1. Navaµµh±n±gatas±sanava½sakath±maggo

1. Tattha ca navaµµh±n±gatas±sanava½sakath±maggo eva½ veditabbo. Amh±kañhi bhagav± samm±sambuddho veneyy±na½ hitatth±ya hatthagata½ sukha½ an±diyitv± d²paªkarassa bhagavato p±dam³le by±karaºa½ n±ma mañj³saka puppha½ pilandhitv± kappasatasahass±dhik±ni catt±ri asakhye y±ni anek±su j±t²su attano kheda½ anapekkhitv± samati½sap±ramiyo p³retv± vessantarattabh±vato cavitv± tusitapure devasukha½ anubhavi.
Tad± devehi uyyojiyam±no hutv± kapilavatthumhi hosamataraññ± pabhuti asambhinn±ttiyava½sikassa suddho dhanassan±ma mah±rañño aggamahesiy± asambhinn±ttiyava½ sik±ya m±y±ya kucch²smi½ ±s±¼im±sassa puººamiya½ guruv±re paµisandhi½ gahetv± asam±saccayena ves±kham±sassa puººamiya½ sukkav±re vij±yitv± so¼asavassikak±le rajjasampatti½ patv± ek³nati½savass±ni atikkamitv± maªgala-uyy±na½ nikkhamanak±le devehi dassit±ni catt±ri nimitt±ni passitv± sa½vega½ ±pajjitv± mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhamitv± anom±yan±ma nadiy± t²re bhamara vaººasannibh±ni kes±ni chinditv± devadattiyak±s±va½ paµicch±detv± ne rañjar±yan±ma nadiy± t²re ves±kham±sassa puººamiya½ pacc³sak±le suj±t±yan±ma seµµhidh²t±ya dinna½ p±y±sa½ ek³napaºº±sav±rena paribhuñjitv± purimik±na½ samm±sambuddh±na½ dhammat±ya suvaººap±ti½ nadiya½ ot±retv± mah±bodhimaº¹a½ upasaªkamitv± apar±jitapallaªke nis²ditv± anamataggasa½ s±rato paµµh±ya att±na½ ch±y± viya anuyant±na½ anekasatakilesaver²na½ s²sa½ cat³hi maggasatthehi chinditv± tilokaggamah±dhammar±jatta½ patv± pañcat±l²savass±na½ tesu tesu µh±nesu tesa½ tesa½ satt±na½ mah±karuº±sam±pattij±la½ patth±retv± desan±ñ±ºa½ vijambhetv± dhamma½ desetv± s±sana½ patiµµh±pesi. Patiµµh±petv± ca pana as²tivass±yukak±le vijjotayitv± nibb±yanappa d±paj±la½ viya anup±disesanibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yi. Maccu dhammassa ca n±ma t²su lokesu atimam±yitabbo esa, atigaruk±tabbo esa, atibh±yitabbo es±ti vij±nanasabh±vo natthi. Bhagavanta½yeva t±va tilokaggapuggala½ ±d±ya gacchati, ki½maªga½ pana amhe yev± tev±, ahovata-acchariy± saªkh±radhammoti. Honti cettha–
Maccudhammo ca n±mesa,
nillajjo ca anottapp²;
tilokagga½va ±d±ya,
gacch² pageva aññesu.
Yath± gogh±tako coro,
m±retu½yeva ±rabhi;
goºa½ laddh±na lokamhi,
payojana½va ettaka½.
Tatheva maccur±j± ca,
hindag³na½ guºa½ idha;
na vij±n±ti eso hi,
m±retu½yeva ±rabh²ti.
Satt±haparinibbute ca bhagavati ±yasm± mah±kassapo tiya¹¹hasat±dhikehi sahassamattehi bhikkh³hi saddhi p±v±to kus²n±r±ya½ ±gacchanto antar±magge bhagav± samm±sambuddho parinibbutoti sutv± av²tasoka bhikkh³ rodante disv± vuddhapabbajito subhadd±n±ma bhikkhu eva½ vadati– m± ±vuso paridevittha, natthettha socitabbon±makoci, pubbe maya½ bhav±ma samaºena ge,bhamena upaddut±– ida½ karotha ida½ tumh±ka½ kappati, m± ida½ karittha na ida½ tumh±ka½ kappat²ti, seyyath±pi iºas±dhikena d±soti, id±ni pana maya½ ya½ ya½ icch±ma, ta½ ta½ sakk± k±tu½, ya½ ya½ pana na icch±ma,ta½ ta½ sakk± ak±tunti. Ta½ sutv± ²disa½ pana ver²puggala½ paµicca samm±sambuddhassa bhagavato s±sana½ khippa½ antaradh±reyya, id±ni suvaººakkhandhasadiso sar²ro sa½vijjam±no eva dukkhena nipph±dite s±sane mah±bhaya½ uppajji ca, ²diso puggalo añña½ ²disa½ puggala½ sah±ya½ labhitv± vuddhim±pajjanto h±petu½ sakkuºeyya maññeti cittakkheda½ patv± dhammasa½vega½ labhitv± ima½ bhikkhu½ idheva setavattha½ niv±s±petv± sar²re bhasmena vikiritv± bahiddh± kariss±m²ti cintesi.
Tad± ±yasmato mah±kassapattherassa etadahosi,– id±ni samaºassa gotamassa sar²ra½ sa½vijjam±na½yeva paris± viv±da½ karont²ti manuss± upavadissantiti. Tato pacch± ima½ vitakka½ v³pasametv± khamitv± samm±sambuddho bhagav± parinibb±yam±nopi tena pana desito dhammo sa½vijjati, tena desitassa dhammassa thira½ patiµµh±panatth±ya saªg±yiyam±na½ ²disehi puggalehi s±sana½ na antaradh±yissati, cira½ µhassati yev±ti manasikaritv± bhagavato dinnapa½su k³lac²var±divasena dhamm±nuggaha½ anussaritv± bhagavato parinibb±nato tatiye m±se ±s±¼im±sassa puººamito pañcame divase r±jagahe sattapaººiguh±ya½ ±j±tasattu½n±ma r±j±na½ niss±ya pañcahi arahanta satehi saddhi½ sattam±sehi paµhama½ saªg±yana½ ak±si.
Tad± aµµhacatt±l²s±dhikasatakaliyuga½ anavasesato apanetv± kaliyugena s±sana½ sama½ katv± µhapesi. Yad± pana aj±tasattu rañño rajja½ patv± aµµhavass±ni ahesu½, tad± marammaraµµhe taªkosaªgatvapure jambud²padhajassan±ma rañño rajja½ patv± atirekapañcavass±ni ahesunti.
Imissañca paµhamasaªg²tiya½ ±yasm± mah±kassapo ±yasm± up±li ±yasm± ±nando ±yasm± anuruddho c±ti evam±dayo pañcasatappam±º± mah±ther± paµhama½ saªg±yitv± s±sana½ anuggahesu½. Eva½ subhaddassa duµµhapabbajitassa duµµhavacana½ s±sanassa anuggahe k±raºa½n±ma ahosi. Subhaddo ca n±ma duµµhapabbajito ±tum±nagarav±s² ahosi kappakakuliko. So yad± bhagav± ±tum±nagara½ gacchati, tad± atteno putte dve s±maºere kappakakamma½ k±r±petv± laddhehi taº¹ulatel±d²hi vatth³hi y±gu½ pacitv± sasaªghassa buddhassa ad±si. Bhagav± pana t±ni appaµiggahetv± k±raºa½ pucchitv± vigarahitv± akappiyasam±d±nadukkaµ±patti½ kappakapubbassa bhikkhussa khuradh±raºadukkaµ±pattiñca paññ±pesi. Ta½ k±raºa½ paµicca vera½ bandhitv± s±sana½ viddha½situk±mat±ya tattaka-ayogu¼a½ gilitv± ugg²ranto viya ²disaduµµhavacana½ vad²ti.
Aj±tasattur±j± ca tumh±ka½ dhammacakka½ hotu, mama ±º±cakka½ pavattiss±mi, vissaµµh± hutv± saªg±yant³ti anuggahesi. Tenesa paµhama½ s±san±nuggaho r±j±ti veditabbo, mah±kassap±d²nañca arahant±na½ pañcasat±na½ sis±parampar± anek± honti, gaºanapatha½ v²tivatt±. Yamettha ito para½ vattabba½, ta½ aµµhakath±ya½ vuttanayena veditabba½. Te pana mah±ther± saªg±yitv± parinibb±yi½s³ti. Honti cettha–
Iddhimanto ca ye ther±,
paµhamassaªg²ti½ katv±;
s±sana½ paggahitv±na,
macc³vasa½va sampatt±.
Kiñc±pi iddhiyo santi,
tath±pi t± jahitv±na;
nibb±yi½su vasa½ maccu,
patv± te chinnapakkh±va.
K± kath±va ca amh±ka½,
amh±ka½ gahaºe pana;
maccuno natthi s±ro ca,
eva½ dh±reyya paº¹itoti.

Aya½ paµhamasaªg²tikath± saªkhepo.

Tato para½ vassasata½ tesa½ sissaparampar± s±sana½ dh±retv± ±gama½su. Ath±nukkamena gacchantesu rattidivesu vassasataparinibbute bhagavati ves±lik± vajjiputtak± bhikkh³ ves±liya½ kappati siªgiloºakapp±, kappati dvaªgulakappo, kappati g±mantarakappo, kappati ±v±sakappo, kappati anumatikappo, kappati ±ciººakappo, kappati ±mathitakappo, kappati ja¼ogi½ p±tu½, kappati adasaka½ nis²dana½, kappati j±tar³parajatanti im±ni dasavatth³ni d²pesu½.
Tesa½ susun±gaputto k±¼±sokon±ma r±j± pakkho ahosi. Tena kho pana samayena ±yasm± yaso k±kaº¹akaputto vajj²su c±rika½ caram±no ves±lik± kira vajjiputtak± bhikkh³ ves±liya½ dasavatth³ni dipent²ti sutv± na kho paneta½ ppatir³pa½, yv±ha½ dasabalassa s±sanavipatti½ sutv± appossukko bhaveyya½, sandh±ha½ adhammav±dino niggahetv± dhamma½ d²pess±m²ti cintayanto yena ves±l², tadavasari. Tad± ±yasm± mah±yaso revatasabbak±mi-±d²hi sattasatehi arahantehi saddhi½ saªg±yiss±m²ti ves±liya½ v±luk±r±ma½ ±gacchi. Vajjiputtak±ca bhikkh³ up±rambhacitt± k±¼±soka½n±ma r±j±na½ upasaªkamitv± maya½ kho mah±r±ja imasmi½ mah±van±r±me gandhakuµi½ rakkhitv± vass±ma, id±ni mah±r±ja adhammav±dino aññe bhikkh³ vilumpituk±m± viddha½situk±m± ±gat±ti ±rocesu½. K±¼±soko ca mah±r±j± ±gantuk±na½ bhikkh³na½ appavisanatth±ya niv±reth±ti amacce pesesi. Amacc±ca niv±retu½ gacchant± devat±na½ ±nubh±vena bhikkh³ na passanti. Tadaheva ca rattibh±ge k±¼±sokamah±r±j± lohakumbh²niraye patan±k±rena supina½ passi. Tassa rañño bhagini nand±n±ma ther² ±k±sena ±gacchanti dhammav±dino mah±there niggaºhitv± adhammav±d²na½ bhikkh³na½ paggahaºe dosabahulata½ pak±setv± s±sanassa paggahaºatth±ya ov±da½ ak±si.
K±¼±sokar±j± ca sa½vegappatto hutv± ±yasmant±na½ mah±yasatther±d²na½ kham±petv± aj±tasattur±j± viya saªg±yane paggaha½ ak±si.
Mah±yasatther±dayo ca k±¼±soka½ r±j±na½ niss±ya v±luk±r±me vajjiputtak±na½ bhikkh³na½ pak±sit±ni adhammavatth³ni bhinditv± aµµhati m±sehi dutiyasaªg±yana½ aka½su.
Tad± ca majjhimadese p±taliputtanagare susun±garañño puttabh³tassa k±¼±sokarañño atiseka½ patv± dasavass±ni ahesu½. Parammaraµµhe pana sirikhettanagare dvattagoªkassan±ma rañño abhisittak±lato pure ekavassa½ ahosi. Jinas±sana½ pana vassasata½ ahosi.
Imissañca dutiyasaªg²tiya½ mah±yasa revata sabbak±mippamukh± sattasatappam±º± mah±ther± dutiya½ saªkh±yitv± dutiya½ s±sana½ paggahesu½.
¾yasm± mah±yasattherocan±ma pañcahi etadagga¼±ne hi bhagavat± thomitassa ±nandattherassa saddhivih±riko ahosi. Vajjiputtak±na½ bhikkh³na½ adhammavatthud²pana½ dutiyasaªg²tiya½ k±raºameva. K±¼±sokar±j±ca pageva adhammav±d²bhikkh³na½ sah±yopi sam±no puna dhammav±dibhikkh³na½ sah±yo hutv± anuggaha½ ak±si. Tasm± dutiyas±sanapaggaho r±j±ti veditabbo.
Dutiyasaªg²tiya½ pana mah±yasatthera revata sabbak±mippamukh±na½ sattasat±na½ mah±ther±na½ sissaparampar± anek± honti, gaºanapatha½ v²tivatt±. Yamettha ito para½ vattabba, ta½ aµµhakath±ya½ vuttanayena veditabba½. Te pana mah±ther± dutiya½ saªg±yitv± parinibb±yi½s³ti. Honti cettha–
Buddhimanto ca ye ther±,
dutiyassaªgiti½ katv±;
s±sana½ paggahitv±na,
macc³vasa½va sampatt±.
Iddhimantopi ye ther±,
maccuno t±va vasa½ gamu½;
katha½yeva maya½ mutt±,
tato ±raka muccan±ti.

Aya½ dutiyasaªg²tikath±saªkhepo.

Tato para½ aµµhati½s±dhik±ni dvevassasat±ni samm±sabbuddhassa bhagavato s±sana½ nir±kula½ ahosi nirabbuda½. Aµµhati½s±dhike pana dvivassasate sampatte p±µaliputta nagare siridhamm±sokassan±ma rañño k±le nigrodhas±maºera½ paµicca buddhas±sane pas²ditv± bhikkhusaªghassa l±bhasakk±ra½ b±hulla½ ahosi. Tad± saµµhisahassamatt± titthiy± l±bhasakk±ra½ apekkhitv± apabbajit±pi pabbajit±viya hutv± up±sathapav±raº±dikammesu pavisanti, seyyath±pin±ma ha½s±na½ majjhe bak±, yath± ca gunna½ majjhe gavaj±, yath± ca sindhav±na½ majjhe gadrabh±ti.
Tad± bhikkhusaªgho id±ni aparisuddh± paris±ti manasi karitv± uposatha½ na ak±si. S±sane abbuda½ hutv± sattavass±ni uposathapav±raº±ni chijjanti. Siridhamm±so ko ca r±j± ta½ sutv± ta½ adhikaraºa½ v³pasamehi uposatha½ k±r±peh²ti eka½ amacca½ pesesi. Amacco ca bhikkh³ uposatha½ akattuk±me ki½ kariss±m²ti r±j±na½ paµipucchitu½ avisahat±ya saya½ m³¼o hutv± aññena m³¼ena manthetv± sace bhikkhusaªgho uposatha½ na kareyya, bhikkhusaªgha½ gh±tetuk±mo mah±r±j±ti saya½ m³¼o hutv± m³¼assa santik± m³¼avacana½ sutv± vih±ra½ gantv± uposatha½ akattuk±ma½ bhikkhusaªgha½ gh±tesi.