Visu½ alabbham±nopi, labbham±nova uddhaµo.
Saªkhepatopettha purisappavatti eva½ upalakkhitabb± “amhavacanatthe uttamo, tumhavacanatthe majjhimo, aññesa½ vacanatthe paµhamo”ti.
Ty±d²na½ purisasaññ±, yasm± vutt± tato ida½;
tabbant±khy±tika½ ñeyya½, purisaparid²paka½.
Eva½ sabbath±pi ±khy±tikassa k±lak±rakapurisaparid²panat± vutt±.
Kriy±lakkhaºanti ettha katha½ ±khy±tikassa kriy±lakkhaºat± veditabb±?
Lakkhiyati kriy±yeta½, kriy± v± assa lakkhaºa½;
kriy±lakkhaºat± eva½, veditabb± tath± hi ca.
“Gacchati”cc±dika½ sutv±, kriy±sand²pana½ pada½;
“±khy±tikan”ti dh²rehi, ±khy±taññ³hi saññita½.
Lakkhaºa½ hoti n±massa, yath± satv±bhidh±nat±;
kriy±bhidh±nat± eva½, ±khy±tasseva lakkhaºa½.
Atthato pana etassa, kriy±v±cakat± idha;
lakkhaºa½ iti viññeyya½, lakkhaºaññ³hi lakkhita½.
“Ki½ karos²”ti puµµhassa, “pac±mi”cc±din± “aha½”;
paµiv±c±ya d±nena, kriy±v±cakat± mat±.
Evam±khy±tikassa kriy±lakkhaºat± veditabb±;
id±ni k±lesu vibhattippavatti eva½ veditabb±–
Paccuppannamhi k±lasmi½, vattam±n± pavattati;
±siµµh±º±panatthesu, paccuppannamhi pañcam².
Paccuppanne parikapp±-numatyatthesu sattam²;
appaccakkhe at²tamhi, parokkh± sampavattati.
Hiyyo pabhuti k±lasmi½, at²tamhi pavattati;
paccakkhe v± apaccakkhe, hiyyattan² niruttit±.
Ajjappabhuti k±lasmi½, at²tamhi pavattati;
paccakkhe v± apaccakkhe, sam²pejjatanavhay±.
An±gate bhavissant², k±lasmi½ sampavattati;
kriy±tipannamattamhi, t²te k±l±tipattik±;
an±gatepi hot²ti, niruttaññ³hi bh±sit±.
Eva½ k±lesu vibhattippavatti½ ñatv± ye te suttantesu vicitt± suvisadavipulatikhiºabuddhivisayabh³t± payog± dissanti, tesu p±µavamicchantehi ty±dikkamena vuccam±n± kriy±padam±l± sallakkhitabb±– bhavati, bhavanti. Bhavasi, bhavatha. Bhav±mi, bhav±ma. Bhavate, bhavante. Bhavase, bhavavhe. Bhave, bhav±mhe. Aya½ aññayog±dirahit± kriy±padam±l±.
Dissanti ca suttantesu atthasambhavepi aññayog±dirahit±ni kriy±pad±ni. Seyyathida½? “Sabbe saªkh±r± anicc±ti, yad± paññ±ya passati. Ya½ ma½ bhaºasi s±rathi. Añña½ sepaººi gacch±mi” iccevam±d²ni etassatthassa parid²paniy± kriy±padam±l±.
Ettha tividho kriy±padesu yogo tayogo, mayogo, aññayogo ca. Tattha majjhimapuris± tayogavasena gahetabb±, uttamapuris± mayogavasena. Paµhamapuris± aññayogavasena. Ty±d²namettha paµip±µiy± aya½ anug²ti–
Aññayogena paµham±, tayogena tu majjhim±;
mayogenuttam± honti, gahetabb± vibh±vin±.
Sot³na½ payogesu kosallattha½ aññayog±disahitamaparampi kriy±padam±la½ vad±ma– so bhavati, te bhavanti. Tva½ bhavasi, tumhe bhavatha. Aha½ bhav±mi, maya½ bhav±ma. So bhavate, te bhavante. Tva½ bhavase, tumhe bhavavhe. Aha½ bhave, maya½ bhav±mhe. Aya½ aññayog±disahit± kriy±padam±l±.
Dissanti ca suttantesu aññayog±disahit±nipi kriy±pad±ni. Seyyathida½? “Ya½p±ya½ deva kum±ro suppatiµµhitap±do, idampimassa mah±purisassa mah±purisalakkhaºa½ bhavati, tassim±ni satta ratan±ni bhavanti. Yo dandhak±le tarati taraº²ye ca dandhati, tva½si ±cariyo mama, ahampi daµµhuk±mosmi, pitara½ me idh±gata½” iccevam±d²ni etassatthassa parid²paniy± kriy±padam±l±.
Yo tumhasaddena vattabbe atthe nipatati, na pana hoti tumhatthav±cako, neso saddo kriy±padassa tayogasahitatta½ s±dheti, aññadatthu aññayogasahitattaññeva s±dheti. Yo ca amhasaddena vattabbe atthe nipatati, na pana hoti amhatthav±cako, na sopi saddo kriy±padassa mayogasahitatta½ s±dheti, aññadatthu aññayogasahitattaññeva s±dheti.
Tatra tumhasaddena t±va vattabbatthe– “na bhava½ eti puññattha½, sivir±jassa dassana½. M±yasm± samaggassa saªghassa bhed±ya parakkami. Idha bhante bhagav± pa½suk³la½ dhovat³”ti iccevam±dayo payog±. Amhasaddena pana vattabbatthe “up±li ta½ mah±v²ra, p±de vandati satthuno. S±vako te mah±v²ra, saraºo vandati satthuno”ti ca iccevam±dayo payog±. Idametthupalakkhitabba½ “tva½ tumhe aha½ mayan”ti atthad²paka tayoga mayogato añño aññatthad²pano payogoyeva aññayogo n±ma, tattha paµhamapuriso bhavat²ti.
Yajjeva½ “sabb±yasa½ k³µamatippam±ºa½, paggayha so tiµµhasi antalikkhe. Esa sutv± pas²d±mi, vaco te isisattam±”ti-±d²su katha½. Ettha hi majjhimuttamapurisasambhavoyeva dissati, na tu paµhamapurisasambhavoti? Vuccate– “sabb±yasa½ k³µamatippam±ºa½, paggayha so tiµµhasi antalikkhe”ti-±d²su “so”ti-±dikassa n±masaddassa tumha’mhasaddassatthav±cakasaddehi“tiµµhas²”ti-±d²na½ sy±dyant±na½ pad±na½ dassanato accantamajjh±haritabbehi sam±n±dhikaraºatt± tagguºabh³tatt± ca majjhimuttamapurisasambhavo samadhigantabbo. ¿disesu payogesu sy±dyant±na½ dassanavasena avijjam±n±nipi ajjh±haritabb±ni “tvamaha”micc±d²ni pad±ni bhavanti. Katthaci pana paripuºº±ni dissanti “s±tva½ vaªkamanuppatt±, katha½ maddi karissasi. So aha½ vicariss±mi, g±m± g±ma½ pur± puran”ti iccevam±d²su.
¾khy±tikassa kriy±lakkhaºatt± aliªgabhedatt± ca tiººa½ liªg±na½ s±dh±raºabh±vaparid²panattha½ aparampi kriy±padam±la½ vad±ma–
Puriso bhavati, kaññ± bhavati, citta½ bhavati, puris± bhavanti, kaññ±yo bhavanti, citt±ni bhavanti. Bho purisa tva½ bhavasi, bhoti kaññe tva½ bhavasi, bho citta tva½ bhavasi, bhavanto puris± tumhe bhavatha, bhotiyo kaññ±yo tumhe bhavatha, bhavanto citt±ni tumhe bhavatha. Aha½ puriso bhav±mi, aha½ kaññ± bhav±mi, aha½ citta½ bhav±mi, maya½ puris± bhav±ma, maya½ kaññ±yo bhav±ma, maya½ citt±ni bhav±ma.
Esa nayo attanopadesu, sesavibhatt²na½ sabbapadesupi. Ayam±khy±tikassa tiººa½ liªg±na½ s±dh±raºabh±vaparid²pan² kriy±padam±l±va.
Vuttañheta½ niruttipiµake “kriy±lakkhaºam±khy±tikamaliªgabheda”miti. Tatra aliªgabhedamiti ko attho? Itthipumanapu½sak±na½ avisesattho vuccate “aliªgabheda”miti. Yath± “puriso gacchati, kaññ± gacchati, citta½ gacchat²”ti. Catudh± uddiµµhakriy±padesu yath± “bhavat²”ti ak±r±nantaratyantapada½ gahetv± “bhavati bhavanti bhavas²”ti-±din± kriy±padam±l± sabbath± kat±, eva½ “ubbhavati”cc±d²nipi ak±r±nantaratyantapad±ni gahetv± “ubbhavati ubbhavanti ubbhavas²”ti-±din± kriy±padam±l± sabbath± k±tabb±. “Bhoti sambhot²”ti-±d²ni pana ok±r±nantaratyantapad±ni, “bh±veti vibh±vet²”ti-±d²ni ca ek±r±nantaratyantapad±ni gahetv± p±¼inay±nus±reneva padam±l± k±tabb±, nayidha vuttanay±nus±rena. ¿disesu hi µh±nesu duranubodh± kriy±padagati. Ato labbham±navasena kriy±padam±l± k±tabb±. Na hi loke lokiy± sabbe dh±tusadde pacceka½ sabbehipi channavutiy± vacanehi yojetv± vadanti, eva½ avadant±nampi nesa½ kath± aparipuºº± n±ma na hoti, tasm± vajjetabbaµµh±na½ vajjetv± yath±sambhava½ padam±l± k±tabb±. Eva½ pañcamiy±d²supi vibhatt²su. Aya½ vattam±navibhattivasena kriy±padam±l±niddeso.
Ito paµµh±ya pana yathuddiµµhapad±neva pariº±metv± pariº±metv± pañcamiy±d²na½ m±tik±bh±vena gahetabb±ni. Id±ni pana tayog±disahit±sahitavasena dvidh± kriy±padam±l±yo dassess±ma kvac±desavasena sambh³t±ni ca r³pantar±ni sot³na½ sukhadh±raºatthañceva purisappayoge asammohatthañca.
Bhavatu, bhavantu. Bhav±hi, bhava, bhavatha. Bhav±mi, bhav±ma. Bhavata½, bhavanta½. Bhavassu, bhavavho. Bhave, bhav±mase. So bhavatu, te bhavantu. Tva½ bhav±hi, bhava, tumhe bhavatha. Aha½ bhav±mi, maya½ bhav±ma. So bhavata½, te bhavanta½. Tva½ bhavassu, tumhe bhavavho. Aha½ bhave, maya½ bhav±mase. Aya½ pañcam²vibhattivasena kriy±padam±l±niddeso.
Bhaveyya, bhave, bhaveyyu½. Bhaveyy±si, bhaveyy±tha. Bhaveyy±mi, bhaveyy±ma, bhavemu. Bhavetha, bhavera½. Bhavetho, bhaveyy±vho. Bhaveyya½, bhaveyy±mhe iti v±, so bhaveyya bhave, te bhaveyyu½. Tva½ bhaveyy±si, tumhe bhaveyy±tha. Aha½ bhaveyy±mi, maya½ bhaveyy±ma, bhavemu. So bhavetha, te bhavera½. Tva½ bhavetho, tumhe bhaveyy±vho. Aha½ bhaveyya½, maya½ bhaveyy±mhe iti v±. Aya½ sattam²vibhattivasena kriy±padam±l±niddeso.
Babh³va, babh³vu. Babh³ve, babh³vittha. Babh³va½, babh³vimha. Babh³vittha, babh³vire. Babh³vittho, babh³vivho. Babh³vi½, babh³vimhe iti v±, so babh³va, te babh³vu. Tva½ babh³ve, tumhe babh³vittha. Aha½ babh³va½, maya½ babh³vimha. So babh³vittha, te babh³vire. Tva½ babh³vittho, tumhe babh³vivho. Aha½ babh³vi½, maya½ babh³vimhe iti v±. Aya½ parokkh±vibhattivasena kriy±padam±l±niddeso.
Abhav±, abhav³. Abhavo, abhavattha. Abhava½, abhavamh±. Abhavattha, abhavatthu½. Abhavase, abhavavha½. Abhavi½, abhavamhase iti v±, so abhav±, te abhav³. Tva½ abhavo, tumhe abhavattha. Aha½ abhava½, maya½ abhavamh±. So abhavattha, te abhavatthu½. Tva½ abhavase, tumhe abhavavha½. Aha½ abhavi½, maya½ abhavamhase iti v±. Aya½ hiyyattan²vibhattivasena kriy±padam±l±niddeso.
Abhavi, abhavu½. Abhavo, abhavittha. Abhavi½, abhavimh±. Abhav±, abhav³. Abhavase, abhavivha½. Abhavha½, abhavimhe iti v±, so abhavi, te abhavu½. Tva½ abhavo, tumhe abhavittha. Aha½ abhavi½, maya½ abhavimh±. So abhav±, te abhav³. Tva½ abhavase, tumhe abhavivha½. Aha½ abhava½, maya½ abhavimhe iti v±. Aya½ ajjatan²vibhattivasena kriy±padam±l±niddeso.
Ettha panajjataniy± vacanassa i½sum±desavasena bhavatino r³pantar±nipi veditabb±ni. Seyyathida½? Te bhavi½su, samubbhavi½su, pabhavi½su, par±bhavi½su, sambhavi½su, p±tubhavi½su, p±tubbhavi½su im±ni akammakapad±ni. Paribhavi½su, abhibhavi½su, adhibhavi½su, atibhavi½su, anubhavi½su, samanubhavi½su, abhisambhavi½su.
“Adhibhosun”ti r³pampi, yasm± dissati p±¼iya½;
tasm± hi nayato ñe yya½, “paribhosun”ti-±dika½.
Tatr±ya½ p±¼i– “eva½vih±riñc±vuso bhikkhu½ r³p± adhibhosu½, na bhikkhu r³pe adhibhos²”ti. Im±ni sakammakapad±ni, evamajjataniy± vacanassa i½sum±desavasena bhavatino r³pantar±ni bhavanti. Apica
“Anvabhi” itir³pampi, ajjatany± padissati;
tasm± hi nayato ñeyya½, “ajjhabhi”cc±dikampi ca.
Tatr±ya½ p±¼i– so tena kammena diva½ samakkami, sukhañca khi¹¹±ratiyo ca anvabh²ti. Tattha anvabh²ti anu abh²ti chedo. An³ti upasaggo. Abh²ti ±khy±tikapadanti daµµhabba½.
Bhavissati, bhavissanti. Bhavissasi, bhavissatha. Bhaviss±mi, bhaviss±ma. Bhavissate, bhavissante. Bhavissase, bhavissavhe. Bhavissa½, bhaviss±mhe iti v±, so bhavissati, te bhavissanti. Tva½ bhavissasi, tumhe bhavissatha. Aha½ bhaviss±mi, maya½ bhaviss±ma. So bhavissate, te bhavissante. Tva½ bhavissase, tumhe bhavissavhe. Aha½ bhavissa½, maya½ bhaviss±mhe iti v±. Aya½ bhavissant²vibhattivasena kriy±padam±l±niddeso.
Abhaviss±, abhavissa½su. Abhavisse, abhavissatha. Abhavissa½, abhaviss±mh±. Abhavissatha, abhavissisu. Abhavissase, abhavissavhe. Abhavissi½, abhaviss±mhase iti v±, so abhaviss±, te abhavissa½su. Tva½ abhavisse, tumhe abhavissatha. Aha½ abhavissa½, maya½ abhaviss±mh±. So abhavissatha, te abhavissisu. Tva½ abhavissase, tumhe abhavissavhe. Aha½ abhavissi½, maya½ abhaviss±mhase iti v±. Aya½ k±l±tipattivibhattivasena kriy±padam±l±niddeso.
Voh±rabhedakusalena subuddhin± yo,
kacc±yanena kathito jinas±sanattha½;
ty±dikkamo tadanuga½ kiriy±pad±na½,
katv± kamo bhavatidh±tuvasena vutto.

Iti navaªge s±µµhakathe piµakattaye byappathagat²su viññ³na½

Kosallatth±ya kate saddan²tippakaraºe

Bhavatino kriy±padam±l±vibh±go n±ma

Dutiyo paricchedo.