2. Bhavatikriy±padam±l±vibh±ga

Ito para½ pavakkh±mi, sot³na½ mativa¹¹hana½;
kriy±padakkama½ n±ma, vibhatt±d²ni d²paya½.
Tatra ±khy±tikassa kriy±lakkhaºattas³cik± ty±dayo vibhattiyo, t± aµµhavidh± vattam±n±pañcam²sattam²parokkh±hiyyattanajjatan²bhavissant² k±l±tipattivasena.
Tatthati anti, si tha, mi ma, te ante, se vhe, e mhe iccet± vattam±n±vibhattiyo n±ma.
Tu antu, hi tha, mi ma, ta½ anta½, su vho, e ±mase iccet± pañcam²vibhattiyo n±ma.
Eyya eyyu½, eyy±si eyy±tha, eyy±mi eyy±ma, etha era½, etho eyy±vho, eyya½ eyy±mhe iccet± sattam²vibhattiyo n±ma.
A u, e ttha, a½ mha, ttha re, ttho vho, i½ mhe iccet± parokkh±vibhattiyo n±ma.
¾ ³, o ttha, a½ mh±, ttha tthu½, se vha½, i½ mhase iccet± hiyyattan²vibhattiyo n±ma.
¿ u½, o ttha, i½ mh±, ± ³, se vha½, a½ mhe iccet± ajjatan²vibhattiyo n±ma.
Ssati ssanti, ssasi ssatha, ss±mi ss±ma, ssate ssante, ssase ssavhe, ssa½ ss±mhe iccet± bhavissant²vibhattiyo n±ma.
Ss± ssa½su, sse ssatha, ssa½ ss±mh±, ssatha ssisu, ssase ssavhe, ssi½ ss±mhase iccet± k±l±tipattivibhattiyo n±ma.
Sabb±samet±sa½ vibhatt²na½ y±ni y±ni pubbak±ni cha pad±ni, t±ni t±ni parassapad±ni n±ma. Y±ni y±ni pana par±ni cha pad±ni, t±ni t±ni attanopad±ni n±ma. Tattha parassapad±ni vattam±n± cha, pañcamiyo cha, sattamiyo cha, parokkh± cha, hiyyattaniyo cha, ajjataniyo cha, bhavissantiyo cha, k±l±tipattiyo ch±ti aµµhacatt±l²savidh±ni honti, tath± itar±ni, sabb±ni t±ni piº¹it±ni channavutividh±ni.
Parassapad±namattanopad±nañca dve dve pad±ni paµhamamajjhimuttamapuris± n±ma. Te vattam±n±d²su catt±ro catt±ro, aµµhanna½ vibhatt²na½ vasena dvatti½sa, piº¹it±ni parim±º±neva.
Dv²su dv²su padesu paµhama½ paµhama½ ekavacana½, dutiya½ dutiya½ bahuvacana½.
Tatra vattam±navibhatt²nanti anti, si tha, mi ma iccet±ni parassapad±ni. Te ante, se vhe, e mhe iccet±ni attanopad±ni. Parassapadattanopadesupiti anti iti paµhamapuris±, sitha iti majjhimapuris±, mi ma iti uttamapuris±, te ante iti paµhamapuris±, se vhe iti majjhimapuris±, e mhe iti uttamapuris±.
Paµhamamajjhimuttamapurisesupi ti-iti ekavacana½, anti-iti bahuvacananti eva½ ekavacanabahuvacan±ni kamato ñeyy±ni. Eva½ ses±su vibhatt²su parassapadattanopadapaµhamamajjhimuttamapurisekavacanabahuvacan±ni ñeyy±ni.
Tattha vibhatt²ti kenaµµhena vibhatti? K±l±divasena dh±tvattha½ vibhajat²ti vibhatti, sy±d²hi n±mikavibhatt²hi saha sabbasaªg±hakavasena pana sakatthaparatth±dibhede atthe vibhajat²ti vibhatti, kamm±dayo v± k±rake ekavacanabahuvacanavasena vibhajat²ti vibhatti, vibhajitabb± ñ±ºen±tipi vibhatti, vibhajanti atthe et±y±tipi vibhatti, atha v± satipi jinas±sane avibhattikaniddese sabbena sabba½ vibhatt²hi vin± atthass±n’iddisitabbato visesena vividhena v± ±k±rena bhajanti sevanti na½ paº¹it±tipi vibhatti. Tattha avibhattikaniddesalakkhaºa½ vad±ma saha payoganidassan±d²hi.
Avibhattikaniddeso, n±mikesupalabbhati;
n±khy±tes³ti viññeyya-midamettha nidassana½.
Nigrodhova mah±rukkho, thera v±d±namuttamo;
an³na½ anadhikañca, kevala½ jinas±sana½.
Tatra thera-iti avibhattiko niddeso, ther±na½ ayanti thero. Ko so? V±do. Therav±do aññesa½ v±d±na½ uttamoti ayamattho veditabbo.
“K±yo te sabba sovaººo”, icc±dimhipi n±mike;
avibhattikaniddeso, gahetabbo nayaññun±.
Avibhattikaniddeso, nanv±khy±tepi dissati;
“bho kh±da piva”iccatra, vade yo koci codako.
Yadi eva½ matenassa, bhaveyya avibhattika½;
“bhikkhu, bho purisi”cc±di, padampi, na hida½ tath±.
“Bhikkhu, bho purisi”cc±di, si ga lopena vuccati;
tath± “kh±d±”ti-±d²ni, hi lopena pavuccare.
Eva½ avibhattikaniddeso ±khy±tesu na labbhati, n±mesuyeva labbhati. Tatr±pi “aµµha ca puggala dhammadas± te”ti ettha chandavasena puggala iti rassakaraºa½ daµµhabba½, na “kakusandha koº±gamano ca kassapo”ti ettha kakusandha iti avibhattikaniddeso viya avibhattikaniddeso daµµhabbo. “Bhikkhu nisinne m±tug±mo upanisinno v± hoti upanipanno v±”ti ettha pana bhikkh³ti ida½ bhikkhumh²ti vattabbatthatt± bhumme paccattantipi adiµµhavibhattikaniddesotipi vattu½ yujjati. Tattha pana chandavasena katarassatt± t±ni pad±ni avibhattikaniddesapakkhampi bhajant²ti vattu½ na yujjati.
Tattha parassapad±n²ti parassa atthabh³t±ni pad±ni parassapad±ni. Etthuttamapurisesu attano atthesupi attanopadavoh±ro na kariyati.
Kiñc±pi attano atth±, puris± uttamavhay±;
tath±pi itares±na-mussannatt±va tabbas±;
tabboh±ro imes±na½, por±ºehi niropito.
Attanopad±n²ti attano atthabh³t±ni pad±ni attanopad±ni. Ettha pana paµhamamajjhimapurisesu parassatthesupi parassapadavoh±ro na kariyati.
Paµhamamajjhim± cete, parassatth± tath±pi ca;
itaresa½ nir³¼hatt±, tabboh±rassa saccato.
Imassa panimes±na½, pubbavoh±rat±ya ca;
tath± saªkaradosassa, haraºatth±ya so aya½;
attanopadavoh±ro, esam±ropito dhuva½.
Parassapadasaññ±di-saññ±yo bahuk± idha;
por±ºehi katatt±t±, saññ± por±ºik± mat±.
Tasm± idha paµhamapuris±d²na½ tiººa½ puris±na½ vacanattha½ na pariyes±ma. R³¼hiy± hi por±ºehi ty±d²na½ purisasaññ± vihit±.
Ekavacanabahuvacanesu pana ekassatthassa vacana½ ekavacana½. Bah³namatth±na½ vacana½ bahuvacana½. Atha v± bahuttepi sati samud±yavasena j±tivasena v± cittena sampiº¹etv± ek²katassatthassa ekassa viya vacanampi ekavacana½, bahutte nissitassa nissayavoh±rena vuttassa nissayavasena ekassa viya vacanampi ekavacana½, ekattalakkhaºena bavhatth±na½ ekavacana½ viya vacanampi ekavacana½. Abahuttepi sati attagaruk±r±paricchedam±tik±nusandhinayapucch±sabh±gaputhucitta- sam±yogaputhu-±rammaºavasena ekatthassa bah³na½ viya vacana½ bahuvacana½, tath± ye ye bahavo tanniv±sata½puttasaªkh±tassekassatthassa r³¼h²vasena bah³na½ viya vacanampi bahuvacana½, ekassatthassa aññenatthena ek±bhidh±navasena bah³na½ viya vacanampi bahuvacana½, ekassatthassa nissitavasena bah³na½ viya vacanampi bahuvacana½, ekassatthassa ±rammaºabhedakiccabhedavasena bah³na½ viya vacanampi bahuvacana½. Evamimehi ±k±rehi ekamhi vattabbe, ekamhi viya ca vattabbe ekavacana½, bahumhi vattabbe, bahumhi viya ca vattabbe bahuvacana½ hot²ti daµµhabba½. Puthuvacana½, anekavacananti ca imasseva n±ma½.
Vacanesu aya½ attho, n±m±khy±tavibhattina½;
vasena adhigantabbo, s±sanatthagavesin±.
Tasm± tadatthaviññ±panattha½ idha n±mikapayogehi sahev±khy±tapayoge pavakkh±ma– “r±j± ±gacchati, sah±yo me ±gacchati, eka½ citta” miccevam±dayo ekassatthassa ekavacanapayog±. “R±j±no ±gacchanti, sah±y± me ±gacchanti, na me dess± ubho putt±, dve t²ºi” iccevam±dayo bavhatth±na½ bahuvacanapayog±.
“S± sen± mahat² ±si, bahujjano pasannosi, sabbo ta½ jano ojin±yatu, itthigumbassa pavar±, buddhass±ha½ vatthayuga½ ad±si½, dvaya½ vo bhikkhave desess±mi, pema½ mahanta½ ratanattayassa, kare pas±dañca naro avassa½, bhikkhusaªgho, balak±yo, devanik±yo, ariyagaºo”- iccevam±dayo, “dvika½ tika”micc±dayo ca samud±yavasena bavhatth±na½ ekavacanapayog±.
Katthaci pana ²disesu µh±nesu bahuvacanapayog±pi dissanti. Tath± hi “p³jit± ñ±tisaªghehi, devak±y± sam±gat±, sabbete devanik±y±, dve devasaªgh±, t²ºi duk±ni, catt±ri navak±ni” iccevam±dayo payog±pi dissanti. Ime ekavacanavasena vattabbassa samud±yassa bahusamud±yavasena bahuvacanapayog±ti gahetabb±, saªgayham±n± ca bavhatthabahuvacane saªgaha½ gacchanti visu½yeva v±, tasm± bahusamud±y±pekkhabahuvacananti etesa½ n±ma½ veditabba½.
“P±ºa½ na hane, sasso sampajjati” iccevam±dayo j±tivasena bavhatth±na½ ekavacanapayog±, tabbh±vas±maññena bavhatth±na½ ekavacanapayog±tipi vattu½ vaµµati.
“N±ga½ raµµhassa p³jita½, s±vatth² saddh± ahosi pasann±” iccevam±dayo nissayavasena pavatt±na½ nissayavoh±rena vutt±namekavacanapayog±.
“Tilakkhaºa½, kusal±kusala½, viññ±ºapaccay± n±mar³pa½, n±mar³papaccay± sa¼±yatana½, dhammavinayo, cittaseno ca gandhabbo, natiy± asati ±gatigati na hoti, ±gatigatiy± asati cut³pap±to na hoti” iccevam±dayo ekattalakkhaºe bavhatth±na½ ekavacanapayog±.
“Eva½ maya½ gaºh±ma, amh±ka½ pakati, padh±nanti kho meghiya vadam±na½ kinti vadeyy±ma” iccevam±dayo ekassatthassa attavasena bahuvacanapayog±.
“Te manuss± ta½ bhikkhu½ etadavocu½ ‘bhuñjatha bhante’ti, aha½ manussesu manussabh³t±, abbh±gat±n±’sanaka½ ad±si½” iccevam±dayo ekassatthassa garuk±ravasena bahuvacanapayog±.
“Appaccay± dhamm±, asaªkhat± dhamm±” iccevam±dayo ekassatthassa aparicchedavasena bahuvacanapayog±, aniyamitasaªkh±vasena bahuvacanapayog± v±.
Keci pana “desan±sotap±tavasena bahuvacanapayog±”tipi vadanti, ta½ na gahetabba½. Na hi tath±gato satisampajaññarahito dhamma½ deseti, yutti ca na dissati “m±tik±ya½ pucch±ya½ vissajjane c±ti t²supi µh±nesu appaccay±didhamme desento satth± punappuna½ bahuvacanavasena desan±sote patitv± dhamma½ deset²”ti.
“Katame dhamm± appaccay±” iccevam±dayo ekassatthassa m±tik±nusandhinayena bahuvacanapayog±.
“Ime dhamm± appaccay±” iccevam±dayo ekassatthassa pucch±nusandhinayena bahuvacanapayog±.
“Katame dhamm± no par±m±s±, te dhamme µhapetv± avases± kusal±kusal±by±kat± dhamm±” iccevam±dayo ekassatthassa pucch±sabh±gena bahuvacanapayog±.
“Atthi bhikkhave aññeva dhamm± gambh²r± duddas± duranubodh± sant± paº²t± atakk±vacar± nipuº± paº¹itavedan²y±, ye tath±gato saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± pavedet²”ti ayamekassatthassa puthucittasam±yogaputhu-±rammaºavasena bahuvacanapayogo.
“Eka½ samaya½ bhagav± sakkesu viharati kapilavatthusmi½ mah±vane,
Santi putt± videh±na½, d²gh±vu raµµhava¹¹hano;
te rajja½ k±rayissanti, mithil±ya½ paj±pati”–
Iccevam±dayo sadd± ye ye bahavo, tanniv±sata½puttasaªkh±tassekatthassa r³¼h²vasena bahuvacanapayog±.
“S±riputtamoggall±ne ±mantesi ‘gacchatha tumhe s±riputt± k²µ±giri½ gantv± assajipunabbasuk±na½ bhikkh³na½ k²µ±girism± pabb±jan²yakamma½ karotha, tumh±ka½ ete saddhivih±rino’ti”, “kacci vo kulaputt±, etha byaggh± nivattavho” iccevam±dayo ekassatthassa aññenatthena ek±bhidh±navasena bahuvacanapayog±.