Paccaya saªgaha paramatthad²pan²

166. Eva½ .0373 sattahi paricchedehi pathamassa n±mar³papariccheda ñ±ºassa vidh±na½ dassetv± id±ni dut²yassa paccayapariggahañ±ºassa vidh±na½ dassento yesa½saªkhatadhamm±nanti-±di m±ha. Id±ni yesa½ saªkhatadhamm±na½ saªkhat±saªkhatabh³t± yedhamm± yath± yehi het±d²hi paccay±k±rehi paccay± upak±rak± honti. Ta½ vibh±ga½ tesa½ saªkhatadhamm±na½ paccayuppannabh³t±na½ vibh±gañca tesa½ paccayadhamm±na½ vibh±gañca tesa½paccay±k±r±na½ iha vibh±gañca imasmi½ vuccam±ne paccayasaªgahe yath±raha½ pavakkh±m²ti yojan±.
[224] Vibh±vaniya½ pana
“Paccaye dassetun”ti vutta½. Ta½ ta½ vibh±ganti imin± na sameti.
[225] Yañca tattha
“Iha imasmi½ samuccaya saªgah±nantare µh±ne”ti iha saddassa atthavibh±vana½ vutta½. Ta½pi na yujjati.
Etasmiñhi atthe sati id±ni saddo niratthako hot²ti, paµicca phala½ samuppajjati etasm±ti paµiccasamupp±do. Tattha paµicc±ti avin±, amuñcitv±ti attho. Avijj±diko paccayadhammoti vaººenti. Athav±, samuppajjana½ samupp±do. Sahaj±tadhammehi saheva kal±pavasena abhinibbatti p±tubh±voti attho. Yath±saka½ paccaya½ paµicca tena avin±bh±v²hutv± samupp±do paµicca samupp±do, atthato pana sabbesa½ paccayapaccayuppannabh³t±na½ saªkhata dhamm±na½ paccay±yattavuttit±saªkh±ta½ sabbasaªkhatas±dh±raºa½ eka½ s±maññalakkhaºa½. Ya½ idappaccayat±tica vuccati. Tatthaca idappaccaya t±ti aya½ imassa paccayo aya½ imassa paccayoti eva½ niddisitabbo aya½ paccayo etesanti idappaccay±. Saªkhatadhamm±. Idappaccay±na½ bh±vo idappaccayat±. Yath±vutta s±maññalakkhaºa½ ev±ti attho veditabbo, na paµicca phala½ samuppajjati etasm±ti paµiccasamupp±do. Avijj±diko paccayadhammotica imesa½ paccay± idappaccay±. Idappaccay±-eva idappaccayat±tica. Visuddhimagge pana samuppajjana½ samupp±doti ayamattho paµikkhitto. P±¼iya½ pana ayameva adhippeto viya dissati. Yath±ha–
Katamoca bhikkhave paµiccasamupp±do. J±tipaccay± bhikkhave jar±maraºa½, upp±d±v± tath±gat±na½ anupp±d±v± tath±gat±na½ µhit±va s± dh±tu, dhammaµµhitat± dhammaniy±mat± idappaccayat±ti.La. Avijj±paccay± saªkh±r± upp±d±v±.La. Idappaccayat±. Iti kho bhikkhave tatra tathat± avitathat± anaññathat± idappaccayat±. Aya½ vuccati bhikkhave paµiccasamupp±doti.
Ettha hi µhit±va s± dh±t³ti-±din± tatra tathat± avitathat±ti-±din±ca yath±vutta½ idappaccayat± saªkh±ta½ s±mañña lakkhaºameva paµiccasamupp±don±m±ti dasseti. Na cettha bh±vas±dhane kate sati paµiccasaddena saha samupp±dasaddassa asam±nakattut±saªkh±to byañjanayuttivirodho atthi. Yo paµicca kriy±ya katt±, tasseva samupp±dakriy±yapi kattut± sambhavato. Na hi kriy±n±ma katturahit±sambhavat²ti. Saªkhatadhammesuca gambh²resu sati aniccat±dilakkhaºa½ viya ida½pi saªkhatalakkhaºa½ gambh²rameva hot²ti nayidha gambh²ravacanavirodho sambhavati. Athakho saªkhatadhammato saªkhatalakkhaºameva gambh²ratara½ hot²ti. T±disena pana s±maññalakkhaºena sampann± yath±vutt± avijj±dayo saªkhatadhamm± paµiccasamuppann±n±ma. Yath±ha-katameca bhikkhave paµiccasamuppann±dhamm± jar±maraºa½ bhikkhave paµiccasamuppanna½.La. Avijj± bhikkhave paµiccasamuppann±ti. Iti sabbesa½ paccayapaccayuppanna bh³t±na½ saªkhatadhamm±na½ paccay± satta vuttit±saªkh±to paµiccasamupp±doca so n²yati ñ±yati paµivijjh²yat²ti katv± nayoc±ti paµiccasamupp±danayo. Paµhapeti saªkhatadhamme n±n±pak±rehi paccayabhedehi pavatteti deseti etth±ti paµµh±na½. Mah±pakaraºa½. Paµµh±ne desito nayo paµµh±nanayo.
Tasmi½ tasmi½ paccayadhamme bh±ve vijjam±ne sati te te bhavanti s²len±ti tabbh±vabh±vino. Saªkhatadhamm±. Tesa½ bh±vo tabbh±vabh±vibh±vo, imasmi½ sati ida½ hoti. Imassa upp±d± ida½ uppajjat²ti eva½ pavatto saªkhatadhammaniy±mo. Tabbh±vabh±vibh±vo-eva ±k±ro tabbh±vabh±vibh±v±k±ro. So eva tabbh±vabh±vibh±v±k±ramatta½. Mattasaddena het±dipaccaya sattiniyama½ nivatteti. Tena upalakkhito nayo paµiccasamupp±da nayo. ¾haccapaccayaµµhiti½ ±rabbh±ti ettha hetu ±rammaº± divasena tath±tath± upak±rakat±saªkh±to paccayasatti viseso ±haccapaccayaµµhitin±ma. So hi avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±ti-±d²su viya paccayadhammuddh±ramatte aµµhatv± hetupaccayo ±rammaºapaccahoti-±din± paccayasatti visesuddh±ravasena ±hacca matthaka½ p±petv± desitatt± ±haccapaccayaµµhit²ti vuccati. Paccayadhamm± tiµµhanti attano paccayuppann±bhisaªkharaºa kicca½ patv± anosakkam±n± hutv± pavattanti et±y±ti katv±. ¾rabbh±ti paµicca. Vuccat²ti bhagavat± kath²yati.
Ubhaya½ pana vomissitv± papañcenti ±cariy±ti ida½ paµicca samupp±da½ papañcente sandh±ya vutta½. Tehi ta½ papañcayant± paµµh±na naya½pi ±haritv± papañcent²ti. Yath± s³riyo udayanto andhak±re vidhametv± dabbasambh±re mah±janassa p±kaµe karoti. Evameva½ uppanna½ catusaccañ±ºa½ avijjandhak±ra½ vidhamitv± catusacca dhamma½ vidati p±kaµa½ karot²ti vijj±. Tappaµipakkhatt± moho avijj±n±ma. So hi uppajjam±no dhammesu aññ±ºa-adassana saªkh±ta½ andhak±ra½ janetv±va uppajjati. Paµicca phala½ eti ±gacchati etasm± eten±ti v± paccayo. Avijj±ca s± paccayo c±ti avijj±paccayo. Tasm± avijj±paccay± saªkh±r± sambhavant²ti sambandho. Saªkhata½ k±yavac²manokamma½ abhisaªkharonti satt± eteh²ti saªkh±r±. Vij±n±t²ti viññ±ºa½. Vij±nanti satt± eten±ti v± viññ±ºa½. ¾rammaºe namat²ti n±ma½. Ruppati vik±ra½ ±pajjat²ti r³pa½. Adhiµµh±naµµhena ±yatana½. Dev±na½ dev±yatanamiva. Phusat²ti phasso. Phusanti sampayuttak± dhamm± eten±ti v± phasso. Vedayat²ti vedan±. Vedayanti paccanubhavanti satt± et±y±tiv± vedan±. Tassati paritassat²ti taºh±. Niccapip±savasena ±rammaºahetu nicca½ cañcalati pattheti v±ti attho. Tassanti paritassanti cañcalanti satt± et±y±ti v± taºh±. Up±diyat²ti up±d±na½. Amuñcag±ha½ gaºh±t²ti attho. Up±diyanti satt± eten±ti v± up±d±na½.
Bhavati va¹¹hat²ti bhavo. Bhavanti j±yanti va¹¹hanti sukhadukkh±ni eten±ti v± bhavo. Janana½ j±ti. J±yanti p±tubhavanti saªkhata dhamm± et±y±ti v± j±ti. J²raºa½ jar±. J²ranti jiººabh±va½ gacchanti et±y±ti v± jar±. Socana½ soko. Socanti cittapari¼±ha½ gacchanti eten±ti v± soko. Paridevana½ paridevo. Ta½ ta½ pavatti½ parikittetv± devanti kandanti eten±ti v± paridevo. Khamitu½ sahitu½ dukkaranti dukkha½. Dummanassa vir³pacittassa bh±vo domanassa½. Bhuso ±y±sana½ up±y±so. ¾y±sananti anass±sana½. Vis²dananti attho. Evanti imin± yath±vuttena. Avijj±di saªkh±r±dipaccayapaccayuppanna para½paravidhin± samudayo hot²ti sambandho. Etassakevalassadukkhakkhandhass±ti avijj±dikassa etassa sakalassa dukkhar±sissa kenaci sukhena asa½missassa v± dukkhar±sissa abhinibbatti hot²ti attho. Etthaca duvidho paµiccasamupp±danayo suttantikanayo abhidhammanayoti. Tattha suttantikanayena t±va avijj± catubbidh± dukkhapaµicch±dik± samudayapaµicch±dik± nirodhapaµicch±dik± maggapaµicch±dik±c±ti. Abhidhammanayena pana pubbantapaµicch±dik± aparanta paµicch±dik± pubbant±parantapaµicch±dik± paµiccasamupp±dapaµicch±dik±ti cat³hi saddhi½ aµµha vidh±ti veditabb±.
Saªkh±r± suttantikanayena s±sav± kusal±kusalacetan± apuññ±bhisaªkh±ro puññ±bhisaªkh±ro ±neñj± bhisaªkh±roti pana tividh± honti. Tattha dv±dasa akusalacetan± apuññ±ti saªkh±ron±ma. K±mar³pa kusalacetan± puññ±bhisaªkh±ron±ma. Ar³pakusalacetan± ±neñj±tisaªkh±ron±ma. Abhidhammanayena pana sabb±pi lokiyalokuttarabh³t± kusal±kusalacetan± saªkh±r±n±ma. Kiriyacetan± pana sabb±pi vibhaªge nagahit±. Aµµhakath±yañca kiriyadhamm±na½ pana yasm± neva avijj± na kusal± kusalam³l±ni upanissayapaccayatta½ labhanti. Tasm± kiriyavasena paccay±k±ro navuttoti vutta½. Avijj±ca kusal±kusalam³l± nica kiriyadhamm±na½ upanissaya paccay± na honti. Tasm± kiriyadhamm± paµiccasamupp±dadesan±ya½ nagahit±ti vutta½ hoti. Sa½yuttepi yato kho bhikkhave bhikkhuno avijj± pah²n± hoti. Vijj±-uppann±. So avijj± vir±g± vijjupp±d± neva puññ±bhisaªkh±ra½ abhisaªkharoti. Na apuññ±bhisaªkh±ra½. Na ±neñj±bhisaªkh±ra½ abhisaªkharot²ti vutta½. Attano anur³papaccayavasena pana tesa½pi paµicca samupp±do av±ritoyeva. Nahi koci paµiccasamupp±darahito saªkhatadhammon±ma atth²ti. Esa nayo viññ±º±d²sup²ti. Viññ±ºanti b±tti½savidha½ lokiyavip±kaviññ±ºa½ suttantikanayena. Abhidhammanayena pana kiriyacittavajjita½ ek³nasattatividha½ lokiyalokuttaraviññ±ºa½. N±mar³panti lokiya viññ±ºa sahaj±ta½ vedan±dikhandhattaya½ paµisandhiya½ kammajar³pa½ pavattiya½ cittaja r³pañca suttantikanayena. Abhidhammanayena pana sabba½ kusal±kusala vip±kasampayutta½ khandhattaya½ vuttappak±rar³pañca. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana laddhapacch±j±tapaccaya½ sabba½pi catusamuµµh±nar³pa½ gahitameva.
[226] Vibh±vaniya½ pana
“Tadubhaya½pi idha paµisandhiviññ±ºasahagatan”ti vutta½. Ta½ anupapanna½.
Sa¼±yatananti cha ajjhattik±yatan±ni eva sabbattha p±¼iya½ vibhatt±ni. Ekacce pana ±cariy± b±hir±yatan±ni phassassa paccay± hont²ti katv± t±nipi idha gaºhanti. Ta½pi nid±navagga p±¼iy± sametiyeva. Yath±ha–
Katamoca bhikkhave lokassa samudayo. Cakkhuñca paµicca r³peca uppajjati cakkhuviññ±ºa½. Tiººa½ saªgati phasso. Phassapaccay± vedan±. Vedan±paccay± taºh±.La. Domanassup±y±s± sambhavant²ti aya½ lokassa samudayo. Sotañca.La. Manañca paµicca dhammeca uppajjati manoviññ±ºa½. Tiººa½ saªgati phasso.La. Lokassa samudayoti.
Phassavedan±dayopi nayadvaye ta½ ta½ viññ±ºasampayutt± veditabb±. Taºhup±d±n±ni p±kaµ±ni. Bhavo duvidho kammabhavo upapattibhavoca. Lokiyakusal±kusalabh³t± cetan±ca. Cetan±sampayutt± abhijjh±dayo anabhijjh±dayoca kammabhavo. Yath±ha-sabba½pi bhavag±mikamma½ kammabhavoti. Kammanibbatt± pana sabbepi lokiyavip±kakkhandh± sabb±nica kammajar³p±ni upapattibhavo suttantikanayena. Abhidhammanayena pana lokuttara khandh±pi vibhaªge ±gat±-eva. J±tijar±maraº±ni sabbesa½ saªkhata dhamm±na½ lakkhaºapatt±ni. Sok±d²su ñ±tibyasan±d²hi phuµµhassa socan±k±rena pavatt± domanassavedan± sokon±ma. Rodan±k±rena pavatto aniµµho cittajasaddo paridevon±ma. K±yik± dukkhavedan± dukkha½n±ma. Cetasik± dukkhavedan± domanassa½n±ma. ѱtibyasan±dinimitta½ sa½s²danavis²dan±k±rapavatto doso up±y±son±ma. Ayamettha vibh±go. Yesa½ pana khandhadukkhe avijj± appah²n± hoti. Tesa½ itarasaccesupi s± appah²n±-eva hot²ti te khandhapavattiya½eva sukhasañña½ labhanti. Khandhanirodhe dukkhasañña½. Khandhapavattimagge-eva sukhamaggasañña½ labhanti. Khandhanirodhamagge dukkhamaggasañña½. Tasm± khandhapavattipaccayabh³t± puññ± puññ±neñj±bhisaªkh±radhamm±-eva tesa½ avijj±nivuµ±na½ sukhak±m±na½ dukkhapaµik³l±na½ satt±na½ paµisaraº± hont²ti vutta½ avijj±pacca y±saªkh±r±ti. Etthaca visesato paccuppannakhandhapaµicch±dik±ya avijj±ya duccaritabh³t± apuññ±bhisaªkh±r± sambhavanti. An±gata khandhapaµicch±dik±ya avijj±ya sucaritabh³t± puññ±neñj±bhisaªkh±r± sambhavant²ti veditabb±. Saªkh±resu sati appah²nabhavataºh±na½ satt±na½ cuti-anantara½ punabhav±bhinibbattiy± koci vibandho n±ma natthi. Tasm± saªkh±rapaccay± viññ±ºa½ n±mar³pa½ sa¼±yatana½ phasso vedan±ti ime attabh±vasaññit± pañcadhamm± bhavantare p±tu bhavanti. Tattha pana viññ±ºameva padh±na½ jeµµhaka½ hot²ti vutta½. Saªkh±rapaccay±viññ±ºanti viññ±ºeca sati tassa udayabh³t±na½ n±mar³p±na½ uppattiy± vibandhon±ma natth²ti vutta½. Viññ±ºapaccay±n±ma r³panti. Ett±vat± s±maññato paripuººon±ma k±yo r³pa k±yoca vutto hoti. Eva½santepi tesu dv²su k±yesu yedhamm± sattapaññattiy± padh±naªgabh³t± honti. Yehica phass± d²ni upari aªg±ni ±gat±ni honti. Yesuca satt± attag±ha½ da¼hatara½ gaºhanti. Te visu½ n²haritv± dassetu½ n±mar³papaccay± sa¼±yatananti vutta½. N±mar³pe sati tesa½pi uppattiy± vibandho natthiyeva. Sa¼±yatanasamuµµhitoca phasso sa¼±yatane sati ekantena sambhavat²ti vutta½ sa¼±yatanapaccay±phassoti. Phassasamuµµhit±ca vedan± phasse sati ekantena sambhavatiyev±ti vutta½ phassapaccay±vedan±ti. Sukhavedan±sadiso taºh±ya avassayon±ma natth²ti vutta½ vedan±paccay±taºh±ti. K±mup±d±nañcan±ma ekasmi½ ±rammaºe punappuna½ samud±caritv± da¼hattappatt± taºh±-eva, diµµhiyoca attanica attano ±rammaºesuca ass±dana khamana rocana bh³t±ya taºh±ya vasena da¼hatta½ ±pajjant²ti vutta½ taºh±paccay±-up±d±nanti. Up±diyant±ca tassa tassa up±d±niyassa atthassa hitavu¹¹hisaññita½ ta½ta½ kammabhava½ ±y³hantiyev±ti vutta½ up±d±napaccay±bhavoti. Bhavasaddo hettha va¹¹hipariy±yo. Yath±–