3. Pakiººakavinicchaya

Ito para½ pavakkh±mi, pakiººakavinicchaya½;
sappayogesu atthesu, viññ³na½ p±µavatthay±.
Tattha atthuddh±ro, atthasaddacint±, atth±tisayayogo, sam±n±sam±navasenavacanasaªgaho, ±gamalakkhaºavasena vibhattivacanasaªgaho, k±lavasena vibhattivacanasaªgaho, k±lasaªgaho, pakaraºasa½sandan±, vattam±n±d²na½ vacanatthavibh±van± c±ti navadh± vinicchayo veditabbo.
Atthuddh±re t±va sam±nasutikapad±namatthuddh±raºa½ kariss±ma. Etth±khy±tapadasaññit±na½ bhotisadda bhavesadd±namattho uddharitabbo. Tath± hete n±mikapadasaññitehi aparehi bhotisadda bhavesaddehi sam±nasutik±pi asam±natth± ceva honti asam±navibhattik± ca. S±sanasmiñhi keci sadd± aññamañña½ sam±nasutik± sam±n±pi asam±natth± asam±napavattinimitt± asam±naliªg± asam±navibhattik± asam±navacanak± asam±nant± asam±nak±lik± asam±napadaj±tik± ca bhavanti.
Tesamasam±natthatte “sabbañhi ta½ j²rati dehanissita½. Appassut±ya½ puriso, balibaddova j²rati. Santo tasito. Pahu santo na bharati. Santo ±cikkhate muni. Santo sappuris± loke. Santo sa½vijjam±n± lokasmin”ti evam±dayo payog±. Ettha j²ratisaddadvaya½ yath±sambhava½ navabh±v±pagamava¹¹hanav±caka½. Santosaddapañcaka½ yath±sambhava½ parissamappattasam±nopasantopalabbham±nav±cakanti daµµhabba½.
Asam±napavattinimittatte pana “akataññ³ mittadubbh², assaddho akataññ³c±”ti-evam±dayo. Ettha ca akataññ³saddadvaya½ kat±kat±j±nanaj±nanapavattinimitta½ paµicca sambh³tatt± asam±napavattinimittakanti daµµhabba½.
Asam±naliªgatte “sukh² hotu pañcasikha sakko dev±namindo. Tvañca bhadde sukh² hohi. Yattha s± upaµµhito hoti. M±t± me atthi, s± may± posetabb±”ti evam±dayo. Ettha sukh²saddadvaya½ saddadvayañca pumitthiliªgavasena asam±naliªganti daµµhabba½.
Asam±navibhattikatte “±h±re udare yato. Yato paj±n±ti sahetudhamman”ti evam±dayo. Ettha yatosaddadvaya½ paµham±pañcam²vibhattisahitatt± asam±navibhattikanti daµµhabba½.
Asam±navacanakatte ime payog±–
“Y±ya m±tu bhato poso, ima½ loka½ avekkhati;
tampi p±ºadadi½ santi½, hanti kuddho puthujjano”ti

¾d²su hantisaddo ekavacano.

“Ime n³na araññasmi½, migasaªgh±ni luddak±;
v±kur±hi parikkhippa, sobbha½ p±tetv± t±vade;
vikkosam±n± tibb±hi, hanti nesa½ vara½ varan”ti.

¾d²su pana bahuvacano. “S²lav± vattasampanno. Etha tumhe ±yasmanto s²lav± hotha. Santo danto niyato brahmac±r². Santo have sabbhi pavedayanti. Mah±r±j± yasass² so. Catt±ro mah±r±j±”ti evam±d²su s²lav±sadd±dayo ekavacanabahuvacanak±.

Asam±nantatte pana yattha sam±nasutik±na½ asam±navibhattikatta½ v± asam±navacanatta½ v± upalabbhati. Teyeva payog±. Ta½ yath±? “Sata½ sampaj±na½, sata½ dhammo, santo danto, santo sappuris±” iccevam±dayo.
Asam±nak±latte “nanu te suta½ br±hmaºa bhaññam±ne, dev± na issanti purisaparakkamassa. Te jan± p±ramissanti, maccudheyya½ suduttaran”ti evam±dayo. Ettha issantisaddadvaya½ vattam±n±bhavissant²k±lavasena asam±nak±lanti daµµhabba½. Vattam±n±bhavissant²vibhattivasena pana asam±navibhattikantipi.
Asam±napadaj±tikatte “saya½ sam±hito n±go, saya½ abhiññ±ya kamuddiseyya½. Pathe dh±vantiy± pati, eka½sa½ ajina½ katv±, p±desu siras± pati. Giri½ caº¹oraºa½ pat²”ti evam±dayo. Ettha saya½saddadvaya½ n±manip±tavasena patisaddattaya½ n±m±khy±topasaggavasena asam±napadaj±tikanti daµµhabba½.
Imin± nayena sabbattha vitth±retabba½. Eva½ s±sanasmi½ keci sadd± aññamañña½ sam±nasutik± sam±n±pi asam±natth± asam±napavattinimitt± asam±naliªg± asam±navibhattik± asam±navacanak± asam±nant± asam±nak±lik± asam±napadaj±tik± ca bhavanti. Et±disesu saddesu yo kriy±padatta½ pak±seti, na so n±mikapadatta½. Yo ca n±mikapadatta½ pak±seti, na so kriy±padatta½. Eva½ santepi sutis±maññato ekattena gahetv± atthuddh±ro karaº²yoti yath±vuttakriy±pad±na½ n±mapadehi sam±nasutik±na½ bhotisadda bhave sadd±namatthuddh±ra½ vad±ma.
Katha½? Bhotisaddo kattuyoge kriy±pada½, kriy±yoge n±mikapada½, tasm± so dv²su atthesu vattati kriy±padatthe n±mikapadatthe ca. Tattha kriy±padatthe vattam±navasena, n±mikapadatthe pan±lapanavasena. Kriy±padatthe t±va “eko bhoti”, n±mikapadatthe “m± bhoti paridevesi”. Atrida½ vuccati–
Bh±ve n±mapadatthe ca, ±lapanavisesite;
imesu dv²su atthesu, bhotisaddo pavattati.
Bhavesaddo pana “bhav±m²”timassa vattam±n±vibhattiyuttassa saddassatthepi vattati. “Bhav±m²”timassa pañcam²vibhattiyuttassa saddassa ±ºaty±s²sanatthesupi vattati. “Bhaveyy±m²”timassa sattam²vibhattisahitassa saddassa anumatiparikappatthesupi vattati. Tatrida½ paµhamatthassa s±dhaka½ ±haccavacana½–
“Dev±na½ adhiko homi, bhav±mi manuj±dhipo;
r³palakkhaºasampanno, paññ±ya asamo bhave”ti.
Aya½ pana sabbesa½ tesamatth±na½ s±dhik± amh±ka½ g±th±racan±–
“Sukh² bhavati eso ca, ahañc±pi sukh² bhave;
sukh² bhavatu eso ca, ahañc±pi sukh² bhave.
Im±ya buddhap³j±ya, bhavantu sukhit± paj±;
bhave’hañca sukhappatto, s±macco saha ñ±tibhi.
Sukh² bhaveyya eso ca, ahañc±pi sukh² bhave;
sukh² bhaveyya ce eso, ahañc±pi sukh² bhave”ti.
Icceva½–
Vattam±n±ya pañcamya½, sattamyañca vibhattiya½;
etesu t²su µh±nesu, bhavesaddo pavattati.
Ekadh± vattam±n±ya½, pañcam²sattam²su ca;
dvedh± dvedh±timassattha½, pañcadh± parid²paye.
Dvedh± v± vattam±n±ya-m±dipurisav±cako;
attho “bhave”ti etassa, “bhavat²”tipiyujjati.
Id±ni pana etassa, vuttassatthassa s±dhaka½;
ettha p±¼ippadesa½ tu, ±harissa½ suº±tha me.
Ko’ya½ majjhesamuddasmi½, apassa½ t²ram±yuhe;
ka½ tva½ atthavasa½ ñatv±, eva½ v±yamase bhusa½.
Nisamma vatta½ lokassa, v±y±massa ca devate;
tasm± majjhesamuddasmi½, apassa½ t²ram±yuhe.
Assa½ purimag±th±ya½, “±yuhe”tipadassa hi;
“±y³hat²”ti atthoti, viññ±tabbo vibh±vin±.
Vibhattiy± vipall±sa-vasen±ya½ sam²rito;
vattam±ne sattam²ti, tissek±ravasena v±.
Pacchim±ya ca g±th±ya½, “±yuhe”tipadassa tu;
“±y³h±m²”ti atthoti, saddatthaññ³ vibh±vaye.
Tath± “bhave”ti-etassa, vattam±n±vibhattiya½;
“bhavat²”ti, “bhav±m²”ti, cattha½ dvedh± vibh±vaye.
Eva½vidhesu aññesu, p±µhesupi aya½ nayo;
netabbo nayadakkhena, nayas±garas±sane.
Evamaya½ bhavesaddo pañcasu chasu v± kriy±padatthesu pavattati. Tath± sattam²vibhatyantan±mikapadassa vuddhisa½s±rakammabhav³papattibhavasaªkh±tesu atthesupi. Tath± hi “abhave nandati tassa, bhave tassa na nandat²”ti-±d²su vuddhimhi. “Bhave vicaranto”ti-±d²su sa½s±re. “Bhave kho sati j±ti hoti, j±tipaccay± jar±maraºan”ti-±d²su kammabhave. “Eva½ bhavevijjam±ne”ti-±d²su upapattibhaveti daµµhabba½. Imin± nayena bh³dh±tuto nipphann±na½ aññatopi aññesa½ kriy±pad±na½ yath±sambhavamattho uddharitabbo.
¾khy±tatthamhime atth±, na l±tabb± kud±cana½;
atthuddh±ravasenete, uddhaµ± n±mato yato.

Idamettha saªkhepato atthuddh±ranayanidassana½.

Atthasaddacint±ya½ pana evamupalakkhetabba½– “bhavante, par±bhavante, par±bhave”icc±dayo gacchati gaccha½ gacchatosadd±dayo viya visesasadd±, na y±canopat±panatth±div±cako n±thatisaddo viya, na ca r±jadevat±div±cako devasaddo viya s±maññasadd±. Ye cettha visesasadd±, te sabbak±la½ visesasadd±va. Ye ca s±maññasadd±, tepi sabbak±la½ s±maññasadd±va.
Tatra gacchat²ti-±d²na½ visesasaddat± eva½ daµµhabb±– gacchat²ti eka½ n±mapada½, ekam±khy±ta½. Tath± gacchanti eka½ n±mapada½, ekam±khy±ta½. Gacchatoti eko kitanto, aparo r³¼h²saddo. Satipi visesasaddatte sadisatt± sutis±maññato tabbisaya½ buddhi½ nupp±deti vin±va’tthappakaraºasaddantar±bhisambandhena. Tath± hi saddantar±bhisambandhena “gacchati patiµµhitan”ti vutte sattamyanta½ n±mapadanti viññ±yati. “Gacchati tisso”ti vutte pan±khy±tanti. Tath± “sa gaccha½ na nivattat²”ti vutte paµhamanta½ n±mapadanti viññ±yati. “Gaccha½ puttanivedako”ti vutte ±khy±tanti viññ±yati. “Gacchato hayato patito”ti vutte kitantoti viññ±yati. “Gacchato paººapupph±ni patant²”ti vutte rukkhav±cako r³¼h²saddoti. Iti visesasadd±na½ ±khy±tan±m±na½ n±m±khy±tehi sam±nasutik±na½ atth±bhisambandh±d²su yo koci atthavisesañ±pako sambandho avassamicchitabbo. Eva½ “gacchat²”ti-±d²na½ ±khy±tan±matt±divasena pacceka½ µhit±na½ ekekatthav±cak±na½ visesasaddat± daµµhabb±.
“N±thati devo”ti-±d²na½ pana ±khy±tan±m±na½ n±m±khy±tehi asam±nasutik±na½ anekatthav±cak±na½ s±maññasaddat± eva daµµhabb±. Atthasambandh±d²su hi vin± yena kenaci sambandhena “n±that²”ti vutte “y±cat²”ti v± “upat±pet²”ti v± “issariya½ karot²”ti v± “±s²sat²”ti v± attho paµibh±ti, tath± “devo”ti vutte “megho”ti v± “±k±so”ti v± “r±j±”ti v± “devat±”ti v± “visuddhidevo”ti v± attho paµibh±ti. Yad± pana saddantar±bhisambandhena “n±thati suppaµipattin”ti vutte tad± “n±that²”ti kriy±padassa “y±cat²”ti attho viññ±yati, “n±thati sabbakilese”ti vutte “upat±pet²”ti attho viññ±yati. “N±thati sakacitte”ti vutte “issariya½ karot²”ti attho viññ±yati. “N±thati lokassa hitan”ti vutte “±s²sat²”ti attho viññ±yati. Tath± “devo gajjat²”ti vutte “devo”ti n±mapadassa “megho”ti attho viññ±yati. “Viddho vigataval±hako devo”ti vutte “±k±so”ti attho viññ±yati. “Pivatu devo p±n²yan”ti vutte “r±j±”ti attho viññ±yati. “Devo devak±y± cavati ±yusaªkhay±”ti vutte “devat±”ti attho viññ±yati. “Dev±tidevo satapuññalakkhaºo”ti vutte “visuddhidevo”ti attho viññ±yati. Imin± nayena aññepi s±maññasadd± ñ±tabb±.
Sabbameta½ ñatv± yath± attho saddena, saddo catthena na virujjhati, tath±tthasadd± cintan²y±. Tatrida½ upalakkhaºamatta½ cint±k±ranidassana½– “atthakusal± bhavante”ti v± “kicc±ni bhavante”ti v± vutte “bhavante”ti ida½ “bhavant²”timin± sam±nattham±khy±tapadanti evamattho ca saddo ca cintan²yo. “Bhavante pass±m²”ti v± “icch±m²”ti v± vutte upayogatthava½ n±mapadanti evamattho ca saddo ca cintan²yo. “Bhavante jane pasa½sat²”ti v± “k±met²”ti v± vutte paccattopayogatthavant±ni dve n±mapad±n²ti evamattho ca saddo ca cintan²yo. “Cor± par±bhavante”ti vutte “par±bhavante”ti ida½ “par±bhavant²”timin± sam±nattham±khy±tikapadanti evamattho ca saddo ca cintan²yo. “Par±bhavante jan± icchanti amitt±nan”ti vutte “par±bhavante”ti im±ni upayogapaccattatthavant±ni dve n±mapad±n²ti evamattho ca saddo ca cintan²yo. “Eso par±bhave”ti vutte “par±bhave”ti ida½ “par±bhaveyy±”timin± sam±nattham±khy±tapadanti evamattho ca saddo ca cintan²yo. “Ete par±bhave loke, paº¹ito samavekkhiy±”ti vutte “par±bhave”ti ida½ upayogatthava½ bahuvacana½ n±mapadanti evamattho ca saddo ca cintan²yo. “Par±bhave sat²”ti vutte bh±valakkhaºabhummatthekavacanaka½ n±mapadanti evamattho ca saddo ca cintan²yo. “Tumhe me pas±d± sambhave”ti vutte “sambhave”ti ida½ “sambhavath±”timin± sam±nattham±khy±tapadanti evamattho ca saddo ca cintan²yo. “Ehi tva½ sambhavavhe”ti vutte “sambhavavhe”ti ida½ sambhav±ya n±ma itthiy± v±caka½ itthiliªga½ s±lapana½ n±mikapadanti evamattho ca saddo ca cintan²yo. “Ehi tva½ sambhavavhepatiµµhitan”ti vutte sambhavan±makassa purisassa v±caka½ pulliªga½ bhummavacananti evamattho ca saddo ca cintan²yo.