3. Tatiyakaº¹avaººan±

1. Sy±di

Yass±tikam±vaµµhitassayo-±di-akkharasamud±yassa, kintanti ±ha- ‘ida’micc±di, idanti yath±vutta½ sy±disamud±yar³pa½, avayavena viggaho samud±yo sam±sattho, samud±ye pavatt± sadd± avayavesupi vattant²ti sy±disaddo si-±dike avayavepi vattate, vidhiggahaºañ±yen±ti “paccayaggahaºe yasm± sa vihito tad±dino tadantassa ca gahaºan”ti ñ±yena. Sy±di ante yassa ta½ sy±dyanta½. Nanu ca “sy±disy±dinekatthan”ti s±maññena vuccam±ne ya½kiñci sy±dyanta½ yenakenaci sy±dyantena sahekatth²bh±vamarahati, tath±hi yath± g±magatoti-±do, tath± passa devadatte g±ma½, gato yaññadatto gurukulanti ±dopi sam±so ty±saªkiy±ha-‘s±maññena vuttepi’cc±di, yassa sy±dyantassayena sy±dyantena sambandho, tena sy±dyantena sahata½ sy±dyantamekatthambhavat²ti sambandhato viññ±yati avas²yat²ti yass±ty±disvattho, tath± ca g±magatotyatratth²mesa-maññamaññ±pekkh±lakkhaºo sambandhotyekatth²bh±vo, tatoyevetth±hu-
Niyata½ s±dhana½ s±dhye, kriy± niyatas±dhan±;
sannidh±nena metesa½ [cethiss± (potthake)], niyamo-yampak±sat²ti.
Ayamettha attho “yato g±mamicceta½ s±dhana½ s±dhya½ kiriya½ ta½byapadesaj±nanayogyamapekkhate gatoti, ato s±dhana½ k±ra ka½ s±dhye kiriy±ya niyata½, yato ca kiriy± saya½ s±dhanamapekkhate ki½ gatoti, ato kiriy±pi niyata½ s±dhanametiss±ti niyatas±dhan± hoti aya½ yath±vutto niyamo aññamaññ±pekkh±vasena vattam±no etesa½ s±dhyas±dhan±na½ sannidh±na mattena aññamaññato pak±sat²”ti. Passa devadatta g±ma½, gato yaññadatto gurukula½tyatra tu g±manti s±dhana½ passeti s±dhyamapekkhate, gatoti gamanakiriy± tu gurukulamapekkhate, tato ca g±magat±na½ v±kyantar±vayav±na½ natthev±pekkh±ti na bhavati sam±so, sabbatthevam³han²ya½, sambandho hi aññamaññ±pekkh±lakkhaºo sambandhyantarato-navaµµhita½ nivattetv± visese niveseti, tath±ca vutta½–
Tassa tv±kaªkhato bhede, y± pariplavam±nat±;
visese ta½ nivesento, sambandhov±vachindat²ti.
Bhede visese g±manteta½ s±mañña½ vises±pekkha½ ‘g±mam±s²sati, jah±ti, gato’ti, tath± ‘gato g±ma½, vana½, gurukulan’ti vevam±kaªkhato-bhilasato tassa tu padh±napadassupasajjanapadassa ca y± pariplavam±nat± anavaµµhitat± ta½ visese visiµµhe sambandhini nivesento patiµµhapento sambandhov±nekappak±ro kvaci s±dhyas±dhanabh±valakkhaºo kvaci pakativik±rabh±vasabh±vo kvaci sass±mi sambandhar³po avachindati sambandhyantarato nivattet²ti attho, yato-yamapekkh± v±kyak±leyeva nir³pyate, tato yatth±tthi pad±namapekkh±, tattha sam±s±vagamo, yatra tu natthi, tatra na bhavat²tyanupadiµµho visayavibh±go ñ±yateti bh±vo, b±le abudhetu niss±ya vicitto sam±savidh±nalop±din±nekappak±ro paµipattiy± s±dhusaddaparij±nanatthamup±yo sambhavati, paramatthato tu saddantaratt± accanta½ [aññatta½] v±kyasam±s±na½ bhedo, na hi v±kye diµµhapad±ni sam±se santi, tath± ca vutta½–
B±le niss±yup±yo-ya½, vicitto paµipattiy±;
bhedo v±kyasam±s±na½, ccanta½ [ññatta½ (potthake)] saddantara½ yatoti.
Atoyev±ti yato s±maññena vuttepiyassayena sambandhotena saha tadekatthambhavat²ti sambandhato viññ±yat²ti n±niµµha½ kiñcip²ha hoti, atoyeva hetutoti attho. Byapekkh± s±matthiyapariggah±yeti pad±namaññoññ±kaªkh± byapekkh±, s±va s± matthiya½, tassa pariggah±ya. Samatthavacana½ na katanti p±ºiniyehi viya “samattho padavidh²”ti (p±, 2-1-1) samatthavacana½ na kata½. Samattho pada vidh²ti paribh±s±yamayamattho “vidh²yate [vidh²yat²ti (potthake)] vidhi, pad±na½ vidhi padavidhisam±s±di, yokoc²ha satthe padavidhi,so samattho viggaha v±kyatth±bhidh±ne (satti) veditabbo”ti, t±disaparibh±s±ya by±p±rato tesa½ ‘passa devadatta g±ma½, gato yaññadatto gurukula½’ ty±do n±niµµhappatti, s±matthiyañcettha dvidh±tyupagamyate v±kye byapekkh±vuttiyamekatth²bh±vo ceti [vuttiyamekatth²bh±vo v±kye byapekkh±ceti (potthake)]. Tattha paµhamassa pariggaha½ vacanamantarena paµip±diya dutiyassa pariggahamid±ni vacanena paµip±dayam±ha- ‘ekatth² bh±vo’cc±di, ekatth²bh±vo bhinnatth±na½ s±dh±raºatthat±vasena pavattiviseso, v±kye hi s±dh±raºatthat± natthi bhinnatthatt±, atoyevettha bhedanibandhan± chaµµhyupaj±yate ‘rañño puriso’ti, vuttiyant³bhayapadabyavacchinnatth±bhidh±nato s±dh±raºatthat± bhavati, ida½ vutta½ hoti “sam±se visesana½ visessamanupav²sati ek²bhavati visesana½, v±kye tu visesana½ visessato visu½yev± vatiµµhate”ti. Dvandasam±sassa tu pad±na½ visesanavisess±bh±vepi sakalapadatthappadh±natt± ‘rañño go ca asso ca puriso c±’ti v±kyato ‘rañño gav±ssa puris±’ti sam±sassa viseso ekatth² bh±valakkhaºo bhavatyeva, tath±hi tattha v±kye bhinnatthanibandhana samuccayapaµip±dan±ya casaddo payujjate, sam±se tu nappayujjate, ekattha vacanenev±ti “sy±disy±dinekattha” tyekatthavacaneneva, ekatt²bh±voyeva bhavat²ti seso, evak±ro na v±kye tath±hi d²peti. V±kye kathanti ±ha- v±kye’ti-±di.
V±kyeti viggahav±kye, visesena gayhati ñ±yatyaneneti vigga- ho so ca ta½ v±kya½ ceti viggahav±kya½, visesena v± gahaºa½ viggaho, tadattha½ v±kya½ viggahav±kya½, tasmi½, k±ya½ by±pekkh±ti ±ha-‘bhed±dilakkhaº±’ti, ±disaddena sa½sagga bheda sa½sagg±nañca gahaºa½.
Tattha s±ntarehi s±myantarehi ca by±vutti chedo, sa½visesa s±mivises±na½ sambandho sa½saggo, tad±ha- ‘tath±hi’cc±din±, bhedako by±vattako, atthagahitoti k±raºavasena bhedav±din± gahito, yadecc±din± sa½saggav±dino-dhipp±yam±ha yad± t³bhayampicc±din± ubhayav±dino, abhimatoti “p±kka¹±r±sam±so”ccanena (2-1-3) p±ºinin± icchito. P±kka¹±r±ti “ka¹±r± kammadh±raye”ccanena (2-2-38) ka¹±r±sa½saddan± pagev±ti attho.
‘Putha bhinno attho yesa½ pad±na½ t±ni puthagatth±ni, v±kye hi rañño puriso tettha r±jasaddo r±jatthameva vadati, purisasaddo purisatthameva, vuttiyantu r±japurisotettha r±jasaddopi purisatthameva vadat²ti dvinnamekatth²bh±vo bhavati, aññoyev±vayavatth±nvito samud±yattho p±tubhavat²ti tadapekkh±ya cekatth²bh±vo vuccate, jaham±nasakatthavuttimabhyupagamma vutta½- ‘visesanassa sakattha paricc±gene’cc±di, atoyeva paro codessati ‘nanu ce’cc±din±. Ekatth²bhavana½ samasananti imin± ekatthanti sam±soti n±tthantaranti d²peti.
Jaham±n±ni pad±ni sakattha½ yassa½ (s±) tath± vutt±, n±ccant±ya jay±t²ti evammaññate “paricc±gamattamabhisandh±ya jaham±nasakattha½tyuccate, na tu sabbath± paricc±goparopak±r±ya tassop±d±nato, sabbath± ca sakatthaparicc±ge paropak±r±samp±danato-nup±d±nameva payojan±bh±v± tassa siy±”ti, thapati va¹¹hat². Atthanti r±jasaddav±cca½. Accantaparicc±gepi na doso… v±kye diµµhassupasajjanassa vuttiya½ soyev±yantyanvay±vas±yato tadatth±va gatiy±ti dassento ±ha- ‘atha ve’cc±di.
Soyev±yantyajjhavas±yo-nvayo, soyev±ya½ r±jasaddo yo v±kyat±le diµµhoti voh±r²namekatt±vas±yen±satyapi (r±jasaddassa)tthe purisassa visesanambhavissat²ti bh±vo, ettheva diµµhantam±ha- ‘yathe’cc±di.