R±j± ca ta½ sutv± aya½ b±lo may± an±ŗattova hutv± ²disa½ luddakamma½ ak±si, aha½ p±pakammato mucciss±miv± m±v±ti dva¼akaj±to hutv± mah±moggaliputta tissatthera½ gaŖg±ya patisotato ±netv± ta½ k±raŗa½ thera½ pucchi. Thero ca d²pakatittiraj±takena acetanat±ya p±pakammato mocessasiti vissajjesi, satt±hampi titthiy±na½ v±da½ siridhamm±sokarańńo sikkh±pesi, v±dena v±da½ tulayitv± saµµhisahassamatte titthiye s±sanab±hira½ ak±si. Tad± pana uposatha½ ak±si. Bhagavat± vuttaniy±meneva kath±vatthuńca bhikkhusaŖghamajjhe by±k±si Asok±r±me ca sahassamatt± mah±ther± navahi m±sehi saŖg±yi½su½.
Tad± majjhimadese p±µaliputtanagare siridhamm±sokarańńo rajja½ patv± aµµh±rasavass±ni ahesu½. Marammaraµµhe pana sirikhettanagare ramboŖkassan±ma rańńo rajja½ patv± dv±dasa vass±ni ahesunti.
Imissańca tatiyasaŖg²tiya½ mah±moggaliputtatissattheron±ma dutiyasaŖg±yakehi mah±therehi brahmalo ka½ gantv± s±sanassa paggahaŗattha½ tissan±ma mah±brahm±na½ ±y±cita niy±mena tato cavitv± idha moggaliy±n±ma br±hmaŗiy± kucchimhi nibbattasatto.
L±bhasakk±ra½ apekkhitv± saµµhisahassamat±na½ titthiy±na½ samaŗ±laya½ katv± uposathapav±raŗ±d²su kammesu pavesana½ paris±ya asuddhatt± sattavass±ni uposathassa akaraŗańca s±sanassa paggahaŗe k±raŗameva. Mah±moggaliputtatissa majjhantika mah±revappamukh± mah±ther± tatiya½ saŖg±yitv± tatiya½ s±sana½ paggahesu½.
Siridhamm±sokar±j± ca titthiy±na½ v±da½ sallakkhetv± titthiye bahis±sanakaraŗ±d²hi s±sanassa paggaho r±j±ti veditabbo. Mah±moggaliputtatissa majjhintika mah±revappamukh±na½ sahassamatt±na½ mah±ther±na½ sissaparampar± anek± honti, gaŗanapatha½ v²tivatt±. Yamettha ito para½ vattabba½, ta½ aµµhakath±ya½ vuttanayena veditabba½. Te pana mah±ther± tatiya½ saŖg±yitv± parinibb±yi½s³ti. Honti cettha–
Mahiddhik±pi ye ther±,
saŖg±yitv±na s±sane;
macc³vasa½va gacchi½su,
abbhagabbha½va bh±karo.
Yath± eteca gacchanti,
tath± mayampi gacch±ma;
kon±ma maccun± mucce,
macc³par±yan± satt±.
Tasm± hi paŗ¹ito poso,
nibb±na½ pana accuta½;
tasseva sacchikatth±ya,
puńńa½ kareyya sabbad±ti.

Aya½ tatiyasaŖg²tikath±saŖkhepo.

Tato para½ kattha samm±sambuddhassa bhagavato s±sana½ suµµhu patiµµhahissat²ti vima½sitv± mah±moggaliputtatissatthero paccantadese jinas±sanassa suppatiµµhiyam±nabh±va½ passitv± navaµµh±n±ni jinas±sanassa patiµµh±panatth±ya visu½ visu½ mah±there pesesi. Seyyathida½. Mah±mahindatthera½ s²ha¼ad²pa½ pesesi-tva½ eta½ d²pa½ gantv± tattha s±sana½ patiµµhapeh²ti, soŗatthera½ uttarattherańcasuvaŗŗabh³mi½, mah±rakkhitatthera½ yonakaloka½, rakkhitatthera½ vanav±s²raµµha½, yonakadhammarakkhitatthera½ aparantaraµµha½, majjhanti katthera½ kasm²ragandh± raraµµha½, mah±revatthera½ mahi½sakamaŗ¹ala½, mah±dhammarakkhitatthera½ mah±raµµha½, majjhimatthera½ c²naraµµhanti. Tattha ca upasampadapahonakena saŖghena saddhi½ pesesi. Te ca mah±ther± visu½ visu½ gantv± s±sana½ tattha tattha patiµµh±pesu½. Patiµµh±petv± ca tesu tesu µh±nesu bhikkh³na½ k±s±vapajjotena vijjotam±n± abbhahimadh³rajor±husaŖkh±tehi vimatto viya nis±n±tho jinas±sana½ anantar±ya½ hutv± patiµµh±si.
Tesu pana navasu µh±nesu suvaŗŗabh³min±ma adhun± sudhammanagarameva. Kasm± paneta½ vińń±yat²ti ce. Magg±num±nato µh±n±num±nato v±. Katha½ magg±num±nato. Ito kira suvaŗŗabh³mi sattamatt±ni yojanasat±ni honti, ekena v±te na gacchant² n±v± sattahi ahorattehi gacchati, athekasmi½ samaye eva½ gacchanti n±v± satt±hampi nadiy± vaµµamaccha piµµhe neva gat±ti aµµhakath±ya½ vuttena s²ha¼ad²pato suvaŗŗabh³mi½ gatamaggappam±ŗena sukhammapurato s²ha¼ad²pa½ gatamaggappam±ŗa½ sameti. Sudhamme purato kira hi hi½sa¼ad²pa½ sattamatt±ni yojanasat±ni honti, uju½ v±yu-±gamanak±le gacchanti v±yun±v± sattahi ahorattehi samp±puŗ±ti. Eva½magg±num±nato vińń±yati.
Katha½ µh±n±num±nato. Suvaŗŗabh³mi kira mah±samuddasam²pe tiµµhati, n±n±verajjak±nampi v±ŗij±na½ upasaŖkamanaµµh±nabh³ta½ mah±tittha½ hoti. Teneva mah±janakakum±r±dayo camp±nagar±dito sa½voh±ratth±ya n±v±ya suvaŗŗabh³mi½ ±gama½s³ti. Sudhammapurampi adhun± mah±samuddasam²peyeva tiµµhati. Eva½ µh±n±num±sato vińń±yat²ti.
Apare pana suvaŗŗabh³min±ma haribhuńjaraµµha½yeva, tattha su vaŗŗassa b±hullatt±ti vadanti. Ańńe pana siy±maraµµha½yev±ti vadanti. Ta½ sabba½ vima½sitabba½.
Aparanta½ n±ma visu½ ekaraµµhamev±ti apare vadanti. Ańńe pana aparanta½n±ma sun±parantaraµµhamev±ti vadanti. Ta½ yuttameva. Kasm± aparanta½ n±ma sun±parantaraµµhamev±ti vińń±yat²ti ce. Aµµhakath±su dv²hi n±mehi vuttatt±. Uparipaŗŗ±sa-aµµhakath±yańhi sa¼±yatanasa½yuttaµµhakath±yańca aµµhakath±cariyehi sun±parantaraµµhe koŗ¹adh±nattherena sal±k±d±n±dhik±re laddhetadaggaµµh±nata½ dassantehi aparantaraµµha½ suna saddena yojetv± vutta½. Dhammapadaµµhakath±ya½ pana aŖguttaraµµhakath±yańca tameva raµµha½ vin± sunasaddena vutta½. Sunasaddo cettha puttapariy±yo. Mandh±turańńo jeµµhaputto catudd²pav±si no pakkositv± tesa½ visu½ visu½ niv±saµµh±na½ niyy±desi. Tattha uttarad²pav±s²na½ µh±na½ kururaµµha½n±ma, pubbad²pav±s²na½ pana vedeharaµµha½n±ma, pacchimad²pav±s²na½ aparanta½ n±ma. Bhattapacchimad²pe j±tatt± te sunasaddena vutt±. Tatra j±t±pi hi tesa½ putt±tiv± sun±tiv± vutt±, yath± vajjiputtak± bhikkh³ti. Vatticch±vasena v± v±c±siliµµhavasena ca idameva sunasaddena visesetv± voharant²ti daµµhabba½.
Yonakaraµµha½n±ma yavanamanuss±na½ niv±saµµh±nameva, ya½jaŖgamaŖgha-iti vuccati.
Vanav±s²raµµha½n±ma sirikhettanagaraµµh±namo. Keci pana vanav±s²raµµha½n±ma eka½ raµµhameva, na sirikhettanagaraµµh±nanti vadanti. Ta½ na sundara½. Sirikhettanagaraµµh±nameva hi vanav±s²raµµha½ n±ma. Kasm± paneta½ vińń±yat²tice. Imassa amh±ka½ rańńo bh±tikarańńo k±le sirikhettanagare gumbhehi paµicch±dite ekasmi½ pathavipuńje anto nimmujjitv± µhita½ por±ŗika½ eka½ lohamayabuddhapaµipibba½ paµilabhi, tassa ca pallaŖke ida½ vanav±s²raµµhav±s²na½ p³janatth±y±ti-±din± por±ŗalekhana½ dissati, tasm± yeveta½ vińń±yat²ti.
Kasm²ragandh±raraµµha½n±ma kasm²raraµµha½ gandh±raraµµhańca. T±ni pana raµµh±ni ek±baddh±ni hutv± tiµµhanti. Teneva majjhanti katthera½ eka½ dv²su raµµhesu pesesi. Janapadatt± pana napu½sakekatta½ bhavati. Tad± pana ekassa rańńo ±ŗ±ya patiµµh±navisayatt± ekattavacanena aµµhakath±ya½ vuttantipi vadanti.
Mahi½sakamaŗ¹ala½n±ma andhakaraµµha½, ya½ yakkhapuraraµµhanti vuccati.
Mah±raµµha½n±ma mah±nagararaµµha½. ¾dhun± hi mah±raµµhameva na garasaddena yojetv± mah±nagararaµµhanti voharant²ti. Siy±maraµµhantipi vadanti ±cariy±.
Cinaraµµha½n±ma himavantena ek±baddha½ hutv± µhita½ c²naraµµha½ ye v±ti.
Ida½ s±sanassa navasu µh±nesu visu½ visu½ patiµµh±na½.
Id±ni ±dito paµµh±ya theraparamparakath± vattabb±. Samm±sambuddhassa hi bhagavato saddhivih±riko up±litthe ro,tassa sisso d±sakatthero, tassa sisso soŗakatthero, tassa sisso siggavatthero candavajjitthe ro ca, tesa½ sisso moggaliputtatissattheroti ime pańcamah±ther± s±sanava½se ±dibh³t± ±cariyaparampar±n±ma. Tesańhi sissaparamparabh³t± theraparampar± y±vajjatan± na upacchindhanti. ¾cariyaparampar±ya ca lajjibhikkh³ yeva pavesetv± kathetabb± no alajjibhikkh³. Alajj²bhikkh³ n±ma hi bahussut±pi sam±n± l±bhagarulokagaru-±dihi dhammatanti n±setv± s±sanavare mah±bhaya½ upp±dent²ti. S±sanarakkhanakamma½n±ma hi lajj²na½yeva visayo no alajj²na½. Ten±hu por±ŗ± ther±, an±gate s±sana½ ko n±ma rakkhissat²ti anupekkhitv± an±gate s±sana½ lajjino rakkhissanti, lajjino rakkhissanti, lajjino rakkhissant²ti tikkh±ttu½ v±ca½ nicch±resu½. Eva½ majjhimadesepi alajj²puggal± bahu sant²ti veditabb±.
Parinibb±nato hi bhagavato vassasat±na½ upari pubbe vuttanayeneva vajjiputtak± bhikkh³ adhammavatth³ni d²petv± paµhamasaŖg²tik±le bahikatehi p±pabhikkh³hi saddhi½ mantetv± sah±ya½ gavesetv± mah±saŖg²tivoh±rena mah±ther± viya saŖg²ti½ aka½su. Katv± ca visu½ gaŗ± ahesu½. Ahovata ida½ h±sitabbakamma½, seyyath±pi n±ma jarasiŖg±lo catupadas±mańńena m±na½ jappetv± att±na½ s²ha½ viya mańńitv± s²ho viya s²han±da½ nad²ti. Te p±vacana½ yath± bh³ta½ aj±nitv± saddacch±y±mattena yath±bh³ta½ attha½ n±ma si½su. Kińci p±vacanamp² apanesu½. Tańca sakagaŗeyeva hoti, na dhammav±d²gaŗe. Dhammavinaya½ vikopetv± yathicchita vaseneva cari½su. Aya½ pana mah±saŖg²tin±ma eko adhammav±d²gaŗo.
Tato pacch± k±la½ atikkante tatoyeva ańńamańńa½ v±dato bhijjitv± gokulikon±ma eko gaŗo ekabyoh±ron±ma ekoti dve gaŗ± bhijji½su. Tato pacch± gokulikagaŗagaŗatoyeva ańńamańńa½ bhijjitv± bahussutikon±ma eko gaŗo pańńattiv±don±ma ekoti dve gaŗ± bhijji½su. Punapi tehiyeva gaŗehi cetiyav±don±ma eko gaŗo bhijji.
Tato pacch± cirak±la½ atikkante dhammav±d²gaŗehi visabh±gagaŗa½ pavisitv± mahi½s±sakon±ma ekogaŗo vajjiputtakon±ma ekoti dve gaŗ± bhijji½su. Tato pacch±pi vajjiputtakagaŗatoyeva ańńamańńa½ bhijjitv± dhammuttarikon±ma eko gaŗo, bhadday±nikon±ma eko, chann±g±rikon±ma eko, samutikon±ma ekoti catt±ro gaŗ± bhijji½su.
Punapi mahi½s±sakagaŗato ańńamańńa½ bhijjitv± sabbatthiv±don±ma eko gaŗo, dhammaguttikon±ma eko, kassapiyon±ma eko, saŖkantikon±ma eko, suttav±do n±ma ekoti pańca gaŗ± bhijji½su.
Eva½ majjhimadese dutiyasaŖg²ti½ saŖg±yant±na½ mah±ther±na½ dhammav±d²therav±dagaŗato visu½ visu½ bhijjam±n± adhammav±d²gaŗ± sattarasa ahesu½. Te ca adhammav±d²gaŗ± s±sane theraparampar±ya ananto gadh±. Te hi s±sane upak±r± na honti, theraparampar±ya ca pavesetv± gaŗhitu½ na sakk±, yath± ha½sagaŗe bako, yath± ca go gaŗe gavajo, yath± ca suvaŗŗagaŗe h±rakuµoti.
Mah±kassapatther±dito pana ±gat± theraparampar± up±li d±sako cev±ti-±din± pariv±rakhandhake samantap±s±dikaµµhakath±yańca ±gatanayeneva veditabb±.
Up±litther±d²na½ parisuddh±c±r±d²ni anum±netv± y±va moggaliputtatissatther±, t±va tesa½ ther±na½ parisuddh± c±r±d²n²ti sakk± ń±tu½, seyyath±pi nadiy± uparisote meghavass±ni anum±netv± adhosote nadiy± udakassa b±hullabh±vo vińń±tu½ sakk±ti aya½ k±raŗ±num±nanayo n±ma.
Y±va pana moggaliputtatissatther±, t±va ther±na½ parisuddh±c±r±d²ni anum±netv± up±littherassa parisuddh±c±r±d²n²ti sakk± ń±tu½, seyyath±pi n±ma uparidh³ma½ passitv± anum±netv± aggi atth²ti sakk± ń±tunti aya½ phal±num±nana yo n±ma.
Adibh³tassa pana up±littherassa avas±nabh³tassa ca moggaliputtatissattherassa parisuddh±c±r±d²ni anum±netv± majjhe d±sakasoŗasiggav±d²na½ ther±na½ parisuddh±c±r±d²niti sakk± ń±tu½, seyyath±pi n±ma sil±paµµassa orabh±ge p±rabh±ge ca migapadava¼ańjana½ disv± anum±netv± majjhe ap±kaµa½ padava¼ańcana½ atth²ti sakk± ń±tunti aya½ migapadava¼ańjana nayo n±ma.
Eva½ t²hi nayehi aya½ therav±dagaŗo dhammav±d²lajjipesaloti veditabbo. Evamuparipi nayo netabbo. Theraparampar± ca y±va potthak±ru¼± pariv±rakhandhake samanta p±s±dik±yańca tato mahindo iµµiyoti-±din± vutta nayena veditabb±ti.

Iti s±sanava½se navaµµh±n±gatas±sanava½sakath±maggo

N±ma paµhamo paricchedo.