Sam±dhiniddesa

Ap±ºe p±ºina½ dhammo

153. Uºº±puººindun± n±tha, div±pi saha saªgam±;
vinidd± sampamodanti, maññe kumudin² tava.
153. “Uºº±”icc±di. N±th±ti lokattayekapaµisaraºabh³tat±ya bhagavanta½ ±lapati. Tava uºº±romadh±tusaªkh±tena puººindun± saha saªgam± sa½yogena kumudin² kumudiniyo kumud±kar± div±pi vinidd± vigatasopp± sampamodanti maññe suµµhuyeva pamodant²ti parikappem²ti. Ettha p±ºidhammassa suratar³passa saªgamassa vinidd±ya samp²ºanassa ca ap±ºini ±ropitapumbh±ve uºº±puººindumhi, tath± ±ropita-itthibh±v±su kumudin²su lokas²m±nurodhena sam±dh±nato soya½ pasiddho dhammo “sam±dh²”ti vuccati. Tadabhidh±y² saddo ca upac±rato atth±nug±mitt± saddikavoh±ra½ dasseti, evamuparipi yath±yoga½.
153. Tesu p±ºidhammasam±dhino ud±haraºam±disati “uºº±”icc±din±. N±tha tava tuyha½ uºº±puººindun± uºº±romamaº¹alasaªkh±tapuººacandena saha saªgam± aññamaññasamav±yahetun± kumudin² kerav±karasaªkh±t± kumudiniyo div±pi vinidd± vikasit± sampamodanti maññe atisantuµµh± hont²ti kappem²ti indusampamodo sahasaddena ñ±yate. Ettha p±ºidhammasaªkh±to suratasaªgamo ca nidd±pagamo ca sampamodanañc±ti tiººa½ uºº±puººindukumudin²saªkh±tesu ap±ºesu lokavoh±r±natikkamma buddhiy± ±ropanena p±ºidhammato pasiddh± tayo atth± idha sam±dhayo n±ma, tappaµip±dakaganthopi atth±nug±mitt± tadupac±rena sam±dh²ti daµµhabbo. Puººo ca so indu ceti ca, uºº± eva puººindu c±ti ca, vigat± nidd± yeh²ti ca viggaho.

Nir³pe r³payuttassa

154. Day±rasesu mujjant±, jan±’matarasesvi’va;
sukhit± hatados± te, n±tha p±dambuj±nat±.
154. “Day±”icc±di. N±tha te p±dambujesu ±nat± paº±mavasena jan± tilokakuharapavattino satt± amatarasesviva p²y³sarasesu viya day±rasesu karuº±rasesu guºesu. “Siªg±r±do vise v²riye, guºe r±ge drave raso”ti [amarakosa 3.3.226] hi nighaºµu. Mujjant± nimujjam±n± hat± naµµh± dos± v±t±dayo amatapakkhe, aññattha tu hat± naµµh± dos± r±g±dayo yesanti viggaho, tatoyeva sukhit± sukha½ k±yikacetasikasukha½ it± patt± gat±ti attho.
154. Id±ni r³padhammasam±dhino ud±haraºa½ uddisati “day±”icc±din±. N±tha te tava p±dambuj±nat± caraºapadume paºat± jan± devamanuss± amatarasesu iva sudh±jalesu viya day±rasesu anaññas±dh±raºakaruº±guºesu mujjant± nimujjam±n± hatados± vinaµµhav±tapitt±dayo vinaµµhar±g±didos± v± sukhit± tatoyeva ajar±marasaªkh±tasukha½ it± patt±ti. Ettha r³payuttajale labbham±na½ mujjana½ nir³pe day±guºe ±ropita½ hoti. Day± eva ras± guº±ti ca, amat± eva ras±ti ca, hat± v±t±dayo r±g±dayo v± dos± yesanti ca, p±d±ni eva ambuj±n²ti ca, tesu ±nat±ti ca viggaho.
“Siªg±r±dovise v²riye, guºe r±ge draveraso”ti [amarakosa 3.3.226] ettha rasasaddo guºajalesu vattati.

Nirase sarasassa

155. Madhurepi guºe dh²ra, nappas²danti ye tava;
k²dis²manaso vutti, tesa½ kh±raguº±nabho [he (s².)].
155. “Madhure”cc±di. Dhiy± ²rat²ti dh²ro, bho dh²ra tava madhurepi manoharepi guºe karuº±dike ye nappas²danti pas±da½ na karonti, kh±raguº±na½ amadhuraguº±na½ tesa½ jan±na½ manaso vutti cittappavatti k²dis²ti kimiva dissati, na viññ±yate “²dis²”ti. Yato t±disaguº±vabodhaparammukh± mohandhak±rasambandhit±ti.
155. Id±ni sarasadhammasam±dhino ud±haraºamuddisati “madhuri”cc±din±. Bho dh²ra tava te madhure api guºe pakatisundare karuº±paññ±guºepi ye h²n±dhimuttik± jan± nappas²danti, kh±raguº±na½ amadhuraguº±na½ tesa½ jan±na½ manaso vutti cittappavatti k²dis² katha½ ruhati. Dhiy± ²rati pavattat²ti ca, k± viya s± dissat²ti ca, kh±r± guº± yesanti ca viggaho. Ettha sam±dhi n±ma rasah²ne ±ropitarasayuttadhammabh³ta½ madhurakh±raguºadvaya½.

Adrave dravayuttassa

156. Sabbatthasiddha c³¼aka-puµapeyy± mah±guº±;
dis± samant± dh±vanti, kundasobh±salakkhaº±.
156. “Sabbatthasiddhi”cc±di. Sabbatthasiddhassa mah±munino c³¼akapuµena peyy± p±tabb± kundasobh±salakkhaº± kundakusumassa sobh±savant± jutivijambhino mah±guº± samant± parito dis± disant±ni dh±vanti.
156. Id±ni dravayuttasam±dhino ud±haraºamuddisati “sabbatthi”cc±din±. Sabbatthasiddha sabbakicce parinipphanna, nipphannehi sabbatthehi v± samann±gata he tath±gata tava c³¼akapuµapeyy± c³¼akapuµena p±tabb± kundasobh±salakkhaº± kundasobh±hi sam±nalakkhaº± kundasobh±sadis± v± mah±guº± saªkhy±mahantatt± ±nubh±vamahantatt± v± mahant± v± arahatt±dayo guº± samant± samantato dis± dasadis±su dh±vant²ti. Ettha dravayuttaguºabh³to c³¼akapuµapeyyabh±vo dravarahite guºe ±ropito sam±dhi n±ma hoti. Sabbe ca te atth± ceti ca, te siddh± yasseti ca, c³¼akameva puµamiti ca, tena peyy±ti ca, mahant± ca te guº± ceti ca, kund±na½ sobh±ti ca, t±hi sam±na½ lakkhaºa½ yesanti ca viggaho.

Akattari kattut±

157. M±r±ribalavissaµµh±, kuºµh± n±n±vidh±’yudh±;
lajjam±n±’ññavesena, jina p±d±nat± tava.
157. “M±r±”icc±di. M±royeva ari satt³ti m±r±r², tena, balena attano sattiy±, tassa v± balena sen±ya vissaµµh± abhimukha½ cha¹¹it± n±n±vidh± anekappak±r± ±yudh± bhindiv±¼±dayo kuºµh± [bheº¹iv±l±dayo (ka.)] pariccattatikhiºabh±v± t±yeva kuºµhabh±vappattiy± lajjam±n± “lokappat²t±nubh±v±namamh±kampi evar³pa½ j±tan”ti lajjant± aññavesena “katha½ n±ma pare amhe na j±neyyun”ti attano ±vudhavesa½ parivattitv± kusumavesena, jin±ti ±mantana½, tava p±d±nat± p±desu sannat±.
157. Id±ni kattudhammasam±dhino ud±haraºamuddisati “m±r±ri”cc±din±. He jina m±r±ribalavissaµµh± m±rasattun± attano sattiy± vissaµµh±, m±r±rino v± sen±ya vissaµµh± abhimukhe p±tit± n±n±vidh±yudh± anekappak±rabhindiv±¼a-ususattitomar±dayo ±vudh± kuºµh± atikhiº± lajjam±n± “kasm± eva½ lokapasiddh±nubh±v±namamh±kampi ²disa½ vippak±ramahos²”ti lajjant± aññavesena “kathamamhe pare na j±neyyun”ti ±vudhavesa½ hitv± tadaññabh³tena pupphavesena tava p±d±nat± p±dasam²pe nat± ahesunti. Ettha kattudhammabh³ta½ lajjanañca aññavesena parivattanañca ±natañceti ime lajjan±d²na½ akattubh³tesu visayesu ±ropit± sam±dhayo n±ma honti. M±ro eva ar²ti ca, balena vissaµµh±ti ca, m±r±rin± balavissaµµh±ti ca m±r±rino bala½ sen±ti ca, tena vissaµµh±ti ca, n±n± anekavidh± pak±r± yesanti ca, aññesa½ vesoti ca, añño ca so veso c±ti ca, p±desu ±nat±ti ca viggaho.

Kaµhinassa asar²re

158. Munindabh±ºum± k±lo-
dito bodhoday±cale;
saddhammara½sin± bh±ti,
bhindamandhatama½ para½
.
158. “Muninda”icc±di. Bodho sabbaññutaññ±ºasadiso soyeva v± uday±calo udayapabbato tasmi½ k±le rattipariyante abhinikkhantasamaye udito p±tubh³to munindo munindasadiso soyeva v± bh±ºum± s³riyo andhatama½ andhak±ra½ moha½ v± para½ accantameva saddhammara½sin± saddhammasadisena saddhammasaªkhatena v± ra½sin± bhinda½ pad±lento bh±ti sobhat²ti.
158. Id±ni kaµhinadhammasam±dhino ud±haraºamuddisati “munindi”cc±din±. Bodhoday±cale sabbaññutaññ±ºasadise sabbaññutaññ±ºasaªkh±te v± udayapabbate k±lodito rattikkhaye m±rapar±jitasamaye v± udito p±tubh³to munindabh±num± munindasadiso munindoyeva v± s³riyo andhatama½ pakatighanandhak±ra½ bahalamohandhak±ra½ saddhammara½sin± saddhammasadisena saddhammabh³tena v± kiraºena paramatisayena bhinda½ pad±lento bh±ti sobhat²ti. Ettha thaddhadhammabh³ta½ bhedana½ asar²rabh³te andhak±re buddhiy± ±ropita½ sam±dhi n±ma hoti. Mun²na½ indoti ca, soyeva bh±num±ti ca, bodho eva uday±caloti ca, saddhammo eva ra½s²ti ca viggaho.
159. Vamanuggiran±dye’ta½, guºavutyapariccuta½;
atisundaramañña½ tu, k±ma½ vindati g±mmata½.
159. Koci dhammo amukhyavisaye bandhe sobhate, na mukhyavisayeti dassanto ±ha “vamana½”icc±di. Vamanañca uggiranañca, ±disaddena virecan±dipariggaho. Eta½ yath±vutta½ guº± padh±netar± pasiddhavisay± visayantarapariggahalakkhaº± vutti payogar³p±, tato apariccuta½ apariga¼ita½ santa½ amukhyabh³ta½ atisundara½ accantamanoharamalaªk±rar³patt±, añña½ tu itara½ pana mukhyanti vutta½ hoti. K±ma½ ekantena g±mmata½ asabbhasabh±va½ bandhe tass±nucitabh±vato vindati paµilabhati pasavat²ti attho.
159. Id±ni imesuyeva p±ºidhamm±d²su koci dhammo amukhyavisaye payutto pasattho, mukhyavisaye payutto apasatthoti dassento “vamanuggi”cc±dim±ha. Eta½ vamanuggiran±di vamana-uggiranavirecan±dika½ guºavutyapariccuta½ amukhyapayogato aga¼ita½ amukhyabh³ta½ atisundara½ sabbesa½ atipiya½ hoti, añña½ tu uttato byatireka½ mukhyavisaye payutta½ vamanuggiran±dika½ pana k±ma½ ekantena g±mmata½ sabh±va-appiyag±mmadosata½ vindati sevat²ti. Vamanañca uggiranañceti ca, t±ni ±d²ni yasseti ca, guº± appadh±n± vutt²ti ca, tato apariccutanti ca viggaho.
160. Kant²na½ vamanaby±j±, munip±danakh±val²;
candakant² pivant²va, nippabha½ ta½ karontiyo.
160. Ud±harati “kant²na”micc±di. Munino samm±sambuddhassa p±danakh±na½ ±val² seºiyo kant²na½ attano nirantara½ nissarant²na½ sobh±vises±na½ vamanaby±j± uggiranalesena candakant² candacchaviyo sabbattha patthaµatt± pivant²va p±na½ karont²ti takkemi. K²dis² viy±ti parikappan±b²jam±ha “nippabhan”ti-±di. Ta½ canda½ nippabha½ pabh±virahita½ karontiyo vidaham±n±. Idañhi kappan±b²ja½ yato nakhasobh±liªganena candassa sobh±vato nippabhatta½ passitv± mahattañca tass± nakh±valiyo candakant² pivant²ti parikappeti kant²nañca vamanaby±ja½.
160. Iµµhavisaye payuttavamanuggiran±d²namud±haraºamuddisati “kant²na”micc±din±. Munip±danakh±val² munip±danakhaseºiyo kant²na½ attano candamar²cisadisasobh±na½ vamanaby±j± uggiranalesena ta½ nimmalacanda½ nippabha½ karontiyo attano sabbattha patthaµatt± nippabha½ karontiyo candakant² candara½siyo pivanti maññe. Nakhara½s²na½ sabbattha patthaµatt± sappabhass±pi candassa nippabhattañca nakhara½s²na½ adhikattañca disv± candakant² pivanti iveti nakh±val²na½ candakantipivanañca sakakantivamanañca pakati na hoti, by±jamiti kavin± parikappita½ hoti. Ettha bhattasitth±dimukhyavisayato aññakantisaªkhata-amukhyavisaye payutta½ vamana½ guºavutt²ti ñ±tabba½. Vamanameva by±jamiti ca, munino p±d±ti ca, tesu nakh±ti ca, tesa½ ±valiyoti ca, candassa kantiyoti ca, niggato pabh±h²ti ca viggaho.
161. Acittakattuka½ rujha-micceva½ guºakamma ta½ [guºakammaka½ (s².)] ;
sacittakattuka½ pe’ta½, guºakamma½ yadu’ttama½.
161. Yath±vutta½ nigameti “acitta”icc±din±. Icceva½ acitto katt± yassa ta½ acittakattuka½. Guºo kamma½ yassa ta½ guºakamma½. Tañca vaman±di rujhamatimanohara½ bhavati bandhocitatt±. Nakh±valiyo hi acittakatt±ro, kantiyo guºakammanti vamanamatr±tisundara½. Nedameva rujhanti ±ha “sacitta”icc±di. Eta½ vaman±dika½ sacittakattukampiyadiguºakamma½, uttama½ seµµha½ bandhocitatt±.
161. Anantarod±haraºassa pasatthattañca kammani guºe sati sacittakattukavaman±dikañca iµµhamiti dassento “acittakattuka”micc±dim±ha. Icceva½ imin± pak±rena acittakattuka½ nakh±valisaªkh±ta-aviññ±ºakakattuvanta½ guºakamma½ nakhakantisaªkh±ta-appadh±nakammavanta½ vaman±dika½ rujha½ racan±ya ucitatt± rucijanaka½ hoti, eta½ vaman±dika½ sacittakattukampi saviññ±ºakakattuvantampi yadi guºakamma½ amukhyakamma½ ce, uttama½ visiµµhameva, “kant²nan”ti bh±vasambandhe chaµµhiy± satipi vamanakriy±ya kammatta½ n±tivattati. Natthi citta½ yesanti ca, acitt± katt±ro yass±ti ca, guºo kamma½ yasseti ca, saha cittena vattam±noti ca v±kya½. Iti nidassane eva½ pak±re nip±to, atha v± vacanavacan²y±na½ [vacanavacan²y±d²na½ (ka.)] nigam±rambhe nip±tasamud±yo.
162. Uggirantova sa sneha-rasa½ jinavaro jane;
bh±santo madhura½ dhamma½, ka½ na samp²ºaye jana½.
162. Tadud±harati “uggirantov±”ti-±din±. So jinavaro jane sakalasattanik±ye sneharasa½ attano pemasaªkh±ta½ anur±ga½ uggirantova vamanto viya madhura½ atipaº²ta½ dhamma½ bh±santo ka½ jana½ na samp²ºaye, sabbameva samp²ºeti. Ettha jinavaro katt± sacitto, sneharaso guºakamma½.
162. Id±ni sacittakakattupakkhe ud±haraºamuddisati “uggiranto”cc±din±. So jinavaro jane sakalasattanik±ye sneharasa½ attano pemasaªkh±ta-anur±ga½ uggiranto iva vamanto viya madhura½ ±dikaly±º±dibh±vena paº²ta½ dhamma½ saddhamma½ bh±santo desento yath±saya½ vadanto ka½ jana½ k²disa½ puggala½ na samp²ºaye, p²ºeti ev±ti. Ettha uggirana½ jinavarasaªkhatasacittakakattuvantampi sneharasasaªkh±ta-amukhyakammayuttatt± pasattha½ hoti. Sneho eva raso anur±goti viggaho.
163. Yo saddasatthakusalo kusalo nighaºµu-
chando-alaªkatisu niccakat±bhiyogo;
so’ya½ kavittavikalopi kav²su saªkhya-
mogayha vindati hi kitti’mamandar³pa½
.

Iti saªgharakkhitamah±s±mip±daviracite

Subodh±laªk±re

Guº±vabodho n±ma tatiyo paricchedo.

163. Ganthantar±hitav±san±ya, tadanubandhapaµibh±ne c±vijjam±nepi sutena abhiyogabalena kavit± kitti ca tadanugat± samupalabbhat²ti samanus±sati “yo”icc±din±. Saddasatthe by±karaºe kismiñci “idameve”ti niyam±bh±v± kusalo cheko nighaºµumhi abhidh±nasatthe ca chandasi vuttij±tippapañcapak±sakachandovicitisatthe ca alaªkatisu alaªk±rasatthe ca kusalo na kevala½ saddasattheyeva, atha ca pana niccamanavarata½ div± ca ratto ca kato abhiyogo v±y±mo racan±visaye yassa soya½ kavittavikalopi bandhakaraºasaªkh±takaviguºaparih²nopi kav²su kaviguºopetesu saªkhya½ gaºana½ ogayha paµilabhitv± amandar³pa½ atibahu½ kitti½ parisuddhabandharacan±lakkhaºa½ tappabhava½ khy±ta½ vindati paµilabhatev±ti.

Iti subodh±laªk±re mah±s±min±mik±ya½

Subodh±laªk±raµ²k±ya½

Guº±vabodhaparicchedo tatiyo.

163. Id±ni uddesakkamena sadd±laªk±re niddisitv± by±karaºanighaºµuchandopariv±rite imasmi½ nirantar±bhiyogo ihalokiy±dimahantayasassa k±raºamiti siss±namanus±santo “yo saddasatthakusalo”cc±dim±ha. Yo theranavamajjhimesu koci saddasatthakusalo sadd±nus±sanaby±karaºavisaye pakatipaccay±divibh±gakappan±ya cheko nighaºµuchando-alaªkat²su abhidh±nachando-alaªk±rasatthesupi kusalo ta½ta½vibh±gabuddh²na½ paµip±danena cheko niccakat±bhiyogo dh±raºamanasik±ravasena nicca½ katuss±ho hoti. So aya½ appam±d² kavittavikalopi pakatisiddhakabbaracanaguºarahitopi kav²su saªkhya½ kabbakatt³su gaºana½ ogayha kabbakaraºaµ²k±karaº±dipak±rena og±hetv± ta½ gaºana½ p±puºitv± amandar³pa½ anappakasabh±va½ atibahu½ kitti½ niddosa½ sattharacanalakkhaºa½ puññasañcaya½, tappabhava½ pasiddhi½ v± vindati labhatev±ti. Yath±vuttasatthesu abhiyogo bandhassa ekantak±raºameva. Vutta½ hi–
“S±bh±vik² ca paµibh±,
sutañca bahunimmala½;
amando c±bhiyogo’ya½,
hetu hoti’ha bandhane”ti [k±by±d±sa 1.103].
Tattha s±bh±vik² sabh±vasiddh± paµibh± ca paññ± ca bahu nimmala½ anappaka½ nijjaµa½ sutañca amando abhiyogo ca anappako abhy±so ceti ayameso sabbopi iha bandhane imissa½ kabbaracan±ya½ hetu hoti k±raºa½ bhavat²ti. Sadde s±sati ettha eten±ti imasmi½ atthe tappaccayañca tassa th±desañca katv± saddasatthanti ñ±tabba½, saddasatthe kusaloti ca, nighaºµu ca chando ca alaªkati alaªk±rañceti ca viggaho, ettha alaªkatisaddo satth±pekkh±ya napu½sako hoti, nicca½ kato abhiyogo asseti ca, kavino bh±voti ca, tena vikaloti ca, amanda½ r³pa½ sabh±vo yasseti ca v±kya½.

Iti subodh±laªk±ranissaye

Tatiyo paricchedo.