54. Vicch±

Ya½vattateti vuttivacana½ nikkhipitv± tassa attha½ vattum±rabhate ‘sambhav±pekkh±ye’cc±di, ya½vattateti ca sutte avijjam±nepi gammam±natthassa saddassa payogampati k±mac±roti vuttiya½ vutta½, yasaddass±niyamatthavuttittepi padav±kyato n±ñña½ sambhavati vicch±yam±bhikkhaññe ca vattam±nanti ±ha ‘sambhav±pekkh±yapada½ v±kya½v±’ti, sambhavat²ti sambhavo-pada½ v±kya½ v±, tasmi½ apekkh±ya pada½ v±kya½ v± vattateti sambandho, vattateti vicch±yam±bhiññe c±tthe vattate, nanu padassa v±kyassa v± visu½yeva dabb±dayo atth±, ta½ kathamida metasmi½ vattudhamme kiriy±dhamme ca vicch±bhikkhaññatthe vattateti anuyoga½ sandh±y±ha-‘visayabh±ven±’ti-±di, vicch±ya vattudhammassa kiriy±dhammassa c±bhikkhaññassa visayo pada½ v±kya½ v±… anaññatthavuttivasena tatthappavattiy±, ta½ vasenaca, abhidh±yakattena ceti gocarattena pak±sakattena c±ti attho, ya½vattateti ajjh±haµassa yanti paµhamantassa vibhattivipariº±ma½ dasseti (tass±ti) ±din±, imin± ida½ d²peti “yajjapi ‘vicch±bhikkhaññesvi’ tyatra chaµµh²nocc±r²yate, tath±pi chaµµh²pasiddhi hoteva, katha½ dve icc±desaniddes± ±deso ca sambandh²namapekkhate, ‘vicch±bhikkhaññes³’ti c±tthaniddeso, na c±tthass±desena sambandho upapajjate, tasm± vicch±bhikkhaññesu ya½ pada½ v±kya½ v± vattate tassa dve bhavanticceva½ chaµµh²yattho sakk± vattun”ti, dve r³p±ni hont²ti dassita½ hot²ti sambandho, saddar³pe saªkhyayyeti dutiy± bahuvacananta½ paµip±dayam±noti ettha paµip±danakiriy±ya sambandhenopadiµµha½, “v±kyantaraµµhopi saddo tadaññasmimpi sambandhamupay±t²”ti dvisaddoti ida½ upari v±kyadvayepyupayujjati ‘dvisaddo vutto, dvisaddo na sar³pappadh±no’ti, atha sar³pappadh±no kasm± na vuttoti ±ha-‘bahuvacanena niddes±’ti, atha dveti s±maññena vuttatt± padav±ky±na½ µh±ne dvibbacana½ v± siy±, t±nev± vattant²ti dvippayogo v±, tath± sati ‘ya½vattate tass±’ti kasm± paµhamameva niss±ya vuttiya½ vivaraºa½ katanti ±ha-‘evañc±’ti-±di, id±ni dvippayogapakkhassa sadosatt± agahitabh±va½ dassetum±ha-‘yad±tvi’ ty±di, tusaddo pubbasm± pakkh± visesassa padassako [visesanattho (potthake)], tattha hi dve [dver³pa (potthake)] saddar³p±ny±dis²yante iha tu sova saddo dvir±vattate, ±vutt² saªkhyeyy±ti eva½ maññate “dvisaddo-ya½ “±dasahi saªkhy± saªkhyeyye vattante”ti vacanato saªkhyeyyavacano, tasmeha saªkhyeyya½ saddar³pa½ v± siy± ±vutti v±, iccapi niddeso tadubhayamapekkhiya napu½sakaliªgena v± siy± itthiliªgena v±, tattha yad± napu½sakaliªgena niddeso, tad± saddar³p±ni saªkhyeyy±ni bhavanti, yad± tu itthiliªgena, tad± saddass±vutt² ucc±raºalakkhaº± kiriy± saªkhyey± bhavanti, tato cettha ±vutt²-api saªkhyey± hont²”ti, tad± dvippayogo dvibbavacananti esa pakkhoti ayamettha bh±vo” yad± dve ±vuttiyo vidh²yante tad± dvippayogo dvibbacanante sopekkho, (atra µh±ny±desabh±vo natthi) [natuµµh±ne dvibbacanapakkho (potthake)] ±vutti hi kiriy±, tass± ceha saddo s±dhana½, na ca kiriy±ya s±dhanassa ca µh±ny±desabh±vo upapajjate, tasm± yad±vutt² vidh²yante, tad± dippayogo dvibbacanante-so pakkho bhavat²”ti, ayampi pakkho p±ºin²yehi pariggah²to, tadayutta½ dosaduµµhatt±ti sandassayam±ha-‘so pane’ty±di, te hi dutiyampi pakkhamabbhupagamma upac±ramattato bhedo, vatthutotvabhedo v±ti ponopuññena ta½ s±dhenti. Kathampana sadosatta½ yen±ya½ na gahitoty±ha- ‘tath±hi’cc±di, ºyo nasiy±ti “tassa bh±vakammesu tta t± ttana ºya ºeyya ºiya ºiy±”ti (4-59) bh±ve vidh²yam±no ºyo dvippayogapakkhe saddabhedasabbh±v± puna puneti samud±yasabh±vato punapuna bh±voti atthe punapuna samud±yato na bhaveyy±ti attho, na kevala½ ºyova, atha kho ekapadantogadh±na½ sar±na½ sar±nam±dibh³tassuk±rassa bhavanto ok±ropi “sar±nam±diss± yuvaººass± e-o º±nubandhe”ti (4-124) na siy±, “man±dy±p±d²namomaye ca “iti (3-59) ok±ro pana pakkhadvayepi hoteva… uttarapadassa nimittabh±vena gahitatt±, pubbapakkhepi hi dve saddar³p±nyev±dis²yanteti hoteva pada bhedo, vakkhati hi ‘sat²pi attagate bhede’ti. Nanu ±vuttidhammabheda saddassupacarito bhedo, sar³pato tvabhedova, aññath± ±vuttiyeva na siy±, ekassa hi vatthuno ±vutti hoticc±ha‘n±ntarene’cc±di, aññatheti upacarito bhedo na sabh±vatoti ce, k±riyambhavat²ti evi na sakk± vattunti sambandho, sabh±vato tvabhedo v±ti upac±r±bh±vena vatthuto vijjam±nabhedamavadh±rayati, aññath±ti yadi bhedo siy±, ±vuttiyeva na siy±ti etth±yamadhipp±yo “yadi sabh±vatova bhedo bhinnassa pana katham±vutti siy±”ti, µh±nisadisatt±ti “µh±n²viy±deso”ti paribh±samupalakkheti.
Kiriy±y±ti-±d²su sahatthe tatiy±… kiriy±d²hi dabb±dyatth±na½ vattu [kattu] by±panicch±pavattito, des±d²ti ( ) [(hi) (potthake)] ±disaddena k±l±vatth±di½ saªgaºh±ti, n±n±k±rayuttameva bhinna½ n±ma hot²ti ±ha-‘anekappak±rayutte’ti, bahuvacananiddesato vutta½ hot²ti sambandho, ten±ti yena bahuvacananiddesena saki½ by±panicch± jot²yati tena karaºabh³tena hetubh³tena v±, kamena by±pitumicch±ya½ j±ti-±d²nañca by±pitumicch±yanti sambandho, tattha ayañca g±mo ramaº²yo ayañca g±mo ramaº²yoti kamena by±pitumicch±, ettha kiñc±pi ramaº²yaguºena g±madabbayogo atthi, tath±pi g±m±na½ guºena yogo, sabbo g±mo ramaº²yoti b±hullena, natthi s±kallena [kamena (potthake)] by±pitumiµµhattanti sakalaby±panicch±y±bh±voti na dvibbacana½, evamupari yojetv± attho daµµhabbo, sampanno yavoti sampannaguºena yavaj±tiy± by±pitumicch±, ekatth± j±ti, anekattha nissay± vicch± [ekatth±j±ti, ekamattha½ ñ±payiss±m²ti j±tisaddo payujjate ane katthanissay±ca vicch±, anekattha½ saññ±payiss±m²ti vicch±payujjate-ti mah±bhasse], sobhana½ dhavakhadiranti sobhanaguºena dhav±didabb±na½ by±pitumicch±, atthasaddenettha dabb±dayo vattumiµµh±ti ±ha-‘dabbaguºakiriy±lakkhaºe’ti, visaddo panettha by±panatthoti ±ha-‘by±pitu½ sambandhitun’ti, s±ti vicch±, vattudhammoti ‘rukkha½rukkha’micc±dika½ yo vadati, tassa vattuno dhammo… icch±lakkhaºassa dhammassa tappaµibaddhatt± saddoti rukkhamicc±diko, tassa saddassa ya½ r³pa½ atta bh±vo, tameva pacc±saty± “sut±numitesu sutasambandhova balav±”ti vicch± bhikkhaññesu vattam±nassa sutasseva tassa r³passa pacc±sannabh±vato dvisaªkhy± yutta½ dvisaªkh±t±ya saªkhy±ya ‘rukkha½ rukkha’micceva½ yutta½ atidis²yate sutte dve-iccanena, dvibbacanasseva [dvibbacanameva (potthake)] hi dvisaªkhy±yuttat±, atha katamekavacanantassa dvibbacana½, tath±hi sabbeyevetettha vicch±ya½ dvittehyabhidhayanteti bahatt± bahuvacana½ pappoti, ekavacanantu na sijjhati ‘rukkha½ rukkha½ siñcat²’ti ekatth±bhidh±nabhinnasabbarukkhappat²t²ti kathamekavacanantassa dvibbavacanant² ±saªkiy±ha-‘tatthe’cc±di, atthas±matthiy±ti ‘bahuvacanantappayogehi’cc±din± vakkham±nanayena bahuvacanantappayogeneva vicch±tthajotanato na tattha dv²bbacana½ siy±, bhavitabbañca dvibbacane (na, e) kavacanattamantarena na c±tthi dvibbacan±vak± soti pat²ti bal±vagato yo-ttho, tassa atthassa aññath±nupapattilakkhaºa½ s±matthiya½ atthas±matthiya½, atthas±matthiy± ekavacanantassa dv²bbacananti sambandh±, kiriy±diyoganti kiriy±guº±di sambandho, mantv±ti by±pitumicch±yant²massa pubbakiriy±vacana½, abhisa½haritv±ti ekatokatv±. Saddassa t±disatthapacc±yakatte s±matthiya½ saddasatti [saddassa]. Yugapad±dhikaraºat±ya½ sahavacanicch±ya½ bahuvacanappavattiyeva, na tattha dvibbacananti dassetum±ha-‘atoyeve’cc±di, ato yev±ti bahuvacanantassa saddasattiy± vicch±jotanato dvibbacan±bh±v±yeva, evamaññate- ‘idha pana yogapajja½ duvidha½ saddayogapajja½ atthayogapajjañca, tattha kiñci s±tthak±na½ saddayogapajjamatthayoga pajja½ na sambhavat²ti, yugapadi adhikaraºa½ dhav±di attho yassa sodhavakhadirapal±sasaddo yugapad±dhikaraºo, tassa bh±vo tath±, tassañca sati, saddayogapajjamantarena bhinnatth±namekasaddavacan²y±na mekato papatti atthayogapajja½, ta½ sahavacanicch±yanti imin± dassitanti tassa½ sahavacanicch±yañca sati, sobhan± dhavakhadirapal±s± sobhan± rukkh±ti sobhanaguºayogepi bahuvacaneneva vicch±jotanato dvibbacan±bh±voti, sobhana½ dhavakhadiranti pana sat²pi saddayogapajje sam±h±ratt± natthatthayogapajja [n±tvay±gapajja (potthake)] nti ekavacanantatt± dvittappasaªgepi sobhana½ dhavakhadiranti sadd±na½ saki½ by±panicch±y±bh±v± na dvibbacananti heµµh± vutta½.
V±ttikak±rena “±nupubbiye dve bhavant²ti vattabban”ti (8-1-1-v±) vutta½, tad±ha-‘±nupubbiyepi’cc±din±, atthev±nupubbiyepi vicch± tatova dvittanti paµip±daya ‘m±nupubbiya’micc±din± ‘atthiyevecc±dino vuttiv±kyassa vivaraºam±ha. G±maj±tiy± tulyaj±tiy±na½ dis± des±dibhedena bhinn±namiva g±m±na½, na ettha vicch±, m³lamagga½ v± hi mukhya mekameva… heµµhuddhabh±gantar±bh±venekatt±, yenupariyadho bh±g±pekkh±ya katam³laggabyapadesena bhinnaj±tiy± m³laggabh±g±, te bhinnaj±tiy±, na ca bhinnaj±tiy±na½ vicch± hoti, na hi gogoti vutte (v±h²ka)gat± vicch±vagamyateti ±cariyajinindabuddhin± ±nupubbiye vicch±y±bh±va½ paµip±dita½, ta½ vighaµayitu½ ‘yadi hi’cc±din± ya½ vuttiya½ vutta½, ta½ vipañcitum±ha- ‘yathe’cc±di, nasanniviµµhoti na patiµµhito, natth²ti vutta½ hoti, yass³paribh±go atthi tampi m³lanti m³la byapadesass±pekkh± katattam±ha, ubhayanti m³lamaggañca, tath± aññepi m³laggabh±g±ti imin± m³laggabhed±na½ heµµh± viya gahaºe sati bahuttam±ha, pubbakathiten±ti ‘rukkh±d²na½ b±hullen±’ti-±din± pubbe vuttanayena, ida½ vutta½ hoti “m³l±d²na½ b±hullena th³l±di guºayogammantv± sattam²vibhattiyuttena m³l±disaddasahitena sabba saddena m³l±dikamatthamabhisa½haritv± sabbasmi½ m³le th³l± sabbasmi½ agge sukhum±ti eva½ (vattuno) by±pitumicch±yamekavacanantassa vicch±yantveva dvibbacanan”ti.
Jeµµh±na½ vicch±sambhave sabbakaniµµhassa jeµµhatt±bh±v±nuppaveso na siy±ti ±nupubbiyamattavacanicch±ya½ teneva dvittamabhihita½ ‘jeµµha½ jeµµhamanuppavesay±’ti tenev±cariyena, tadadhun± vighaµ²yati ‘jeµµha’ micc±din± kaniµµhopi paves²yat²ti kaniµµhassapi vicch±sambhavam±ha, tattha k±raºam±ha-‘yatheva hi’cc±di, parass±ti majjhimass±ti ettha visesana½, kaniµµhass±pi jeµµhabyapadesoti sambandho, yath±vuttameva samattheti ‘vatticch±nibandhane hi’cc±din±, vatticch±dibandhaneti vattuno icch± nibandhana½ k±raºamass±ti sam±so, vatthusabh±ve vatthu tatthe, abhiniveso pavatti, n±bhisambhuº±ti na pappoti.
“Sakatthe vadh±riyam±ne nekasmi½ dve bhavant²ti vattabban”ti (8-1-12-v±) v±ttikak±rena vutta½, tad±ha ‘sakatthe’icc±di, atthappak±raº±dyanapekkhassa padassa atthe sakatthe avadh±riyam±ne ettakameveti gammam±ne anekasmi½ diyyam±ne dvibbacanamiµµha½ mata½ p±ºiniy±nanti attho, ayampanesamadhipp±yo ‘m±saka½ m±saka½ imamh± kah±paº± bhavant±na½ dvinna½ deh² tyatra dve eva m±s± d±tumicchit±, kah±paºa½ n±ma–
Catt±ro vihayo guñj±, dveguñj± m±sako bhave;
dve akkh±va m±sak±pañca,kkh±na½ dharaºamaµµhaka½ti.
Vuttavidhin±nekam±sakasamud±yo, tattha na sabbe kah±paºa sambandhino m±s± d±nakiriy±ya by±pit±, dveyev±ti netthattha vicch±ti yath±vuttavattabbena dvibbacanan”ti, ta½ dassetv±ti ta½ dvibbacanod±haraºa½ dassetv±, paµip±dayitu½ vicch±yameva dvitta½ dassetu½… m±saka½ m±sakamicc±dotvayamadhipp±yo-“deh²ti d±nakiriy±ya m±ssa by±pitumiµµh±ti vicch±yamevettha dvibbacana½, tath±hyato dvirutt± vicch±va gamyate”ti, saddantaratocc±dika½ kim±saªkiya vuttanti ±ha‘deh²’ti-±di, avadh±raºe pat²yam±neti kah±paºasambandhini bahumhi m±sakasamud±ye m±sakadvayanicchaye viññ±yam±ne sati, avisesena s±maññena m±s±na½ deh²ti d±nakiriy±ya by±pan± bh±v±ti sambandho, saddantaratocc±dino s±dhipp±yamatthamabhidh±tum±rabhate ‘padene’cc±di, ettha paden±ti m±sakamiccanena padena, imamh± kah±paº±ti idamettha saddantara½, kat±bhisaªkharaºass±ti m±saka½ m±sakamicceva½ nipph±ditassa, saddantaratoti imin± padantarayogo gahitoti ±ha-‘padantarena yogato’ti ayametth±dhipp±yo “dvittakaraºak±le saddantaravacan²yassatthass±napekkhitatt± m±saka½m±sakanti avisesena m±sakavicch±ya½ dvitta½, tadanu pana imamh± kah±paº±tisaddantarasambandhe sati yadi kah±paºasambandhya na vasesam±sakavicch± pariggayhati tad± imassa kah±paºass±ti chaµµhiy± bhavitabba½, imamh± kah±paº±ti pana avadhipañcam²niddesato kah±paºato dvayameva gahetv± bhavant±na½ dvinna½ deh²ti imamh± kah±paº±ti saddantaratovadh±raºa½ gamyate”ti.
“Pubbapaµham±namatth±tisayavacanicch±ya½ dve bhavant²ti vattabban”ti (8-1-12-v±) vutta½, tad±ha-‘pubbapaµham±na½ micc±di, pubbapaµham±na½ pubbapaµhama sadd±na½ atth±tisayo yo atthassa paka½so, tassa vacanicch±ya½, sabbapaµhamabh±vasaªkh±ta atth±tisayamatt±va vacanicch±ti na ettha vicch±ti tesamadhipp±yo, vikasanakiriy±ya p±kakiriy±y±ti vuttepi vik±sakaraºakiriy±ya p±kakaraºakiriy±y±ti atthasambhavato ‘pubba½ pubba½ pupphan’ti ty±do, pubba½ pubba½ vikasana½ karonti, paµhama½ paµhama½ vacana½ karont²ti kiriy±visesanavasena attho daµµhabbo, pubb±ti mat± paµham±bhimat±ti imin± pubbapaµhamabh±ven±bhimat±na½ bahutta by±panena vicch±sabbh±ve k±raºam±ha.
“Þatara ¹atam±na½ samasampadh±raº±yamitth²nigade bh±ve dve bhavant²ti vattabban”ti (8-1-12-v±) vutta½, ettha itthiliªgasaddo itthiliªgayog± itth²ti vutto, nigadyateneneti nigado, itth² nigado yassa so itthinigadobh±vo, tasmi½ itth²nigade bh±ve, tad±ha-ratararata mant±na’micc±di, itthiliªgeti itthiliªga½ yassa so itthiliªgobh±vo, tasmi½ itthiliªge bh±ve vattam±n±na½ ratararatamant±na½ dvibbacanamabhimatanti sambandho, kasmi½ visayeti ±ha-‘samasampadh±raºa visaye’ti, samena a¹¹hat±din± guºena ime ubho a¹¹h± itveva½ r³p± sampadh±raº± nir³pan± avabodho samasampadh±raº±, s±-eva visayo, tasmi½ sati, a¹¹hat±ya bahuvidhatt±bh±v± kiriy±diyo g±bh±v± ca natthettha vicch±ti tesamadhipp±yo, pucchiyam±n±ti imin± ime ubho’ icc±d²na½ pucch±v±kyata½ dasseti.
Parabyavah±ren±ha-‘±khy±t±d²na½ visayattan’ti, imin± ±khy±t±d²nameva kiriy±jotakapadabh±vena ponopuññasaªkh±takiriy± dhammassa dhanasameva visayatta½ d²peti, atisayavisiµµhanti imin± papacatisaddepak±ro paka½sattha jotako upasaggoti dasseti, hividhimh²ti’l³-cchedane’iccasm± vidhimhi hippaccayo “pañhapattan±vidh²su”ti (6-9) imin± sutten±ti attho, oss±ti “yuvaºº±name-opaccaye”ti (5-82) ok±rassa, ‘pubbeka-kattuk±na” (5-62) miccev±ti evak±rena paresamiv±yamapy±bhikkhaññe paccayo ce vidh²yate, tad± papacati-iccatra viya ±bhikkhaññe vidh²yam±nena paccayeneva ±bhikkhaññatthassa pak±sitatt± na dvibbacanena bhavitabbanti dasseti, yad± tu bhusa½ punappuna½ pacat²ti vacanicch± tad±pi papacat²ti bhavatyeva.
Iha imasmi½ ud±haraºe, ±bhikkhaññe iccev±ti imin± anukaraºamattameveta½ natthetth±bhikkhaññanti p±ºiniy± suttantarena dvittampaµip±denti, natthettha t±disena vacanena payojana½, ±bhikkhaññeyeva dvibbacananti dasseti, evamaññate “paµa-iccetamanukaraºa½ bhavana kiriyampati vattat²ti [bhavanakiriy±mat² vutt²ti (potthake)] kiriy±dhamma½ ponopuññamettha atthev±”ti, teneva vakkhati-‘paµapaµ± bhavat²ti ±bhikkhaññe dvibbacanan’ti, anitisminti itisadde avijjam±ne, r±ppaccayoti paµhama½ dvitte kate pacch± r±ppaccayo, r±ppaccayamakatv±pi pak±rantarena s±dhetum±ha- ‘athav±’ icc±di, d²gho niccanti paµhama½ dvitte paµapaµakarot²ti µhite nicca½ d²gho, paµapaµ± karot²ti ettha nipphatti½ dassetv± id±ni paµapaµ±yat²ti ettha dassetu½ paµapaµ±yat²ti-±di ±raddha½.