Samuccaya saŖgaha paramatthad²pan²

162. Eva½ chahi paricchedehi catt±ro paramatthe dassetv± id±ni tesa½ ta½ta½r±sisaŖkh±ta½ samuccaya½ dassento ±dig±tha m±ha. Ye salakkhaŗ± dv±sattatividh± vatthudhamm± may± vutt±. Id±ni tesa½ samuccaya½ yath±yoga½ pavakkh±m²ti yojan±. Tattha salakkhaŗ±vatthudhamm±ti padehi dasavidh±ni anipphannar³p±ni paµikkhipati. Na hi t±ni attano ±venikabh³tena sabh±va lakkhaŗena aniccat±di s±mańńalakkhaŗenaca salakkhaŗ±ni honti. Ekantaparamatthat±ya abh±vato. Tatoyevaca vatthudhamm±ca nahonti. Sar³pato anupalabbham±natt±. Dabbav±cako hi idha vatthusaddo. Dabbańcan±ma idha sar³pato labbham±no sabh±vo eva. Etena nibb±nassapi maggaphala paccavekkhanań±ŗesu sar³pato labbham±na sabh±vat± vutt± hoti. Anipphannar³p±na½ viya ca vatthudhamma sannissayena dissam±nadhammamattabh±va½ v± pańńattidhamm±na½ viya parikappit±k±ramattabh±va½v± sasavis±ŗa kacchapalom±d²na½ viya sabbaso abh³ta parikappita mattabh±va½v± niv±ret²ti veditabba½. Etthaca dv±sattatividh±salakkhaŗ±vatthudhamm±ti vacane payojana½ nadissati. Tesu hi dv±sattatividhesu ekacce eva dhamm± purimesu t²su saŖgahesu ±gat±. Pacchimeca sabbasaŖgahe anipphannar³p±nipi adhippet±ni-ev±ti. Etthaca vatthudhamm±salakkhaŗ±ti padehi anipphannar³p±na½ salakkhaŗat± paµikkhipane ya½ vattabba½. Ta½ r³pasamuddesa d²paniya½ vuttamev±ti. Ekant±kusalaj±tiy±na½ ±sava catukk±d²na½ saŖgaho akusalasaŖgaho, na akusala sampayuttatt±yeva akusalabh³t±na½ cittaphass±d²nanti. Kusal± kusal±by±katamissak±na½ saŖgaho missakasaŖgaho.
Bodhi vuccati cat³su maggesu ń±ŗa½, bujjhanti et±y±ti katv±. Bodhiy± pakkh± bodhipakkh±. Bodhisambh±r±ti attho. Bodhi pakkhesu bhav± antogadh±ti bodhipakkhiy±. Tesa½ saŖgahoti bodhipakkhiyasaŖgaho. Sabbesa½ anavases±na½ paramatthadhamm±na½ saŖgaho sabbasaŖgaho. Cirap±riv±siyaµµhena madaniyaµµhenaca ±sava sadisatt± ±sav±. Yadica tadubhayaµµhena ±sav±n±ma siyu½. Ime lobh±dayo eva ±sav±n±ma siyu½. Pupph±sav±dayo hi loke cha pańca rattimatta½ v± sattaµµharattimatta½ v± saya½pi kumbhesu pariv±sa½ gaŗhanti. Kumbheca pariv±sa½ g±h±penti. Ime pana anamatagge sa½s±re saya½pi sattasant±ne pariv±sa½ gaŗhanti. Sattasant±nańca pariv±sa½ g±h±penti. Sakala½ sattasant±na½ sad± ±savap³ritameva hoti. Yath±ha-cakkhu½ loke piyar³pa½ s±tar³pa½ etthes± taŗh± uppajjam±n± uppajjati. Ettha niv²sam±n± niv²sat²ti-±di. Tattha es± taŗh± pariyuµµh±navasena uppajjam±n± ettheva uppajjati. Uppajjitv±ca puna anusayabh±vena pariv±sa½ katv± niv²sam±n± ettheva niv²sat²ti attho. Y±vaca ariyamaggadhovana½ nalabbhati. T±va sant±na½ g³thap³ritak³pa½ viya dubbisodha½ katv± pavattati. Pupph±sav±dayoca mada½ janent± muhuttameva janenti. Ime pana y±va ariyamagga½ nalabhati. T±va niccamada½ janenti. Tasm± ekantena imeyeva cirap±riv±siyaµµhena madani yaµµhenaca ±sav±n±ma bhavitu½ arahant²ti.
Visandanaµµhenav± ±savasadisatt± ±sav±, yath± hi kudhita kuµµhino mah±vaŗamukhehi y³sasaŖkh±to ±savo visanditv± pilotikakhaŗ¹±ni d³seti, eva½ imepi chahidv±rehi visanditv± cha¼±rammaŗ±nid³sent²ti. ¾yata½v± sa½s±radukkha½ savantipasavanti va¹¹hent²ti ±sav±. Athav±, bhavato ±bhavagg± dhammato ±gotratumh± savanti ±rammaŗakaraŗavasena pavattant²ti ±sav±. ¾saddassa avadhi-atthajotakatt±. Avadhica duvidho mariy±davisayo abhividhivisayoc±ti tattha yassa sambandhin²kriy± avadhibh³ta½ att±na½ bahikatv± pavattati. So mariy±davisayo n±ma. Yath± ±p±taliputt± devo vuµµhoti. Yassa sambandhin²kriy± avadhibh³ta½ att±na½ by±petv± anto katv± pavattati, so abhividhivisayon±ma. Yath± ±brahmalok± bhagavato kittisaddo abbhuggatoti. Idha pana abhividhivisayo daµµhabbo. Tasm± bhavaggańca gotrabhuńca by±petv± anto katv± savant²ti attho veditabbo.
[204] Vibh±vaniya½ pana
Avadhica mariy±da-abhividhivasena duvidhoti vatv± puna ta½ vibh±vento “tattha ±p±taliputt± devo vuµµhoti-±d²suviya kriya½ bahikatv± pavatto mariy±do. ¾bhavagg±saddo abbhuggatoti-±d²suviya kriya½ by±petv± pavatto abhividh²”ti vadati. Ta½ na yujjati.
Na hi avavidhivisayabh³to bhavaggo lokattayaby±paka½ saddassa abbhuggamanakriya½ by±petv± pavattati. Naca avadhibh³to attho kriya½ bahiv± antov± katv± pavattat²ti yutto. Kriy±-eva pana ta½ bahiv± antov± katv± pavattat²ti yutto. Evańca katv± m³laµ²k±ya½-duvidhohi avadhi abhividhivisayo anabhividhivisayoca. Abhividhivisaya½ kriy±by±petv± pavattati, ±bhavagg± bhagavato yaso gatoti. Itara½ bahikatv±, ±p±taliputt± vuµµho devoti. K±meti icchat²ti k±mo. So-eva ±savoti k±m±savo. K±m²yativ± o¼±rikena k±mena icch²yat²ti k±mo. Pańcak±maguŗamukhena desito sabbo k±m±vacaradhammo. Idha pana ta½ n±mena tad±rammaŗ± taŗh±-eva adhippet±, k±mo-eva ±savoti k±m±savo. K±m±vacaradhammesu ass±dan±bhinandana vasena pavatto k±mar±go. Therena pana ayamatthova icchito. Vakkhati hi k±mabhava n±mena tabbatthuk± taŗh± adhippet±ti.
[205] Vibh±vaniya½ pana
Purimatthova vutto. So anupapanno, theramat±nugatassa idh±dhippetassa atthassa avuttatt±.
Bhav±savoti ettha duvidho bhavo kammabhavo upapattibhavo ca. Tattha mahaggatakusaladhamm± kammabhavo. Ta½nibbatt± vip±ka dhamm± upapattibhavo. Idhapi bhavasaddena tad±rammaŗ± taŗh±-eva adhippet±. Bhavo-eva ±savoti bhav±savo. Tasmi½ duvidhe bhave nikantivasena pavatto r³p±r³par±go.
[206] Ya½ pana vibh±vaniya½
“Sassata diµµhisahagatoca r±go ettheva saŖgayhat²”ti vutta½. Ta½ na yutta½.
Bhav±savo cat³su diµµhigata vippayutta lobhasahagatesu cittupp±desu uppajjat²ti hi aµµhakath±kaŗ¹e vutta½. Yattha pana k±mataŗh± bhavataŗh± vibhavataŗh±ti ±gata½. Tattheva sassatadiµµhi sahagato r±go y±k±ci kusal±kusala kammabhavanikanti y±k±ci upapattibhavapatthan±. Sabb± bhavataŗh±ya½ saŖgahit±ti yutt±. Idha pana yath±vutta½ bhav±sava½ thapetv± sabbo lobho k±m±save eva saŖgahitoti yuttoti.
[207] Eteneva yańca tattha vutta½.
“Tatiyo bh±diµµhisahagato”ti. Ta½pi paµikkhitta½ hoti.
Y±k±ci diµµhi diµµh±savo. Yokoci moho avijj±savo. Ettha siy±, kasm± ime eva ±sav±ti vutt±. Nanu ańńepi m±n±dayo cirap±riv±siyaµµh±diyutt± eva hont²ti. Sacca½. Imesu pana k±m±save parivuµµhe sati sabbek±mavisay± m±n±dayo parivuµµh±-eva honti. Tasmi½ vimutte vimutt±-eva, tath± bhav±save parivuµµhe sati bhavavisay±. Diµµh±saveca parivuµµhe sati diµµhivisay±ti. Avijj±pana tesa½ tiŗŗa½pi m³labh³t±ti. Iti ime eva p±riv±siyaµµh±d²su padh±nabh³t± honti. Itare pana tadanubandhamatt±-eva sampajjant²ti na te ±sav±ti visu½ vattu½ arahant²ti. Attani patita½ jana½ anass±sika½ katv± ajjhottha ranto hanati m±ret²ti ogho. Pakatimahogho. Tath± avahananaµµhena duttaraµµhenaca oghasadis±ti ogh±. Yadica avahańńanaµµheca duttaraµµhenaca ogh±n±ma siyunti-±diko pasaŖgo m±n±d²nańca oghabh±va parih±ro vutta nayena veditabbo.
Vaµµasmi½v± bhavayantakev± satte yojent²ti yog±. Bhavantaracutiy± saha bhavantarapaµisandhi½ gantenti ghaµent²ti ganth±. Abhijjh±ti sabbassa r±gasseta½ n±ma½. Tasm± r³p±r³pa r±g±pi ettha saŖgahit±ti daµµhabb±. By±p±dotipi sabbo doso eva. Ida½ sacc±ti nivesoti idameva sacca½, moghamańńanti pavatto micch±bhiniveso. Vaµµadukkhato vimuttiy± amaggabh³ta½yeva gos²lagovat±dika½ parato ±masana½ tath± tath± kappetv± gahaŗa½ s²labbatapar±m±so. Etthaca paratoti bh³tasabh±vapaccanikatoti attho. K±yasaddo pana sabbattha r³pak±ye n±mak±yeca pavattoti atitak±yena paccuppanna k±ya½ paccuppannak±yenaca an±gatak±ya½ gantheti ghaµet²ti k±yagantho. Athav±, k±ye gaŗµhoti k±yagaŗµho. Ajjhatta gaŗµhoti attho. Nigaŗµhon±µaputtoti-±d²suviya gaŗµhasaddo gaŗµhiya½ pavatto. Bhusa½ ±diyanti amuńcanag±ha½ gaŗhant²ti up±d±n±ni. Kilesabh³to k±mo-eva up±d±na½ k±mu p±d±na½. Vatthubh³ta½v± k±ma½ up±diyat²ti k±mup±d±na½.
Dv±saµµhidiµµhiyo tividha mah±diµµhiyo ańń±piv± s±sane lokeca sandissam±n± vipar²tag±habh³t± diµµhiyo diµµhup±d±na½. Yath±gahita½v± purimadiµµhi½ idameva sacca½ moghamańńanti up±diyat²ti diµµhup±d±na½. Goŗakukkur±d²na½ ta½ta½pakatic±ritta½ s²la½ n±ma. Tameva suµµhu½ sam±dinna½ vata½n±ma. Tadubhaya½ sa½s±ramuttiy± maggoti da¼hagahaŗa½ s²labbatu p±d±na½ n±ma. Attav±dup±d±nanti ettha att± vuccati parikappabuddhiy± gahito ekekasmi½ satta sant±ne padh±nissaro. Ya½ lokiyamah±jan± sattotiv± puggalotiv± j²votiv± tath±gatotiv± lokotiv± sańj±nanti. Yańca n±n±titthiy± issaranimmita½v± adhiccasamuppanna½v± accantasassata½v± ekaccasassata½v± uccheda½v± pańńapent²ti. Ta½ att±na½ abhivadanticeva up±diyantica satt± eten±ti attav± dup±d±na½. V²satividh± sakk±yadiµµhi. Tattha abhivadant²ti visiµµha½ padh±na½ katv± vadanti. Up±diyant²ti da¼ha½ ±diyanti. Yath±ha–
Tattha katam± sakk±yadiµµhi. Idha assutav± puthujjano r³pa½ attato samanupassati. R³pavanta½v± att±na½. Attani v± r³pa½. R³pasmi½v± att±na½. Vedana½ attato samanupassati. Vedan±vanta½v± att±na½. Attaniv± vedana½. Vedan±pav± att±na½. Sańńa½. SaŖkh±re. Vińń±ŗanti.
Tattha r³pa½ attato samanupassat²ti r³pameva att±ti gaŗh±ti. R³pavanta½v± att±nanti att± me r³pav±ti gaŗh±ti. Attani v± r³panti att±na½ paµicca r³pa½ tiµµhat²ti gaŗh±ti. R³pasmi½v± att±nanti r³pa½ paµicca att± tiµµhat²ti gaŗh±ti. Katha½ r³pak±ya½ uddissa ajja aha½ thaddhomh²ti v± ajja aha½ mudukomh²tiv± vadanto pathavi saŖkh±ta½ r³pa½ attato samanupassatin±ma. Ajja mama k±yo thaddhotiv± mud³tiv± vadanto sesadhammev± dhammamuttaka½v± att±na½ gahetv± ta½ att±na½ pathav²vanta½ samanupassatin±ma. Ajja thaddhabh±vov± mudubh±vov± mayi j±toti vadanto attani pathavi½sa manupassatin±ma. Ajj±ha½ thaddhabh±ve µhitomhi mudubh±ve µhito mh²ti vadantopathavimhi att±na½ samanussatin±ma. Aya½ pathavimhi catur±vatthik±ya sa½kk±yadiµµhiy± pavatt±k±ro. Sesesu sattav²satir³pesu yath±sambhava½ vattabbo. Aha½ mar±mi mariss±m²ti-±din± hi aniccat±ya½pi s±diµµhi pavattatiyeva. Sesar³pesu vattabba½ natthi. Ida½ n±ma aha½ pubbe sa½bhuńji½. Ajja sa½bhuńj±mi. Parato sa½bhuńjiss±m²tiv± sukhitomhi dukkhitomh²tiv± vedana½ attato samanupassati. Ajja mama k±yo sukhito dukkhitotiv± mamacitta½ sukhita½ dukkhitantiv± att±na½ vedan±vanta½ samanupassati. Ajjasukha½v± dukkha½v± mayij±tanti attani vedana½ samanupassati. Ajj±ha½ sukhita bh±ve µhitomhi dukkhitabh±ve µhitomh²ti vedan±ya att±na½ samanupassat²ti.