“Mañc± ukkuµµhi½ karonti” iccevam±dayo ekassatthassa nissitavasena bahuvacanapayog±.
“Catt±ro satipaµµh±n±”ti ayam±rammaºabhedena ekassatthassa bahuvacanapayogo.
“Catt±ro sammappadh±n±”ti aya½ pana kiccabhedena ekassatthassa bahuvacanapayogo.
Tattha ekatthekavacana½, samud±y±pekkhekavacana½, j±ty±pekkhekavacana½, tannissay±pekkhekavacana½, ekattalakkhaºekavacananti pañcavidha½ ekavacana½ bhavati. Ettha pana j±ty±pekkhekavacana½ atthato s±maññ±pekkhekavacanamev±ti daµµhabba½.
Bavhatthabahuvacana½, bahusamud±y±pekkhabahuvacana½, attabahuvacana½, garuk±rabahuvacana½, aparicchedabahuvacana½, m±tik±nusandhinayabahuvacana½, pucch±nusandhinayabahuvacana½, pucch±sabh±gabahuvacana½, puthucittasam±yogaputhu-±rammaºabahuvacana½, tanniv±sabahuvacana½, ta½puttabahuvacana½, ek±bhidh±nabahuvacana½, tannissit±pekkhabahuvacana½ ±rammaºabhedabahuvacana½, kiccabhedabahuvacananti pannarasavidha½ bahuvacana½ bhavati. Icceva½ v²sadh± sabb±ni ekavacanabahuvacan±ni saªgahit±ni. Atrida½ p±¼ivavatth±na½–
Ekatthe dekavacana-ñcitarasmitarampi ca;
samud±yaj±ti-ekatta-lakkhaºekavacopi ca;
s±µµhakathe piµakamhi, p±µhe p±yena dissare.
Garumhi cattanekasmi½, bahuvacanaka½ pana;
p±¼iya½ appaka½ aµµha-kath±µ²k±su ta½ bahu½.
Tath± hi bahuka½ deka-vacana½yeva p±¼iya½;
garumhi cattanekasmi½, idamettha nidassana½.
“Namo te puris±jañña, namo te purisuttama;
tava s±sanam±gamma, pattomhi amata½ pada½”.
Iccevam±dayo p±µh±, bahudh± jinas±sane;
dissant²ti vij±neyya, vidv± akkharacintako.
S±tisaya½ garuk±r±-rahass±pi mahesino;
ekavacanayogena, niddeso dissate yato.
Tato voh±rakusalo, kareyyatth±nur³pato;
ekavacanayoga½ v±, itara½ v± sumedhaso.
P±yena tanniv±samhi, bahuvacanaka½ µhita½;
ta½putte appaka½ tanni-ssayekavacanampi ca.
Puthucitt±pariccheda-m±tik±sandhi-±disu;
bahuvacanakañc±pi, appakanti pak±saye.
Ek±bhidh±nato kicc±, tath± gocaratopi ca;
bahuvacanaka½ tanni-ssit±pekkhañca appaka½.
Icceva½ sappayoga½ tu, ñatv±na vacanadvaya½;
k±tabbo pana voh±ro, yath±p±¼i vibh±vin±.
Id±ni k±l±divasena ±khy±tappavatti½ d²payiss±ma– k±lak±rakapurisaparid²paka½ kriy±lakkhaºa½ ±khy±tika½. Tatra k±lanti at²t±n±gatapaccuppannavasena tayo k±l±, at²t±n±gatapaccuppann±ºattiparikappak±l±tipattivasena pana cha, te ekek± tipurisak±.
Vuttappak±rak±lesu, yadida½ vattate yato;
±khy±tika½ tato tassa, k±lad²panat± mat±.
K±rakanti kammakattubh±v±. Te hi upac±ramukhyasabh±vavasena karonti karaºanti ca “k±rak±”ti vuccanti. Teva yath±kkama½ kriy±nimitta ta½s±dhaka ta½sabh±v±ti veditabb±.
Kamma½ katt± ca bh±vo ca, icceva½ k±rak± tidh±;
vibhattipaccay± ettha, vutt± n±ññatra saccato.
“Paribhaviyyati”cc±d², kamme sijjhanti k±rake;
“sambhavat²”ti-±d²ni, sijjhare kattuk±rake.
“Vibhaviyyati”icc±d², bh±ve sijjhanti k±rake;
tividhesvevametesu, vibhattipaccay± mat±.
K±rakattayamutta½ ya½, ±khy±ta½ natthi sabbaso;
tasm± tadd²panattampi, tass±khy±tassa bh±sita½.
K±rakatta½ tu bh±vassa, sacepi na sam²rita½;
k±rakalakkhaºe tena, bh±vena ca avatthun±.
Kriy±nipphatti natth²ti, yuttitopi ca natthi ta½;
tath±p±khy±tike tassa, tabboh±ro niruttiya½;
patiµµhitanayov±ti, mantv± amhehi bh±sito.
Purisoti ekavacanabahuvacanak± paµhamamajjhimuttamapuris±. Tattha paµhamapuriso ±khy±tapadena tuly±dhikaraºe s±dhakav±cake v± kammav±cake v± tumh±’mhasaddavajjite paccattavacanabh³te n±mamhi “abhin²h±ro samijjhati, bodhi vuccati cat³su maggesuñ±ºan”ti-±d²su viya payujjam±nepi, taµµh±niyatte sati “bh±sati v± karoti v±, p²¼iyakkhoti ma½ vid³, vuccat²ti vacanan”ti-±d²su viya appayujjam±nepi sabbadh±t³hi paro hoti. Katthaci pana p±¼ippadese n±massa appayuttatt± paµhamapurisapayogattho duranubodho bhavati, yath± “dukkha½ te vedayiss±mi, tattha ass±sayantu man”ti. Tath± hi ettha “p±d±”ti p±µhaseso, tasmi½ dukkhas±san±rocane vattu½ avisahanavasena kilamanta½ ma½ devassa ubho p±d± ass±sentu, vissaµµho katheh²ti ma½ vadath±ti adhipp±yo ca bhavati.
Adhipp±yo sudubbodho, yasm± vijjati p±¼iya½;
tasm± upaµµhaha½ gaºhe, garu½ garumata½ vid³.
Tatrim±ni bh³dh±t±dhik±ratt± bh³dh±tuvasena nidassanapad±ni. So paribhavati, te paribhavanti, paribhavati, paribhavanti. Sapatto abhibhaviyate, sabb± vity±n’ubh³yate, abhibhaviyate, anubh³yateti. Yattha satipi n±massa s±dhakav±cakatte apaccattavacanatt± ±khy±tapadena tuly±dhikaraºat± na labbhati, tattha kammav±caka½ paccattavacanabh³ta½ tuly±dhikaraºapada½ paµicca paµhamapuris±dayo tayo labbhanti. Ta½ yath±? Paribhaviyyate puriso devadattena, paribhaviyyase tva½ devadattena, paribhaviyyamhe maya½ akusalehi dhammehi. Ettha panida½ vacana½ na vattabba½ “nindanti tuºhim±sinan’ti-±d²su satipi n±massa kammav±cakatte apaccattavacanatt± ±khy±tapadena tuly±dhikaraºat± na labbhat²ti paµhamapurisuppatti na siy±”ti. Kasm±ti ce? “Nindanti tuºhim±sinan”ti-±d²su “jan±”ti ajjh±haritabbassa s±dhakav±cakassa n±massa saddhim±khy±tapadena tuly±dhikaraºabh±vassa icchitatt±. Evamuttaratr±pi nayo.
Majjhimapuriso ±khy±tapadena tuly±dhikaraºe s±dhakav±cake v± kammav±cake v± paccattavacanabh³te tumhasadde payujjam±nepi, taµµh±niyatte sati appayujjam±nepi sabbadh±t³hi paro hoti. Tva½ atibhavasi, tumhe atibhavatha, atibhavasi, atibhavatha. Tva½ paribhaviyase devadattena, tumhe paribhaviyavhe. Yattha satipi tumhasaddassa s±dhakav±cakatte apaccattavacanatt± ±khy±tapadena tuly±dhikaraºat± na labbhati, na tattha majjhimapuriso hoti. Itare pana dve honti kammav±caka½ paccattavacanabh³ta½ tuly±dhikaraºapada½ paµicca. Ta½ yath±? Tay± abhibhaviyate sapatto, tay± abhibhaviye aha½.
Uttamapuriso ±khy±tapadena tuly±dhikaraºe s±dhakav±cake v± kammav±cake v± paccattavacanabh³te amhasadde payujjam±nepi, taµµh±niyatte sati appayujjam±nepi sabbadh±t³hi paro hoti. Aha½ paribhav±mi, maya½ paribhav±ma, paribhav±mi, paribhav±ma. Aha½ paribhaviyy±mi akusalehi dhammehi, maya½ paribhaviyy±ma, paribhaviyy±mi, paribhaviyy±ma. Yattha satipi amhasaddassa s±dhakav±cakatte apaccattavacanatt± ±khy±tapadena tuly±dhikaraºat± na labbhati, na tattha uttamapuriso hoti. Itare pana dve honti kammav±caka½ paccattavacanabh³ta½ tuly±dhikaraºapada½ paµicca. Ta½ yath±? May± anubhaviyate sampatti, may± abhibhaviyase tva½. Eva½ yattha yattha s±dhakav±cak±na½ v± kammav±cak±na½ v± n±m±d²na½ paccattavacanabh³t±na½ ±khy±tapadehi tuly±dhikaraºatte laddhe tattha tattha paµhamapuris±dayo labbhanti, tasm± n±m±d²na½ paccattavacanabh³t±na½ tuly±dhikaraºabh±voyeva paµhamapuris±d²namuppattiy± k±raºa½.
Dvinna½ tiººa½ v± puris±namek±bhidh±ne paro puriso gahetabbo. Ettha ek±bhidh±na½ n±ma ekato abhidh±na½ ekak±l±bhidh±nañca. Tañca kho casaddapayogeyeva, acasaddapayoge bhinnak±l±bhidh±ne taggahaº±bh±vato. “Tumhe atthakusal± bhavatha, mayamatthakusal± bhav±ma” iccevam±dayo tappayog±. Tattha tumhe atthakusal± bhavatha– iccetasmi½ voh±re “so ca atthakusalo bhavati, tvañca atthakusalo bhavasi, tumhe atthakusal± bhavath±”ti eva½ dvinnamek±bhidh±ne paro puriso gahetabbo. “Mayamatthakusal± bhav±ma” iccetasmi½ pana “so ca atthakusalo bhavati, ahañca atthakusalo bhav±mi, mayamatthakusal± bhav±m±”ti v± “tvañca atthakusalo bhavasi, ahañca atthakusalo bhav±mi, mayamatthakusal± bhav±m±”ti v± evampi dvinnamek±bhidh±ne paro puriso gahetabbo. “So ca atthakusalo bhavati, tvañca atthakusalo bhavasi, ahañca atthakusalo bhav±mi, mayamatthakusal± bhav±m±”ti v± “so ca atthakusalo bhavati, te ca atthakusal± bhavanti, tvañca atthakusalo bhavasi, tumhe ca atthakusal± bhavatha, ahañca atthakusalo bhav±mi, mayamatthakusal± bhav±m±”ti v± eva½ tiººamek±bhidh±ne paro puriso gahetabbo.
Aparopi atthanayo vuccati– “tvañca atthakusalo bhavasi, so ca atthakusalo bhavati, tumhe atthakusal± bhavath±”ti v± “ahañca atthakusalo bhav±mi, so ca atthakusalo bhavati, mayamatthakusal± bhav±m±”ti v± imin± nayena anekappabhedo atthanayo. Eva½ ses±su vibhatt²su pañcam²sattamiy±d²su paropuriso gahetabbo. Sabbesu ca kriy±padesu bavhatthav±cakesu bahuvacanantesu, na pana bahuvacanantesupi ekassattano v±cakesu garuk±tabbassekassatthassa v±cakesu ca kriy±padesu. Ettha codan±sand²paniyo im± g±th±–
“Tvañca bhavasi so c±pi, bhavati”cc±dibh±sane;
“tumhe bhavatha” icc±di, paroposo katha½ siy±?.
“Aha½ bhav±mi so c±pi, bhavati”cc±dibh±sane;
“maya½ bhav±ma”icc±di, uttamo ca katha½ siy±?.
Ettha ca vuccate–
Pacch± vutto paro n±ma, saññ±ya paµip±µiy±;
eva½ pana gahetabbo, paropurisan±mako.
Paµhamamh± paro n±ma, majjhimo uttamopi ca;
majjhimamh± paro n±ma, uttamo puriso ruto.
Eva½ tu gahaºañhettha, voh±rass±nulomaka½;
doso tadanulomamhi, gahaºasmi½ na vijjati.
“Tvañca bhadde sukh² hohi, eso c±pi mah±migo”;
iti p±µho yato diµµho, tasm± eva½ vademase.
“Tumhe dve sukhit± hotha”, iccattho tattha dissati;
eva½pyaya½ nayo vutto, attanomatiy± mama.
Attanomati kiñc±pi, kathit± sabbadubbal±;
tath±pi nayam±d±ya, kathitatt± akopiy±.
“Dhammena rajja½ k±renta½, raµµh± pabb±jayittha ma½;
tvañca j±napad± ceva, negam± ca sam±gat±”.
“Ahañca maddidev² ca, j±l²kaºh±jin± cubho;
aññamañña½ sokanud±, vas±ma assame tad±”.
Et± g±th±pi etassa, atthassa pana s±dhik±;
t±su vuttanayeneva, attho sup±kaµo siy±;
eva½ viññ³hi viññeyya½, bahun± bh±sitena ki½.
¾k±rena man±pena, kathane yena kenaci;
na virujjhati ce attho, ta½ pam±ºa½ sudh²mata½.
Purisattayato eso, paropurisan±mako;
nupalabbhati pacceka½, tadantogadhatova ya½.
P±µavatth±ya sot³na½, voh±ratthesu sabbaso;