5. Ok±rantapulliŖgan±mikapadam±l±

Bh³ dh±tuto pavatt±na½, n±mik±namito para½;
n±mam±la½ pak±sissa½, n±mam±lantarampi ca.
Vippakiŗŗakath± ettha, eva½ vutte na hessati;
pabhedo n±mam±l±na½, paripuŗŗova hehiti.
Pubb±cariyas²h±na½, tasm± idha mata½ suta½;
purecara½ karitv±na, vakkh±mi savinicchaya½.
Puriso, puris±. Purisa½, purise. Purisena, purisehi, purisebhi. Purisassa, puris±na½. Puris±, purisasm±, purisamh±, purisehi, purisebhi. Purisassa, puris±na½. Purise, purisasmi½, purisamhi, purisesu. Bho purisa, bhavanto puris±.
Ayam±yasmat± mah±kacc±nena pabhinnapaµisambhidena katasm± niruttipiµakato uddharito purisaiccetassa pakatir³passa n±mikapadam±l±nayo. Tatra purisavacana-ekavacanaputhuvacanesu paccattavacan±d²ni bhavanti. Ta½ yath±? Puriso tiµµhati, puris± tiµµhanti. Tatra purisoti purisavacane ekavacane paccattavacana½ bhavati, puris±ti purisavacane puthuvacane paccattavacana½ bhavati.
Purisa½ passati, purise passati. Tatra purisanti purisavacane ekavacane upayogavacana½ bhavati, puriseti purisavacane puthuvacane upayogavacana½ bhavati.
Purisena kata½, purisehi kata½, purisebhi kata½. Tatra purisen±ti purisavacane ekavacane karaŗavacana½ bhavati, purisehi, purisebh²ti purisavacane puthuvacane karaŗavacana½ bhavati.
Purisassa d²yate, puris±na½ d²yate. Tatra purisass±ti purisavacane ekavacane sampad±navacana½ bhavati, puris±nanti purisavacane puthuvacane sampad±navacana½ bhavati.
Puris± nissaµa½, purisasm± nissaµa½, purisamh± nissaµa½, purisehi nissaµa½, purisebhi nissaµa½. Tatra puris±ti purisavacane ekavacane nissakkavacana½ bhavati. Purisasm±ti…pe… purisamh±ti purisavacane ekavacane nissakkavacana½ bhavati, purisehi, purisebh²ti purisavacane puthuvacane nissakkavacana½ bhavati.
Purisassa pariggaho, puris±na½ pariggaho. Tatra purisass±ti purisavacane ekavacane s±mivacana½ bhavati, puris±nanti purisavacane puthuvacane s±mivacana½ bhavati.
Purise patiµµhita½, purisasmi½ patiµµhita½, purisamhi patiµµhita½, purisesu patiµµhita½. Tatra puriseti purisavacane ekavacane bhummavacana½ bhavati, purisasminti…pe… purisamh²ti…pe… purises³ti purisavacane puthuvacane bhummavacana½ bhavati.
Bho purisa tiµµha, bhavanto puris± tiµµhatha. Tatra bho purisaiti purisavacane ekavacane ±lapana½ bhavati, bhavanto puris±iti purisavacane puthuvacane ±lapana½ bhavat²ti imin± nayena sabbattha nayo vitth±retabbo.
Yamakamah±therena kat±ya pana c³¼aniruttiya½ “bho purisa”iti rassavasena ±lapanekavacana½ vatv± “bho puris±”iti d²ghavasena ±lapanabahuvacana½ vutta½. Kińc±pi t±diso nayo niruttipiµake natthi, tath±pi bah³nam±lapanavisaye “bho yakkh±”iti-±d²na½ ±lapanabahuvacan±na½ j±takaµµhakath±d²su dissanato pasatthatarova hoti vińń³na½ pam±ŗańca, tasm± imin± yamakamah±theramatenapi “puriso puris± purisan”ti-±d²ni vatv± ±mantane “bho purisa, bho puris±, bhavanto puris±”ti n±mikapadam±l± yojetabb±.
Tattha purisoti paµham±ya ekavacana½. Puris±ti bahuvacana½. Purisanti dutiy±ya ekavacana½. Puriseti bahuvacana½. Purisen±ti tatiy±ya ekavacana½. Purisehi, purisebh²ti dve bahuvacan±ni. Purisass±ti catutthiy± ekavacana½. Puris±nanti bahuvacana½. Puris±, purisasm±, purisamh±ti t²ŗi pańcamiy± ekavacan±ni. Purisehi, purisebh²ti dve bahuvacan±ni. Purisass±ti chaµµhiy± ekavacana½. Puris±nanti bahuvacana½. Purise, purisasmi½, purisamh²ti t²ŗi sattamiy± ekavacan±ni. Purises³ti bahuvacana½. Bho puris±ti aµµhamiy± ekavacana½. Bho puris±, bhavanto puris±ti dve bahuvacan±ni.
Kińc±petesu “puris±”ti ida½ paµham±pańcam²-aµµham²na½, “purise”ti ida½ dutiy±sattam²na½, “purisehi, purisebh²”ti tatiy±pańcam²na½, “puris±nan”ti catutth²chaµµh²na½ ekasadisa½, tath±pi atthavasena asaŖkarabh±vo veditabbo. Katha½? “Puriso tiµµhati, puris± tiµµhanti. Purisa½ passati, purise passat²”ti-±din±.
Tattha ca bhoti ±mantanatthe nip±to. So na kevala½ ekavacana½yeva hoti, atha kho bahuvacanampi hot²ti “bho puris±”iti bahuvacanappayogopi gahito. “Bhavanto”tida½ pana bahuvacanameva hot²ti “puris±”ti puna vuttanti daµµhabba½. Iti yamakamah±therena “bho purisa”iti rassavasena ±lapanekavacana½ vatv± “bho puris±”iti d²ghavasena ±lapanabahuvacana½ vutta½. Tath± hi p±¼iya½ aµµhakath±su ca nip±tabh³to bhosaddo ekavacanabahuvacanavasena dvidh± bhijjati. Atrim±ni nidassanapad±ni– “api nu kho sapariggah±na½ tevijj±na½ br±hmaŗ±na½ apariggahena brahmun± saddhi½ sa½sandati samet²ti, no hida½ bho gotama. Acchariya½ bho ±nanda, abbhuta½ bho ±nanda, ehi bho samaŗa, bho pabbajita”icc±dip±¼ito aµµhakath±to ca bhosaddassa ekavacanappayoge pavattinidassana½, “tena hi bho mamapi suŗ±tha. Yath± mayameva arah±ma ta½ bhavanta½ gotama½ dassan±ya upasaŖkamitu½, n±ha½ bho samaŗassa gotamassa subh±sita½ subh±sitato n±bbhanumod±mi, passatha bho ima½ kulaputta½. Bho yakkh± aha½ ima½ tumh±ka½ bh±jetv± dadeyya½. Aparisuddho panamhi, bho dhutt± tumh±ka½ kriy± mayha½ na ruccati. So te purise ±ha bho tumhe ma½ m±rent± rańńo dassetv±va m±reth±”ti icc±di pana p±¼ito aµµhakath±to ca bhosaddassa bahuvacanappayoge pavattinidassana½. Kacc±yanappakaraŗe pana “bho purisa, bho puris±”ti padadvaya½ ±lapanekavacanavasena vutta½. Ta½ yath± ±gamehi na virujjhati, tath± gahetabba½.
Keci pana ad³raµµhass±lapane “bho purisa”iti rassavasena ±lapanekavacana½ icchanti, d³raµµhass±lapane pana “bho puris±”iti d²ghavasena ±lapanekavacana½ icchanti. Ad³raµµh±na½ d³raµµh±nańca puris±na½ itth²nańca ±lapane na kińci vadanti. Tath± ad³raµµh±ya d³raµµh±ya ca itthiy± ±lapane te pucchitabb± “ad³raµµh±na½ d³raµµh±nańca puris±nam±lapane katha½ vattabban”ti. Addh± te eva½ puµµh± uttari kińci vattu½ na sakkhissanti. Evampi te ce vadeyyu½ “bhavanto puris±ti imin±va ad³raµµh±na½ d³raµµh±nańca puris±nam±lapana½ bhavat²”ti. Tad± te vattabb± “yadi bhavanto puris±”ti imin± advejjhena vacanena ad³raµµh±na½ d³raµµh±nańca puris±nam±lapana½ bhavati, eva½ sante “bho purisa”iti rassapadenapi d³raµµhassa ca purisass±lapana½ vattabba½, eva½ avatv± kimattha½ ad³raµµhass±lapane “bho purisa”iti rassavasena ±lapanekavacana½ icchatha, kimatthańca d³raµµhass±lapane “bho puris±”iti d²ghavasena ±lapanekavacana½ icchatha.
Nanu “taggha bhagav± bojjhaŖg±, taggha sugata bojjhaŖg±”ti-±d²su ±lapanapadabh³ta½ “bhagav±”iti d²ghapada½ sam²pe µhitak±lepi d³re µhitak±lepi buddhass±lapanapada½ bhavitumarahateva, tath± ±lapanapadabh³ta½ “sugata”iti rassapadampi. Yasm± panetesu “bhagav±”ti ±lapanapadassa na katthacipi rassatta½ dissati, “sugat±”ti ±lapanapadassa ca na katthacipi d²ghatta½ dissati, tasm± d²gharassamatt±bheda½ acintetv± “purisa”iti rassavasena vuttapada½ pakatissaravasena sam²pe µhitassa purisassa ±mantanak±le ad³raµµhass±lapanapada½ bhavati, ±yatassaravasena d³re µhitapurisassa ±mantanak±le d³raµµhass±lapanapada½ bhavat²ti gahetabba½. Tath± “bhavanto puris±, bho yakkh±, bho dhutt±”ti-±d²ni d²ghavasena vutt±ni ±lapanabahuvacanapad±nipi pakatissaravasena sam²pe µhitapuris±na½ ±mantanak±le ad³raµµh±nam±lapanapad±ni bhavanti, ±yatassaravasena d³re µhitapuris±d²na½ ±mantanak±le d³raµµh±nam±lapanapad±ni bhavant²ti gahetabb±ni. Tath± hi br±hmaŗ± katthaci katthaci rassaµµh±nepi d²ghaµµh±nepi ±yatena sarena majjhim±yatena sarena acc±yatena ca sarena veda½ paµhanti likhitumasakkuŗeyyena g²tassarena viya. Iti sabbakkharesupi ±yatena sarenucc±raŗa½ labbhateva likhitumasakkuŗeyya½, tasm± asampathamanotaritv± “bho purisa”iti vacanena d³raµµhassa ca ad³raµµhassa ca purisass±lapana½ bhavati, “bho puris±, bhavanto puris±”ti imehi vacanehipi d³raµµh±nańca ad³raµµh±nańca puris±nam±lapana½ bhavat²ti daµµhabba½. Iti d³raµµhassa ad³raµµh±nańca ±yatena sarena ±mantanameva pam±ŗa½, na d²gharassamatt±viseso, tasm± “bho sattha, bho r±ja, bho gaccha, bho muni, bho daŗ¹i, bho bhikkhu, bho sayambhu, bhoti kańńe, bhoti patti, bhoti itthi, bhoti y±gu, bhoti vadhu, bho kula, bho aµµhi, bho cakkhu”iccevam±d²hi padehi ad³raµµhass±lapanańca d³raµµhass±lapanańca bhavati. “Bhavanto satth±, satth±ro, bhotiyo kańń±, kańń±yo”ti evam±d²hipi padehi ad³raµµh±nańc±lapana½ bhavat²ti daµµhabba½.
Ida½ panettha sanniµµh±na½–
Tassa ta½ vacana½ sutv±, rańńo putta½ adassayu½;
putto ca pitara½ disv±, d³ratovajjhabh±satha.
¾gacchu dov±rik± khaggabandh±,
k±s±viy± hantu mama½ janinda;
akkh±hi me pucchito etamattha½,
apar±dho ko nvidha mamajja atthi.
Eva½ saddhammar±jena, voh±rakusalena ve;
sudesite somanassa-j±take sabbadassin±.
D³raµµh±nepi rassatta½, “janinda”iti dissati;
na katthacipi d²ghatta½, iti n²ti may± mat±.
Idampettha vattabba½ “kuto nu bho idam±y±ta½ ‘d³raµµhass±lapana½ ad³raµµhass±lapanami’ti”? Saddasatthato. Saddasattha½ n±ma na sabbaso buddhavacanassopak±raka½, ekadesena pana hoti.
Imasmi½ pakaraŗe “bahuvacanan”ti v± “puthuvacanan”ti v± “anekavacanan”ti v± atthato eka½, byańjanameva n±na½, tasm± sabbattha “bahuvacanan”ti v± “puthuvacanan”ti v± “anekavacanan”ti v± voh±ro k±tabbo, puthuvacana½ anekavacananti ca ida½ s±sane niruttańń³na½ voh±ro, itara½ saddasatthavid³na½.
Kasm± pana imasmi½ pakaraŗe dvivacana½ na vuttanti? Yasm± buddhavacane dvivacana½ n±ma natthi, tasm± na vuttanti. Nanu buddhavacane vacanattaya½ atthi, tath± hi “±yasm±”ti ida½ ekavacana½, “±yasmant±”ti ida½ dvivacana½, “±yasmanto”ti ida½ bahuvacananti? Tanna, yadi “±yasmant±”ti ida½ vacana½ dvivacana½ bhaveyya, “puriso puris±”ti-±d²su katara½ dvivacananti vadeyy±tha, tasm± buddhavacane dvivacana½ n±ma natthi. Teneva hi si yo a½ yo n± h²ti-±din± ekavacanabahuvacan±neva dassit±n²ti.
Nanu ca bho “suŗantu me ±yasmant±, ajja uposatho pannaraso. Yad±yasmant±na½ pattakalla½, maya½ ańńamańńa½ p±risuddhi-uposatha½ kareyy±m±”ti p±¼iya½ dve sandh±ya “±yasmant±”ti vutta½, “uddiµµh± kho ±yasmanto catt±ro p±r±jik± dhamm±”ti-±d²su pana p±¼²su bahavo sandh±ya “±yasmanto”ti vutta½, na ca sakk± vattu½ “yath± tath± vuttan”ti pariv±s±di-±rocanepi aµµhakath±cariyehi vińń±tasugat±dhipp±yehi “dvinna½ ±rocentena ‘±yasmant± dh±rent³’ti, tiŗŗa½ ±rocentena ‘±yasmanto dh±rent³’ti vattabban”ti vuttatt±ti? Sacca½ vutta½, ta½ pana vinayavoh±ravasena vuttanti. Nanu vinayo buddhavacana½, kasm± “buddhavacane dvivacana½ n±ma natth²”ti vadath±ti? Sacca½ vinayo buddhavacana½, tath±pi vinayakammavasena vuttatt± upalakkhaŗamatta½, na sabbas±dh±raŗabahuvacanapariy±panna½. Yadi hi “±yasmant±”ti ida½ dvivacana½ siy±, tappayog±nipi kriy±pad±ni dvivacan±neva siyu½, tath±r³p±nipi kriy±pad±ni na santi. Na hi akkharasamayakovido jh±nal±bh²pi dibbacakkhun± vassasatampi vassasahassampi samavekkhanto buddhavacane ekampi kriy±pada½ dvivacananti passeyya, eva½ kriy±padesu dvivacanass±bh±v± n±mikapadesu dvivacana½ natthi. N±mikapadesu tadabh±v±pi kriy±padesu tadabh±vo veditabbo. Sakkaµabh±s±ya½ dv²supi dvivacan±ni santi, m±gadhabh±s±ya½ pana natthi.