39. Chaµµh²

Kiriy±k±rakecc±divuttiganthassa atthasa½vaººana½ kattum±rabhate ‘ek±ya½ sambandho n±me’cc±di, kiriy±ya k±rakehi ca nipph±ditoti imin± sambandhassa kiriy±k±rakasambandha pubbakattam±ha, tatoyev±ya½ n±kasm²koti na yesa½kesañci dvinna½ bhavati, visiµµh±na½yeva tu dvinna½ bhavat²tyatippasaªg±bh±vo, kiriy±k±rakasambandhapubbako hi k±rakehi añño sass±mibh±v±diko sambandho, tath± ca vutta½–
“Sambandho k±rakehañño, kriy±k±rakapubbako;
sut±yamassut±ya½v±, kriy±ya½ so-bhidh²yateti.
Tattha assut±ya½ kiriy±ya½ ‘rañño puriso’cc±do kiriy± k±rakasambandhapubbako-ñño eva sass±mibh±v±diko sambandho pat²yateti, ‘sarati rajjassa’ty±do tu suyyam±ne kiriy±sadde, ettha pana santamapi kamma½ vattumanicchita½, visesanabh±voyeva saraºampati rajjassa paµip±d²yate’rajjasambandhisaraºan’ti, kiriy±k±raka sambandho hi sabbattha vatthuµµhitivasenevatthi, tannimitto ca sass±mi bh±v±di, tattha sass±mibh±vavivacch±ya½ vijjam±nopi kiriy±k±raka sambandho na vattumicchito, yath± ‘anudar± kaññ±’ti, so c±ya½ sambandho sass±mibh±vajaññajanakabh±v±-vayav±vayavavibh±v±dilakkhaºo bahuvidhoti veditabbo, tattha sass±misambandhe rañño puriso, jaññajanakasambandhe nigrodhassa b²ja½, avayav±vayavisambandhe rukkhassa s±kh±, id±ni sambandhassetassa kiriy±k±rakasambandhasañj±tatta½ yath±yogamaññatr±pyavagamayitu½ kiñci ud±haraºam±ha-‘tath± hi’cc±di, parip±lanakiriy±kato nesa½ sambandhoti imin± parip±lyaparip±lanalakkhaºo-ya½ sambandhoti dasseti, s± ayampari p±lanalakkhaº± kiriy± sambandhamassedambh±vahetu½ janayitv± nivattati, atthappakaraº±din± tvim±ya kiriy±y±ya½ sambandhoti viseso vas²yate, na chaµµhiy± vises±vagamane s±matthiya½… tass± sabbatthekar³patt±, suyyam±ne eva v± kiriy±sadde k±rakabh±vassa hetuno vacanicch±y±bh±ve assedambh±bh±vasaªkh±tasseva phalassa vattumicchitatt± tatheva sambandho j±to chaµµhiy±bhidh²yate ‘rajjassa sarat²’ti, vutta½ hi–
Janayitv±na sambandha½, kriy± k±ci nivattati;
suyyam±ne kriy±sadde, sambandho j±yate kvac²ti.
Parip±layat²ti purisamparip±layati, tato p±lan±dik± upak±ra sabh±v± kiriy±dvinnampi tesa½ sambandhin² bhavati, raññ± hi k±riyam±n± ta½sambandhin²purisavisayatt±vapurisayogin²tyubhinnampikiriy±sambhavati, tatoyevatass± ubhayasambandhiniy± kiriy±ya sambhave-assedanti buddhiy± hetubh³tassa aññamaññ±pekkhasabh±vassa sambandhassa bh±vato kiriy±janitattamassa, aññamaññ±pekkh±lakkhaºo… sabbath± nirapekkhatte sambandh±bh±v±, sambandhi buddhisabbhavass±ti sambandh²su r±japuris±d²su assedanti evampavatt±ya buddhiy± sabbhavassa. Paresa½ viya “guºe chaµµh²”ti vacanantar±bh±ve ubhayatthapi (cettha) [(yeva) (potthake)] chaµµhippa- saªgoti bodhetum±ha-‘nanu ce’cc±di, saccanti yath± vutta½ codanamabbhupagamma codakampati yath±vutta½ sambandhar³pa½ tato-ññatr±pyupasa½ haritv± tattha chaµµhippasaªga½ codetum±ha-‘devadatto’cc±di, atheva micc±din±sat²pi-aññamaññ±pekkh±lakkhaºe sambandhe vacanicch±yevettha k±raºanti codak±dhipp±yamatropanetv± tadeva visesato chaµµhiy± abh±ve samupanetu½‘yajjevamih±pi’cc±dikam±ha, tattha ath±ti codak±dhipp±yappak±san±rambhe nip±to, eva½ vattabbanti eva½ yadipicc±din± vakkham±nanayena vattabba½, paµip±detabbat±y±ty±din± idand²peti “visessa½ vidheyat±ya na par±dh²nanti appadh±nabh±vato byatiriccate tato-ttaniµµhameva, na r³pantarambhajati‘purisasse’ti, visesanantu r±j±dika½ tadaªgat±y±nuvadiyam±namappadh±natt± k±rakar³pato byatiriccate, tato r³pantara½ bhajati ‘rañño’ti, tato byatireka lakkhaºo sambandho hoti, ekassa sambandhitt±sambhav± vatthuto dviµµho visesanagatattena pat²yate tato chaµµh² visesanamev±nudh±vati pat²tivisaye saddappavatt²”ti, yo hi vikappana½ visayo so sadd±nanti, atoyeva sambandho niyamena visesanabhedamanuvidadh±ti… vatthuto dviµµhass±pi taggatattena pat²tiy± yath± bh±t³na½ dhananti, n±vassambh±t³na½ dhananticceva bhavati, tath± satyapi visessa bhede visesanagatameva bhedamanu(vidadh±)ti ‘devadattassa ass±’ti, tadeta½ sabba½ visesanagatattena sambandhapat²tito-vakapp²yate, visessagatatten±pi tappat²tiya½ niyamena taggatabhed±nuvidh±na½ siy± visesanagatabhed±nuvidh±namiva, dviµµhattantu vatthuto [cattuno] na virujjhate, vattupaµibaddhameva ca dviµµhatta½ manasikatv± ta½v±d²hi dviµµho sambandhobhidh²yate, atoyev±ya½ byatirekavibhatti (y±gamyate)… byatiriccam±navisesanabh³tasambandhigatabyatirekalakkhaºasambandh±bhi- dh±nappavattitoti, n²l±divisesanantu paratthatten±ppadh±nampi na k±rakabh±vato byatiriccati… n²l±disaddenuppal±didabb±bhidh±nato, yath± ‘n²lamuppalampassa, n²lenuppalena µhita½, n²lassuppalassa gandho’ti, yad± tu na visessapavatti tad± byatiriccateva ‘n²lassa guºassa uppalannissayo’ti k±rakabh±valakkhaº± padh±nabh±v± byatiriccate eva n²l±di, tato visesanamev±nekappak±rat±y±va tiµµhate, tato vise- sana½ kiñcideva k±rakar³pato padh±nabh±v± byatiriccateti visesana matten±pi sesa½ sabba½ tath± siy±ti n±saªkan²yanti.
Dvep²ti r±japuris± dvepi, tatiye gehasaªkh±te sambandhin². Sahayuttampaµicca evanti imin± purisassa appadh±nattameva d²peti, abhimat±ti p±ºiniy±na½ suttantarena abhimat±, yato chaµµh²ya-mattano mate sambandhanissay±, ten±ha- ‘sambandhamevi’cc±di, sambandho cettha m±tu saraº±namavaµµh±n±dikiriy±nimittoti keci, aññe tu saraºassa kiriy±r³patt± kiriyantaramantareneva dabbena sambandhopapattim±huyath± dvinna½ jatukato sa½sileso, jatuno tu kaµµhen±ttan±yeva, na jatvantarakato sa½silesoti. Paresa½ tatiyatthe dutiyatthe ca kitakappayoge ññatr±pi (pañcamyatthe) sattamyatthe ca (“chaµµh² c±”) ti (2-6-20) dutiy± pañcam²nañc±”ti (2-6-29) ca suttantarehi chaµµh²timat±, tass±pi vatticch±tova s±dhitabh±va½ dassetum±ha-yath±cetth±ti-±di, etth±py±do ud±haraºadvaye suttantaramantarena sampad±natt±bh±v± sambandhavacanicch±yameva paresampi chaµµh², ten±ha-‘etth±’ti-±di, bahulant²massa attha½ dasseti ‘yath± dassanan’ti, avisa½v±dak±lokassaty±dika½ kamme ud±haraºa½, pañcamyatthe pana vatticch±tova sabbe tasanti daº¹ass±ty±d²ni ud±haraº±ni veditabb±ni.