“Siªg±rav²ra b²bhaccha-rudda h±sa bhay±nak±;
karuº±’bbhuta sant±ca, nava n±µyaras± ime”ti.
Amarakose pana–
“Siªg±rav²ra karuº±-bbhuta h±sa bhay±nak±;
b²bhaccha rudd±ti ras±”ti [amara 7.17].
Aµµheva ras± vutt±. Atheha navamo santo raso kasm± na vuttoti? Vuccate–
H±so rati ca k±ruñña½,
kodhuss±habhaya½ tath±;
jigucch± vimhayo ceti,
µh±y²bh±v± pakittit±.
Ýh±y² eva tu ras²bhavatipy±gamo, tasm± pakatiy± aµµhasaªkhyatt± aµµheva tu te vutt±ti na vutto. Santaraso c±ya½ dhammasiªg±ratt± siªg±rarase ev±nupaviµµho. Dhammayuddhak±mattena tividho hi siªg±ro. Keci pana piyasam±gam±divibh±vajaparama½ vassaly±khya½ rasam±hu.
Rabhasopy±ha
“Siªg±ra v²ra b²bhaccha-rudda h±sa bhay±nak±;
karuº±’bbhutasant± ca, vassalyañca ras± dase”ti.
Aññe tu–
“Siªg±r±nugato h±so,
karuºo ruddakammajo;
v²rato abbhuto j±to,
b²bhacch± ca bhay±nako”ti–
Catt±ro ras± icc±hu.
B²bhacchanti vadha bandhane, cho, abbh±sik±rassa d²gho. Vassa bho, dhassa co b²bhaccho. Ruddo devat± asseti rudda½. Vuttañca–
“Siªg±ro haridevohi, h±so pamathadevato;
karuºo yamadevo tu, ruddo rudd±dhidevato”ti [saddakappaddume rodrapadepi].
Ettha ca k±makodhah±s±dikato cittavik±ro bh±vo “bh±vayati pak±sayati kavino adhipp±yan”ti katv±. So ca µh±y² byabhic±r² s±ttiko ceti tividho. Tatra–
H±so rati ca k±ruñña½,
kodhu’ss±ha bhaya½ tath±;
jigucch± vimhayo ceti,
µh±y²bh±v± pakittit±.
Byabhic±r² tu tetti½sappabhed±. Yath±–
Saªk± gil±ni nibbedo,
tath± iss± mado samo;
±lasya½ d²nat± cint±,
moho sati mat² dhiti.
C±palya½ hariso p²¼±,
±vego ja¼atu’ggat±;
sutta½ vitakko t±so ca,
gabbhu’ssukko vis±dat±.
Nidd±’bahitth±’maris±,
maraºa½ by±dhireva ca;
apam±ro ca umm±do,
vibodho ti½sa tuttar±.
S±ttiko aµµhavidho. Yath±–
Thambho sedo ca romañco,
sarabhedo tu vepathu;
vevaººa’massupalay±,
iccete aµµha s±ttik±ti.
Thiratt± ekantikatt± µh±y². Byabhic±r² anekantikatt±. Yath± n±µik±ya siªg±ro µh±y², tadupak±r± h±s±dayo byabhic±rino, mohar±gados± eva saªkhyabh±s±ya sattarajotam±n²tyuccante. Tatra sattena ±sayena nibbatto s±ttiko. Bh±vassa bodhako abhinayo anubh±vo “anu pacch± bh±vayati pak±sayat²”ti katv±.
Tatra sambhogasabh±vo yo raty±khyo bh±vo, tassa locanac±turiyabhamukkhepamihitavibbhamacittaªgah±riv±ky±di anubh±vo. Vuttañca–
“Tassa locanac±tura-bhamukkhepasitavibbhamo;
cittaªgah±riv±ky±di, anubh±vo pakittito”ti.
Viyogassa tu anubh±vo–
Abhil±po tath± cint±,
tassa saraºakittan±;
ubbego ca vil±po ca,
umm±do by±dhireva ca;
ja¼at± maraºañceva,
dasevettha pakittit±.
H±sassa tu vik±rak±l±di anubh±vo, yo tu karuºo.
Assus±sehi vevaººa-
thambhagattasatikkhay±;
paridevitasokehi,
abhinayo sas³ribhi.
Karacaraºavadanavepathugattathambhahadayakampanasukkhoµµhat±lukaºµhehi bhay±nako niccamabhinayo.
Ruddassa tu bh³kuµy±di anubh±vo.
V²ro’bhin²yate c±ga-
ves±rajj±dito tath±;
akkhepas³cat±d²hi,
therasor±dito bhave.
B²bhacchassa tu–
Aya½ pacch±dan± byatta-
p±dab±hacchik³lan±;
ubbejan±d²hi mato,
tajjehi’bhinayo sad±.
Abbhuta½ pana–
Dantalocanavitth±r±,
pas±dopasam±dihi;
romañcasedat±sassu,
s±dhuv±dehi dassaye.
S±ttik±na½ tvaµµhanna½ thambhasedaromañcasarabhedavepathuvevaººamassupalay±na½ yath±kkama½ nikriyat±, v±ta, cc±s²ta, dobhagga¼±’p±ªgap³raºa, mukhacch±y±vipall±sa, locanamajjana, mahip±t±dayo abhinay±.
Eva½ byabhic±r²nampi nibbeda, gil±ni, saªki’ss±, mada, sam±’lasy±d²na½ yath±kkama½ s±sa, sant±pa, dis±valokana, guºamacchera, bh²ta, ªgamaddana, sam±dayo abhinay±ti.
Byabhic±r²su saªk± n±ma ±saªkacittat±. Gil±ni gelaññat±. Nibbedo att±vam±nana½. Mado pam±dukka½so. Samo khedo. D²nat± cetaso dukkhat±. Dhiti santoso. Hariso cetopas±do. P²¼± rudd±c±r±d²hi mukhavik±ro. ¾vego sambhamo. Ja¼at± appaµipatti, uggat± d±ruºatta½. Sutta½ supana½. T±so cittakkhobho. Uss±ho ussukka½. Vis±do khedo. Abahitth± ±k±raguttat±. Amariso akkhamat±. Vibodho viniddat±. Ses± papañcabhay± na vitth±rit±ti. Rasavaººan±.
105. Silokena vacaso n±m±ni. Bh±sitabbanti bh±sita½. Lapa vacane, lapita½. Bh±s²yateti bh±s±. Vohar²yateti voh±ro, hara haraºe vipubbo, “voh±ra vacane”ti v± dh±tu. Vuccateti vacana½. Vacopi, manogaºoya½. Uccateti utti,ti. Vuccateti v±c±, a. Giºanti sadd±yanti tanti gir±, ge sadde, iro, g±yitabb±ti v± gir±. V±yate sadd±yateti v±º², yu, ² ca, paresa½ mammavijjhanaµµhena v±ºo viy±ti v± v±º², ². Bharato n±ma satthak±ro isi, tasses± bh±rat². Kath²yateti kathit±. Vuccateti vac², ². Brahm², sarovat²tipi vacaso n±m±ni.
106. Ekamev±khy±tapada½ yattha ek±khy±to savisesanena k±rakapadena sahitatt± sak±rako padacayo sambandhattho padasamud±yo v±kya½ n±ma siy±, yath±– vessantaro r±j± sukhavip±ka½ kamma½ karoti, puriso gacchati. ¾khy±taggahaºañcettha kriy±saddopalakkhaºa½, tena devadatto kaµa½ katav± icc±d²nipi v±kya½ n±ma siy±. Amarakose pana– “tisy±dyantacayo v±kya½, kriy± v± k±rak±nvit±”ti [amara 6.2] dv²hi lakkhaºehi v±kyam±ha. Tassattho– tisy±dyantacayo ty±disy±dyantapad±na½ cayo sam³ho sambandhattho v±kya½, ta½ yath±– ucca½ paµhati, odana½ pacati. Tath± ca bh±v±khya½ ±khy±ta½ s±byayak±rakavisesana½ v±kya½, ±khy±ta½ ty±dyanta½ s±byaya½ v± sak±raka½ v± savisesana½ v± v±kyamuccate. Ty±diggahaºa½ kriy±saddopalakkhaºa½, tena devadatto kaµa½ katav± icc±d²nipi v±kya½. Upalakkhaºanirapekkha½ apara½ v±kyalakkhaºam±ha “kriy± v± k±rak±nvit±”ti. Kriy±pada½ v± k±rakasambandha½ v±kya½, yath±– r±j± gacchati, r±j± gato. Imasmi½ pakkhe s±byayassapi anabyayassapi sabbassa kriy±k±rakapadasam³hassa v±kyattam±ha.
Bhay±d²hi ya½ dvikkhattu½ v± tikkhattu½ v± ud²raºa½ kathana½ “sappo sappo, vijjha vijjh±”ty±dika½, ta½ ±me¹ita½ ñeyya½. Me¹i umm±dane, ±pubbo dvattikkhattumucc±raºe vattati. Yath± “etadeva yad± v±kya½, ±me¹ayati v±savo” [“hariva½se”ti cint±maºiµ²k±ya½ vutta½]. “Devadatten±me¹o kato” iccatr±pyayamevattho, sok±din± hi “bh±t± bh±t±”ityucc±r²yate, bh±ve kammani ca to. Kammañca pada½ v±kyamh±.
107. ¾me¹itassa visaya½ dassetum±ha “bhaye”cc±di. “Sappo sappo, coro coro”ty±d²su bhaye. “Vijjha vijjha, pahara pahar±”ty±d²su kodhe. “S±dhu s±dh³”ty±d²su pasa½s±ya½. “Gaccha gaccha, lun±hi lun±h²”ty±d²su turite. “¾gaccha ±gacch±”ty±d²su kot³hale. “Buddho buddhoti cintayanto”ty±d²su acchare. “Abhikkamath±yasmanto abhikkamath±yasmanto”ty±d²su h±se. “Kaha½ ekaputtaka, kaha½ ekaputtak±”ty±d²su soke. “Aho sukha½ aho sukhan”ty±d²su pas±de. Casaddo avuttasamuccayattho, tena garah±’samm±n±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. Tattha “p±po p±po”ty±d²su garah±ya½. “Abhir³paka, abhir³pak±”ty±d²su asamm±ne. Evametesu navasu, aññesu ca ±me¹itavacana½ budho paº¹ito kare kareyya yojeyya ±me¹ana½ punappunucc±raºa½ ±me¹iyati v± punappunucc±r²yat²ti ±me¹itanti katv±.
108. Iru, yaju, s±manti tayo ved± siyu½, tatra irusaddo n±r² itthiliªgo. Ica thutiya½, iccante dev± et±y±ti iru, u, cassa ro. Yajante aneneti yaju, u. So antakammani, karaºe mo, soyanti p±pamaneneti s±ma½, oss±, “s± tanukaraº±vas±nes³”ti v± dh±tvattho. Vidanti dhammameteh²ti ved±.
Ete eva tayo ved± tay² n±ma, tayo avayav± ass±ti tay². Aya½ tay²saddo n±r² itthiliªgo. Tika½ vede. Mun±ti j±n±ti dhamma½ anen±ti manto, to, ussa a. Suyyate dhamma½ et±y±ti suti. Itthiya½ sutisaddo.
109. Vedasatthak±rake dasa isayodassetum±ha “aµµhako”cc±di. Attha½ hita½, atthe v± satthe karot²ti aµµhako. V±ma½ kaly±ºavacana½ karot²ti v±mako, rassasar²ratt± v± v±mano, so eva v±mako, nassa kak±ratta½ katv±. V±mo n±ma haro, so devo assa v±madevo.
“V±ma½ sabye pat²pe [pat²peti paµik³le] ca, daviºe [daviºeti dhane] c±tisundare;
payodhare hare k±me, jaññ± v±ma’mapitthiyan”ti.
Hi n±natthasaªgahe.
Aªgirasassa isino apacca½ aªgiraso, citrasikhaº¹ino apacca½ putto. Atha v± aªgimhi k±ye raso siddhippatto p±rado yass±ti aªgiraso. Teneva tassa putta½ sur±cariya½ “j²vo”ti vadati. J²vayati raºe asuranihate deveti j²vo [amara 3.24 cint±maºiµ²k± oloketabb±]. Bharat²ti bhagu, bha½ v±nakkhatta½ gacchati j±n±t²ti bhagu, u. Yama½ sa½yama½ dad±ti paresanti yamado ca so dakkhiºeyyaggitt± aggi ceti yamadaggi, r±massa pit± [parasur±massa pit± (saddakappaddume)]. Vasiµµhassa apacca½ v±siµµho. Bh±radv±jassa apacca½ bh±radv±jo. Kassapassa apacca½ kassapo. Vess±mittassa apacca½ vess±mitto. Iti ime dasa isayo mant±na½ ved±na½ katt±ro k±rak±.
110. Vede dassetv± tassa cha¼aªg±ni dassetum±ha “kappo”cc±di. Yaññakamm±namupadesako kappo “kappate pabhavat²”ti katv±. S±dhusadd±namanv±khy±yaka½ by±karaºa½ visesena ±kar²yante pakaticc±din± ±by±p±dyante anena sadd±ti, yu. Jotisattha½ gaºanasattha½ subh±subhakammaphalajotanaka½. Sikkhyante abbhasyante [ajjhayante (ka.)] et±y±ti sikkh±, ak±r±divaºº±na½ µh±nakaraºapayatan±na½ paµip±dik±. Nicchayena, nissesato v± utti nirutti, vaºº±gamo vaººavipariyayocc±dik±. Chandasi anuµµhubh±divutt±na½ paµip±dik± chandoviciti, et±ni cha ved±na½ aªg±n²ti vadanti.
111. Pur±vuttanibandhanap±yatt± pur±vutta½, tassa pabandho vitth±ro, sant±no v± bh±rat±diko bh±ratayuddhakath±diko by±s±dipakato gantho itih±so n±ma, itihasaddo p±rampariyopadese nip±to, itih±’tthi asminti itih±so.