4. Bh³dh±tumayan±mikar³pavibh±ga

“Bh³ satt±yan”ti dh±tussa, r³pam±khy±tasaññita½;
ty±dyanta½ lapita½ n±na-ppak±rehi an±kula½.
Sy±dyanta½, d±ni tasseva, r³pa½ n±mikasavhaya½;
bh±sissa½ bh±sitatthesu, paµubh±v±ya sotuna½.
Yadatthe’ttani n±meti, para’matthesu v± saya½;
namat²ti tad±ha½su, n±ma½ iti vibh±vino.
N±ma½ n±mikamiccatra, ekamevetthato bhave;
tadeva½ n±mika½ ñe yya½, saliªga½ savibhattika½.
Satv±bhidh±na½ liªganti, itthipumanapu½saka½;
vibhatt²tidha satteva, tattha caµµha pavuccare.
Paµham± dutiy± tatiy±, catutth² pañcam² tath±;
chaµµh² ca sattam² c±ti, honti satta vibhattiyo.
Liªgatthe paµham± s±ya½, bhinn± dvedh± siyo iti;
kammatthe dutiy± s±pi, bhinn± a½ yo iti dvidh±.
Karaºe tatiy± s±pi, bhinn± n± hi iti dvidh±;
sampad±ne catutth² s±, bhinn± dvedh± sa na½ iti.
Ap±d±ne pañcam² s±, bhinn± dvedh± sm± hi iti;
chaµµh² s±mimhi s± c±pi, bhinn± dvedh± sa na½ iti.
Ok±se sattam² s±pi, bhinn± dvedh± smi½su iti;
±mantanaµµham² s±ya½, siyoyev±ti cuddasa.
Vacanadvayasa½yutt±, ekek± t± vibhattiyo;
satvamitiha viññeyyo, attho so dabbasaññito.
Yo karotisa katt±tu, ta½ kamma½ ya½ karoti v±;
kubbate yena v± tantu, karaºa½ iti saññita½.
Deti rocati v± yassa, sampad±nanti ta½ mata½;
yatopeti bhaya½ v± ta½, ap±d±nanti kittita½.
Yass±yatto sam³hov±, ta½ ve s±m²ti desita½;
yasmi½ karoti kiriya½, tadok±santi saddita½.
Yad±lapati ta½ vatthu, ±mantanamud²rita½;
sadden±bhimukh²k±ro, vijjam±nassa v± pana.
Vin± ±lapanattha½ liªgatth±d²su paµham±divibhattuppatti upalakkhaºavasena vutt±ti daµµhabba½.
Idamettha niruttilakkhaºa½ daµµhabba½– paccattavacane paµham± vibhatti bhavati, upayogavacane dutiy± vibhatti bhavati, karaºavacane tatiy± vibhatti bhavati, sampad±navacane catutth² vibhatti bhavati, nissakkavacane pañcam² vibhatti bhavati, s±mivacane chaµµh² vibhatti bhavati, bhummavacane sattam² vibhatti bhavati, ±mantanavacane aµµham² vibhatti bhavati. Tatrudd±na½–
Paccattamupayogañca, karaºa½ sampad±niya½;
nissakka½ s±mivacana½, bhummam±lapanaµµhama½.
Tatra paccattavacana½ n±ma tividhaliªgavavatth±nagat±na½ itthipumanapu½sak±na½ paccattasabh±vaniddesattho. Upayogavacana½ n±ma yo ya½ karoti, tena tadupayuttaparid²panattho. Karaºavacana½ n±ma tajj±pakatanibbattakaparid²panattho. Sampad±navacana½ n±ma tappad±naparid²panattho. Nissakkavacana½ n±ma tannissaµatadapagamaparid²panattho. S±mivacana½ n±ma tadissaraparid²panattho. Bhummavacana½ n±ma tappatiµµh±parid²panattho. ¾mantanavacana½ n±ma tad±mantanaparid²panattho. Eva½ ñatv± payog±ni asammuyhantena yojetabb±ni.
Bh³to, bh±vako, bhavo, abhavo, bh±vo, abh±vo, sabh±vo, sabbh±vo, sambhavo, pabhavo, pabh±vo, anubhavo, ±nubh±vo, par±bhavo, vibhavo, p±tubh±vo, ±vibh±vo, tirobh±vo, vin±bh±vo, sotthibh±vo, atthibh±vo, natthibh±voti ok±rantapulliªga½.
Abhibhavit±, paribhavit±, anubhavit±, samanubhavit±, bh±vit±, paccanubhavit±ti ±k±rantapulliªga½.
Bhava½, par±bhava½, paribhava½, abhibhava½, anubhava½, samanubhava½, paccanubhava½, pabhava½, appabhavanti niggah²tantapulliªga½.
Dhanabh³ti, siribh³ti, sotthibh³ti, suvatthibh³t²ti ik±rantapulliªga½.
Bh±v², vibh±v², sambh±v², paribh±v²ti ²k±rantapulliªga½.
Sayambh³, pabh³, abhibh³, vibh³, adhibh³, patibh³, gotrabh³, vatrabh³, par±bhibh³, r³p±bhibh³, sadd±bhibh³, gandh±bhibh³, ras±bhibh³, phoµµhabb±bhibh³, dhamm±bhibh³, sabb±bhibh³ti ³k±rantapulliªga½.
Im±nettha chabbidh±ni pulliªg±ni bh³dh±tumay±ni uddiµµh±ni.
Uk±ranta½ pulliªga½tu bh³dh±tumayamappasiddha½, aññadh±tumaya½ panuk±rantapulliªga½ pasiddha½ “bhikkhu, hetu”iti. Tena saddhi½ sattavidh±ni pulliªg±ni honti, sabb±net±ni sabh±vatoyeva pulliªg±n²ti daµµhabb±ni. Ettha sattoti atthav±cako bh³tasaddoyeva niyog± pulliªgantipi daµµhabbo.
Ye pana “yo dhammo bh³to, y± dhammaj±ti bh³t±, ya½ dhammaj±ta½ bh³tan”ti eva½ liªgattaye yojan±rahatt± aniyataliªg± aññepi bh³tapar±bh³tasambh³tasadd±dayo sandissanti p±vacanavare, tepi n±nopasagganip±tapadehi yojanavasena saddaracan±ya½ sukhumatthaggahaºe ca viññ³na½ kosallajananattha½ niyatapulliªgesu pakkhipitv± dassess±ma.
Seyyathida½? Bh³to, par±bh³to, sambh³to, vibh³to, p±tubh³to, ±vibh³to, tirobh³to, vin±bh³to, bhabbo, paribh³to, abhibh³to, adhibh³to, addhabh³to, anubh³to, samanubh³to, paccanubh³to, bh±vito, sambh±vito, vibh±vito, paribh±vito, anuparibh³to, paribhavitabbo, paribhotabbo, paribhavan²yo, abhibhavitabbo, abhibhotabbo, abhibhavan²yo, adhibhavitabbo, adhibhotabbo, adhibhavan²yo, anubhavitabbo, anubhotabbo, anubhavan²yo, samanubhavitabbo, samanubhotabbo, samanubhavan²yo, paccanubhavitabbo, paccanubhotabbo, paccanubhavan²yo, bh±vetabbo, bh±van²yo, sambh±vetabbo, sambh±van²yo, vibh±vetabbo, vibh±van²yo, paribh±vetabbo, paribh±van²yo, bhavam±no, vibhavam±no, paribhavam±no, abhibhavam±no, anubhavam±no, samanubhavam±no, paccanubhavam±no, anubhonto, samanubhonto, paccanubhonto, sambhonto, abhisambhonto, bh±vento, sambh±vento, vibh±vento paribh±vento, paribhaviyam±no, paribhuyyam±no, abhibhaviyam±no, abhibh³yam±no, anubhaviyam±no, anubhuyyam±no, samanubhaviyam±no, samanubhuyyam±no, paccanubhaviyam±no, paccanubhuyyam±noti im±ni niyatapulliªgesu pakkhittaliªg±ni. Evamok±rant±divasena chabbidh±ni pulliªg±ni bh³dh±tumay±ni pak±sit±ni. Aya½ t±va pulliªgavasena ud±haraºuddeso.
Bh±vik±, bh±van±, vibh±van±, sambh±van±, paribh±van±ti ±k±ranta-itthiliªga½.
Bh³mi, bh³ti, vibh³ti. Ik±ranta-itthiliªga½.
Bh³r², bh³t², bhot², vibh±vin², parivibh±vin², sambh±vin², p±tubhavant², p±tubhont², paribhavant², paribhont², abhibhavant², abhibhont², adhibhavant², adhibhont², anubhavant², anubhont², samanubhavant², samanubhont², paccanubhavant², paccanubhont², abhisambhavant², abhisambhont²ti ²k±ranta-itthiliªga½.
Bh³, abh³. Ðk±ranta-itthiliªga½.
Im±nettha catubbidh±ni itthiliªg±ni bh³dh±tumay±ni uddiµµh±ni.
Uk±rantitthiliªga½ bh³dh±tumayamappasiddha½, aññadh±tumaya½ pana uk±rantitthiliªga½ pasiddha½ “dh±tu, dhenu”iti. Tena saddhi½ pañcavidh±ni itthiliªg±ni honti, ok±rantassa v± gosaddassa itthiliªgabh±ve tena saddhi½ chabbidh±nipi honti, sabb±net±ni sabh±vatoyevitthiliªg±n²ti daµµhabb±ni. Etth±pi aniyataliªg± bh³tapar±bh³tasambh³tasadd±dayo itthiliªgavasena yujjante.
Katha½? Bh³t±, par±bh³t±, sambh³t±ti sabba½ vitth±rato gahetabba½ “anubhonto samanubhonto”ti-±d²ni nava pad±ni vajjetv±. T±ni hi ²k±rantavasena yojit±ni. Im±ni niyataliªgesu pakkhittaliªg±ni. Eva½ ±k±rant±divasena catubbidh±ni itthiliªg±ni bh³dh±tumay±ni pak±sit±ni. Aya½ itthiliªgavasena ud±haraºuddeso.
Bh³ta½, mah±bh³ta½, bhavitta½, bh³na½, bhavana½, par±bhavana½, sambhavana½, vibhavana½, p±tubhavana½, ±vibhavana½, tirobhavana½, vin±bhavana½, sotthibhavana½, paribhavana½, abhibhavana½, adhibhavana½, anubhavana½, samanubhavana½, paccanubhavananti niggah²tantanapu½sakaliªga½.
Atthavibh±vi, dhammavibh±vi. Ik±rantanapu½sakaliªga½.
Gotrabhu, cittasahabhu, nacittasahabhu. Uk±rantanapu½sakaliªga½.
Sabb±net±ni sabh±vatoyeva napu½sakaliªg±n²ti daµµhabb±ni. Ettha sattabh³tar³pav±cako bh³tasaddoyeva niyog± napu½sakaliªgotipi daµµhabba½. Etth±pi aniyataliªg± bh³ta par±bh³ta sambh³tasadd±dayo napu½sakaliªgavasena yujjante.
Katha½? Bh³ta½, par±bh³ta½, sambh³ta½, vibh³ta½. Peyy±lo. Samanubhavam±na½, paccanubhavam±na½, anubhonta½, anubhavanta½, samanubhonta½, samanubhavanta½, paccanubhonta½, paccanubhavanta½, sambhonta½, sambhavanta½, abhisambhonta½, abhisambhavanta½, p±tubhonta½, p±tubhavanta½, paribhonta½, paribhavanta½, abhibhonta½, abhibhavanta½, adhibhonta½, adhibhavanta½, bh±venta½, sambh±venta½, vibh±venta½, paribh±venta½, paribh±viyam±na½, paribhuyyam±na½, peyy±lo. Paccanubhaviyam±na½, paccanubhuyyam±nanti im±ni niyatanapu½sakaliªgesu pakkhittaliªg±ni. Eva½ niggah²tant±divasena tividh±ni napu½sakaliªg±ni bh³dh±tumay±ni pak±sit±ni Aya½ napu½sakaliªgavasena ud±haraºuddeso, eva½ pulliªg±divasena liªgattaya½ bh³dh±tumayamuddiµµha½.
Ettha me appasiddh±ti, ye ye sadd± pak±sit±;
te te p±¼ippadesesu, maggitabb± vibh±vin±.
O, ±, bindu, i, ², u, ³-antime sattadh± µhit±;
ñe yy± pulliªgabhed±ti, niruttaññ³hi bh±sit±.
¾ ivaººo cuvaººo ca, pañca ant± sar³pato;
itthibhed±ti viññeyy±, ok±rantena ch±pi v±.
Bindu, i, u-ime ant±, tayo ñeyy± vibh±vin±;
napu½sakappabhed±ti, niruttaññ³hi bh±sit±.
Ant± satteva pulliªge, itthiya½ pañca v± cha v±;
napu½sake tayo eva½, dasa pañcahi chabbidh±.
Yasm± panettha “bh³to”ti-±dayo sadd± nibbacan±bhidheyyakathanatthas±dhakavacanapariy±yavacanatthuddh±ravasena vuccam±n± p±kaµ± honti suviññeyy± ca, tasm± imesa½ nibbacan±d²ni yath±sambhava½ vakkh±ma viññ³na½ tuµµhijananatthañceva sot±r±namatthesu paµutarabuddhipaµil±bh±ya ca. Tatra bh³toti khandhap±tubh±vena bhavat²ti bh³to, ida½ t±va nibbacana½. “Bh³to”ti sabbasaªg±hakavasena satto vuccati, idamabhidheyyakathana½. “Yo ca k±laghaso bh³to. Sabbeva nikkhipissanti, bh³t± loke samussayan”ti ca idametassa atthassa s±dhakavacana½. Atha v± bh³toti eva½n±mako amanussaj±tiyo sattaviseso, idamabhidheyyakathana½. “Bh³tavijj±, bh³tavejjo, bh³taviggahito”ti ca idametassa atthassa s±dhakavacana½. Yañca pana “satto macco paj±”ti-±dika½ tattha tattha ±gata½ vacana½, ida½ sattoti atthav±cakassa bh³tasaddassa pariy±yavacana½. Yañca niddesap±¼iya½ “maccoti satto naro m±navo poso puggalo j²vo jagu jantu hindagu manujo”ti ±gata½, idampi pariy±yavacanameva. T±ni sabb±ni piº¹etv± vuccante–
Satto macco jano bh³to, p±ºo hindagu puggalo;
jantu j²vo jagu yakkho, p±º² deh² tath±gato.
Sattavo m±tiyo loko, manujo m±navo naro;
poso sar²r²ti pume, bh³tamiti napu½sake.
Paj±ti itthiya½ vutto, liªgato, na ca atthato;