Sampad±niµµhit±.

7. Sasaddhammagaºuttamapade. Yath±=sasaªgha½lokan±yaka½ namassissa½=ti etthasahasaddassa samav±yatthatt± aha½lokan±yakañca saªghañca namassissanti eva½ samav±yattho viññ±yati. Tath± idhapi samm±sambuddhañcasaddhammañca gaºuttamañca abhiv±diy±m²ti eva½ kiriy±samav±yattho sahasaddena d²pitoti dassetu½ “d³ratoha½…pe… evamida½ daµµhabban”ti vutta½. “Idan”ti sasaddhammagaºuttamapada½. Ettha ca“samav±yo”ti dvinna½ tiººa½ bah³na½ v± atth±na½ ekasmi½ dabbev± guºev±kiriy±yav±sama½ avecca ayana½pavattana½ samav±yo. Pacc±nut±pa pacc±numodan±diµh±nesu=aha½ pubbed±na½ nadadissa½, s²la½ narakkhissa½. - Anekaj±ti sa½s±ra½ sandh±vissa=nti-±din± at²tepik±le an±gatavacana½ payujjat²ti ±ha “namassissan”ti namassi½ti. “Guº²bh³t±nan”ti sam±sapade visesanabh³t±na½, appadh±nabh³t±nanti attho. Abbh³ta tabbh±vec±ya½ ²k±ro. Yath±, k±ko set² bhavati, bako kaºh²bhavat²ti. Ettha ca “set² bhavat²”ti asetapubbo setobhavati. “Kaºh²bhavat²”ti akaºhapubbo kaºhobhavat²ti attho. Tath± idhapi. Buddha½ dhammañca saªghañcavanditv±-ti-±d²su visu½visu½ padh±natt± aguºabh³t±pi dhammasaªgh± idhasam±sapade aññapadatthassaguºabh³t±honti. Aya½ abbh³tatabbh±vattho n±ma. “Abhiv±ditabh±vo”ti vutte tapaccayassa bahula½ at²tak±lavisayatt± pubbeganth±rambhak±le dhamma saªgh±na½pi therassa vandan±siddhi dassit± hoti. “Abhiv±detabba bh±vo”ti vuttepana tabbapaccayassak±las±maññavisayatt±na tath± dassit± hoti. D±na½ d±tabba½, s²la½ rakkhitabbanti-±d²su viya dhammasaªgh±n±masabbak±la½pi abhiv±detabb±ti. Eva½ dhammasaªgh±na½ sabbak±la½pi abhiv±dan±rahaguºo eva dassitoti imamattha½ dassetu½ “tatth±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha, “abhiv±danan”ti ida½ kiriy±samav±yadassanato vutta½. K±lavisesa½ pana nad²petiyeva. “Attano nidassanen±”ti saputtad±ro ±gatoti attan± n²haritv± dassitena payogena. Sohi payogo kiriy± samav±yasseva. Naguºasamav±yass±ti. Ettha ca therassa vandan±vacane thero imehi yevapadehi ratanattaya½t²hidv±re hivandat²ti gahetv± “abhiv±diy±”ti ettha abhiv±diy±dh²ti ca attha½ n²haranti. Appadh±na kiriy±pade pana tadattha n²haraºa½ asambh±vento “apic±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha “apic±”ti kiñci vattabba½ atth²ti atthajotane aya½ nip±tasamudayo. “Ganthappaµiññ±y±”ti ganthappaµiññ±vacanena. “Sahaghaµetv±”ti ekato sambandhitv±.
Vacanatthe Sadhano puriso, dhanav±puriso-ti ±dayo sam±sataddhitasadd± yebh³yyena atissayattha d²pak± honti. Nahi appakena dhanena tath± voharanti. Tasm± idh±pi tath± r³pa½ atissayattha½ dassetu½ “attan±nimmitena…pe… saraºabh³ten±”ti vutta½. Tattha, “attan±nimmiten±”ti attan± upp±ditena. “Nah²”ti-±din± tadatthameva byatirekato vivarati. Tattha, “paranimmiten±”ti buddhanimmiten±ti adhipp±yo. “Tath± thomanan”ti sasaddhamma gaºuttamanti thomana½. “Ida½p²”ti dut²yattha sampiº¹ane aya½pik±ro. Nakevala½ purimapadadvayameva satthu as±dh±raºaguºapada½ hoti. Atha kho ida½pi pada½ satthu paccekabuddh±d²hi as±dh±raºa padamevahot²ti yojan±.
Dhammavacanatthe. “Dh±ret²”ti vahati. G±th±ya½ “rakkhat²”ti ap±y±didukkhatorakkhati. “Yesan”ti kiles±na½. “Imasmi½ atthe”ti kilesasamucchindanasaªkh±te dh±raºatthe. “Nibb±nañcanippariy±yato dhammo n±m±”ti kasm± vutta½, nanu nissaraºappah±nameva nibb±nassa kicca½, idañca samucchedappah±nanti codana½ pariharanto “ariyamagg±h²”ti-±dim±ha. “Nibb±nena saheva hutv±”ti ±rammaº±dhipatibh³ta½ ±rammaº³ panissayabh³tañca nibb±na½ attano patiµµha½ katv±ti adhipp±yo. Apica, samucchedoti ca nissaraºanti ca atthato sam±nagatika½ hoti. Tasm± nissaraºa½pi mukhyadh±raºa mev±ti daµµhabba½. Nissaraºamevav± padh±nadh±raºanti piyujjatiyeva. “Dh±raº³p±yoyevahoti”. Namukhyadh±raºa½. Kasm±, samuccheda kicc±bh±vato. “Etepañca pariy±yadhamm±yeva”. Kasm±, nibb±nassaviyamagg±na½ samuccheda kicce asah±yatt±ti. Ettha ca “s±maññapphal±n²”ti samaºassa bh±vo s±mañña½. Ariyamaggasseta½ n±ma½. S±maññassaphala½ s±maññapphala½. Dut²yavikappe akicca paccayabh³t±pi kecikitakapaccay± kammatthegat± kiccapaccay±na½pi attha½ d²peti. Yath±, diµµha½, suta½, muta½, viññ±tanti vutta½ “dh±raº±raho”ti. “Yath± vutta dhamm± yev±”ti pañcamukhyadhamm±, pañcapariy±yadhamm±yeva. “Kec²”ti catt±ro magg±. Puna “kec²”ti nibb±nameva. Bahuvacana sotepatitatt± ettha bahuvacana½ ru¼a½. Puna “kec²”ti catt±ro s±maññapphala dhamm±. “Kec²”ti pariyatti dhammo. Etth±pi bahuvacana½ sotapatitameva. “Dh±rentan”ti dh±renta½ puggala½. Tat²ya vikappe “apatam±na½ vahant²”ti apatam±na½ katv± vahanti. Catuttha vikappe “etth±”ti etasmi½ dhamme. Dhammovad²pa½ etesanti dhammad²p±. Dhammova paµisaraºa½ etesanti dhammappaµisaraº±. Dhammad²p± bhikkhave bhavatha dhammappaµisaraº±, anaññappaµisaraº± tihi vutta½. Laddh± patiµµh± etesanti laddhappatiµµh±. Yujjatiyeva. Dhammad²pap±µh±nulomatt±ti adhipp±yo. Dhammavic±raº±ya½, codakopaµipatti dhamma½ dasavidha dhammato añña½maññam±no “kasm±”ti-±din± codeti. So pana paµipatti dhammo tato aññona hoti, tattheva antogadhoti dassento “sopan±”ti-±dim±ha. “Maggassa pubbabh±gappaµipad± hot²”ti yath± ambarukkho ambapuppha-ambapphalassa patiµµh± bh±vena pubbabh±ga nissayo hoti. Kasm±, itoyevatassa pupphapphalassa j±tatt± etthevasa½ va¹¹hitatt± ca. Tath± paµipatti dhammopi ariyamaggapphalassapatiµµh±bh±vena pubbabh±g³panissayappaµipad±hoti. Kasm±, itoyeva tassaj±tatt± etthevasa½ va¹¹hitatt± ca. Vuttañheta½ mah±vagga sa½yutte. Seyyath±pi bhikkhave yekeci meb²jag±mabh³tag±m±vu¹¹hi½ viru¼i½ vepulla½ ±pajjanti. Sabbete pathavi½ niss±ya pathavi½ patiµµh±ya. Evameva kho bhikkhave bhikkhus²la½ niss±ya s²lepatiµµh±ya ariya½ aµµhaªg²ka½ magga½ bh±vento vu¹¹hi½ viru¼hi½ vepulla½ p±puº±ti dhammes³ti. “Pubbacetan±viyad±ne”ti yath± tividha½ puñña½, d±namaya½ puñña½ s²lamaya½ puñña½ bh±van±maya½ puññanti vutte d±navatthu pariyesanato paµµh±ya d±na½ ±rabbhapavatt± sabb± pubbabh±ga cetan± d±navacane saªgahit± d±nantveva saªkhya½gat±. Eva½ so paµipatti dhammo ariya maggavacane evasaªgahito, ariyamaggo tveva saªkhya½ gatoti vutta½ hoti.
Imasmi½ dhammasa½sandane aparampi vattabba½ vadanto “apic±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha “yadaggen±”ti yenak±raºakoµµh±sena dh±raº³p±yoti-±din± k±raºabh±gen±ti attho. Vandana½ araha t²ti vandaneyyo. Tasmi½ vandaneyye. “Puthujjanakaly±ºako”ti ettha tividho kaly±ºako vinayakaly±ºako suttantakaly±ºako abhidhammakaly±ºakoti. Tattha vinaye paññatt±ya kaly±ºappaµipattiy± samann±gato bhikkhu vinayakaly±ºako n±ma. So idha bhikkhu p±timokkha sa½varasa½vuto viharati ±c±ra gocara sampanno, aºumattesu vajjesu bhayadass±v² sam±d±ya sikkhati sikkh±pades³ti ettha veditabbo. Tattha vinaye paññatt±kaly±ºappaµipattiduvidh±, ±di brahmacariyakas²la½ abhisamac±rikas²lanti. Tattha, ubhatovibhaªgapariy±panna½ s²la½ ±dibrahmacariyaka½ n±ma. Khandhakapariy±panna½ s²la½ abhisamac±rika½ n±ma.
Suttantesu vutt±ya kaly±ºappaµipattiy± samann±gato gahaµµho v± pabbajito v± suttanta kaly±ºako n±ma. So cat³hi bhikkhave dhammehi samann±gato ariyas±vako sabba½ duggatibhaya½ samatikkanto hoti. Katamehi cat³hi. Idha bhikkhave ariyas±vako buddhe aveccappas±dena samann±gato hoti iti piso bhagav±…pe… satth±devamanuss±na½, buddho, bhagav±ti. Dhamme aveccappas±dena samann±gato hoti sv±kkh±to bhagavat± dhammo…pe… paccatta½ veditabbo viññ³h²ti. Saªghe aveccappas±dena samann±gato hoti suppaµipanno bhagavato s±vakasaªgho…pe… anuttara½ puññakkhetta½ lokass±ti. Ariyakantehi s²lehi samann±gato hot²ti ettha veditabbo. Tattha buddhe aveccappas±do n±ma araha½, samm±sambuddho, ti-±dik±na½ guºapad±na½ attha j±nanaññ±ºena yutto pas±do. Ariyehik±m²yanti icch²yant²ti ariyakant±ni. Suparisuddhassa ±j²vaµµhamakas²lasseta½ n±ma½. Catt±rim±ni bhikkhave sot±pattiyaªg±ni. Katam±ni catt±ri. Sappurisasa½sevo, saddhammassavana½, yoniso manasik±ro, dhamm±nu dhammappaµipatt²ti-±d²ni bah³ni suttant±ni idha vattabb±ni.
Abhidhamme v± suttantesu v± vutt±ya kaly±ºappaµipattiy± samann±gatogahaµµho v± pabbajito v± abhidhammakaly±ºako n±ma. So idha sutav± ariyas±vako ariy±na½ dass±v² ariya dhammassakovido ariyadhammesu vin²to. So r³pa½ attato na samanupassat²ti ettha veditabbo. Tattha, “sutav±”ti ettha khandh±, yatana, dh±tu, paµiccasamupp±da, satipaµµh±n±, d²su uggaha paripucch± vinicchayaññ±ºa samann±gato gahaµµho v± pabbajito v± suta v± n±m±ti aµµhakath±su vutto. So eva puthujjana kaly±ºakoti ca vuccati.
Duve puthujjan± vutt±, buddhen±diccabandhun±;
andho puthujjano eko, kaly±ºeko puthujjano. Ti
Ca vutta½. Aªguttare pana catukkanip±te katamo puggalo appassuto sutena upapanno hoti. Idhekacco dhamma½ suº±ti ek±yapi c±tuppadik±ya g±th±ya attha maññ±ya dhamma maññ±ya dhamm± nu dhammappaµipanno hoti. Aya½ appassutosutena upapannoti vutta½. Sutav±ti ca sutena upapannoti ca atthato ekanti. Puthujjana kaly±ºako saªghe sekkhesusaªgahito. Vutta½heta½ pariv±re ke sikkhant²ti. Puthujjana kaly±ºakena saddhi½ satta ariyapuggal± sikkhanti. Arah± kh²º±savo sikkhitasikkhoti. Dakkhiºa vibhaªgasutta aµµhakath±ya½ pana. Ti saraºa saraºa½ gato up±sakopi sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanne saªgahitoti vutta½. Tattha, sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipannon±ma sot±patti maggaµµho ariyapuggalo. “Sohisaªgahito”ti sambandho. “Ett±vat± paµikkhitta½ hot²”ti sambandho. “Saªghe asaªgahito”ti saªgha½saraºa½ gacch±m²ti ca, suppaµipanno bhagavato s±vakasaªghoti ca, evar³pesu µh±nesu ±gate saªgha vacane asaªgahito. “Na hita½ saraºa½ gacchantassasaraºagamana½ sampajjat²”ti ida½ saªgha½saraºa½ gacch±m²ti ettha saªgha vacanetassapuggalassa asaªgahita bh±vas±dhanattha½ vutta½. Ten±ha “ta½ paµikkhitta½ hot²”ti. Sace pana sabba½ bhagavato s±vakasaªgha½ anuddhissatameva puggala½ saªgha½saraºa½ gaccheyya ±yasmanta½ saraºa½ gacch±m²ti. Saraºa gamana½ na sampajjatiyeva. Atha sabba½ bhagavato s±vakasaªgha½ uddissa tassa santike saraºa½ gaccheyya saªgha½ saraºa½ gacch±m²ti. Sampajjatiyeva Idañca daharak±le sabbappathama½ saraºagamana½ sandh±ya vutta½. Idañhi saraºa gamana½ n±ma saki½ gahetv± ratanattaye saddha½ ajahantassa y±vaj²va½pi na bhijjati. Punappuna½ gahaºa kicca½ natthi. Punappuna½ gaºhantepi dosonatthi. Punappuna½ puñña½ va¹¹hati. Sabbappathama½ gahaºak±le ca aññena dinnatt± laddha½ nahoti. Attanovac² bhedena laddha½ hoti. Tasm± aññassa santike aggahetv± sayameva vac²bheda½ gaºhantassa gahaµµhassa saraºa gamana½ sampajjatiyeva. Tath± sabb±ni gahaµµhas²l±n²ti. S±maºera saraºa gamanampana bhikkhun±dinnameva labbhati. Tañca kho ubhinna½piµh±nakaraºa sampattiy± sati ev±ti daµµhabba½. “Vo”ti tumh±ka½. Yodhammo ca desito yovinayocapaññatto. “Mamaccayen±”ti mam±tikkamena. Mayi parinibbuteti vutta½ hoti. Satth± bhavissat²ti p±µhaseso. “Sa½vaººito”ti suµµhutara½vaººito thomito. “Kaly±ºappaµipattiya½ µhitop²”ti t²sukaly±ºappaµipatt²su aññatarappaµipattiya½ µhitopi. “Aµµhitop²”ti sabbappaµipattib±hiro duss²lop±padhammoti adhipp±yo. Visesato pana vinayappaµipatti eva idha pariyatt±ti daµµhabb±. “So”ti soduss²lo p±padhammo. Attanopi saraºa½ nahoti. Avassa½ ap±yag±m²yeva so hot²ti adhipp±yo. “Kuto saraºa½ bhavissat²”ti yojan±. “Anekesu suttasahasses³”ti vinayepi bah³ni garahasuttapad±ni dissanti suttantesupi. Visesato pana aggikkhandhopamasutt±d²su.