V±kyadosaniddesavaººan±

40. Saddato atthato vutta½, yattha bhiyyopi vuccati;
tamekattha½ yath±’bh±ti, v±ridov±rido aya½.
40. “Saddato”icc±di. Saddato v±cakena tasmi½yevatthe tasseva saddassa puna payogato atthato abhidheyyena pubbapaµip±dikasseva vatthuss±visesena puna paµip±danato vutta½ payutta½ ya½ padatthar³pa½ yattha yasmi½ v±kye bhiyyopi vuccati punapi payujjate, tamekatthanti anuvaditv± “yathe”cc±din± vidh²yate. V±ri½ dad±t²ti v±rido. Aya½ v±rido megho ±bh±ti dippat²ti. Jalad±namatt±pekkh±ya ida½ saddato ekattha½.
40. Id±ni uddiµµhakkamena v±kyadosa½ niddisati “saddato”cc±din±. Saddato v±cakena atthato abhidheyyena vutta½ payutta½ ya½ padatthar³pa½ yattha yasmi½ v±kye bhiyyopi punapi vuccati yujjate, ta½ v±kya½ ekattha½ n±ma doso. Ud±haraºa½ “yathi”cc±di. V±rido jalad±yako aya½ v±rido megho ±bh±ti dippati. Sampattis±dhaka½ “jalad±yako”cc±divisesana½ vin± jalad±namattassa vuttatt± saddato ekattha½ n±ma hoti.

Yath± ca

41. Titthiyaªkurab²j±ni, jaha½ diµµhigat±ni’ha;
pas±deti pasanne so, mah±muni mah±jane.
41. Titthiyasaªkh±t±na½ aªkur±na½ b²j±ni uppattihetubh³t±ni diµµhigat±ni dv±saµµhi diµµhiyo jaha½ jahanto d³r²karonto so mah±muni samm±sambuddho iha loke attani pasanne pas±dabahule mah±jane pas±det²ti aparamud±haraºa½. Pas±dasaªkh±tassa atthassa “pasanne pas±det²”ti vuttatt± idamatthato ekattha½.
41. “Titthiyi”cc±di. So mah±muni titthiyaªkurab²j±ni titthiyasaªkh±t±na½ aªkur±na½ uppattik±raºabh³t±ni diµµhigat±ni sassat±dibhedabhinn± dv±saµµhidiµµhiyo jaha½ jahanto apanento iha loke pasanne attani pasanne mah±jane pas±deti. Pasannasaddena vuttappas±dasaªkh±tassa atthassa pas±det²ti kriy±padenapi vuttatt± sadde bhinnepi atthato ekanti atthato ekatthassud±haraºa½. Titthiy± eva aªkur±ni, tesa½ b²j±ni, diµµh²su gat±ni, diµµhiyo eva gat±n²ti v± viggaho.
42. ¾raddhakkamavicched±, bhaggar²ti bhave yath±;
k±pi paññ±, kopi guºo, pakat²pi aho tava.
42. ¾raddho vattumupakkamanto, kamo vacanapaµip±µi. Tassa vicchedo bhaªgo, tato. “Yathe”ti-±din± ud±harati. Avuttassapi pas±davas± ajjh±h±roti. Mah±muni tava te paññ± k±pi s±tisayatt± aniddh±rita½ sabh±vavises± k±ciyeva, aho pavattam±n±yapi vasabh±vass±niddh±ritatt± acchariyanti attho. Ettha k±pi kop²ti sabban±mapadakkamassa pakat²ti ettha vicchinnatt± bhaggar²ti.
42. “¾raddhakkami”cc±di. ¾raddhakkamavicched± vatthum±raddhapadakkamassa vicchedahetu bhaggar²ti bhave bhaggar²tiv±kyadoso bhavati. Ud±harati “yathi”cc±di. Mah±muni tava tuyha½ paññ± s±tisayabh³t± paññ± k±pi vacanavisay±tikkantatt± k±piyeva. Guºo s²lasam±dhi-±di-anaññas±dh±raºaguºasam³ho kopi pam±ºapariggahassa kenaci lesenapi kattumasakkuºeyyatt± kopiyeva. Pakat²pi acinteyyabh³t± pakat²pi evameva aho vijjam±n±na½yeva paññ±d²na½ sabh±v±vabodhassa dukkarat± acchariy±. K±pi kop²ti padakkamassa “pakat²”ti ettha suññatt± r²tibhaªgo. ¾raddhoyeva kamo, tassa vicchedo, bhagg± r²ti assa, ettha v±ti viggaho.
43. Pad±na½ dubbinikkhep±, by±moho yattha j±yati;
ta½ by±kiººanti viññeyya½, tadud±haraºa½ yath±.
43. “Pad±na”micc±di. Yattha yasmi½ v±kye pad±na½ sy±dyant±khy±tik±na½ dubbinikkhep± duµµhapanato by±moho sa½mu¼hat± j±yati uppajjati, ta½ v±kya½ by±kiººanti viññeyya½ ñ±tabba½. Tassa by±kiººassa ud±haraºa½ lakkhiya½ “yathe”ti dasseti. Yath± ida½, tath± aññamp²ti attho.
43. “Pad±ni”cc±di. Pad±na½ sy±dyantaty±dyantapad±na½ dubbinikkhep± duµµhapanato yattha v±kye by±moho sa½moho j±yati, ta½ by±kiººadosoti viññeyya½. Tadud±haraºa½ tassa by±kiººadosassa lakkhiya½ yath± imin± vakkham±nanayena.
44. Bahuguºe paºamati, dujjan±na½ pyaya½ jano;
hita½ pamudito nicca½, sugata½ samanussara½.
44. Bahu-anantatt± bahubh³te guºe s²l±dike samanussara½ sammadeva uµµh±ya samuµµh±ya anussaranto guºavisayasati½ paccupaµµh±pento teneva k±raºena pamudito haµµhapahaµµho aya½ jano sabbopi loko dujjan±na½ sujanetar±nampi devadatt±d²na½ nicca½ k±la½ hita½ sugata½ samm±sambuddha½ paºamati namassat²ti aya½ attho kavivañcito. Tattha “bahuguºe paºamat²”ty±di byavahitapadappayog± moho j±yat²ti by±kiººa½.
44. “Bahuguºe”cc±di. Bahuguºe anantatt± bahubh³te s²lasam±dhi-±diguºe samanussara½ visesato anussaranto pamudito tatoyeva pahaµµho aya½ jano sattanik±yo dujjan±nampi asappuris±nampi nicca½ satata½ hita½ mittabh³ta½ sugata½ sabbaññu½ paºamati vandati. Ettha pad±na½ aµµh±napayogato by±kiººatta½ padatth±nus±reneva gamyate.
45. Visiµµhavacan±’peta½, g±mma½’tya’bhimata½ yath±;
kaññe k±mayam±na½ ma½, na k±mayasi ki½ nvi’da½.
45. Visiµµhassa kassaci atthassa vacanato kathanato apeta½ pariccatta½. Kaññeity±mantana½. Aha½ ta½ icch±mi, t±disa½ ma½ tva½ kasm± nicchasi, ida½ ki½ nu iti g±mikajanavacanatt± “kaññi”cc±dika½ g±mma½.
45. “Visiµµhe”cc±di. Visiµµhavacan±peta½ piyabh³tena uttivisesena visesitabbassa kathanato parih²na½ v±kya½ “g±mmadosan”ti kav²hi abhimata½. Ud±harati “yathi”cc±di. Kaññe he kaññe k±mayam±na½ ma½ tuva½ icchayam±na½ ma½ na k±mayasi tva½ na icchasi, ida½ ki½ nu. ¿dise icch±vigh±te vuccam±ne eva½–
“Y±can± mad²y± tava k±raº±ya½,
dine dine nipphalata½ upeti;
dakkho sad± m±ninim±nabhaªge,
sa manmathonyatra gato mato nu”iti viya.
Piyatthassa kathan±bh±vato “kaññe”ty±dika½ vacana½ milakkhuk±na½ vacanatt± g±mma½. Ettha kaññ±saddo dasavassik±ya vattat²ti niyamo natthi. Visiµµhassa atthassa vacanato apetanti v±kya½.
46. Padasandh±nato kiñci, duppat²tikara½ bhave;
tampi g±mma½tya’bhimata½, yath± y±bhavato piy±.
46. “Pade”cc±di. Padasandh±nato pubb±par±na½ pad±na½ sandhivasena ya½ kiñci v±kya½ duµµhu asutisubhaga½ pat²timavabodha½ karot²ti kara½ bhave, tampi yath±vutta½ g±mmantyabhimata½. Yath±tyud±harati. Bhavato k±ci vanit± piy± hot²ti ekottho. Yabha methune. Yabhana½ y±bho. So vijjate yassa so y±bhav±. Tassa y±bhavato piy±ityapi bhavati.
46. “Padasandh±ni”cc±di. Kiñci v±kya½ padasandh±nato pubb±parapad±na½ ghaµanato duppat²tikara½ bhave asabbhabh³taduµµhatthassa pak±sako hoti, tampi g±mmanti yath±vuttag±mmadosena d³sitanti [duppasitanti (ka.)] sabbehi kav²hi abhimata½ ñ±ta½. Yath±ti ud±harati. Bhavato bhavantassa k±ci itth² piy± bhavat²ti aya½ kavin± icchitattho. Y±bhavato methunavantassa piy±tipi attho. “Yabha methune”ti hi dh±tu. Yabhana½ y±bho, so assa atth²ti y±bhav±, tassa y±bhavatoti gahite asotabbatt± duppat²tikarat±. Duµµh±yeva pat²ti avabodho, ta½ karot²ti viggaho.
47. Vuttesu s³cite µh±ne, padacchedo bhave yati;
ya½ t±ya h²na½ ta½ vutta½, yatih²nanti s± pana.
47. “Vuttesvi”cc±di. Vuttesu chandosatthapariniddiµµhesu anuµµhubh±d²su s³cite µh±ne “etthayat²”ti chandovicitiy± pak±sitaµµh±ne pad±na½ sy±dyant±na½ chedo vicchiti vibh±go anuv±do ya½ yati bhaveti vidh²yati. T±ya yatiy± h²na½ parih²na½ viruddha½ ya½ v±kya½, ta½ yatih²nanti vutta½, “yamana½ vir±mo yati, s± h²n± etth±”ti katv±. Pan±ti visese, yati pan±ti sambandho.
47. “Vuttesva”cc±di. Vuttesu chandosatthe niddiµµha-anuµµhubh±d²su s³cite µh±ne “ayamettha yat²”ti pak±site µh±ne padacchedo sy±dyantaty±dyant±d²na½ pad±na½ vicchedo yati n±ma bhave, t±ya yatiy± ya½ v±kya½ h²na½ abhimataµµh±ne vaººavicchedena parih²na½, ta½ v±kya½ yatih²nanti yatih²nadosena duµµhanti viññ³hi vutta½.
48. Yati sabbattha p±dante, vutta¹¹he ca visesato;
pubb±par±nekavaººa-padamajjhepi katthaci.
48. “Yati”cc±di. Sabbattha p±dante sabbasmi½ catuttha½sasaªkh±t±na½ g±th±p±d±na½ ante avas±ne ca visesato visesena ekantena vutta¹¹he ca vutt±na½ p±dadvayasaªkh±te a¹¹he ca, tadavas±ne c±ti adhipp±yo. “Siy±”ti seso. Nanu “padacchedo”ti vuttatt± padamajjhe yati na hotev±ti ceti ±ha “pubba”icc±di. Katthaci kismiñci µh±ne, na sabbattha. Pubb±par±nekavaººapadamajjhepi yat²ti sambandho. Pubbe ca apare ca pubb±pare. Aneke vaºº± anekavaºº±. Pubb±pare anekavaºº± yassa ta½ tath±. Tañca ta½ padañca, tassa majjhepi.
48. Id±ni yatimhi labbham±na½ sabbavisaya½ dasseti “yati”cc±din±. S± pana yati sabbattha p±dante catuttha½sasaªkh±tag±th±p±d±na½ ante ca visesato niyamato vutta¹¹he ca vutt±na½ p±dadvayasaªkh±te a¹¹he ca, tadavas±ne c±ti adhipp±yo. Katthaci kismiñci µh±ne pubb±par±nekavaººapadamajjhepi pubb±parabh³ta-anekavaººasamann±gatapad±na½ majjhe ca siy±. Padacchedassa “yat²”ti vuttatt± padamajjhe na hot²ti saªk±pariharaºattha½ “pubb±par±nekavaººapadamajjhe”ti vutta½. Ettha p±danto, vutta¹¹ho, padamajjhañca yatiµµh±nanti. Padamajjheyeva labbham±n± yati katthaci hoti, dvakkharatyakkharapadamajjhe pana na hoti.

Tatthod±haraºapaccud±haraº±ni yath±–

49. Ta½ name siras± c±m²-karavaººa½ tath±gata½;
sakal±pi dis± siñca-t²va soººarasehiyo.
49. Ud±har²yat²ti ud±haraºa½. Paµipakkhamud±haraºa½ paccud±haraºa½. C±m²karasseva suvaººassa viya vaººo yassa ta½ tath±gata½ siras± nam±mi. K²disa½? Yo tath±gato sakal±pi dis± sabb±yeva dasa dis± soººarasehi c±m²karavaººatt± rasehi suvaººarasehi siñcat²va siñcat²ti maññe, ta½ tath±gatanti apekkhate. Ettha pubbap±dante vutta¹¹he ca niyat± yati. C±m²karasaddo cettha caturakkharo. Tattha c±m²iti pubbabh±go, karaiti paro. Ettha pubb±par±nekavaººapadamajjhe yati. Siñcat²ti ettha pana pubb±par±nekavaººapadamajjhatt±bh±v± siñcaityatra yati duµµh±ti. Ida½ paccud±haraºa½.