Catutthakaº¹a

1. ðo v±pacce

Nanu ca ‘ºo v±pacce’ti vacanato katha½ pakativisay±vagamo siy±. Yath±kathañci pakativisay±vagamepi s±maññavacanato pana dhammen±paccanty±do yato kutoci dhammenicc±ditopi siy± º± dipaccayoty±saªkiy±ha ‘apaccavat±’cc±di. Apaccass±ti apaccatthassa, apaccavat±ti “ºo v±pacce”ti vasiµµh±dyatthasseva pariggahaº±ya s±maññavacanato yo apaccav± tato, atthato pana asambhav± dabb±cakasadd±va s±matthiyena chaµµhiyant± sabbaliªgavacan± j±yateti viññ±tabba½. Dhammasm±pacca½ty±d²su º±dippaccayo (na j±yate) ti sambandho.
Dhammen±ti dhammena karaºabh³tena. Dhamm±y±ti dhammattha½, dhammasm±ti dhammahetun±, tato asambhave k±raºam±ha ‘s±pekkhatt±’ti. S±pekkhattameva samattheti ‘apaccav±hi’cc±din±, dhammen±pacca½ kass±ti pucchitv± devadattass±ti apekkhiyam±na½ vadati. Devadattass±ti apaccav± devadatt±di apekkh²yateti sambandho, hisaddo hetumhi. Na hettha º±divutti aññattha [nahetak±mantattha (potthake)] s±pekkhatt± kambalo vasiµµhass±pacca½ devadattass±ti ettha pana vasiµµho-paccav±ti tato chaµµhiyant± hoticc±saªkiy±ha- ‘na ce’cc±di. Na ca hot²ti sambandho.
K±raºam±ha- ‘asambandh±’ti. Na hettha sambandho vasiµµhassa kambal±pekkhattena apaccassa ca devadatt±pekkhatten±tthantar±pekkh±ya vasiµµhass±paccena sambandh±bh±v±yeva vasiµµhassa apacca½ v±siµµhoti º±divuttiy± bh±ve s±matthiya½ natthi, samatthañhi vasiµµha½ r±japuris±di sam±savuttiyamekatthattamiva v±siµµh±diº±divuttiya½ º±dippaccayamupajanayati, n±samattha½, tato sabbamevetammanasi nidh±ya vutta½- ‘asambandh±’ti.
Yadi panettha º±dippaccayo sabbath± sambandhamapekkhate, tad± visesato yass±paccena sambandho tatova janakato so siy±ti dassetum±ha- ‘yajjeva’micc±di.
Yo janakoti yoyo yassa yassa apaccassa janako. Tatoyev±ti tasm±tasm± janakatoyeva. Siy±ti tasmi½ tasmi½ apaccatthe º±dippaccayo siy±. Tattha hetum±ha- ‘tassev±paccena yog±’ti. Yog±ti apaccasambandhato, na m³lappakatitoti paramappakatito na hot²ti vutta½ hoti. Hetum±ha- ‘ayog±,ti, vacan±bh±vampettha dassetu½ ce’ty±di vutta½.
Vacananti sutta½, sambandh±bh±v± (t±disavacan±bh±v±) ca m³lappakatito º±dippaccayass±bh±va½ dassetv± id±ni m³lappakatitov±ss±bhimatabh±va½ dassetu½ ‘m³lappakatito’cc±di vutta½.
Kathampanida½ viññ±yaticc±din± janakassev±by±hitass±paccena mukhya sambandham±n²ya idamayuttanty±din± byavahitajanitass±pyapaccayassa paramappakatiy±bhisambandhasabbh±va½ vatv± ta½ s±dhayitum±rabhate ‘katha’micc±di, eva½ hicc±di katha½panidamicc±din± yath±vuttassa samattha nav±kya½, hiyasm± ta½ disv± tath± pucchito devadattassav±ti-±din± upp±det±rameva niddisati, n±tt±na½ pit±maho, tasm± upp±det±yev±paccena sambajjhati na pit±mahoti yojetv± adhipp±yo veditabbo. Ida½ yath±vuttamupp±detuniddisana½, tena apaccena saddhi½ upp±detuyeva janakasseva yogo sambandho paµip±detu½ na sakk±ti sambandho.
Tantita½ [tattha-iti (pañcik±ya½)] pucch±nimitta½, ten±ti apaccena. Apatananti narake apatana½ bhavati, soti yoso yass±tyaniyamaniddiµµho so ñ±tu½ na icchitoti sambandho. Imin± ida½ d²peti- “napatatyanena naraketyapaccanti vuccati apaccen±nena yassakassaci avisesen±patanambhavati narake soso t±ya pucch±ya ñ±tu½ na icchito”ti. So v±ti kass±ya½ puttoti pucch±y±nurodhane so upp±det±yeva ñ±tumicchitoti sambandho. Tusaddo cetth±paccena narak±p±tasabba janaj±nanicch±visesajotako, yadi siy±ti sambandho, att±nampi niddiseyya na kevalamupp±det±ra½, atthicc±di pit±mahassa attanopi niddese k±raºavacana½, ta½ apacca½ nimitta½ k±raºa½, yassa ta½ ta½nimitta½ tasm± [katv± (potthake)] eva½ diµµhiko hicc±din± yath±vutta½ samattheti.
Byavahitajaniten±p²ti byavahitena kattun± janiten±pi, karaºe c±ya½ tatiy±, hetumhi v±. Kasm± eva½ diµµhikoti ±ha ‘ya½ nimitta½ hi’cc±di. Hisaddo yasm±datthe. Yass±ti pubbajassa, tena apaccena apatana½ tadapatana½ tato, ida½ vutta½ hoti “tena byavahitajaniten±pi pumun± pubbajopi naraka½ na patati so pubbajass±pya pacca½ bhavati yath±vuttena nibbacanen±”ti. Tasm±ccassa pubbe vuttayasm±tyanen±bhisambandho veditabbo. Upapatyantaram±ha-‘upac±ratove’cc±di. Pubba pubbabh±ve sat²ti pubbassa pubbassa vijjam±natte sati. Byavahitena janite apaccepi nimitta½ ap±y±patak±raºabh±vo atthiye v±ti sambandho. Kesanti ±ha-‘pubbesanti pubbaj±nanti attho, ke n±ti ±ha- ‘p±rampariyen±’ti. Abhedopac±ren±ti pubbapubbabh±ve saticc±din± vuttanayena janakassa viya p±rampariyenapubbesampinimittat± vato janakasadisatt± janak±va n±ma te siyunti evamabhedena upacaraºato cintanatoti attho. Ubhayath±ti ñ±yena upac±renac±ti ubhayena pak±rena, evamubhayath±pi m³lappakatiy± paccen±bhisambandh± kathamanantara [manantar±di (potthake) (tattha) potthake] janiten±paccen±dipurisasambandhoyena tato º±dippaccayo siy±ti n±saªkn²ya½.
Tato c±ti m³lappakatito ca, apaccas±maññavacanicch±yanti itthi punnapu½sakattavisesopagg±hi apaccas±maññassa vacanicch±ya½.
Evamm³lakatito- paccas±maññena º±dippaccaya½ vavatthapetv± id±ni apacc±ditopi hoteva º±di s±maññavidh±n±. So ca bahul±dhik±rato gurujan±yattatt± tanniyog±caraºena pasatthe yev±pacce byavahitajanitepi itthivajjite siy±ti dassetum±ha ‘natt±d²hi’cc±di. Satiyeva gurujane sappadh±nabh±vena kucchite-paccetu natt±d²vutt²hi vasiµµh±d²hi º±dippaccayo hoti v±siµµhoti-±di, itthiyañca na hoti v±siµµh²ti-±di.
Atthatoti s±matthiyato. Apacce vidh²yam±no paccayo apaccavat± j±yam±no tass±paccanti atthe j±yati. Soc±ya matthaviseso cha(µµhiyanta) t±bh±ve katha½ siy±ti idamettha s±matthiya½. Anantare v±pacce putte-bhidheyya natt±do v±pacce-bhidheyy±ti sasambandho. Kutoci apaccavat± natt±do eva. Idañca sabbambahulavacaneva sampajjat²ti ±ha- ‘bahul±dhik±r±’ti. Apacceti ekavacanena niddese pumun± napu½sakena kariyati, tene kasmi½ yev±pacce siy±, na bah³su vasiµµhass±pacc±ni v±siµµh±ni, na citthi v±siµµh±ni, na citthiya½ v±siµµh²ty±saªkiy±ha-‘idañce’cc±di. Idañca apaccavacanañca. Imin± cettha tath± nissayakaraºa½ dasseti. Tassa vacanicch±bh±vatoti tassa liªgavacanassa sutte vattumicch±y±bh±vatoti attho.
Ki½ pana k±raºa½ sutte liªgavacan±vacanicch±ya½ tass±ppadh±natt± yenakenaci liªg±din± niddeso-vassa½ kattabboti n±nantariyakatt± tassehop±d±na½, yath±dhaññatthinopal±l±dinopyappadh±nassop±d±nanti. Tatoyev±ha-‘upalakkh²yassettha padh±natt±’cc±di. Itthipumattayuttajaññaviseso upalakkh²yo, apaccet²damupalakkhaºa½, sayanti yath±vuttamupalakkhaºa½ saya½. K±riyappaµipattiy±ti pume napu½sakepacce-bhidheyye vidhi hoticceva½ k±riyappaµipattiy± vattu½ na iµµha½.
Vacanantarepi aññasmi½ vacane. ¾º²ti ºippaccayasutta½ vadati. Agott±ditoti yogottass±dibh³to na hoti, tato, teneva “±º²”ti sutte (4-5) vakkhati-‘ak±rantamattatov±ya½ºina gott±dibh³tato’ti. V±kyasam±s±p²ti yath±saªkhyen±ha. Tasmi½ attheti tasmi½ v±kyopadassite atthe, tanti v±kya½. Sam±savuttiñca nivatteyyunti sambandho.
Satipan±ti v±k±re sati tu aniccatt± ºappaccayassa. Sop²ti sam±sopi, sam±soti-±din± pakkhantaram±ha. Tena v±kyasijjhanena. Pakkhe v±kyasam±s±pi siyunti pakkhe sam±savuttiy± eva b±dhitatt± pakkhantare º±divutti na b±dh²yat²ti v±kyavuttiyopi siyunti attho.