Bh±vakriy±padaniddesa

Bh³yate bhaviyate ubbhaviyate, eva½ bh±vassa kriy±pad±ni bhavanti. Aññath± ca bhuyyate bhaviyyate ubbhaviyyateti. Tatra yath± µh²yatepadassa µh±nanti bh±vavasena atthakathanamicchanti, eva½ bh³yateti-±d²nampi bhavananti-±din± bh±vavasena atthakathanamicchitabba½. Yath± ca µh±na½ µhiti bhavananti-±d²hi bh±vav±cakakitantan±mapadehi saddhi½ sambandhe chaµµhiyojanamicchanti, na tath± µh²yate bh³yateti-±d²hi bh±vav±cak±khy±tapadehi saddhi½ sambandhe chaµµhiyojan± icchitabb± sambandhe pavattachaµµhiyantasaddehi asambandhan²yatt± ±khy±tikapad±na½. Yasmi½ payoge ya½ kammuno kriy±padena sam±nagatika½ katv± vin± kammena niddisiyati kriy±pada½, kattuv±cakapada½ pana paccattavacanena v± karaºavacanena v± niddisiyati, ta½ tattha bh±vatthad²paka½. Na hi sabbath± katt±ramaniss±ya bh±vo pavattati. Eva½ santepi bh±vo n±ma kevalo bhavanalavanapacan±diko dh±tu-atthoyeva. Akkharacintak± pana “µh²yate bh³yate”ti-±d²su bh±vavisayesu karaºavacanameva payuñjanti “nanu n±ma pabbajitena sunivatthena bhavitabba½ sup±rutena ±kappasampannen±”ti-±d²su viya, tasm± tesa½ mate “tena ubbhaviyate”ti karaºavacanena yojetabba½. Jinamatena pana “so bh³yate”ti-±din± paccattavacaneneva. Saccasaªkhepappakaraºe hi dhammap±l±cariyena, niddesap±¼iya½ pana dhammasen±patin±, dhajaggasuttante bhagavat± ca bh±vapada½ paccattavacan±pekkhavasenu’cc±rita½.
Kathito saccasaªkhepe, paccattavacanena ve,
“bh³yate” iti saddassa, sambandho bh±vad²pano.
Niddesap±¼iya½ “r³pa½, vibhoti vibhaviyyati”;
iti dassanato v±pi, paccattavacana½ thira½.
Tath± dhajaggasuttante, munin±haccabh±site;
“so pah²yissati” iti, p±¼idassanatopi ca.
P±ramit±nubh±vena, mahes²na½va dehato;
santi nipph±dan±, neva, sakkat±divaco viya.
Paccattadassaneneva, purisattayayojana½;
ekavacanikañc±pi, bahuvacanikampi ca;
k±tabbamiti no khanti, parassapada-±dike.
Tasm± r³pa½ vibhaviyyati, r³p±ni vibhaviyyanti, tva½ vibhaviyyasi, tumhe vibhaviyyatha, aha½ vibhaviyy±mi, maya½ vibhaviyy±ma, r³pa½ vibhaviyyate, r³p±ni vibhaviyyante iccevam±di jinavacan±nur³pato yojetabba½. Atr±ya½ padasodhan±–
Vibhaviyyat²ti ida½, kammapadasam±naka½;
na ca kammapada½ n±pi, kammakattupad±dika½.
Yadi kammapada½ eta½, paccattavacana½ pana;
kamma½ d²peyya karaºa-vacana½ kattud²paka½.
Yadi kammakattupada½, “p²yate”ti pada½ viya;
siy± sakammaka½, neta½, tath± hot²ti d²paye.
Yadi kattupada½ eta½, vibhavatipada½ viya;
vin± yapaccaya½ tiµµhe, na tath± tiµµhate ida½.
Na kattari bhuv±d²na½, gaºe yapaccayo ruto;
div±d²na½ gaºeyeva, kattari samud²rito.
Na bh³dh±tu div±d²na½, dh±t³na½ dissate gaºe;
bh³v±dikacur±d²na½, gaºesuyeva dissati.
“Vibhaviyyati” icc±do, tasm± yapaccayo pana;
bh±veyev±ti viññeyya½, viññun± samayaññun±.
Ettha hi p±kaµa½ katv±, bh±vak±rakalakkhaºa½;
dassayiss±maha½ d±ni, sakkacca½ me nibodhatha.
“Tisso gacchati”iccatra, katt±ra½ kattuno pada½;
“dhammo desiyati”ccatra, kamma½ tu kammuno pada½.
Sar³pato pak±seti, tasm± te p±kaµ± ubho;
tath± vibhaviyyat²ti-±dibh±vapada½ pana.
Sar³pato na d²peti, k±raka½ bh±van±maka½;
dabbabh³ta½ tu katt±ra½, pak±seti sar³pato.
Katt±ra½ pana d²penta½, kattusannissitampi ta½;
bh±va½ d²peti sv±k±ro, paccayena vibh±vito.
Yasm± ca kattubh±vena, bh±vo n±ma na tiµµhati;
katt±va kattubh±vena, bh±vaµµh±ne µhito tato.
Yajjeva½ kattuvoh±ro, bh±vassa tu katha½ siy±;
“s±vak±na½ sannip±to, ahosi”iti-±disu.
Iti ce nissay±na½ tu, vas± nissitasambhav±;
kattuµµh±nepi bh±vassa, kattupaññatti sijjhati.
K±rake kattukammavhe, kriy±sannissaye yath±;
dh±rent² ±sanath±l², kriy±dh±roti kappit±.
Tath± bh±vapada½ dh²r±, katt±ra½ bh±vanissaya½;
d²payantampi kappenti, bh±vassa v±caka½ iti.
Keci adabbabh³tassa, bh±vassekattato bravu½;
bh±vedekavacov±di-purisasseva hotiti.
P±¼i½ patv±na tesa½ tu, vacana½ appam±ºaka½;
“te sa½kilesik± dhamm±, pah²yissanti” iti hi.
P±µho p±vacane diµµho, tasm± eva½ vademase;
paccattadassaneneva, purisattayayojana½.
Vacanehi yuta½ dv²hi, icchitabbanti no ruci;
bh±ve kriy±pada½ n±ma, p±¼iya½ atiduddasa½;
tasm± taggahaº³p±yo, vutto ett±vat± may±ti.

Aya½ bh±vassa kriy±pad±na½ niddeso.

Eva½ suddhakattukriy±pad±ni hetukattukriy±pad±ni kammuno kriy±pad±ni, bh±vassa kriy±pad±ni c±ti catudh±, kammakattukriy±padehi v± pañcadh± bh³dh±tuto nipphann±ni kriy±pad±ni n±nappak±rena niddiµµh±ni, et±ni lokiy±na½ bh±vabhedavasena voh±rabhedo hot²ti dassanattha½ visu½ visu½ vutt±ni. Atthato pana kammakattubh±vak±rakattayavasena tividh±neva. Hetukatt± hi suddhakattusaªkh±te k±rake tassaªgabh±vato saªgahamupagacchati, tath± kammakatt± kammak±rake, bh±vo pana kevalo. So hi gamanapacanalavan±divasen±nekavidhopi kriy±sabh±vatt± bhedarahito k±rakantaro. Eva½ santepi dabbasannissitatt± dabbabhedena bhijjati. Tena p±vacane bh±vav±caka½ pada½ bahuvacanantampi dissati. ¾khy±tikapade bh±vak±rakavoh±ro niruttinaya½ niss±ya gato, atthato pana bh±vassa k±rakat± nupapajjati. So hi na kiñci janeti, na ca kriy±ya nimitta½. Kriy±nimittabh±voyeva hi k±rakalakkhaºa½. Iti mukhyato v± hetuto v± bh±vassa k±rakat± na labbhati. Eva½ santepi so karaºamattatt± k±raka½. Tath± hi karaºa½ k±ro, kriy±, tadeva k±rakanti bh±vassa k±rakat± daµµhabb±. Yasm± pana kriy±nimittabh±voyeva k±rakalakkhaºa½, tasm± n±mikapade k±rakalakkhaºe bh±vak±rakanti voh±ra½ pah±ya kattukammakaraºasampad±n±p±d±n±dhikaraº±na½ channa½ vatth³na½ kattuk±rakakammak±rakanti-±di voh±ro kariyati veyy±karaºehi. Eva½ niruttinaya½ niss±ya vutta½ bh±vak±rakañca dve ca kammakattuk±rak±n²ti k±rakattaya½ bhavati. Tadd²pakañc±khy±tikapada½ tik±raka½.
Imamatthañhi sandh±ya, vuttam±cariyehipi;
mah±veyy±karaºehi, niruttinayadassibhi.
“Ya½ tik±la½ tipurisa½, kriy±v±ci tik±raka½;
atiliªga½ dvivacana½, tad±khy±tanti vuccat²”ti.
Idha bh±vakammesu attanopaduppatti½ keci akkharacintak± avassamicchant²ti tesa½ mativibh±vanatthamamhehi bh±vakamm±na½ kriy±pad±ni attanopadavasenuddiµµh±ni ceva niddiµµh±ni ca. Sabb±nipi panet±ni tik±rak±ni kriy±pad±ni kriy±padam±lamicchat± parassapadattanopadavasena yojetabb±ni. P±¼i-±d²su hi tik±rak±ni kriy±pad±ni parassapadattanopadavasena dvidh± µhit±ni. Seyyathida½? Bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati. Sam±dhijjh±nakusal±, vandanti lokan±yaka½. Mona½ vuccati ñ±ºa½. Atth±bhisamay± dh²ro, paº¹itoti pavuccati. Katha½ paµipannassa puggalassa r³pa½ vibhoti vibhaviyyati. So pah²yissati. Paº¹ukambale nikkhitta½ bh±sate tapate. P³jako labhate p³ja½. Puttak±m± thiyo y±ca½, labhante t±disa½ suta½. Asito t±di vuccate sabrahm±. Aggij±di pubbeva bh³yate. So pah²yeth±pi no pah²yeth±ti eva½ dvidh± µhit±ni. Atrida½ p±¼ivavatth±na½–
Tik±rak±ni sabb±ni, kriy±pad±ni p±yato;
parassapadayogena, dissanti piµakattaye.
Attanopadayutt±ni, cuººiyesu padesu hi;
at²vapp±ni g±th±su, pad±n²ti bah³ni tu.
G±th±su cevitar±ni, cuººiyesu padesu ca;
subah³neva hutv±na, dissant²ti pak±saye.
Pad±na½ niddeso panati anti-±d²na½ tesa½ tesa½ vacan±namanur³pena yojetabbo. Eva½ tik±rakakriy±pad±ni sar³pato vavatth±nato niddesato ca veditabb±ni.
Id±ni nopasagg±kammik±divasena bhavatissa dh±tussa vinicchaya½ vad±ma–
Nopasagg± akamm± ca, sopasagg± akammik±;
sopasagg± sakamm± ca, iti bh³ti vibh±vit±.
Ida½ tu vacana½ “dhamma-bh³to bhutv±”ti-±disu;
patt±nubhavanattha½ me, vivajjetv± ud²rita½.
Etena pana atthena, nopasaggasakammika½;
gahetv± catudh± hoti, iti ñeyya½ visesato.
Nopasagg± akamm± ca, sopasagg± akammik±;
bh³dh±tu k±rite sante, ekakamm± bhavanti hi.
“Bh±veti kusala½ dhamma½, vibh±vet²”tim±nidha;
dassetabb±ni viññ³hi, s±sanaññ³hi s±sane.
Sopasagg± sakamm± tu, k±ritappaccaye sati;
dvikamm±yeva hot²ti, ñ±tabba½ viññun± katha½.
Abhibh±venti puris±, purise p±ºaj±tika½;
anubh±veti puriso, sampatti½ purisa½ iti.
Ida½ sakammaka½ n±ma, akammakamida½ iti;
kathamamhehi ñ±tabba½, vitth±rena vadetha no.
Vitth±reneva ki½ vattu½, sakkomi ekadesato;
kathayiss±mi sakkacca½, vadato me nibodhatha.
¾khy±tikapada½ n±ma, duvidha½ samud²rita½;
sakammakamakammañca, iti viññ³ vibh±vaye.
Tatra yassa payogamhi, padassa kattun± kriy±;
nipph±dit± vin± kamma½, na hoti ta½ sakammaka½.
“Pacat²”ti hi vutte tu, yena kenaci jantun±;
odana½ v± panañña½ v±, kiñci vatthunti ñ±yati.
Yassa pana payogamhi, kammena rahit± kriy±;
padassa ñ±yate eta½, akammakanti t²raye.
“Tiµµhati devadatto”ti, vutte kenaci jantun±;
µh±na½va buddhivisayo, kammabh³ta½ na kiñcipi.
Sakammakapada½ tattha, katt±ra½ kammameva ca;
pak±seti yath±yoga-miti viññ³ vibh±vaye.
“Odana½ pacati poso, odano paccate saya½”;
iccud±haraº± ñeyy±, avuttepi aya½ nayo.
Akammakapada½ n±ma, katt±ra½ bh±vameva ca;
yath±raha½ pak±seti, iti dh²ropalakkhaye.
Katt±ra½ “tiµµhati”ccatra, s³ceti bh±van±maka½;
“upaµµh²yati” iccatra, avuttepi aya½ nayo.
Eva½ sakammak±kamma½, ñatv± yojeyya buddhim±;
tikammakañca j±neyya, kar±do k±rite sati.
“Suvaººa½ kaµaka½ poso, k±reti purisan”ti ca;
“puriso purise g±ma½, ratha½ v±heti”iccapi.
Ettha bhavatidh±tumhi, nayo eso na labbhati;
tasm± dvikammakaññeva, padamettha vibh±vita½.
Ediso ca nayo n±ma, p±¼iya½ tu na dissati;
ekacc±na½ mateneva, may± eva½ pak±sito.
Ettha ca “tamena½ r±j±, vividh± kammak±raº±;
k±r±pet²”ti yo p±µho, niddese ta½ suniddise.
“Manusseh²”ti ±haritv±, p±µhasesa½ sumedhaso;
“sunakhehipi kh±d±penti”, iti p±µhassa dassan±.
Eta½ naya½ vid³ ñatv±, yoje p±µh±nur³pato;
“suvaººa½ kaµaka½ poso, k±reti puriseni”ti.
Vikaraºappaccay±va, vutt± ettha sar³pato;
sagaºe sagaºe tesa½, vutti½ d²petumeva ca.
“Asmi½ gaºe aya½ dh±tu, hot²”ti tehi viññuno;
viññ±petuñca aññehi, ñ±pan± paccayehi na.
Tath± hi bh±vakammesu, vihito paccayo tu yo;
aµµhavidhepi dh±t³na½, gaºasmi½ sampavattati.
Bh³dh±tujesu r³pesu, asammoh±ya sotuna½;
n±n±vidho nayo eva½, may± ettha pak±sito.
Ye loke appayutt± vividhavikaraº±khy±tasaddesvachek±,
te patv±khy±tasadde avigatavimat² honti ñ±º²pi tasm±;
accantaññeva dh²ro saparahitarato s±sane da¼hapemo,
yoga½ tesa½ payoge paµutaramatita½ patthay±no kareyya.

Iti navaªge s±µµhakathe piµakattaye byappathagat²su

Viññ³na½ kosallatth±ya kate saddan²tippakaraºe

Savikaraº±khy±tavibh±go n±ma

Paµhamo paricchedo.