2. Bh³kaº¹a

1. Bh³mivaggavaººan±

180. Idha bh³kaº¹e s±ªgop±ªgehi bh³my±d²hi dasahi, p±t±lena c±ti ek±dasahi koµµh±sehi kamato vagg± bh³mivagg±din±mak± vagg± vuccante. Sappadh±nopak±rak±ni aªg±ni kh±r±d²ni, aªg±na½ upak±rak±ni ca upaªg±ni addh±d²ni.
181. S±ddhapajjena bh³miy± n±m±ni. Vas³ni ratan±ni dh±rayat²ti vasundhar±. Khamu sahane, khassa cho, cham±, atha v± chi chedane, satt±namadhopatana½ chindat²ti cham±, mo, itthiyam± ca. Bhavantyassa½ bh³t±n²ti bh³mi. Bh³ satt±ya½, mi. Puthaiti p±µipadike µhite nad±di, ², puthassa puthu±dese, vuddhimhi ca kate puthav². Ussuv±dese puthuv². Path±dese tu pathav², imasmi½ pakkhe av±gamo, atha v± thava gatiya½, pathavati etth±ti pathav², nad±di, sabbattha pattharat²ti v± pathav², thara santharaºe papubbo, rassa vo, nad±di, puthav², assu.
“Madhuno keµabhass±pi, medama½sapariplut±;
ten±ya½ medin² dev², vuccate brahmav±dibh²”ti [cint±maºiµ²k± 11.3].–
Vacanato medayog± medin², ², in² ca. Mida snehane v±, yu, nad±di, issettañca. Maha p³j±ya½, nad±di. Vitthiººatt± ubb², nad±di, avati bh³t±n²ti v± ubb², assu. Vas³ni santyassa½ vasumat². Gacchanti yassa½ lok±, s± go, pumitthiya½. sadde, k±yati ettha, k±yati m±ravijayak±leti v± ku, u. Vas³ni dh±rayat²ti vasudh±. Sabba½ loka½ dharayat²ti dharaº², yu, nad±di. Dharat²ti dhar±, itthiya½ ±. Gamu gamane, gacchantyassa½ jagat², antapaccayo, gassa dvitta½, jattañca, nalopo, nad±di. Bh³ satt±ya½, ri, nad±di, kvimhi bh³. Bh³te satte dharat²ti bh³taro. Ava rakkhaºe, yu, nad±di, avan².
182. Kh±r± lavaºaras± mattik± ³sotyuccate. Kh±dat²ti kh±r±, dassa ro. Padesakatt± mattena pam±ºena yutt± mattik±. Ðsa ruj±ya½, ³so. Ðsayog± ³sav±, vantu. Rapaccaye ³saro. Dvepi t²su vattante.
Thala µh±ne, adhikaraºe a. Kittima½ thala½, akittim± thal², nad±di. Thaddhal³khamhi bh³bh±ge bh³mippadese jaªgalasaddo vattati. Tattha nijjalatt± kakkha¼att± thaddho. Tikkhasakkhar±divid±ragav±dikhuragaº¹upp±davacc±disahitatt± l³kho veditabbo. Gala cavan±dhopatan±danesu. Jala½ galati ettha, jalena v± galanti etth±ti jaªgalo, nijjalo deso, “jaªgalo nijjale dese, tiliªgo pisite thiyan”ti [tikaº¹asesa 3.3.393] hi tikaº¹aseso, lassa lopo, niggah²t±gamo ca.
183. Vedena paññ±ya ²hanti etth±ti vedeho. So eva videho, ima½ d²pamup±d±ya sineruno pubbadis±bh±gatt± pubbo ca so videho ceti pubbavideho. Evamaparuttaresu. Gavena yantyetth±ti goy±no. Aparo ca so goy±no ceti aparagoy±no. Jambuy± lakkhito, kappaµµh±yit±dippabh±vena v± tappadh±nod²poti jambud²po. Dhammat±siddhassa pañcas²lassa ±nubh±vena ka½ sukha½ uru mahantametth±ti kuru, ku½ p±pa½ rundhanti etth±ti v± kuru, kvi. D²pa dittippak±sanesu, jalamajjhe dippant²ti d²p±, dippanti ettha saddhamm±ti v± d²p±, pam±ºato mahant± d²p± mah±d²p±.
184. Kuru±dayo ekav²sati janapadantar± janapadavises±, ±din± suramahapaccuggat± talakuµ± asm±k±dayo ca pumbahutte pulliªge bahutte ca siyu½. Kuru n±ma j±napadino r±jakum±r±, tesa½ niv±so ekopi janapado r³¼h²saddena “kur³”ti bahuvacanena vuccati, eva½ sabbatra. Ku½ p±pa½ rundhat²ti kuru, khattiyakum±r±, tesa½ niv±so kur³, paccayalopato na vuddhi, sabbatreva½ [p±ºini 1.2.52 4.2.81 suttesu passitabba½]. Arivijayalokamariy±d±tikkam±d²su sakkont²ti sakk±. Kosa½ lanti gaºhanti, kusala½ pucchant²ti v± kosal±. Magena saddhi½ dh±vant²ti magadh±, kvi, ma½sesu gijjhant²ti v± magadh±. Gidha abhikaªkh±ya½. Sevanti yen±ti sivi, si sev±ya½, vi. Siva½ karont²ti v± siv², aññatthe i. Kala sadde, iªgapaccayo, kaliªg± tesa½ niv±so kaliªg±, uttar±patho [“jagann±th± pubbabh±ge kaºh±t²rantara½ sive kaliªgadeso sa½vutto” ityuttadese (thomanidhi)], kali½ gaºhant²ti v± kaliªg±, kvi, kala½ madhurasadda½ g±yant²tiv± kaliªg±, assitta½, kena sukhena liªgant²ti v± kaliªg±, liªga gamanattho daº¹ako dh±tu. Attan± kh±dita½ lañja½ par±jitehi y±citepi puna na vamant²ti avant². Pañc±lassa putt± pañc±l±. Vajjetabb±ti vajj², “vajjetabb± ime”ty±din± pavattavacanamup±d±ya vajj²ti laddhan±m± r±j±no. Vajj²raµµhassa v± r±j±no vajj². Raµµhassa v± pana ta½samaññ± ta½niv±sir±jakum±ravasena veditabb±. Ga½ pathavi½ dh±rent²ti gandh±r±, kittigandhena arant²ti v± gandh±r±. Cita uss±hane, cetanti ussahanti yuddhakamm±d²s³ti cetayo.
185. Vaªga gamanattho daº¹ako dh±tu. Visiµµh±ni deh±ni yesa½ videh±, pubbavidehad²pato ±gatatt± v± videh±. Oja dittiya½, kambun± sambukena ojanti tassa½ voh±rakaraºatoti kamboj±, kambukajo ojo balametesanti v± kamboj±. Mada maddane, maddant²ti v± madd±, ma½ siva½ dadant²ti v± madd±, pañcak±maguº±d²hi modant²ti v± madd±, mada h±se. Bhañja avamaddane, bhagg±. Aªga gamanattho daº¹ako dh±tu. S²ha½ lant²ti s²ha¼±. K±sa dittiya½, sampattiy± k±sant²ti kasm²r±, m²ro. K±sa dittiya½, i, k±s². Pa¹i gatiya½, paº¹u, u. Atha v± ku½ p±pa½ rundhati etth±ti kuru, iti ekopi janapado nissit±na½ bahutt± bahuvacanena vuccati. Eva½ sabbattha.
186. Dvaya½ bhuvane. Luja adassane, lujjat²ti loko, gassa ko, jassa vo. Bhavanti etth±ti bhuvana½, yu. Jagati, viµµhap±d²nipi bhuvanapariy±y±ni. Dvaya½ desas±maññe. Disa atisajjane, atisajjana½ pabodhana½, “aya½ itthann±mo”ti disati apadisat²ti deso. Si sev±ya½, saññ±ya½ a, visayo.
Siµµh±c±rarahito milakkhadeso k±mar³p±di paccanto n±ma. Milakkha abyattiya½ v±c±ya½, milakkhanti abyattav±ca½ bh±sant²ti milakkh±. Siµµh±c±ramaggadassanatth±ya paññ±cakkhuno abh±v± r±g±dimala½ akkhimhi yesanti v± milakkh±, assitta½, tesa½ niv±saµµh±na½ milakkhadeso. Paccante majjhimadesassa bahiddh±bh±ge j±to paccanto.
Byavatth± catuvaºº±na½, yasmi½ dese na vijjate;
milakkhadeso so vutto, majjhabh³mi tato para½ [cint±maºiµ²k± 11.7].
Ariy±c±rabh³mitt± majjho ca so deso ceti majjhadeso, navayojanasataparikkhepo majjhimadeso.
187. Salilapp±yo bah³dako deso an³po n±ma, anugat± ±p± atr±ti an³po, ±passa ±dino utta½, paralopo v±. Kaca bandhane, cho, kaccha½. An³padeso ca. Abhinavoggamanena tiºena lakkhite harite dese saddalo, dala dittiya½, bh±ve a. Vijjati dalo yattha saddalo.
188. Nadiy± ±bhatena ambun± udakena j²vanti etth±ti nadyambuj²vano deso nad² m±t± ass±ti nad²m±tikoti vuccati, bahubb²himhi ko. Vuµµhiy± vassena nipphajjati sassametth±ti vuµµhinipphajjasassako deso devo m±t± ass±ti devam±tikoti vuccati, bahubb²himhiyeva ko, devasaddo cettha vuµµhim±ha.
189. An³p±dayo devam±tik±nt± t²su liªgesu. Candas³r±do candas³riyasinerupabbat±dimhi sassatisaddo ²rito kathito. Sabbad± saranti gacchant²ti sassatiyo, sara gatiya½, sarasaddassa so,ti.
Raµha gatiya½, raµhanti ettha nagar±dayoti raµµha½, to. N±garehi vijinitabbanti vijita½. ¾¼iya½ pavattam±no yo setu, so purise pulliªge vattati. Si bandhane, tu. Ala bh³sane, i, ±¼i, tassa½ ±¼iya½.
Nagarapabbat±dino up±ntabh³ sam²pabh³mi parisaro parito sarantyatr±ti, ºo.
Tika½ vaje. G±vo tiµµhantyatr±ti goµµha½. Kula saªkhy±ne, g±vo kulantyetth±ti gokula½, gunna½ kula½ gharanti v± gokula½. Vaja gatiya½, vajanti ya½ g±vo niv±sanatth±y±ti vajo. Goµµh±naka½, goµµh±nantipi vajassa n±m±ni.
190. Silokena maggassa n±m±ni. Pathikehi majjate nittiºa½ kar²yateti maggo, majja suddhiya½, ºo, jassa gatta½, pathikehi magg²yateti v± maggo, magga anvesane, ma½ siva½ gacchati ettha, eten±ti v± maggo, “mo sive paris±yañce”ti hi n±natthasaªgahe, siva½ gamana½ karot²tyattho, kriy±visesanameta½. Pathi gatiya½, cur±di, gamo. Panthayanti yantyanen±ti pantho, a, k±ritalopo. Pathati y±tyanen±ti patho. Ada gamane, adati yattha s± addh±, dho, addh± maggo, addh±saddoya½ k±lepi, samabh±gatthavacane tu addha½, tasm± addhasaddo pumanapu½sakavasena dviliªgo, r±j±ditte addh±, ar±j±ditte addha½. Añja gatiya½, aso. Vaja gatiya½, umo, jassa µo. Pada gatiya½, a, dassa jo, dvitta½, pajjo. Aya gatiya½, yu, pada gatiya½, avo, nad±di. Vatta vattane, vattana½ gaman±di, ani, nad±di, vattan². Kantanadaº¹e punnapu½saka½. Pathikehi p±dehi haññateti paddhati. P±dasaddasam±natthena padasaddena niyatappayogato vuttin± siddho, padasadd³papado hanadh±tu,ti, hanassa dho, alopo. Paddhatisahacaraºato vattan², ta½sahacaraºato padav² ca itthiya½.
191-192. Tabbhed± tassa maggassa vises± jaªghamagg±dayo apathant±. Jaªgh±hi gato maggo jaªghamaggo. Sakaµehi gato maggo sakaµamaggo. Te jaªghamaggasakaµamagg± mah±magge vattanti.
Ettha ca “teth±”ti athasaddo na vattabbo, “te c±”ti pana vattabbo. “Mat±ddhan²”ti p±µhe pana sati “teth±”ti vattabboyeva, tad± ekapadike addhani magge ekapad² mat±ti yojan± k±tabb±. Gacchata½ eko asah±yo p±do yassa½, na nisinnasseva yamakoti ekapad², sam±sante niccam²paccayo, kapaccaye ekapadiko, ²ssa rassatta½.
Corakaºµak±didose duggame pathe kant±ro, punnapu½sake, kena p±n²yena taranti atikkamanti yanti kant±ro, tara taraºe, corakant±r±d²su pan±ya½ r³¼hivasena vutto, atha v± kati chedane, sappaµibhayatt± kantati niccagaman±gamanametth±ti kant±ro, ±ro, gamo ca. Dukkhena gacchantyetth±ti duggamo.
193. Dvaya½ paµimagge. Paµi abhimukhena gantabbo maggo, patho ca paµimaggo, paµipatho ca. D²ghamañjasa½ atid³ro maggo addh±nanti vuccate. Addh±na½ ayana½ addh±na½, acc±yato maggo, yath± “padaµµh±nan”ti, yalopo.
Dvaya½ pasattheddhani. Sobhano patho, pantho c±ti viggaho. Gantabbapathabh±vato apeta½ uppatha½, apathañca, abyay²bh±vasam±so, asaddo atra nip±to.
194-196. Param±º³na½ chatti½sa eko aºu n±ma, aºutopi aºutaratt± paramo aºu, aºuto v± paramoti param±ºu, aºa saddattho daº¹ako dh±tu, u. Te aºavo chatti½sa tajj±r² n±ma, ta½ ta½ attano nissaya½ mal²nakaraºavasena jar±pet²ti tajj±r², jara j²raºe, jara vayoh±nimhi v±, a, nad±di. T±pi tajj±riyo chatti½sa rathareºu n±ma, rath±na½ sañcaraºavasena pavatto reºu rathareºu. Te rathareºavo chatti½sa likkh± n±ma. Lakkha dassane, pakaticakkhun±pi lakkhyateti likkh±, assitta½.
likkh± satta ³k± n±ma, ³k±ti vuccati sirovattakimi, tappam±ºatt± ³k±. T± satta ³k± dhaññam±so n±ma, dhañño v²hiyeva parim±ºitabbatt± m±so c±ti dhaññam±so, masi parim±ºe. Te satta dhaññam±s± aªgula½ n±ma, aªga gamanattho, ulo, aªgula½, pam±ºa½, ulipaccaye aªguli, karas±kh±. Amudviccheti adu½ dv±dasaªgula½ vidatthi n±ma, kaºiµµhasahitenaªguµµhena vitth±r²yate, vidh²yateti v± vidatthi, vipubbo tanu vitth±re. Dh± dh±raºe, ubhayatr±piti, pubbapakkhe tassa tho, nassa to, tassa do. Pacchime dhassa do, tassa tho, asar³padvibh±vo ca. duve vidatth² ratana½ siyu½, ramu k²¼±ya½, tano, malopo. T±ni satteva ratan±ni yaµµhi n±ma, yata payatane,ti, tassa µho, tassa µo. T± v²sati yaµµhiyo usabha½ n±ma, usa d±he, abho. Ettha pana usabhanadantara½ usabha½. Usabh±na½ as²tippam±ºa½ g±vuta½ n±ma, gava½, gavehi v± yuta½ g±vuta½. Yuja sam±dhimhi, gonadantarehi gahitappam±ºasam±dh±nantyattho, ta½ catug±vuta½ yojana½ n±ma, yuja sam±dhimhi, yu, “ettaka½ yojana½ n±ma hot³”ti catug±vutehi sam±dh±nantyattho.
197. ¾ropit±na½ ±cariyadhan³na½ pañcasata½ koso n±ma, an±ropit±nantyapare. Kusa avh±ne, ºo, kusana½ avh±na½ koso, idha pana kosappam±ºatt± koso, dvisahassakarappam±ºo. Aññattha pana–
“Catukk±dhiv²satiy± aªgulehi karo bhave;
khy±tamaµµhasahassehi, kosam±na½ vibh±vin±”tyutta½.
Caturambaºanti caturambaºav²hib²jaj±taropanayogyo bh³mippadeso kar²sa½ n±ma, karonti ettha kasanaropan±dikanti kar²sa½, ²so. Caturambaºab²jaj±t±ni ropentyetth±ti caturambaºa½, ambaºa½ ek±dasadoºamatta½, aññe pana “caturambaºa½ catuyaµµhika½ µh±na½ kar²sa½ n±m±”ti vadanti, ta½ kar²sabbhantar±na½ pariy±yabh±vappasaªg± na gahetabba½.
Pam±ºato hatth±namaµµhav²sappam±ºa½ µh±na½ abbhantara½ n±ma, abbhantare antokoµµh±se j±ta½, na bahikoµµh±seti abbhantara½. Yattha yattha hi yo yo µhito, nisinno v±, tattha tattha samant± aµµhav²satihatthappam±ºa½ µh±na½ tassa tassa abbhantara½ µh±na½ n±ma. Bh³my±ditt± bh³mivaggo, atha v± aªg±pekkh±ya bh³miyeva padh±na½, padh±nena ca byappadeso bhavat²ti bh³mivaggabyappadeso.

Bh³mivaggavaººan± niµµhit±.