Saddhammavacanatthe. Kilesesamenti v³pasament²ti santoti vacanattha½ sandh±ya “samitakiles±nan”ti vutta½. Santa saddo pana pasattheca, p³jiteca, sappuriseca, paº¹iteca, dissat²ti ima½ abhidh±nattha½ sandh±ya “pasatth±nan”ti-±divutta½. “Saccov± dhammo saddhammo”ti yojan±. Etena sabh±vato atthisa½vijjat²ti santoti dasseti. “So”ti aññatitthiya dhammo. “Dh±rentass±”ti savanuggahadh±raºappaµipajjan±divasena dh±rentassa. Ahitoyeva sampajjati, yebhuyyena duggati vip±katt±ti adhipp±yo. “Aya½ pan±”ti satthu saddhammo pana. “Tath± dh±rentass±”ti aya½ me hitoti dh±rentassa hitoyevasampajjati, sugati nibb±na samp±pakatt±ti adhipp±yo.
“Sam±nadiµµhis²l±nan”ti sam±nadiµµhik±na½ sam±nas²l±nañca. Etena sam±nadiµµhis²l± jan± gaº²yanti etth±ti gaºo. Sa½han²yanti ekatokar²yanti etth±ti saªghoti imamattha½ d²peti. Saha ekato dhamma½ carant²ti sahadhammik±. Ekassa satthuno dhamma vinaye pabbajit±. Tesa½ sahadhammik±na½. Bhagavato s±vakasaªgho uttamagaºo n±ma. Ye keci loke saªgh±v± gaº±v±. Tath±gatassa s±vakasaªgho tesa½ aggamakkh±yat²ti hi vutta½. Soyeva idha gaºuttamoti vuccati visesana para nip±ta vasen±ti adhipp±yo. Uttamasaddassa guºan±matt± “guºamhiyeva pavattat²”ti vutta½. “Ten±”ti uttama saddena. “Gaºoti saªghoyeva vuccati” saªghasaddassapi sam³haµµhe niru¼hatt±, “so vinayakammesu pasiddho”ti pañcasaªgh± catuvaggasaªgho, pañcavaggasaªgho, dasavaggasaªgho, v²sativaggasaªgho, atirekav²sativaggasaªgho, catuvaggakaraº²ya½ kamma½, pañcavaggakaraº²ya½ kammanti-±din± pasiddho p±kaµo. Dakkhiº± vuccati kammañca kammaphalañca saddahitv± ±yati½ vip±kapphalappaµi l±bhatth±ya dinna½ d±nakamma½ dakkhanti va¹¹hanti satt± et±y±ti katv±. Ta½dakkhiºa½ paµiggaºhitu½ arahat²ti dakkhiºeyyo. “Arahat²”ti ca anuttara puññakkhetta visesatt±d±yakena icchita patthitassa ±yati½ phalassa suµµhusamp±danavasena d±yakassa ca avir±dhanato asaªkhyeyy±ppameyyava¹¹hi ±vahanato ca paµiggaºhitu½ arahati. Evar³pa½hid±na½ n±ma u¼±rad±na½ hoti. Ta½ yesuduss²lesudiyyati. Tesa½ khetta duµµhatt± d±yakena icchitapatthita½ phala½ na samp±deti. Nipphala½ v± hoti. Appapphala½ v±. Eva½sati, te d±yakañca vir±dhenti n±ma. Puññapphal±ni ca vin±senti n±ma. Sayañca ta½d±na½ paµiggahaºato v± paribhogato v± saddh±deyya½ vinip±tanato v± duggati bh±gino honti. Tasm±te evar³pa½ d±na½ paµiggaºhitu½ n±rahant²ti. “Upasampad±kamma½ sammuti n±m±”ti ekena pariy±yena sammuti kamma½ n±ma. Tañhi k±ma½tera sasusammuti kammesun±gata½. Ñatti catuttha kammav±c± saªkh±t±ya pana saªghasammutiy± siddhatt± tena pariy±yena sammuti kammanti vuccat²ti. “Upasampannabh³mi½ patv±”ti upasampannabh³mi saªkh±ta½ upariµh±nantara½ patv±. Tath± hi vutta½ vinaye bhikkhu vibhaªge. Ñatti catutthena kammena akuppena µh±n±rahen±ti. Tattha, “µh±n±rahen±”ti upasampanna bh³misaªkh±ta½ µh±nantara½ p±petu½ arahen±ti attho. “Upasampannabh³m²”ti ca upasampanna s²la½ vuccati. “Vinayakammesu pasiddho”ti. Suº±tumebhante saªgho ti-±d²su p±kaµo. Apica “sammuti saªgho”ti, devasaªgh±sam±gat±ti-±d²su viya bah³na½ sam³hanaµµhena lokasammutiy± siddhosaªgho sammuti saªghotipi yujjati. “Ariyapuggalasam³ho”ti puthujjanakaly±ºako bhikkhu pubbe vuttanayena sot±patti maggaµµhe saªgahitoti, tena saha aµµhavidho ariya puggalasam³ho. “Sammuti saªghe antogadhoyev±”ti etena dakkhiºeyyasaªgho n±ma visu½ navattabbo. Tasmiñca navattabbe sati, sammuti saªghotipi vattabba kicca½ natthi. Bhagavato s±vakasaªgho tveva vattabba½ hot²ti dasseti. Saccameta½. Idha pana saªghavacanena ±gataµµh±nassa duvidhatt± saªghassa duvidhat± vutt±. Tattha sammuti saªghassa ±gataµµh±na½ vinayakammes³ti vuttameva. Id±ni ariyasaªghassa ±gataµµh±na½ dassento “tath±p²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha raºa gamana…pe… anussatiµµh±nesu upasampannabh³to bhikkhusaªghova gahetabbo. Dakkhiº±visuddhiµµh±ne pana puggalikad±nesu cat³hi sot±pattiyaªgehi samann±gato up±sakopi s±maºeropi yujjati. Saªghika d±nesu pana bhikkhusaªghova. “Tath± tath± sa½vaººetv±”ti ±huneyyo, p±huneyyo, dakkhiºeyyo, añjal²karaº²yyo, anuttara½ puññakkhetta½ lokass±, ti-±din±suµµhu thometv±. So dakkhiºeyya saªgho. “Puthujjana saªgho”ti ida½ ariya saªghena vin±kevala½ puthujjanasaªgha½ sandh±ya vutta½. Ettha ca saªgha vacanena saªgha pariy±panno ekopi bhikkhu gahetabbo. So sace puthujjano hoti, anuttara½ puññakkhetta½ nahoti. Yadi ariya puggalo hoti, anuttara½ puññakkhetta½ hoti.
Dakkhiºavibhaªgasutte saªghikad±ne bhavissanti kho pan±nanda gotrabhuno k±s±vakaºµh± duss²l± p±padhamm±. Tesa½pi saªgha½ uddissa d±na½ dassanti. Tad±p±nanda saªghagata½ dakkhiºa½ asaªkhyeyya½ appameyyanti vad±m²ti vuttatt± saªghikaµµh±na½ patv± koci bhikkhu dakkhiºeyya saªghe asaªgahitoti natth²ti daµµhabbo.
Khetta½ d³sent²ti khettaduµµh±ni. Tiº±ni. Khettaduµµh± kiles±. Vuttañhidhammapade.
Tiºados±ni khett±ni, r±gados± aya½paj±;
tasm±hi v²tar±gesu, dinna½ hoti mahapphala½.
Tiºados±ni khett±ni, dosados± aya½paj±.
Tasm±hi v²tadosesu, dinna½ hoti mahapphala½.
Tiºados±ni khett±ni, mohados± aya½paj±.
Tasm±hi v²tamohesu, dinna½ hoti mahapphalanti.
Idha pana s±tissayato khettaduµµhe kilese dassetu½ “sakk±yadiµµhivicikicch±nusay±nan”ti vutta½. “Sabbh±v±”ti santassa vijjam±nassabh±vo sabbh±votiviggaho. “Ass±”ti puthujjana saªghassa. “Saddhammapade vuttanayen±”ti apicayadaggen±ti vuttanayena.

Sasaddhammagaºuttamapadatth±nud²pan² niµµhit±.

8. “Abhiv±diy±”ti sukh²hohisappuris±ti eva½ abhivad±petv±. Abhiv±danañca n±ma vandan±mev±ti vutta½ “vanditv±”ti. Vandantohi vandaneyye vuddhe tath± vad±peti n±ma. Tath± vadanañca vandaneyy±na½vuddh±na½ vatta½. “Paccupaµµh±petv±”ti paµimukha½ upaµµh±petv±. “Tividh±”ti dv±ra bhedena tividh±. “Vandaneyy±nan”ti buddh±d²na½. “Nipajjanto”ti nipatanto. “Avandiyes³”ti bhikkh³hi avanditabbe sunavakatar±d²su. “Guºapad±n²”ti guºad²pak±ni araha½ samm±sambuddhoti-±dipad±ni. Etthacak±yenavandat²ti-±di upac±ra vacana½ hoti. Yath± cakkhun± r³pa½ passat²ti. Tath±hi vutta½ aµµhakath±su cakkhun± r³pa½ disv±ti karaºavasena cakkh³ti laddhavoh±rena r³padassana samatthena cakkhu viññ±ºena r³pa½ disv±. Por±º± pan±hu cakkhu r³pa½ na passati, acittatt±. Citta½ na passati, acakkhutt±. Dv±r±rammaºa saªghaµµane pana sati cakkhu pas±davatthu kenacittena passati. ¿dis² panes± kath± dhanun± vijjhat²ti-±d²su viya sasambh±ra kath±n±ma hoti. Tasm± cakkhun± r³pa½ disv±ti cakkhu viññ±ºena r³pa½ disv±ti ayamevettha atthoti. Etthahi “k±yen±”ti k±ya viññattisaªkh±ta½ dv±ra r³pa½ karaºa½ hoti. Tasm± cakkhun±ti vacane upac±ra vacane sati k±yen±ti vacana½pi upac±ra vacananti viññ±yati. Tath± cakkhun±ti pade cakkhuviññ±ºen±ti atthe sati k±yen±ti padepi k±yakammen±ti attho viññ±yati. V±c±ya vandati, manas±vandat²,ti padesupi esanayo. Evañca sati, k±ya kammenavand±mi, vac²kammena vand±mi, manokammena vand±mi, t²hi kammehi vand±m²ti idameva mukhyavacananti siddha½ hoti. Sabbamida½ indriya sa½varas²laµµh±ne aµµhakath±su ±gatatt± vutta½. Cakkhun±ti ida½ pana mukhya karaºa vacanameva sambhavati. Kasm±, cakkhussa dassanasaªkh±tassa cakkhuviññ±ºassa vatthu purej±tindriyapaccayavisesatt±. Sotena sadda½sutv±ti-±d²supi esanayo.
K±yenavandati, v±c±yavandat²,ti ettha ta½k±yavac²viññatti r³pa dvaya½ kiñc±pi sahaj±ta cetan± kammena j±ta½ hoti. Na ta½ cetan±kamma½ viññatti dvayenaj±ta½. Eva½ santepi ta½ r³pa dvaya½ tass±cetan±ya k±yavandan±kamma, vac²vandan±kamma siddhiy± upanissaya paccayaviseso hoti. Yath±ta½ m±tito j±to putto vuddhi patto ta½ ta½ kammesu m±tuy± bala v³panissayo hoti. Evañca katv± ta½ r³padvaya½ abhidhamme dv±rar³panti vutta½. Tasm± ‘k±yena, v±c±y±,ti ida½pi mukhya karaºa vacanamev±ti daµµhabba½. K±yen±ti pana k±yakammen±ti atthe sati, tassakammassa vandan±kiriy±ya saha abhedo ±pajjat²ti ce. N±pajjati. Kasm± cetan±ha½ bhikkhave kamma½ vad±mi, cetayitv± kamma½ karoti ‘k±yena, v±c±ya, manas±ti imasmi½ sutte yath±hi “cetayitv±”ti purimacetan±hi ceta yitv± “Kamma½ karot²”ti pacchima½ sanniµµh±pana cetan± kamma½ karot²ti attho. Tath± idhapi purimapacchimacetan± sambhavatoti. Ettha hi “k±yakammen±”ti purimacetan± kamma½ gayhati. “Vandat²”ti pacchima sanniµµh±panacetan±kammanti.
9. “Racayanto”ti vidahanto. “Racayissat²”ti apaccakkhe at²te an±gatavacana½. “Potthak±ru¼han”ti potthaka pattesulikhanavasena ±ru¼ha½.
10. Abhidhammatthapade. “Abhidhamme”ti abhidhammappakaraºe. “Ettha, eten±”ti vacanehi saªgahasaddassa ekasesavidh±na½pi viññ±yati. “Añña½p±¼idvaya½ vuccati”. Kasm±ta½ p±¼idvaya½ abhidhammo n±m±ti vutta½ “tañc±”ti-±di. “Yath±pavatte”ti attano paccay±nur³pa½ pavatte. “Paramatthadhamme ev±”ti dve me bhikkhave puggal±, tayomebhikkhave puggal±ti-±din± paññattivoh±rena pavatt±pi desan± paramattha dhammehi vin± napavattati. Paramattha dhamm±na½ n±nattavaseneva puggal±na½ n±nattasambhavato. Tasm± paramatthadhamme eva d²peti. Na ±º±vidh±na½ d²peti. “Dv²sudhammes³”ti niddh±raºe bhummavacana½. “Yo-itarato”ti niddh±raº²ya½. “Yo”ti yo dhammo. “Itarato”ti itara dhammato suttanta dhammato. “Evañca katv±”ti imin±k±raºen±ti attho. Aµµhakath±su vuttanti sambandho. Desetabbappak±r±na½ anavasesavibhattivasena atirekat±, suddha dhamm±dhiµµh±na desan± pavattivasena visesat± yojetabb±. “Yato”ti yasm± anavasesavibhattito, ativitth±radesan±bh±vatoti vutta½ hoti. Kasm± devesu eva desent²ti ±ha “na hi manuss±”ti-±di½. Tattha “na hi manuss± paµiggahetu½ sakkont²”ti sambandho. “Pavattanayogyan”ti pavattanatth±ya pahonta½. “Kath±maggan”ti desan±kath±pabandha½. “Ekam±tik±nu bandh±”ti kusal± dhamm± akusal± dhamm±ti-±dika½ eka½ abhidhamma m±tika½ anugat±. “Tass±”ti abhidhammassa. Atireka visesatanti sambandho. “Tatth±”ti tissa½ aµµhas±liniya½. ¾dimhiyevatattha kenaµµhena abhidhammo, dhamm±tireka dhammavisesaµµhe n±-ti vatv± tadattha½ vitth±rento suttañhi patv± pañcakkhandh± ekadeseneva vibhatt±, nanippadesena. Abhidhamma½ patv± pana nippadesatova vibhatt±-ti vutta½. Ten±ha “dhamman±mik±nan”ti-±di½. “Dhammo pan±”ti p±¼idvayam±ha.“Eva½ santep²”ti aµµhas±liniya½ eva½ vic±ritepisati. “Sabbajeµµhako”ti tiººa½ piµak±na½ majjhesabbajeµµhako. Kasm± sabbajeµµhako siy±ti ±ha “vinaya½ vivaººentassah²”ti-±di½. Tattha “vivaººentass±”ti garahantassa. Carati pavattat²ti cakka½. Lokasmi½ kenaci samaºena v± br±hmaºena v± devena v± m±rena v± brahmun± v± paµinivattitu½ asakkuºeyya½ ±º±vidh±na½ ±º±cakka½ n±ma. Tath± asakkuºeyya½ desan± vidh±na½ dhammacakka½ n±ma. Tattha, yo pana bhikkhu methuna½ dhamma½ paµisevati, p±r±jiko hoti asa½v±so-ti-±din± nayena pavatta½ ±º±vidh±na½ ±º±cakka½ n±ma. Catt±rim±ni bhikkhave ariyasacc±n²-ti-±dika½ desan±vidh±na½ dhammacakka½ n±ma. Tadubhaya½pi koci bhinditu½ p±r±jika½ v± bhikkhu½ ap±r±jika½ k±tu½ catussacca½ v± dhamma½ asacca½ k±tu½ nasakkoti. Atha kho karontoyeva devadattoviya ±p±yiko hoti. P±r±jikoca bhikkhu att±na½ suddha½ akaronto ap±yag±m²yeva hoti. Eva½ sabbesu vinaya sikkh±padesu. Eva½ kenaci paµinivattitu½ asakkuºeyyatt± tadubhaya½pi appaµivattiya½ cakka½ n±ma hoti. “Vinayo n±ma s±sanassa m³lan”ti vinaye µhite bhikkhusaªgho paññ±yati. Bhikkhu saªghe paññ±yante tividhopisaddhammopaññ±yati, tividha½pi satthus±sana½ tiµµhati. Eva½ vinayo tividhassas±sanassa m³la½ hot²ti. Kathañcapariyattisaddhamme paññ±yante tividha½pi s±sana½ tiµµhat²ti. Vuccate. Tattha s±sana½ tiµµhat²ti kittaka½k±la½ tiµµhat²ti. Pañcavassasahass±ni tiµµhat²ti por±ºaµµhakath±sukathayi½su. Micch±v±dinopanavadanti vinaye c³¼avaggebhikkhunikkhandhake sace ±nanda mamas±sanem±tug±mo pabbajja½ nalabheyya. Vassasahassa½ saddhammo tiµµheyya. Id±ni m±tug±massa pabbajj± anuññ±t± gotamiy± punappuna½ ±y±cana½ up±d±ya. Pañcevad±ni ±nanda vassasat±ni saddhammoµhassat²ti vutta½. Tasm± buddhas±sana½ pañcavassasat±ni eva tiµµhati. Tatopara½ ekadivasa½pi na tiµµhati. Id±ni s±sanappaµi r³pakamatta½ hot²ti. Ta½ tesa½ micch± vacanamatta½. “Pañcevavassasat±n²”ti ida½ pana sanniµµh±na vacana½ nahoti. M±tug±m±na½ ±d²nava d²panamattavacana½. So ca ±d²navo aµµhagarudhamme saºµhapetv± satth±r± eva paµib±hito. Puna “vassasahassan”ti idamevasanniµµh±na vacana½ j±tanti. Etthapikecivadanti vassasahassameva s±sana½ tiµµhati, tatopara½ ekadivasa matta½pi na tiµµhati, antaradh±yati. Tad± s²m±yopi as²m± honti. Pacch±t±su upasamp±dit±pi anupasampann± honti. Id±ni s±sanappaµi r³pakamatta½ hot²ti. Ida½pi tesa½ atthañcak±raºañca adisv± aj±nitv± vuttatt± micch± vacanamatta½ hoti. Aya½ panettha attho. “Vassasahassa½ saddhammo tiµµheyy±”ti vassasahassameva saddhammo aparih±yam±no tiµµheyya. Tatopara½ pana na tiµµheyya, anukkamena parih±yam±no gaccheyy±ti. Katha½ pana aparih±yam±no tiµµhati, kathañca parih±yam±no gacchat²ti. Vuccate. Pañcasaªgh± veditabb±. Yesu saªghe susaddhammo tiµµhati. Katame pañca. Kh²º±savasaªgho, an±g±misaªgho, sakad±g±misaªgho, sot±pannasaªgho, puthujjanakaly±ºakasaªgho,ti. Tattha, vassasahassabbhantare sabbepañcasaªgh± paññ±yanti. Eva½ vassasahassa½ saddhammo aparih±yam±no tiµµhati. Tatopara½ kh²º±savasaªgho na paññ±yati. Ses±ni catt±rivassasahass±ni anukkamena ses±na½ catunna½ saªgh±na½ khett±ni j±t±ni. Eva½ tatopara½ parih±yam±no gacchat²ti ayamettha attho. K±raºa½ vuccate. “Saddhammo tiµµheyy±”ti ettha tividho saddhammo ‘pariyattisaddhammo, paµipattisaddhammo, paµivedhasaddhammo,ti. So eva tividha½ s±sananti ca vuccati. Tattha, pariyatti saddhammo n±ma s±µµhakath±nit²ºipiµak±ni. Soca etarahi paripuººo tiµµhati. Katha½ pariyatti s±sana½ paµir³pakamatta½ bhaveyya. Bhikkh³ ca pariyattikammik± aneka satasahassamatt± paññ±yanti. Kathañcida½ s±sana½ tatopara½ ekadivasa½pi na tiµµheyya. Te ca bhikkh³ s²lappaµipattiya½ µhit± aneka satasahassamatt± etarahi sandhissanti. Kathañca paµipatti s±sana½ tatopara½ na tiµµheyya. Pariyattiy±ca paµipattiy±ca tiµµham±n±yapaµivedhasaddhammopi na tiµµhat²ti na vattabbo. Yath±hi-eko dhanaseµµhi n±ma atthi. So puttadh²tu parampar±na½ atth±ya mahant±ratananidhayo bh³miya½ bah³suµµh±nesu nidahitv± µhapit± honti. Potthakesu ca tesa½ pavatti½ paripuººa½ likhitv± µhapeti. Tattha nim²su ca potthakesu ca akkharesu ca dharantesu tenidhayo nassanti antaradh±yant²ti na vattabb±yeva. Evamida½ s±sana½ daµµhabba½. Tatthahi nidh²na½nidh±nabh³misadisa½ tepiµaka½ buddhavacana½, dhanaratanasadis±ni dhammaratan±ni. Yath± ca seµµhiva½sej±to balasampanno puriso potthaka½ passitv± suµµhu khaºanto t±niratan±ni labhissatiyeva. Evamidhapi balasampanno bhikkhu desan±dhamma½ sutv± suµµhu paµipajjanto t±nidhammaratan±ni labhissatiyeva. Labham±ne ca sati, katha½ t±nidhammaratan±ni antarahit±ni. S²m±nañca pavattiv±nivatti v± ±º±cakkasseva visayo hoti. Na dhammacakkassa. Yañca vutta½-pañcevavassasat±nisaddhammo µhassat²ti ca, - vassasahassa½ saddhammo tiµµheyy±ti ca. Idañca vacana½ dhammacakkameva hoti, na ±º±cakka½. Baddhas²m±yo ca nivattam±n± dv²hi k±raºehi nivattanti antaradh±yanti. ¾º±cakkabh³t±ya kammav±c±ya sam³hananena v±, s±sanassa v± antaradh±nena. Tattha vassasahassapariyante kammav±c±ya sam³hananañca natthi. S±sanantaradh±nañca n±ma an±gate dh±tuparinibb±nena paricchinna½ hoti. Dh±tuparinibb±nehi j±te sabba½ ±º±cakka½ vigata½ hoti, antaradh±yati. Dhammacakka½ pana devalokesu y±v±n±gatabuddhak±l±pi pavattissatiyeva ±¼avakapucch±g±th±yo viya. Apicayo vo ±nanda may± dhammo ca vinayo ca desito paññatto. So vo mamaccayena satth±-ti vutta½. Socati piµakabh³to dhammavinayo satth± etarahi tividha½pi s±sana½ lokassa d²pento pak±sento tiµµhati. Yatobuddhabh±sik±na½ devamanuss±na½ n±n± b±hirakehi janehi as±dh±raºo mahanto ñ±º±loko etarahi vijjotam±no pavattati. Tehi sabbaññutaññ±ºena desit±ni etarahidharam±n±ni catur±s²ti dhammakkhandha sahass±ni sutv± anamataggesa½s±re anant±su lokadh±t³su sabba½lokattayappavattiñca, sabba½dhammappavattiñca, sabbaññutaññ±º±nugatikena sutamayaññ±ºena j±nanti. ¾yatiñca saggatth±ya ca maggaphalanibb±natth±ya ca n±n±puññakiriyavatth³ni ±rabhanti, pabbajanti. Pariyatti½ pariy±puºanti. Paµipatti½ p³renti. Bh±vana½bh±venti. Ida½ sabba½ s±sanappaµir³pakamatta½na hoti. Ekanta s±sana½ hoti. Kasm±, yath± dhamma½ yath± vinaya½ paµipajjanato. Im±ya ca paµipattiy± ±yati½ saggamaggaphala nibb±nappaµil±bh±ya sa½vattanikatt±ti. Ett±vat± sabba½ micch±v±d²na½ micch±vacana½ vidhamita½viddha½sita½ hot²ti.