26. Pañca

Avadh²yate visilissate etasm±tyavadhi, avapubb±ya dh±dh±tuto avadhimhi“d±dh±tv²”ti (5-45) i.
Yato-vadh²yate kiñci, kriy±pubba½ kutocipi;
calañc±calamaññañca, ta½ vadantya vadhimbudh±.
Etth±yamattho “yatokutocipi attho kiñci vatthu-avadh²yate sa½yogassa v± kiriy±nimitta½ gamanad±n±dikiriy±pubba½ visilissate saya½ v± apeti aññena v± visu½ kar²yate, tameva½vidha½ calañc± calañca visilesaparicchedabh³ta½ padatthamavadhi½ vadanti budh± tabbiduno”ti, ta½ yath± dh±vat±ss± puriso patati, purisa½ p±teti v±, rukkh± paººa½ patati, paººa½ p±teti v±ti, soca tidh±pyuccate visayabhedena, yath±–
Niddiµµhavisayo koci, up±ttavisayo tath±;
anumeyyavisayo c±ti, tidh±vadhi sam²ritoti.
Tattha niddiµµh± vacanopan²t± kiriy± visayo yattha so niddiµµha visayo vadhi, yath±-‘g±masm± ±gato’ti, up±tt±jjh±haµ± kiriy± visayo yattha so up±ttavisayo, yath±-‘val±hak± vijjotate’ti, val±hak± nikkhamma vijjobhateti attho, anumeyy± kiriy± visayo yattha so anumeyyavisayo, yath±‘m±thur± p±µaliputtakehi abhir³patar±’ti, ettha abhir³paguºena ukka½sanamanumeyya½, atoyevetth±yameva saññ± paripphuµ± viññ±yat²ti na k±cidiha saññ± paribh±s²yate by±mohak±riº², ath±vadhism±ti vuccam±ne ‘padatth±vadhism±’ti kuto-vas²yate yeneva½ vivaraºa½ katanty±saªkiy±ha-pad±na’micc±di. Yath± g±masm±ti-±din± ida½ d²peti “na kevala½ k±yasa½saggapubbakova visileso, kiñcarahi buddhisa½saggapubbakopi, atthi ceha buddhisa½sagga pubbako, tath±hi corehi bh±yatity±do yo (bhaya)pekkhaºa s²lo bhavati, so yadi ma½ cor± passeyyu½, dhuva½ me maraºanti vic±rento te buddhiy± pappoti pappuyya ca tato nivattate, tath± corehi t±yatity±do yo ekassa mitto bhavati so yadyeta½ cor± passeyyu½ dhuvamassa maraºanti passanto te buddhiy± patv± tato nivattayat²tyavadhitt± avadhism±va sabbattha pañcam²”ti, parehi pana et±disesu sabbattha paµipattuvises±nuggah±ya sutteheva papañco kato, idha pana s±maññavacaneneva siddhatt± tadanuggah±ya ud±haraºeheva papañcita½, bh²tibh±yanatth±nanti bh²ti t±yan±na½ attho yesa½ te bh²tit±yanatth± tesanti attho, nanu bh²tyatth±na½ payoge bhayahetu sambhavati natu t±yanatth±nanti, nesa doso, t±yanañhi rakkhanamuccate [s±yan±hi rakkhanamuppajjabhe (potthake)] tañca bhayahetuto vety±ha-‘yo bhayahetu’ti-±di, imin± ca “bh²tyatth±na½ bhayahetu”ti (1-4-25) p±ºiniy±namap±d±nasaññ± suttampaµikkhipati, tatoti bhayahetuto, tesanti bhayat±yan±na½, bhayamaniµµhap±tasaªk±, utt±sotyattho, t±yana maniµµhap±tato parirakkhana½, yath± dassana½ hontev±t²min± vacanicch±yeva padh±nattam±ha, ko hi lokiya½ vacanicchamativattitu½ sakkoti, tath±hi sabbeva dabb±dayo sabbak±rakasattiyutt±va, tatth±ya½ k±rakavibh±go vacanicch±vaseneva, ta½ yath± ‘val±hako vijjotate, val±hakena vijjotate, val±hake vijjotate’ti. Par±pubbass±ti-±din± “par±jiss±sayho”ti (1-4-26) saññ±sutta½ paccakkh±ti, asayho atthoti sahitu½ abhibhavitumasamattho attho, ajjhenasak±s±-icc±din± ud±haraºattham±cikkhati, nanucevamattha½ vadat± yaññadattass±sayhatta½ vutta½, ta½ katha½ ajjhayanass±sayhatta½, yen±sayhattass±vadhitta½ paµip±dayati ty±saªkiy±ha-‘yaññadatt±nabhibhavo’cc±di, asayhot²massa paccud±haraºa½ paµip±dayati ‘yo pani’cc±di. “V±raºatth±namicchito”ti (1-4-27) suttita½, tad±ha ‘v±raºatth±na’micc±di, v±raºamattho yesa½ te v±raºatth±, avadhimattavacanicch±yanti visesato vidh±namantaren± vadhimatta vacanicch±ya½, visesavidh±neti icchitoti visesavidh±ne, cittass±vadhivacanicch±yampana cittato p±pa½ niv±rayeti bhavati. “Rakkhanatth±namicchitan”ti (2-6-3) suttita½, tad±ha-‘rakkhanatth±na’micc±di, kesañc²ti kacc±yan±dike dasseti. “Antaradh±ne yen±dassanamicchat²”ti (1-4-28) saññ±suttam±raddha½, tad±ha-‘antaradh±ne’cc±di, ayamupajjh±yo yadi ma½ passat²ti sambandho, dassane dosa½ takketi ‘nuna’micc±din±, pesanamasakk±rapubbako niyogo, ajjhesana½ sakk±rapubbako, maññam±no siss± aha½ kathann±ma byavahito bhav±m²ti antaradh±ne byavadh±na nimitta½, yena attano adassanamicchat²ti sambandho, antaradh±neti nimittasattam²c±ya½, ato ±ha-‘byavadh±nanimittan’ti, byavahitoti antarahito, m±ma½ upajjh±yoty±din± ud±haraºattham±ha, byavadh±nattha½ byavahitattha½, “antaradh±neti ki½ core na didikkhat²”ti paccud±haµa½ parehi, tampaµip±dayam±ha-‘yatth±dassana’micc±di, core na didikkhat² (tya), tra hi yo core na didikkhati tehi attano adassanamicchat²ti na antaradh±nanimitta½, kintupagh±tanivatyattha½, kintupagh±tanivattiy±ti eva½ maññate “n±tr±ntaradh±name (v±vaseya½), kintu tannimitto pagh±tanivattipi, ‘upajjh±y± antaradh±yat²’tyatra vin±pyupagh±tasambhavamantaradh±nasamp±danameva sambhavat²”ti. Icchatiggahaºa½ kimattha½ adassanicch±ya½ sati satyapi dassane yath±siy±”ti vutta½, (ta½) paµip±dayam±ha-‘adassanicch±yampani’cc±di, sat²pi dassaneti upajjh±yena dassane sat²pi, tatoti upajjh±yato, avadhir³pat± ev±ti upajjh±yass±vadhir³pat± eva. “¾khy±to payoge”ti (1-4-29) paravacana½, tad±ha ‘upayoge’cc±di, niyamapubbaka½ vijj±gahaºamupayogo tr±dhippeto, upayogavacanas±matthiy± vijj±gahaºattha½ sissavatta½ niyamo, tatoti ±khy±tuto. “Janikattuno pakat²”ti (1-4-30) saññ±sutta½ kata½, tad±ha-‘janyatthass±’ti-±di, janino attho janyattho, kinta½ janana½, tatoti janikattuhetuto, pakatisaddena k±raºamatta½ gahita½parehi ‘putt± pamod± j±yate’cc±do putt±ditopi yath± siy±’ti, duvidha½ (hi) k±raºa½ up±d±nak±raºa½ sahak±rik±raºañca, tattha k±riyen±bhinnadeso ghaµassa mattik±piº¹o up±d±nak±raºa½, tasseva pana daº¹acakk±di (k±riyena bhinnadeso) sahak±rik±raºa½, tes³p±d±nak±raºasseha gahaºe’siªg± saro j±yate’ccatreva siy±, na tu ‘putt± pamod± j±yate’cc±do, k±rakantaravacanicch±yanti ettha k±rakantar±divacanicch±yanti p±µhena bhavitabba½… etthantare sambandha vacanicch±yapi sambhavato, tatra tiµµhant²ti tatraµµh±, tesa½, loko-naññath±v±d² voh±rikajano, tattha bhav± lokiy±, navattu paµibaddh±ti lokavacanicchamullaªgiya ahameva vad±m²ti sakajjh±sayena vadanto vatt±, tappaµibaddh± na hot²ti attho. “Pabhavo bhavatiss±”ti (1-4-31) suttita½, tad±ha-‘bhavatiss±’ti-±di, paµhamato upalabbhat²ti atthakathanena janyattho-tra na sambhavat²ti vadati, nahi himav± gaªg±ya k±raºa½, s± hi aññehi evak±raºehi uppann± himavati tu kevala½ paµhamato upalabbhati. “Jigucch±vir±mapam±datth±numupasaªkhy±na½”ti (1-4-24v±) vutta½, tad±ha-‘viramaºatthe’ty±di, jigucch±pam±datthadh±tuyoge pana kamm±dhikaraºavacanicch± dissat²ti vutta½, avadhivacanicch±pi pana dissake ‘jigucchati n±hiriko p±p±’ti, dhamm± pamajjat²tipi hoteva paµisedh±bh±v±. “Aññ±r±ditararite dis±sadd±ñcuttarapad±c±hi yutte”ti (2-3-29) suttita½, tad±ha-‘aññasaddayoge’cc±di, yatoti devadatt±dito, “añña-ityatthaggahaºa½, tena pariy±yappayogepi bhavat²”ti aññehi by±khy±tatt± ±ha-‘bhinno devadatt±’ti, ±r±saddassa d³ratthatt± ±savakkhayato ±r± d³ro bhavat²(tyattho u) p±d²yatety±ha‘±r±saddo d³rattho’ti, niddissam±napaµiyog²ti ‘devadatto s³ro’ti niddissam±nassa kassaci yo so dutiyo, so paµiyog². Dis±desak±lavutt²na½ dis±saddattena pariggahato ±ha‘dis± desak±lav±c²na½ yoge’ti, pubbeva sambodh±ti-±d²ni k±lav±c²yoge ud±haraº±ni, añcuttarapada-±ca-±hipaccayayo getviha nod±haµa½. “Pañcam²vidh±ne lyaplope kammanyupasaªkhy±na½ “adhikaraºe copasaªkhy±na”miti (2-3-28-v±) v±ttika½, tad±ha‘yattha’cc±di, lyappaccayassa yatr±ppayogo, tassattho ce gamyate, so lyaplopo, tv±lopo lyapalopotyaviseso, p±s±da m±ruyha pekkhati ±sane upavisitv± pekkhat²ti ida½ visayo padassana½ pubba½ yass±ti kiriy±visesane sam±so, vakkham±nasabbadassanesupi p±s±dato-pakkamanalesasabbh±v± p±s±do (yev±) vadhir³pena vattumiµµhoti dassetum±ha-‘tath±hi’cc±di, apakkamati tato ta½ dassananti tato p±s±dato tassa daµµhuno dassana½ cakkhundriya½ apakkamatyapay±t²tyattho, avadhibh±vo p±s±dass±ti viññ±yati, yesanti vesesik±na½, te hyevam±cikkhanti “indriyesu cakkhundriya½ cakkhugo¼akato-ccantasukhumabh±vena nikkhamma vis±l²bhavanta½ visayadesamupagamma sakalamattan± diµµha½ passati ra½sir³pena, yath± k±hal± m³le kis± aggemahat², tath± ñ±ºindriy±n²”ti, adhiµµh±nadesanti indriy±dhiµµh±nabh³ta½ cakkhugo¼akadesa½, visayappavatt²ti gocare pavatti, santatiy±ti indriyapabandhassa, adhiµµh±na manindriya½ n±pajjateti sambandho, tatoti p±s±dato, apakkanty±ti apagamanena, yajjapi cakkhundriya½ cakkhugo¼akato bahi niggacchati, tath±pip±s±daµµhassacakkhugo¼ak± niggacchat²ti p±s±dass±pyavadhibh±vo, yesant³ti khaºikav±d²nantu, indriy±dhiµµh±nampatte visaye viññ±ºalakkhaºa½ k±riya½ karonti s²len±ti pattak±r²ni, anindriy±dhiµµh±nadoso neti sambandho, tatoti p±s±dato, yesampan±ti khaºikav±dinova dasseti, atra hi catt±ro pakkh± pattak±r²nindriy±ni, appattak±r²ni, cakkhusot±ni appattak±r²ni ses±ni vuttaviparit±ni, cakkhuyeva pattak±r² sesamaññatheti, catusveva tesu paµhamapakkhadvayamupanyasya paµip±dita½… tappaµip±danenetaresampi paµip±ditatt±, sabbas±mayikas±dh±raºatt±saddasatthass±ti ida½ ayuttamiva dissati… saddasatthassimassa buddhavacanopayogittena sogatasamay±nuguºappavattito, khaºikav±dino pana niss±yeda½ sundarameva, manasik±r±d²ti-±disaddena cakkhuto [cakkhun± (potthake)] abhedo r³p±p±thagamo ca dassito, yoggadeseti dassanayogge padese. “Pucchan±khy±nesu ca pañcam² vattabb±”ti (2-3-28v±) vutta½, tad±ha-‘pucchanasaddato’cc±di, pucchan±khy±nesu s±maññena pañcam²vidh±ne-tippasaªga½ dassetum±ha-‘avassa’micc±di, kass±ti pañho, devadattassety±khy±na½, koso yañña dattoti pañho vidhir³pov±ya½, yo-ªgad²ty±dyanuv±dar³pam±khy±na½, aªgad²key³r². “Yatoc±ddhak±lanimm±na½ tato pañcam² vattabb±”ti (2-3-28v±) vutta½, tad±ha-‘addha’cc±di, nim²yate paricchijjate yena ta½ nim±na½, tadeva nimm±na½. “Addhassa paµham± sattam² ca vattabb±”ti (2-3-28) vutta½, tatth±yamattho “ta½ yutt±ti vattate, ta½ yutt± pañcamiyutth± parass±ddhassa paµham± ca sattam² ca vattabb±”ti, p±µaliputtasm±ti pañcami yutta½, et±pi na vattabb±ti dassetum±ha-‘sattayojan±n²’ti-±di, atra hi yad± r±jagahassa yojanañc±bhedo vattumicch²yate, tad± p±µaliputtasm± r±jagaha½ sattayojan±n²ti, bhedavacanicch±yantu “sabbh±vo”ty±din± (2-34) sattam² siddh±‘sattasu yojanesu’ti. Tath±hi p±µaliputtasm± sattasu yojanesu sati r±jagaha½bhavat²tyayamattho pat²yate, sattayojanasambandhibhavana½ r±jagaha (bhavana)ssa lakkhaºambhavati. Sambandhe chaµµh²ti imin± “ta½ yutt± k±le sattam² vattabb±”ti (2-3-28v±) vacanampaµikkhipati. “Karaºeca thokappakicchakatipayass± sattavacanasse”ti (2-3-33) suttita½, tad±ha-‘yad± icc±di, kicch±dayoti-±disaddena thoka-appakatipaye saªgaºh±ti, asattar³panti addabbar³pa½, guºe hetumh²ti guºapadatthe hetubh³te “guºe”ti (2-21) pañcam²ti attho, yath±vuttavidh±neneti “guºe”ti sutte vuttavidh±nena, “guºe”ti sutte vuttavidh±nena, yad±tvicc±din± paresa½ viya karaºe visu½ vidh±ne payojana½ natth²ti dasseti. Kattabbar³passa calanass±ti sambandho, sam±n±dhikaraºattena visesananti yojan±, sam±n±dhikaraºatten±ti ca ‘rañño puriso’ty±do asam±n±dhikaraºass±pi visesanattadassanato vutta½, sam±n±dhikaraºattena visesanabh±vo c±ssa thokaguº±nvite calane vattam±no thokasaddo asattavacanova visesananti, tenev±khy±yate ‘thokassa kammatt± kamme dutiy±’ti. Pañcam²tyanuvattam±ne “d³rantikatthehi chaµµh² v±”ti (2-3-34) vutta½, tad±ha‘d³ranti katthehi’cc±di, avadhisambandhalakkhaº±ti avadhisambandh±va lakkhaºa½ nimittam±sa½ pañcam²chaµµh²na½ t± tath± vutt±, vattumiµµhoti imin± vacanicch±yeva padh±nattam±ha, eva½ carahi ta½ta½ k±rakavacanicch±yamaññ±pi vibhattiyo kasm± nappayujjeyyunti ±ha-‘lokiy± cetth±’ti-±di, ettha vibhatt²na½ niyame lokiy± eva vacanicch± nibandhana½ k±raºanti attho, pañcam²c±tyanuvattam±ne “d³ranti katthehi dutiy± ce”ti (2-3-35) vutta½, “pañcamyadhikaraºeca” (2-3-36) iccatra ca k±rena d³ranti katthehi sattam² ca vutt± p±µi padikatthe s±rasaªgahak±r±d²hi, tadakkhippa aññ±padesena paµikkhipitu½ kecity±di ya½ vutta½ vuttiya½, ta½ dassetum±ha’kec²ti s±rasaªgah±dayo’ti-±di. D³r±p±d±vasecananti aya½ tesampaµikkhepana yoti sambandho, itisaddo panettha parih²no, nahitanti-±d²su tasadden±sattar³pa½ d³r±di vattumicchitantyavaseya½, na hi ta½ gamyate, na hi tato gamyate, na hi tena gamyate, na hi tasmi½ µh²yate’ti visu½ sambandho vaseyo. Pat²yantec±ti co vattabbantarasamuccaye, atoceti vakkham±nahetupar±m±so, yanti yasm± atthe nip±to, v±kyak±ro vararuci, ta½s±m±n±dhikaraºyatoti d³r±dis± m±n±dhikaraºyato, ta½yuttatop²ti d³r±diyutt± g±m±disaddatopi, paccakkhantoti v±kyak±ravacana½ pacc±cikkhanto, tath±hyatr±ya½ mah±bh±ssa p±µho “d³rantikatthehi pañcam²vidh±ne ta½yutt± pañcam²paµisedho vattabbo d³r± g±massa, tatr±pi dassan± anatthako-yampaµisedho, tatr±pi hi pañcam² dissati–
D³rasm±vasath± mutta½, d³r±p±d±vasecana½;
guruto kupit± d³r±,bh±bya½ d³r± ca dassuhiti.
Atra d³rantikety±di vattabba½ v±kyak±ravacana½, d³r± g±mass±ti tassod±haraºa½, tatr±picc±di paccakkh±nabh±ssa½, d³rasm±vasath±ti ±vasathassa d³reti atthohi bh±ssapad²pe keyyaµo, paµhamo puriso yassa so paµhamapuriso bhavati “d³rantik±”di (2-6-5) kacc±yanasutte suddh±diyogopi saªgahito, ten±ha–‘suddhappa mocanavivittappam±ºayoge’ti, “dh±tun±m±namupasaggayog±d²svapica” iti (2-6-2) sutte caggahaºato pabhutiyogo ca gahito, ten±ha–‘pabhuti yogec±’ti, pabhutiyogec±ti imin± pabhutyatthayogopi saªgahito, teneva ‘yatosar±mi att±nan’ti ud±haµa½.