16. Payo

Payojako codako by±p±rakoti attho nanu ca vuttiya½ ‘katt±ra½ payojayat²’ti vutta½ katha½ payujjam±nassa kattutta½ti ±ha- ‘payujjam±no’cc±di. N±vassa½ kiriy±pavattakatteneva yoggat±mattenapi kattutta½ siy±ti dassento ±ha- ‘kiriy±ya yoggo’ti-±di. P±s±ºambalenuµµh±peti’cc±d²su hi yogyat±yapi kattutt±vas±yosiy±, kopan±ya½ payojakabyap±roti ±ha- ‘pesane’cc±di. D±s±dino h²nassa katthaci atthe niyojana½ pesana½. Guru-±dino sakk±rapubba½ by±p±raºamajjhesana½. Ta½ pesanajjhesan±dika½ lakkhaºa½ sabh±vo yassa so tath± vutto.
¾disaddena ±nuk³lyabh±gino by±p±rassa gahaºa½, tath± ca ‘bhikkh± v±sayati k±r²so-jjh±pes²’ti sijjhati. Bhikkh± hi pacurabyañjanavat² labbham±n± v±s±nuk³la½ tittivisesamupajanayati. K±r²sopi niv±te padese suµµhu pajjalitojjhayanavirodhi s²takatamupaddavamapanayanto-jjhayan±nuk³las±matthiyam±dadh±ti tato tesampi yuttampayojakattanti.
Payojakaby±p±ret²da½ paccayavisesana½ v± siy± pakativisesana½ v±. Tattha yadi pakativisesana½ siy±, tad± payojakaby±p±re vattam±n± º²º±p² vidh²yant²ti (gamana½) pati yo niyogo tadattho gami, na gatyattho, tassa c±ya½ payojjoti ‘gamayati m±ºavaka½ g±man’ti gatyatthassa payojje “gatibodh±h±re”cc±din± (2-4) vihit± dutiy± na pappoti, tato pakatyatthavisesanapakkho duµµhoti paccayavisesanapakkha½ dassetum±ha- ‘paccayavisesana½ veda½ na pakativisesanan’ti.
Payojakamattaggahaºeti mattasaddo s±maññav±c², yath± ‘kaññ± matta½ v±rayat²’ti. Katt±ra½ yo payujjati yo ca karaº±d²na½ payojako tesa½ s±maññena gahaºe sat²ti attho. By±p±retvev±ti payojakaggahaºamantarena by±p±re-icceva vacana½ kattabba½ siy±ti bh±vo, tanti payojakaggahaºa½, visiµµho visayo yassa payojakaggahaºassata½tath±vutta½. Kopan±ya½visiµµho visayocc±ha- ‘yo loke’icc±di. Itov±ti vakkham±nassa hetuno par±m±so. Tanti cur±d²hi ºividh±na½. Eva½saddo vakkham±n±pekkho. Ta½ visu½ cur±d²hi ºividh±nameva vakkham±nappak±rena saphala½ siy± n±ññath±ti attho. Tameva pak±ra½ dasseti‘yadimin±’cc±di.