano itth²va avisadagamanena mahil± viya y±ti. Es± itth² pum± viya t±disap±gabbhiyayuttatt± puriso viya vadat²ti. Iha dvinna½ upam±nopameyy±na½ liªgabhede satipi kavayo ±dara½ karonti. Aya½ puriso me mama p±º± iva [p±º± iva j²vo iva (ka.)] ±yavova piyo. Accit± sañcit± vijj± by±karaºanighaºµu-±dayo dhanamiva hont²ti. Ettha upam±nopameyy±na½ vacanato visesatte satipi iµµhameva.
211. Bhava½ viya mah²p±la, devar±j± vir±jate;
ala’ma½sumato kaccha½, tejas± rohitu½ aya½.
211. H²n±dhikamuttamud±haraºam±ha “bhava½ viyi”cc±di. Mah²p±lety±mantana½, devar±j± bhava½ viya vir±jate. Iti h²nen±pi hoti. Eva½vidhe samucite visaye liªgavacanabhed±dika½ nopama½ d³set²ti [dasset²ti (ka.)].
211. “Bhava”micc±di. Mah²p±la bho r±ja, devar±j± sakko devar±j± bhava½ viya vir±jateti. Ettha sakkamup±d±ya “bhava½ viy±”ti h²nattepi iµµhameva. Aya½ r±j± a½sumato s³riyassa kaccha½ padavi½ tejas± ±rohitu½ pattu½ ala½ samatthoti. Ettha tejas± adhikopi s³riyo upam±bh³to iµµhova, “kaccha½ ±rohitun”ti ivasaddapariy±yo. ¿disa½ bhinnaliªg±dikopam±dika½ upam±d³sana½ na karoti.
212. Upam±nopameyy±na½, abhedassa nir³pan±;
upameva [upam±va (s². ka.)] tirobh³ta-bhed± r³pakamuccate.
212. R³paka½ nir³payati “upam±ne”cc±din±. Upam±nopameyy±na½ yath±vutt±na½ abhedassa n±natt±bh±vassa nir³pan± ±ropanena upam±nopameyy±namabheda½ r³payati dasset²ti r³pakamuccate. Upam±nassa upam±nopameyy±namabhed±ropanena tirobh³to ap±kaµo bhedo n±natta½ yass±ti t±dis² upameva yath±vuttalakkhaº± r³pakamuccate “r³pakan”ti. “Padambujan”ti ettha padameva ambujasadisatt± ambuja½ rupyate. Ityupameyyopam±nabh³t±na½ padambuj±namabhed±ropanena upam±nopameyyagatas±dhammasaªkh±t±yapi upam±ya bhedo vijjam±nopi tirohito. Na tu ±vibh³to [abbhuto (ka.)] “pada½ ambujamive”ti. S± copam± tath±vidh± upam±nopameyy±namabhedam±y±ti n±m±ti r³pakamuccateti adhipp±yo.
212. Id±ni uddiµµhakkamena r³pak±laªk±ra½ dasseti “upam±no”cc±din±. Upam±nopameyy±na½ anantaraniddiµµha-upam±nopameyy±na½ abhedassa sabh±vato bhede satipi vibh³tasadisatta½ niss±ya “so eso, eso so”ti vatt±rehi parikappitassa abhedassa nir³pan± upam±nopameyyapadatthesu buddhiy± ±ropana½ niss±ya tirobh³tabhed± “pada½ ambujamiv±”ti eva½ p±kaµan±natta½ vin± “padambujan”ti tirohitabhed± upameva padatth±na½ s±dhammasaªkh±t± upam± eva r³paka½ iti vuccate. Vibh³tasadisatta½ niss±ya upam±nopameyyavatth³ni abhedena gayhanti. Tesamabhedaggahaºeneva te niss±ya pavattam±nabhinnas±dhammasaªkh±t±ya upam±yapi bhedo tirohito hoti. Eva½ tirobh³tan±nattavantas±dhammasaªkh±t± upam± eva vatth³namabheda½ d²pet²ti r³paka½ n±ma hot²ti adhipp±yo. Tirobh³to bhedo yasseti ca, abheda½ r³payati pak±set²ti ca v±kya½.
213. Asesavatthuvisaya½, ekadesavivatti ca;
ta½ dvidh± puna pacceka½, sam±s±divas± tidh±.
213. Tassa bheda½ niddisati “asesa”icc±din±. Asesavatthu visayo yassa ta½ tath±vidhañca, ekadese avayave vivattat²ti ekadesavivatti ceti ta½ r³paka½ dvidh±, puna pacceka½ visu½ visu½ sam±s±divas± upam±nopameyy±na½ katasam±satt± sam±sar³paka asam±sar³paka sam±s±sam±sar³pakavasena tidh± siy±.
213. “Asesi”cc±di. Ta½ r³paka½ asesavatthuvisaya½ ekadesavivatti c±ti dvidh± hoti, puna pacceka½ ta½ dvayampi sam±s±divas± sam±sar³paka½ asam±sar³paka½ sam±s±sam±sar³pakañceti imesa½ bhedena tidh± hoti. Asesa½ vatthu visayo asseti ca, ekadese vivattat²ti ca, eka½ eka½ pat²ti ca, sam±so sam±sar³paka½ ±di yesamiti ca, tesa½ vaso bhedoti ca, t²hi pak±reh²ti ca viggaho.