Dhammañcar±mapparalokahetu,
Tasm± hi amha½ dahar± na miyyare”ti ca,
“Yo ñ±t²na½ sakh²na½ v±, d±resu paµidissati;
sahas± sampiy±yena, ta½ jaññ±vasalo it²”ti ca,
“Sehi d±rehi’santuµµho, vesiy±su padissati;
dissati parad±resu, ta½ par±bhavato mukhan”ti ca,

“Puttesu d±resu ca y± apekkh±”ti ca by±se, sam±se pana “puttad±r± dis± pacch±, puttad±rehi mattano”ti ca evam±dayo bahuvacanappayog± bahavo bhavanti.

Ekavacanappayog± pana app±. Seyyathida½? “Gar³na½ d±re, dhamma½ care yopi samuñjaka½ care, d±rañca posa½ dadamappakasmin”ti ca,
“Ye gahaµµh± puññakar±, s²lavanto up±sak±;
dhammena d±ra½ posenti, te namass±mi m±tal²”ti ca,
“Parad±ra½ na gaccheyya½, sad±rapasuto siyan”ti ca,
“Yo icche puriso hotu½, j±ti½ j±ti½ punappuna½;
parad±ra½ vivajjeyya, dhotap±dova kaddaman”ti ca

Evam±dayo ekavacanappayog± app±.

Sam±h±ralakkhaºavasena panesa d±rasaddo napu½sakaliªgekavacanopi katthaci bhavati. “¾d±ya puttad±ra½. Puttad±rassa saªgaho”iti eva½ idha vuttappak±rena liªgañca atthañca sallakkhetv± “puriso puris±”ti pavatta½ purisasaddanaya½ niss±ya sabbesa½ “bh³to bh±vako bhavo”ti-±d²na½ bh³dh±tumay±na½ aññesañcok±rantapad±na½ n±mikapadam±l±su saddh±sampannehi kulaputtehi saddhammaµµhitiy± kosallamupp±detabba½.
Ki½ pana sabb±ni ok±rantapad±ni purisanaye sabbappak±rena ekasadis±neva hutv± paviµµh±n²ti? Na paviµµh±ni. K±nici hi ok±rantapad±ni purisanaye sabbath± paviµµh±ni ca honti, ekadesena paviµµh±ni ca, k±nici ok±rantapad±ni purisanaye ekadesena paviµµh±ni ca honti, ekadesena na paviµµh±ni ca, k±nici ok±rantapad±ni purisanaye sabbath± appaviµµh±neva. Tatra katam±ni k±nici ok±rantapad±ni purisanaye sabbath± paviµµh±ni ca honti, ekadesena paviµµh±ni ca? “Saro vayo ceto”ti-±d²ni. Saroiti hi aya½saddo ususaddasaravana-ak±r±disarav±cako ce, purisanaye sabbath± paviµµho. Rahadav±cako ce, manogaºapakkhikatt± purisanaye ekadesena paviµµho. Vayoiti saddo parih±niv±cako ce, purisanaye sabbath± paviµµho. ¾yukoµµh±sav±cako ce, manogaºapakkhikatt± purisanaye ekadesena paviµµho. Ceto iti saddo yadi paººattiv±cako, purisanaye sabbath± paviµµho. Yadi pana cittav±cako, manogaºapakkhikatt± purisanaye ekadesena paviµµho. Manogaºo ca n±ma–
Mano vaco vayo tejo,
tapo ceto tamo yaso;
ayo payo siro chando,
saro uro raho aho–

Ime so¼asa.

Id±ni yath±vuttassa p±kaµ²karaºattha½ manasadd±d²na½ n±mikapadam±la½ kathay±ma–
Mano man±. Mana½, mano, mane. Manas±, manena, manehi, manebhi. Manaso, manassa, man±na½. Man±, manasm±, manamh±, manehi, manebhi. Manaso, manassa, man±na½. Manasi, mane, manasmi½, manamhi, manesu. Bho mana, bhavanto man±.
Atha v± “bho man±”iti bahuvacanampi ñeyya½. Eva½ vaco, vac±. Vaca½, vaco, vace. Vacas±ti-±din± n±mikapadam±l± yojetabb±. Ahasaddassa pana bhummekavacanaµµh±ne ahasi, ahe, ahasmi½, ahamhi, ahu, ahan²ti yojetabb±.
Id±ni r³pantaravisesadassanattha½ napu½sakaliªgassa manasaddassapi n±mikapadam±la½ vad±ma, aµµh±ne aya½ kathit±ti na codetabba½.
Mana½, man±ni, man±. Mana½, man±ni, mane. Manena, manehi, manebhi. Manassa, manaso, man±na½. Man±, manasm±, manamh±, manehi, manebhi. Manassa, manaso, man±na½. Mane, manasmi½, manamhi, manesu. Bho mana, bhavanto man±. Atha v± “bho man±ni, bho man±”evampi bahuvacana½ veditabba½. Evamuttaratr±pi nayo.
Ettha ca pulliªgassa manasaddassa paccattakaraºasampad±nas±mibhummavacan±ni mano manas± manaso manas²ti r³p±ni µhapetv± y±ni ses±ni, napu½sakaliªgassa ca manasaddassa paccattavacan±ni “mana½ man±n²”ti r³p±ni ca, aµµhamyopayogavacan±na½ “mana½ man±n²”ti r³padvayañca µhapetv± y±ni ses±ni, t±ni sabb±ni kamato samasam±ni.
Keci ok±ranto manoiti saddo napu½sakaliªgoti vadanti, te vattabb±– yadi so napu½sakaliªgo siy±, tassadisehi vaco vayoti-±disaddehipi napu½sakaliªgeheva bhavitabba½, na “te napu½sakaliªg±”ti gar³ vadanti, “pulliªg±”icceva vadanti. Yasm± ca p±¼iya½ “k±yo anicco; mano anicco”ti ca “k±yo dukkho, mano dukkho”ti ca “nicco v± anicco v±ti anicco bhante”ti ca evam±dayo pulliªgappayog± bahavo diµµh±. Tena ñ±yati manosaddo ekantena pulliªgoti. Yadi pana napu½sakaliªgosiy±, “anicco dukkho”ti evam±d²ni ta½sam±n±dhikaraº±ni anekapadasat±nipi napu½sakaliªg±neva siyu½. Na hi t±ni napu½sakaliªg±ni, atha kho abhidheyyaliªg±nuvattak±ni v±ccaliªg±ni. Eva½ manosaddassa pulliªgat± paccetabb±ti, sace manosaddo napu½sakaliªgo na hoti, katha½ “man±n²”ti napu½sakar³pa½ dissat²ti? Sacca½ “man±n²”ti napu½sakaliªgameva, tath±pi manogaºe pamukhabh±vena gahitassok±rantassa manasaddassa r³pa½ na hoti. Atha kiñcarah²ti ce? Cittasaddena sam±naliªgassa sam±nasutittepi manogaºe apariy±pannassa niggah²tantasseva manasaddassa r³pa½. Manasaddo hi punnapu½sakavasena dvidh± bhijjati “mano mana½”iti yath± “ajjavo-ajjavan”ti. “Mano ce nappadussati. Santa½ tassa mana½ hot²”ti hi p±¼i. Yadi ca so manosaddo napu½sakaliªgo na hoti.
“Garu cetiyapabbatavattaniy±,
pamad± pamad± pamad± vimada½;
samaºa½ sunisamma ak± hasita½,
patita½ asubhesu munissa mano”ti

Ettha manosaddena sam±n±dhikaraºo “patitan”ti saddo napu½sakaliªgabh±vena kasm± sannihito. Yasm± ca sam±n±dhikaraºapada½ napu½sakaliªgabh±vena sannihita½, tasm± saddantarasannidh±navasena manosaddo napu½sakaliªgoti ñ±yat²ti? Tanna, sam±n±dhikaraºapadassa sabbattha liªgavises±jotanato. Yadi hi sam±n±dhikaraºapada½ sabbattha liªgavisesa½ joteyya, “catt±ro indriy±n²”ti etth±pi “catt±ro”ti pada½ indriyasaddassa pulliªgatta½ kareyya, na ca k±tu½ sakkoti. Indriyasaddo hi ekantena napu½sakaliªgo. Yadi tumhe “patitan”ti sam±n±dhikaraºapada½ niss±ya manosaddassa napu½sakaliªgattamicchatha, “catt±ro indriy±n²”ti etthapi “catt±ro”ti sam±n±dhikaraºapada½ niss±ya indriyasaddassa pulliªgatta½ icchath±ti. Na maya½ bho indriyasaddassa pulliªgatta½ icch±ma, atha kho napu½sakaliªgatta½yeva icch±ma, “catt±ro”ti pada½ liªgavipall±savasena µhitatt± “catt±r²”ti gaºh±ma, tasm± “catt±ri indriy±n²”ti attha½ dh±rem±ti. Yadi eva½ “patita½ asubhesu munissa mano”ti etth±pi “patitan”ti pada½ liªgavipall±savasena µhitanti mantv± “patito”ti attha½ dh±reth±ti. Na dh±rema ettha liªgavipall±sassa anicchitabbato. Yadi hi manosaddo pulliªgo siy±, ta½sam±n±dhikaraºapada½ “patito”ti vattabba½ siy±. Kim±cariyo eva½ vattu½ na j±ni, j±nam±no eva so “patito”ti n±voca, “patitan”ti pan±voca, tena ñ±yati “manosaddo napu½sakaliªgo”ti. M± tumhe eva½ vadetha, sam±n±dhikaraºapada½ n±ma katthaci padh±naliªgamanuvattati, katthaci n±nuvattati, tasm± na ta½ liªgavisesajotane ekantato pam±ºa½. “M±tug±mo, orodho, ±vuso vis±kha, ehi vis±khe, citt±ni aµµh²n²”ti evam±dir³pavisesoyeva pam±ºa½. Yadi sam±n±dhikaraºapadeyeva liªgaviseso adhigantabbo siy±, “catt±ro ca mah±bh³t±”ti-±d²su liªgavavatth±na½ na siy±. Yasm± evam±d²supi µh±nesu liªgavavatth±na½ hotiyeva. Katha½? “Catt±ro”ti pulliªga½ “mah±bh³t±”ti napu½sakanti, tasm± “patita½ asubhesu munissa mano”ti etth±pi “patitan”ti napu½sakaliªga½ “mano”ti pulliªganti vavatth±na½ bhavat²ti. Ida½ sutv± te tuºh² bhavissanti. Tato tesa½ tuºh²bh³t±na½ ida½ vattabba½– yasm± manogaºe pavatt±na½ pad±na½ sam±n±dhikaraºapad±ni katthaci napu½sakavasena yojetabb±ni, tasm± manogaºe pamukhassa manosaddassapi sam±n±dhikaraºapad±ni katthaci napu½sakavasena yojit±ni. Tath± hi pubb±cariy± “saddhammatejavihata½ vilaya½ khaºena, veneyyasattahadayesu tamo’pay±ti. Dukkha½ vaco etasminti dubbaco. Avanata½ siro yassa soya½ ava½siro, appaka½ r±g±di rajo yesa½ paññ±maye akkhimhi te apparajakkh±”ti-±din± saddaracana½ kubbi½su, na pana tehi vaco siro rajosadd±d²na½ napu½sakaliªgatta½ vibh±vetu½ ²dis² saddaracan± kat±, atha kho siromanosadd±na½ manogaºe pavatt±na½ pulliªgasadd±na½ katthacipi ²dis±nipi liªgavipall±savasena µhit±ni sam±n±dhikaraºapad±ni hont²ti paresa½ j±n±pan±dhipp±yavatiy± anukamp±ya viracit±. Etth±pi tumh±ka½ matena manosaddassa napu½sakaliªgatte sati vaco siro icc±dayopi napu½sakaliªgattam±pajjanti napu½sakaliªgavasena sam±n±dhikaraºapad±na½ niddiµµhatt±. Ki½ panetesampi napu½sakaliªgatta½ icchath±ti. Addh± te idampi sutv± nibbeµhetumasakkont± tuºh² bhavissanti. Kiñc±pi te añña½ gahetabbak±raºa½ apassant± eva½ vadeyyu½ “yadi bho mano saddo napu½sakaliªgona hoti, kasm± veyy±karaº± ‘manosaddo napu½sakaliªgo’ti vadant²”ti? Te vattabb±– yadi tumhe veyy±karaºamata½ gahetv± manosaddassa napu½sakaliªgatta½ rocetha, nanu bhagav±yeva loke asadiso mah±veyy±karaºo mah±puriso vis±rado parappav±damaddano. Bhagavantañhi padak± veyy±karaº± ambaµµham±ºavapokkharas±tisoºadaº¹±dayo ca br±hmaº± saccakanigaºµh±dayo ca paribb±jak± v±dena na samp±puºi½su, aññadatthu bhagav±yeva mattav±raºagaºamajjhe kesaras²ho viya asambh²to nesa½ nesa½ v±da½ maddesi, mahante ca ne atthe patiµµh±pesi, eva½vidhena bhagavat± voh±rakusalena yasm± “k±yo anicco”ti ca “k±yo dukkho, mano anicco, mano dukkho”ti ca evam±din± vutt± manosaddassa pulliªgabh±vas³canik± bah³ p±¼iyo dissanti, tasm± manosaddo pulliªgoyev±ti s±rato paccetabboti. Eva½ vutt± te niruttar± appaµibh±n± maªkubh³t± pattakkhandh± adhomukh± pajjh±yissanti.

Id±ni sarasadd±d²na½ n±mikapadam±l± visesato vuccate–
Saro, sar±. Sara½, sare. Sarena, sarehi, sarebhi. Sarassa, sar±na½. Sar±, sarasm±, saramh±, sarehi, sarebhi. Sarassa, sar±na½. Sare, sarasmi½, saramhi, saresu. Bho sara, bhavanto sar±.
Aya½ purisanaye sabbath± paviµµhassa ususaddasaravana-ak±r±disarav±cakassa sarasaddassa n±mikapadam±l±.
Aya½ pana purisanaye ekadesena paviµµhassa manogaºapakkhikassa rahadav±cakassa sarasaddassa n±mikapadam±l±–