Kh±da bhakkhaºe. Aya½ pana bh³v±digaºikavasena ekagaºiko sakammako dh±tu. Kh±dati, saªkh±dati, im±ni suddhakattupad±ni Puriso purisena purisa½ v± p³va½ kh±deti kh±dayati kh±d±peti kh±d±payati, im±ni hetukattupad±ni. Ettha ca yo akh±danta½ kh±danta½ v± kh±d±h²ti payojeti, so kh±d±pako kh±deti kh±dayati kh±d±peti kh±d±payat²ti ca vuccati. Khajjati, sa½khajjati, saªkh±diyati. Im±ni kammapad±ni. Atrapan±ya½ p±¼i “at²ta½ p±ha½ addh±na½ r³pena khajji½, seyyath±p±ha½ etarahi paccuppannena r³pena khajj±mi. Ahañceva kho pana an±gata½ r³pa½ abhinandeyya½, an±gatenap±ha½ r³pena khajjeyya½, seyyath±petarahi khajj±m²”ti. Bh±vapada½ na labbhati sakammakatt± imassa dh±tussa. Bh³v±digaºo. Aya½ n±madh±tu ekantarudh±digaºikoti appasiddho.
Div±digaºe t± p±lane. Loka½ t±yati sant±yati. Im±ni sakammak±ni suddhakattupad±ni. Hetukattupada½ pana kammapadañca bh±vapadañca appasiddh±ni.
Sudha sa½suddhiya½. Citta½ sujjhati visujjhati. Im±ni akammak±ni suddhakattupad±ni. Sodheti, sodhayati, sodh±peti, sodh±payati, im±ni hetukattur³p±ni. Ettha ca yo asuddha½ µh±na½ suddha½ karoti, so sodhako sodheti, sodhayat²ti vuccati, esa nayo aññatr±pi ²disesu µh±nesu. Yo pana asuddhaµµh±na½ saya½ asodhetv± “tva½ sodheh²”ti añña½ payojeti, so sodh±pako sodh±peti sodh±payat²ti vuccati. Esa nayo aññatr±pi ²disesu µh±nesu. Tath± hi “k±reti, k±rayati, k±r±peti, k±r±payat²”ti-±d²su aya½ nayo na labbhati, eva½ labbham±nanayo ca alabbham±nanayo ca sabbattha upaparikkhitabbo. Im± panettha p±¼iyo–
“Paccantadesavisaye, nimantetv± tath±gata½;
tassa ±gamana½ magga½, sodhenti tuµµham±nas±”ti ca

“Magga½ sodhemaha½ tad±”ti ca. Im± hi p±¼iyo sahatth± sodhana½ sandh±ya vutt±. “¾yasm± pilindavaccho r±jagahe pabbh±ra½ sodh±peti leºa½ kattuk±mo”ti pana p±¼i, “ki½ bhante thero k±r±pet²”ti, “pabbh±ra½ mah±r±ja sodh±pemi leºa½ kattak±mo”ti ca p±¼i. Im± parehi sodh±pana½ sandh±ya vutt±. “Kassa sodhiyati maggo”ti ida½ kammapada½, bh±vapada½ pana appasiddha½. Imin± nayena y±va cur±digaº± yojetabba½.

Dvigaºikatte subha sobhe. Sobhati vat±ya½ puriso. Subha pah±re. Yo no g±vova sumbhati sumbhoti iccapi dissati. “Sumbhot²”ti ca kacc±yanamate r³pa½, im±ni kattupad±ni. Nagara½ sobheti, sobhayati. Puriso purise cora½ sumbheti, sumbhayati, sumbh±peti, sumbh±payati. Im±ni hetukattupad±ni. Kammabh±vapad±ni labbham±n±labbham±navasena yath±sambhava½ yojetabb±ni. Bh³v±dirudh±digaºikar³p±ni.
Paca p±ke. Puriso bhatta½ pacati. Nerayiko niraye paccati. Kamma½ paccati. Bhatta½ paccati. P±ramiyo paripaccanti. Phal±ni paripaccanti, pakk±ni hont²ti attho. Garavo pana–
ѱºayuttavara½ tattha, datv± sandhi½ tihetuka½;
pacch± paccati p±k±na½, pavatte aµµhake duveti ca–

“Asaªkh±ra½ sasaªkh±ra-vip±k±ni na paccat²”ti ca eva½ pacatipadassa dvigaºikar³passa sakammakatta½ icchanti. Eva½ pana s±µµhakathe tepiµake buddhavacane kuto labbh±. Tepiµake hi buddhavacane “kappa½ nirayamhi paccati. Y±va p±pa½ na paccati. Nirayamhi apacci so”ti eva½ akammakatta½yeva dissati. Ettha vadeyyu½ “nanu paca p±ke’ti aya½ dh±tu sakammako, tena ‘paccat²’ti padassa div±digaºikar³passapi sato sakammakatta½ yujjati, tasm±yeva ‘paccati p±k±na½ pavatte aµµhake duve’ti-±d²su vuttan”ti. Ettha vuccate– yath± “chidi dvidh±karaºe, bhidi vid±raºe”ti dh±t³na½ rudh±digaºe pavatt±na½ “rukkha½ chindati, bhitti½ bhindat²”ti r³papad±na½ sakammakattepi sati div±digaºa½ patt±na½ tesa½ dh±t³na½ “udaka½ chijjati, ghaµo bhijjat²”ti r³papad±ni akammak±niyeva bhavanti, yath± bh³v±digaºe pavattassa pacadh±tussa “bhatta½ pacat²”ti r³papadassa sakammakattepi sati div±digaºa½ pattassa “niraye paccati, kamm±ni vipaccant²”ti r³papad±ni akammak±niyeva bhavanti.

Ath±pi vadeyyu½ “nanu ca bho yath± ‘±savehi citt±ni vimucci½s³’ti ettha “±savato citt±ni vimucci½s³’ti ca ‘±savehi kattubh³tehi citt±ni vimucci½s³’ti ca eva½ div±digaºikassa dh±tussa ‘vimucci½s³’ti r³papadassa akammakattañca sakammakattañca bhavati, tath± ‘niraye paccati, kamm±ni vipaccant²’ti ca akammakattenapi bhavitabba½. ‘Paccati p±k±na½ pavatte aµµhake duve, asaªkh±ra½ sasaªkh±ravip±k±ni na paccat²’ti sakammakattenapi bhavitabban”ti. Akammakatteneva bhavitabba½, na sakammakattena, “paccati p±k±nan”ti-±din± vuttappayog±na½ “±savehi citt±ni vimucci½s³”ti payogena asam±natt±. Tath± hettha “vimucci½s³”ti pada½ kammarahitakattuv±cakayapaccayantampi bhavati kattusahitakammav±cakayapaccayantampi. “Vimucci½s³”ti imassa hi padassa kammarahitayapaccayavantatt± “±saveh²”ti karaºavacana½ ap±d±nak±rakav±caka½ bhavati. ‘Citt±n²”ti paccattavacana½ pana kattuk±rakav±caka½ bhavati. Tath± “vimucci½s³”ti padassa kattusahitakammav±cakatt± “±saveh²”ti karaºavacana½ kattuk±rakav±caka½ bhavati. “Citt±n²”ti paccattavacana½ pana kammak±rakav±caka½ bhavati. Aya½ nayo “paccati p±k±nan”ti-±din± vuttappayogesu na labbhati. Tath± hi tattha paccattavacana½ katt±ra½ vadati, upayogavacana½ kamma½ vadat²ti daµµhabba½. K±rite “puriso purisena purisa½ v± bhatta½ p±ceti p±cayati p±c±peti p±c±payat²”ti ca, “anante bodhisambh±re, parip±cesi n±yako”ti dassanato pana “parip±ceti, parip±cayat²”ti ca r³p±ni bhavanti. Im±ni hetukattupad±ni. Kamme– yaññadattena odano paccate, bh±vapada½ appasiddha½. Im±ni bh³v±didiv±digaºikar³p±ni. Imin± nayena aññ±nipi dvigaºikar³p±ni yojetabb±ni.
Tegaºikatte su pasave. Hetuphala½ savati, pasavati. Su savane. Saddho dhamma½ suºoti, suº±ti. Su hi½s±ya½. Yodho pacc±mitta½ sun±ti. Im±ni yath±kkama½ bh³v±disv±dikiy±digaºik±ni kattupad±ni. Tath± hetun± phala½ saviyyati, unn±dasaddo pathav²-undriyasaddo viya suyyati. Yodhena paccamitto suniyyati. Im±ni kammapad±ni. Bh±vapada½ na labbhati sakammakatt± imesa½ dh±t³na½. Imin± nayena aññ±nipi tegaºikar³p±ni upaparikkhitv± yojetabb±ni. Atra pan±ya½ nayavibh±van±–
Bhv±dirudh±dik± dh±t³, sv±didiv±dik± tath±;
rudh±dikadiv±diµµh±, bh³v±dikacur±dik±.
Bh³v±dikagah±diµµh±, bhv±disv±dikiy±dik±;
evam±dippabhedehi, vitth±rentu vicakkhaº±.
Icceva½ saªkhepato yath±raha½ ekagaºikadvigaºikategaºikavasena suddhakattuhetukattukammabh±vapad±ni ca sak±ritekakamm±ni ca sak±ritadvikamm±ni ca sak±ritatikamm±ni ca dassit±ni.
Id±ni ekak±ritadvik±ritapad±na½ vacanok±so anuppatto, tasm± ta½ vad±ma. So antakammani. Arahattamaggo m±na½ siyati, kamma½ pariyosiyati. Im±ni t±va suddhakattupad±ni. Ettha m±na½ siyat²ti m±na½ samucchindati. Kamma½ pariyosiyat²ti kamma½ nipphajjati. Pari ava iccupasaggavasena hi ida½ pada½ akammaka½ bhavati, attho pana “pariyos±na½ gacchat²”ti sakammakavasena gahetabbo. Attan± vippakata½ attan± pariyos±peti. Idameka½ k±rita½ hetukattupada½. Ettha pana pari-ava iccupasaggavasena akammakabh³tassa sodh±tussa laddhak±ritapaccayatt± ekakammameva sak±ritapada½ bhavati. Attan± vippakata½ parehi pariyos±v±peti. Ida½ dvik±rita½ hetukattupada½. Ettha ca pana pari ava iccupasaggavasena akammakabh³tassa sodh±tussa laddhak±ritapaccayadvayatt± dvikammaka½ sak±ritapada½ bhavati. “Pariyos±v±pet²”ti idampi pari ava pubbasm± sodh±tumh± º±pe º±pe iti paccayadvaya½ katv± avasaddassok±rañca katv± tato yak±r±gamañca anubandhaºak±ralopañca paµhamapaccaye pak±rassa vak±rañca dv²su ca µh±nesu pubbasaralopa½ katv± nipphajjat²ti daµµhabba½.
Id±ni t± p±¼iyo atthantaraviññ±panattha½ ±haccadesit±k±rena ekato kathay±ma– “attan± vippakata½ attan± pariyos±peti, ±patti saªgh±disesassa. Attan± vippakata½ parehi pariyos±v±peti, ±patti saªgh±disesass±”ti ettha “bhikkh³”ti hetukattupada½ ±netabba½. Attan± vippakatanti ettha ca attan±ti vippakaraºakriy±ya kattuk±rakav±caka½ karaºavacana½. Vippakatanti kammak±rakav±caka½ upayogavacana½. Attan± pariyos±pet²ti ettha pana attan±ti abyayapadabh³tena saya½saddena sam±nattha½ vibhatyantapatir³paka½ abyayapada½, saya½saddasadisa½ v± tatiy±vibhatyanta½ abyayapada½. Tath± hi “attan± pariyos±pet²”ti vuttavacanassa “saya½ pariyos±pet²”ti attho bhavati “attan± ca p±º±tip±t²”ti-±d²su viya. Parehi pariyos±v±pet²ti ettha pana pareh²ti kammak±rakav±caka½ karaºavacananti gahetabba½, “sunakhehipi kh±d±pent²”ti ettha “sunakheh²”ti pada½ viya. Ettha hi yath± “r±j±no cora½ sunakhe kh±d±pent²”ti upayogavasena attho bhavati, tath± “bhikkhu attan± vippakata½ pare jane pariyos±v±pet²”ti upayogavasena attho bhavati. Eva½ imasmi½ acchariyabbhutanayavicitte bhagavato p±vacane dvik±ritapaccayavantampi padamatth²ti s±rato paccetabba½. Aya½ nayo sukhumo s±sane ±dara½ katv± ±yasmantehi s±dhuka½ manasi k±tabbo. Yassa hi atth±ya ida½ pakaraºa½ karimha, na aya½ attano mati, atha kho pubb±cariy±na½ santik± laddhatt± tesaññeva mat²ti daµµhabba½.
Id±ni ak±ritadvikammikapad±na½ vacanok±so anuppatto, tasm± t±ni kathay±ma, t±ni ca kho dh±tuvasena eva½ veditabb±ni savinicchay±ni. Seyyathida½?
Duhikaravahipucchi, y±ci bhikkhi ca nibr³ti;
bhaºivadivacibh±si, s±sidahin±thadh±tu
.
Rudhi ji cipabhut²ti, ye te dvikammak± dh²r±;
pavadumapi viyutt±, k±ritappaccayehi ca.
Ap±d±n±dike pubba-vidhimh± sahime’bravu½;
upayogavacanassa, nimittanti sanantan±.
Ete duh±dayo dh±t³, tikamm±pi bhavanti tu;
k±ritappaccaye laddhe, iti ±cariy±’bravu½.
Tatrim±ni ud±haraº±ni– gava½ payo duhati gop±lako. G±vi½ kh²ra½ duhati gop±lad±rako. Tattha payoti upayogavacana½, “yaso laddh± na majjeyy±”ti ettha “yaso”ti padamiva. Manogaºikassa hi ²disampi upayogavacana½ hoti aññ±disampi. Issaro gop±la½ gava½ payo duh±peti. Gop±lena g±vo kh²ra½ duhit±. Gohi payo duhat²ti ettha ap±d±navisayatt± dvikammakabh±vo natthi. “Vis±ºato gava½ duha½, yattha kh²ra½ na vindat²”ti ettha pana ap±d±navisayattepi gav±vayavabh³tassa vis±ºassa visu½ gahitatt± “gava½ kh²ra½ duhanto”ti dvikammikabh±vo labbhat²ti daµµhabba½. Duhino payogoya½.
Karotissa payoge kaµµhamaªg±ra½ karoti, suvaººa½ kaµaka½ karoti, sace je sacca½ bhaºasi, ad±si½ ta½ karomi. Ettha ca aªg±ra½ karot²ti pariccattak±raºavasena vutta½. Kaµµhañhi aªg±rabh±vassa k±raºa½, aªg±re kate k±raºabh³tassa kaµµhassa kaµµhabh±vo vigacchati. Kaµaka½ karot²ti ida½ apariccattak±raºavasena vutta½. Suvaººañhi kaµakabh±vassa k±raºa½, kaµake katepi k±rakabh³tassa suvaººassa suvaººabh±vo na vigacchati, atha kho visesantaruppattibh±vena sampajjati. Ad±si½ ta½ karom²ti ida½ pana µh±nantarad±navasena vutta½ “upar±ja½ mah±r±ja½ karom²”ti ettha viya. Tattha “issaro purisena purisa½ v± kaµµhamaªg±ra½ k±reti. Tath± suvaººa½ kaµaka½ k±ret²”ti tikammikappayogopi daµµhabbo. Tath± “brahmadatto rajja½ k±ret²”ti, “brahmadatte rajja½ k±rente”ti dvikammakappayogo.
Ettheke vadeyyu½ “nanu ca bho ettha ekameva kamma½ dissati, ken±ya½ payogo dvikammikappayogo hot²”ti. Kiñc±pi ekameva dissati, tath±pi atthato dveyeva kamm±ni dissant²ti gahetabba½. Tath± hi brahmadatto rajja½ k±ret²ti ettha brahmadatto attano r±jabh±va½ mah±janena k±rayat²ti attho. Eva½ pana atthe gahite “rajja½ k±rehi bhaddante, ki½ araññe karissas²”ti-±d²supi tva½ attano r±jabh±va½ amhehi k±r±pehi, att±na½ rajje abhisiñc±pehi, maya½ ta½ rajje abhisiñcituk±m±ti attho samatthito bhavati.
Brahmadatte rajja½ k±renteti etth±pi brahmadatte attano r±jabh±va½ mah±janena k±rayanteti attho bhavati. S±sanasmiñhi k±ritavisaye karaºavacana½ upayogatthaññeva d²peti, tasm± atthato dveyeva kammani dissant²ti vad±ma. Ayamattho abhidhammaµ²k±ya½ cakkhundriy±dinibbacanatthavibh±van±ya d²petabbo. Tath± hi abhidhammaµ²k±ya½ ida½ vutta½ “cakkhudv±re indatta½ k±ret²ti cakkhudv±rabh±ve ta½dv±rikehi attano indabh±va½ paramissarabh±va½ k±rayat²ti attho. Tañhi te r³paggahaºe att±na½ anuvatteti, te ca ta½ anuvattant²”ti. Yadi pana karadh±tu dvikammako, eva½ sante “brahmadatto rajja½ k±ret²”ti-±d²su laddhak±ritapaccayatt± “k±ret²”ti-±d²hi padehi tikammakehiyeva bhavitabbanti? Na, niyam±bh±vato, t±disassa ca payogassa voh±rapathe an±gatatt±.
Kaµµha½ purisena aªg±ra½ kata½. Suvaººa½ kamm±rena kaµaka½ kata½, d±s² s±mikena ad±si½ kat±, evampettha dvikammakappayog± veditabb±. Suvaººena kaµaka½ karot²ti ettha hi visesanatthe pavattakaraºavisayatt± dvikammikabh±vo na labbhat²ti daµµhabba½. Aya½ nayo aññatr±pi upaparikkhitv± yath±sambhava½ netabbo. Karotissa payogoya½.
Vahi±d²na½ payoge r±japuris± ratha½ g±ma½ vahanti. Aya½ r±j± ma½ n±ma½ pucchati. Par±bhavanta½ purisa½, maya½ pucch±ma gotama½. ¾yasm± up±li ±yasmat± mah±kassapena vinaya½ puµµho. Devadatto r±j±na½ kambala½ y±cati. Te ma½ asse ay±cisu½. Dhana½ ta½ t±ta y±cati. Br±hmaºo n±ga½ maºi½ y±cati. N±go maºi½ y±cito br±hmaºena brahmun± ±y±cito dhammadesana½ bhagav±. T±paso kula½ bhojana½ bhikkhati. Aja½ g±ma½ neti. Ajo g±ma½ n²to. Mutto campeyyako n±go, r±j±na½ etadabravi.
Ettha r±j±nanti mukhyato kamma½ vutta½. Etanti guºato. Tath± r±j±nanti akathitakamma½ vutta½. Etanti kathitakamma½. Esa nayo aññatr±pi upaparikkhitv± yath±raha½ yojetabbo. Evameva “br³hi bhagav±”ti-±d²su sampad±navisayatt± dvikammakabh±vo na labbhati. Bhikkhu mah±r±j±na½ dhamma½ bhaºati. Ya½ ma½ bhaºasi s±rathi. Ya½ ma½ vadati. Bhagavanta½ etadavoca. Pit± putta½ bh±sati. Ya½ ma½ tva½ anus±sasi. Saky± kho pana ambaµµha r±j±na½ okk±ka½ pit±maha½ dahanti. Bhagav± bhikkh³ ta½ ta½ hitapaµipatti½ n±thati. G±vo vaja½ rundhati gop±lako. Dhutto dhuttajana½ dhana½ jin±ti. Ettha ca “kamanuttara½ ratnavara½ jin±m±”ti puººakaj±takap±¼i nidassana½. Tatth±yamattho “maya½ janind± katara½ r±j±na½ anuttara½ ratnavara½ jin±m±”ti. Iµµhak±yo p±k±ra½ cinoti va¹¹hak². Aññ±nipi yojetabb±ni.
Ettha keci puccheyyu½ “gandhakuµi½ padakkhiºa½ karoti, buddha½ saraºa½ gacch±mi. Up±saka½ ma½ bhava½ gotamo dh±ret³’ti payogesu ki½ dvikammakabh±vo labbhat²”ti? Ettha vuccate– “gandhakuµi½ padakkhiºa½ karot²”ti ettha na labbhati guºaguº²na½ vasena gahitatt±. “Buddha½ saraºa½ gacch±m²”ti etth±pi na labbhati “saraºa½ iti gacch±m²”ti itisaddalopavasena vuttatt±. Tath± hi buddhanti upayogavacana½. Saraºanti paccattavacana½. “Buddha½ mama saraºa½ par±yaºa½, aghassa t±t± hitassa ca vidh±t±”ti imin± adhipp±yena “bhaj±mi sev±mi bujjh±m²”ti attho. “Up±saka½ ma½ bhava½ gotamo dh±ret³”ti ettha pana dvikammakabh±vo labbhat²ti vattabbo “ma½ ito paµµh±ya up±saka½ dh±ret³”ti atthasambhavato “saky± kho pana ambaµµha r±j±na½ okk±ka½ pit±maha½ dahant²”ti dahadh±tuppayogena sam±natt± ca, adhipp±yatthato pana “ma½ ‘up±sako me ayan’ti dh±ret³”ti attho sambhavat²ti daµµhabba½. Eva½ ak±rit±ni dvikammikadh±tur³p±ni vibh±vit±ni.
Iccevamamhehi ±dito paµµh±ya bhagavato s±sanattha½ yath±satti yath±bala½ dh±tuyo ca ta½r³p±ni ca tadanur³pehi n±n±padehi n±n±-atthehi n±n±nayehi ca yojetv± vibh±vit±ni, eva½ vibh±ventehipi amhehi t±sa½ sar³paparicchedo atthaparicchedo v± na sakk± sabbaso vattu½. Tadubhayañhi ko sabbaso vattu½ sakkhissati aññatra ±gam±dhigamasampannehi pabhinnapaµisambhidehi mah±kh²º±savehi.
Atth±tisayayutt±pi, dh±t³ honti yato tato. Payogatonugantabb±, anekatth± hi dh±tavo.
Yenekatthadhar± caranti vividh± n±thassa p±µhe vare,
tenekatthadhar±va honti sahit± n±n³pasaggehive;
dh±t³na½ pana tesamatthaparama½ kh²º±save paº¹ite,
vajjetv± paµisambhid±matiyute ko sabbaso bhaºat²ti.

Iti navaªge s±µµhakathe piµakattaye byappathagat²su viññ³na½

Kosallatth±ya kate saddan²tippakaraºe

Sabbagaºavinicchayo n±ma ek³nav²satimo paricchedo.

Saha r³pavibh±van±ya dh±tuvibh±van± niµµhit±.

Dh±tum±l± niµµhit±.